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1945年5月9日

2018年5月9日

 

 

万岁解放73周年,从希特勒的法西斯!

 

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卡尔马克思诞辰200周年!

1818年5月5日 - 2018年5月5日

 

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万岁世界社会主义革命!

2018年5月1日

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世界无产阶级的斗争的国际日

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亲爱的中国工人阶级!

 

又到了一年一度的五一国际劳动节。到了这一天我们都要说说历史:1886年5月1日,以芝加哥为中心,35万工人举行了罢工和游 行,要求改善劳动条件,实行八小时工作制。这场罢工最终以血腥镇压告终。1889年,恩格斯在第二国际成立大会上宣布每年5月1日为国际劳动节。 

  到了今天,历史像翻书一样刷刷刷的翻过,那些抗争流血也变成了毫无意义的知识点被遗忘,在许许多多人的脑子消失了。当然,五 一节还在,年年都说要热烈庆祝,可这实在是一个吊诡又可笑的事实:你说当年的热血白流吧,五一劳动节依旧是一片喜气洋洋歌舞升平的盛世场面,甚至还顺带带 来了旅游高峰,刺激了内需消费,虽然也不知道这刺激来的消费保护了谁的利益;你说当年的努力没白费吧,看看现在工人的工作状况,看看他们的工资、工时、社 保状况,以及他们的行动和反抗,总觉得怎么还在几百年前的状况里转圈圈呢。

  这可不是跟你开玩笑。五一劳动节,趁着放假疯狂出国旅游购物的人和劳动到根本没假放的人,共同构成了当下这个完整的市场社 会。在这个诡异的市场社会里,有些人要更优雅地高贵生活,有些人却在为保障生存的最低工资拼上了老命,虽然各地规定了最低工资标准,但这个工资可没法真正 养活工人,工人不得不大量的加班。但即使加班,获取的工资仍旧无法达到生存工资,造成了大量的社会欠债,而正是这种欠债,促进了GDP的增长。

  欠债只有最低工资吗?我们可以看到,大量的企业不依法给工人缴纳足额的社保,造成辛勤工作的工人老无所依、病无所医、伤无所救。这种欠债不仅在生产领域,在再生产领域也逐步蚕食着劳动者所有的生命价值。

  无论在生产空间还是再生产空间,工人已明显地区别于有产一族,成为了一个无产的阶级。这个情况真和几百年前差不多,那个时 候,有个叫马克思的思想家就起来说,“经济条件首先把大批的居民变成工人。资本的统治为这批人创造了同等的地位和共同的利害关系。所以,这批人对资本说来 已经形成一个阶级,但还不是自为的阶级。在斗争(我们仅仅谈到它的某些阶段)中,这批人逐渐团结起来,形成一个自为的阶级。他们所维护的利益变成了阶级的 利益。而阶级同阶级的斗争就是政治斗争。”这就是工人作为一个阶级,从自在走向自为的过程。五一劳动节可就是这个过程中的产物。

  于是当下我们可以用这样的一种方式庆祝五一了。在中国,我们看到了工人阶级团结、组织起来的多种形式;我们看到这种联合与团 结走出了地域的限制,甚至不仅仅在工人内部,还得到了学生群体、媒体的支持和声援。新兴的工人阶级,正在以当下独有的方式,在这个资本唱主角儿的舞台上, 抢回自己本该有的资源,唱出自己独树一帜的声音。

  如果给你一个时光穿梭机,飞跃这个大时代,从几百年前,到60多年前,到30多年前, 让你去感受每一个五一劳动节,百转千回这个词一定会在你脑中回响。工人阶级的身份与地位在历史迂回中沉浮起落。工人阶级在历史中曾被压迫、被剥削,又曾反 抗、夺回主体地位,如今又面对怎样的挑战,又有怎样的出路?行动可以赋予我们新的时代想象力。

在列宁和斯大林时代,以及霍查时代,劳动节是工人农民和劳动知识分子的节日,那时候人民当家做主。在党的领导下,苏联和阿尔巴尼亚拜托了贫穷和落后,取得了社会主义建设的辉煌成就,使得全世界都为之侧目而视!

在伟大的革命导师逝世之后,在苏联和阿尔巴尼亚以及你们所生活的国家里,人民的江山和权利被剥夺,人民群众重新沦为奴隶,受尽了 剥削和压迫。然而社会主义阵营覆灭的残酷现实,这并不意味着共产主义的失败,而是假马列主义的失败。正因为他们的指导思想放弃了马列主义,最高纲领放弃了 共产主义,根本宗旨放弃了全心全意为工人阶级服务,才导致了叛徒们失败的历史悲剧。

在中国,1949年,无数先烈们用生命换来的人民共和国,也走向了反面!以三个世界谬论为首的新修正主义者,毛主义分子,篡夺了 人民的胜利果实。他们打着批判教条主义的外衣,以歇斯底里的仇恨来反对伟大的斯大林,分裂了国际共产主义运动,恶毒攻击和丑化斯大林,无限夸大他的所谓的 过世,用三分错误七分成绩的谬论,给斯大林盖棺定论,无耻地吹嘘自己。为了达到统治全世界的目的,他们公开否定列宁和斯大林的教导,提出了三个世界的谬 论,一步一步地分裂着工人运动!

在阿尔巴尼亚,以霍查为首的劳动党,勇敢地揭露了毛派的叛徒本质,使得社会主义的旗帜在全世界迎风飘扬!
今天,以德国共产党(马列主义)为基础建立的共产国际,是全世界唯一高举红旗的人,是真正的为你们的利益所服务的人!他们是霍查和列宁的追随者和好学生!追随共产国际,就是追随列宁!
为了你们的幸福,我号召你们加入他们,勇敢地翻译和学习马克思恩格斯列宁斯大林霍查的学说,为实现劳动节的理想而努力奋斗!
只要你们愿意这样做,50年后,100年后,五一劳动节会怎样过?我们拭目以待。
抬起头,中国工人!追随,共产国际的步伐!迈步,前进!

1886

年芝加哥

工人阶级斗争的国际日
(英文)

 

 

万岁列宁同志!

148.生日2018年4月22日

 

 

 

 

列宁

 

 

 

 

纪念恩维尔

霍查同志逝世

33周年2018411

 

今天,全世界共产党人和革命人民一起,怀着极其崇敬的心情,纪念霍查同志逝世 31 年。

将近半个世纪以来,全世界共产党人在以霍查同志为首的阿尔巴尼亚劳动党及其学生 们的领导下所取得的一切具有世界历史性意义的胜利,都是同霍查同志的名字和革命业绩 紧密相连的。

霍查同志是阿尔巴尼亚各族人民的伟大领袖,国际共产主义运动的一位不屈不挠的、富有经验的老战士,维护世界和平和争取人类的进步的事业的卓越的活动家,中国人民的 最亲密的老战友,马克思、恩格斯、列宁和斯大林的不朽业绩的天才继承者。

霍查同志是伟大的马克思列宁主义者,杰出的无产阶级革命家,他把他毕生的精力献 给了阿尔巴尼亚人民争取民族解放和建设社会主义的壮丽事业,献给了国际共产主义运动 反对修正主义和防止资本主义复辟的不朽事业,建立了不朽的功勋。

霍查同志遵照马克思列宁主义的不朽的学说,紧紧依靠阿尔巴尼亚无产阶级的斗争和 革命努力,亲手缔造了阿尔巴尼亚人民的先锋队和忠实的领路人——光荣的阿尔巴尼亚劳 动党,并领导她走过了将近半个世纪的伟大胜利的道路。

在世界反法西斯战争中,当欧洲上空阴云密布、法西斯的战争到来的时候,霍查同志 肩负起领导阿尔巴尼亚共产党的重任,他以卓越的才能,把阿尔巴尼亚共产党建设成为一

支坚强的、团结一致的、同本国人民血肉相连的无产阶级先锋队。他以钢铁般的意志,领 导阿尔巴尼亚各族人民,在极端困难的条件下举行武装起义,进行了艰苦卓绝的斗争,打

败了德国和意大利的法西斯侵略者,解放了自己的国家,在阿尔巴尼亚的历史上写下了不 朽的篇章,并且支援了邻国人民的反法西斯斗争,履行了自己的国际主义义务,为世界反 法西斯战争的胜利作出了光辉的贡献。霍查同志不仅受到阿尔巴尼亚人民的爱戴,而且受 到全世界人民的普遍尊重。

以霍查同志为首的阿尔巴尼亚劳动党,把马克思列宁主义的普遍真理同本国的实际相 结合,创造性的继承、捍卫并且发展了科学共产主义学说,捍卫了社会主义制度,建立了 强大的全民防御和自卫体系。霍查同志以自己的创造性的实践,领导阿尔巴尼亚各族人民, 坚定不移的捍卫了阿尔巴尼亚的独立、主权和领土完整,推进了阿尔巴尼亚的社会主义事 业,把一个落后的、贫穷的旧阿尔巴尼亚建设成为各民族友爱团结的、繁荣富强的社会主 义国家,为国际共产主义运动提供了宝贵的经验。

霍查同志坚持无产阶级国际主义的相互支援必须同尊重各党、各国的主权相统一的原 则,坚持各国共产党的关系中独立自主、平等和每个党对本国工人阶级和人民负责的原则, 为建立各党之间的正确关系作出了卓越的贡献。

霍查同志是当今世界上享有崇高声望的政治家,他在国际事务中一贯伸张正义,积极 支持被压迫民族和被压迫人民的解放斗争。他坚持反对帝国主义、殖民主义、霸权主义、 修正主义,国际共产主义运动的发展壮大及其在维护世界和平和进步事业中发挥的重大作 用,是同霍查同志始终不渝的努力分不开的。霍查同志亲手领导的反对修正主义的运动, 揭露了南斯拉夫、苏联、中国和欧洲共产主义的叛徒们的丑恶本质,捍卫了国际共产主义 运动的胜利,加强了无产阶级专政,以堵塞任何复辟资本主义的途径,使国际共产主义运 动的事业不停顿的前进。

霍查同志在政治上的远见卓识,为真理而斗争的献身精神,以及他的共产主义的高尚 道德和宽广胸怀都深深地为世界人民所敬仰。霍查同志的一生是革命的一生,战斗的一生。

他的影响远远超越了阿尔巴尼亚的国界。霍查同志虽然已经离开我们长达 32 年,但是,他 的崇高形象,将永远活在阿尔巴尼亚各国人民、全世界革命者和全世界人民的心中。

 

 

 

 

2018年3月14日

135年因为马克思是死

 

14.1883年3

英文专题网站

 

 

3月8日
国际妇女节

 

 

1953年3月5日

死亡的第65天

斯大林同志永远不会死!

他将永远活在我们心中!

 

 

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斯大林 - 画廊

 

 

斯大林档案

 

斯大林

 

 

 

 

120岁生日 

1898年2月10日 - 2018年2月10日

贝托特·布莱希特

 

 

75年前

斯大林格勒战役

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in Portuguese

 

 

Migrant workers are the transitional form of Chinese peasants transferring to the working class.

This text was sent to us from a Chinese comrade


The change of peasant identity to worker's identity is the inexorable trend of the development of modern society. The working class is not always available. Historically, the working class is the product of the industrial revolution and the development of market economy. On the one hand, the bourgeoisie to the development of capitalism industry and the pursuit of profit, farmers with land by means of enclosure movement phase separation, farmers forced to implement the to of the working class, as Marx pointed out: the bourgeois "for rural residents intermittent, repeated deprivation and expulsion, continually to provide urban industrial large completely outside the guild relations proletarians." On the other hand, with the development of the industrial revolution, the various social classes in the bankruptcy in the competition of market economy, such as small industrialists, small businesses and small rentier, craftsmen and farmers, etc., have joined the ranks of the proletariat. Visible, the working class derived from other social stratum, and farmers is the main source of the working class and peasants to working class is relatively complete, professional transformation and the transformation of identity is almost simultaneously. In contemporary China, peasants to working-class presents different characteristics with other countries, a career change and identity transformation phase separation, the separation that farmers cannot directly into the working class, peasant workers is the transitional form of Chinese peasants to the working class.

The transition of Chinese peasants to the working class is closely related to the special institutional arrangements in China. In the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, there was no restriction on the movement of population between urban and rural areas, and the peasants who moved to the city were completely transformed into the official workers of the city. With the establishment of priority to the development of heavy industry of road to industrialization, and the slow development of city construction, to provide more employment opportunities and social welfare to accept farmers into the city, the government started by the household registration management to control the farmers into the city. Promulgated in 1958 "household registration ordinance of the People's Republic of China, and then introduced a series of relevant policies and regulations, formed by the household registration system as the center, adhere to the housing, food supply, employment, medical treatment, endowment insurance, labor protection system of urban-rural dual structure, system barriers, the system barriers not only restrict the flow of the farmers to the cities, is more serious is that the urban and rural residents is divided into two different social identity, between urban and rural residents in the formation of a distinct" national treatment ", the function of the household registration system dissimilation, become an important identity to distinguish between urban and rural residents of national identity.

Since 1979, rural residents have broken through many obstacles to work in cities. Under the impact of "the tide of migrant workers", the urban and rural dual structure system barriers to loose, but loose on this system is very limited, so far of the household registration system reform is to restore the rights of farmers live and migration, in employment, education, social security, medical insurance, etc on the fundamental interests of the migrant workers, migrant workers cannot enjoy the same treatment with urban formal worker. In addition, the urban and rural dual structure system barriers make long-term living in a castle in the city's welfare residents "natural has access to social resources and occupy the competitive advantage, to form the advantages of 'first class citizens' identity consciousness," there is a widespread prejudice and discrimination of migrant workers, in their eyes, always can't get away from migrant workers "farmers" identity identification, in this case, migrant workers can't into the mainstream society and mainstream culture, become free from the urban social marginal groups. Visible, the household registration system as the core of the urban and rural dual structure system barriers to fundamentally hindered the transformation of migrant identity, "migrant workers" is the farmers to working-class encountered in the process of urban and rural dual structure system and form the product of the obstacles barriers. The urban-rural dual structure system barrier makes the urban peasants can not completely realize the transformation to the working class, and this transformation does not completely determine the duality of the class attribute of migrant workers.

The duality of the attribute of peasant-worker class.

But we must wake up to the fact that the real migrant workers are not fully working class. On the one hand, rural migrant workers stratum in the performance of the external form preliminary have the basic characteristics of the working class, on the other hand, the social status and inner nature aspects such as comprehensive quality compared with the advanced working class also there exists a large gap, so as to show the class attribute of duality.

The occupation of the citizen and the possession of the production data is a basic basis for social stratification. The main production activity of the migrant workers is to engage in non-agricultural industries, such as construction, transportation, machinery manufacturing and service industry, which are only employed by industrial workers, and the labor nature has developed fundamental changes. Career change also causes changes in income form and workplace. The income of migrant workers is mainly based on monetary income, and the income of migrant workers is the main source of household income. Their workplaces are mainly concentrated in the second and third industries of the city, close to the city workers. Engaged in non-agricultural industries in cities, rural migrant workers are not directly in production, they are not have a small amount of land in the countryside also ownership, and a large number of migrant workers has actually lease, transfer, or even abandoned land and other means of production in the countryside. Therefore, from the perspective of occupation and occupation of production data, migrant workers have the basic characteristics of working class.

Workers refer to individuals who do not own the production data and are mainly wage earners and are engaged in production; A farmer is a laborer who has been engaged in agricultural production in the countryside for a long time. Migrant workers are not possession of means of production, they work and live in the city for a long time, become the main source of family income, wage income, therefore, from the perspective of semantics, there is no doubt of them are workers.


In addition, the identification of migrant worker class attribute is related to the size and contribution of the group. According to the ministry of agriculture, ministry of Labour and social security departments, estimates that in 2002 only about 94.6 million migrant workers, in recent years, the number of migrant workers is also rising, in 120 million by conservative estimates, more than the registered permanent residence of town is the worker of the public sector of the second and third industry. Migrant workers not only big and outstanding contribution, the world bank (1997) estimated that the process of structural change for China's economic growth over the past 18 years, providing an additional boost the Labour department transfer can explain 16% of the gross domestic product (GDP) growth. In 1978 ~ 1995, the average annual GDP growth of 9.4 percent, the rural labor force with underemployment transferred to the high productivity industry and service industry, contributing 1 percentage point; Non-state sectors, where employment has shifted to higher productivity, contributed another half a percentage point.

(2) there is a large gap between the rural migrant workers and the advanced working class.
Affirming the working class attribute of migrant workers does not mean that migrant workers have become fully working class. Due to the special institutional arrangement in the history of our country and institutional inertia effect, rural migrant workers stratum in social status, comprehensive quality with the advanced nature of proletariat exist between the larger gap.

The social status of the peasant-worker class cannot be compared with that of the city. On the economic side, the migrant workers are different from the official workers in the cities. For a long time, low wages of migrant workers, the worker wages has increased year by year in the city, under the condition of migrant workers wages rise but not fall, 2001 migrant workers in shenzhen's average monthly salary is 588 yuan, less than the level of the 1980 s.


Migrant workers work long hours, according to a 2002 survey by li qiang in Beijing. Beijing's migrant workers work seven days a week, with an average of 10.36 hours per day, sometimes up to 24 hours. In addition, migrant workers are faced with the problem of lack of rights in signing labor contracts, labor security, social security and income distribution. Politically, migrant workers are excluded from the city's political life.

Migrant workers "farmers" identity determines their political life in the city can't and formal workers enjoy equal right to vote and be elected as prescribed by the law, to participate in politics and the management of national rights, expression of the will of their right to free speech, within the enterprise can not get proper staffing, training, promotion, not like regular staff participate in enterprise decision-making and democratic management, even to join trade unions is limited by many. In terms of social life, migrant workers are "marginalized groups" in urban society. There is between them and formal worker and city residents "isolation", lack of equal exchange and interaction, the plight of exchanges suppresses the migrant workers and urban integration between regular staff and residents. They are discriminated against and rejected by urban society in employment, education, medical insurance, social security and children's admission. In a word, the social status of migrant workers is extremely low, at the bottom of urban society.


Social stratification system in the city in all 100 kinds of professional position, the migrant workers in 94, and in the last 10 places career are having nothing to do with migrant workers, migrant workers and urban formal worker social status differences.


The peasant-worker class does not have the good comprehensive quality that the advanced working class should have. The working class is an advanced class whose advancement changes with The Times. In the process of socialist modernization, the advancement of the working class is characterized by high political consciousness and strong sense of social responsibility. With strict organization and discipline; Having excellent ideological and moral quality and scientific and cultural quality; Brave to reform and innovate, forge ahead and keep pace with The Times; Have strong democratic consciousness, participation consciousness, legal concept and so on.


Compared with the advanced nature of the working class, there are obvious deficiencies in the peasant-worker class. First, the main reason for the migrant workers into the city is out of the consideration of economic factors, there is no form for the people's interests, make contributions to society in the social sense of responsibility, have not form the class consciousness of the working class and the high level of political consciousness. Second, migrant workers is at times more labor market employment, the employment is not stable, with modern production is not strong, combined with their own existence peasant class liberal style of work, therefore also does not have the working class should have strict organization and discipline.

Third, because of their weak position, just as the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers is difficult to guarantee, let alone participate in enterprise management and democratic supervision, treatment is low, and the lack of power to make them hard to develop emotional contact with unit of choose and employ persons, unable to form "unit is my home" strong sense of ownership, so in the work hard to show the height of the working class consciousness and enthusiasm. Fourthly, migrant workers suffer from a low level of education, and the cultural level is mainly graduated from junior high school. Most of the migrant workers are not trained in skills and are poorly prepared. In 2001, only 18.6 percent of the newly transferred rural workers were trained in professional skills.


With the development of the industry, the modernization, the continuous improvement and upgrading of industrial structure and technical structure, social production and life service professional, comprehensive and intensification trend to strengthen, low level of education, vocational skills shortage of migrant workers will face the severe challenge, they and the requirements of advanced productive forces to a certain gap. Fifth, the small peasant consciousness of this group is obvious, and it fails to form a strong sense of participation, autonomy and democracy. Visible, in the aspect of the comprehensive quality of rural migrant workers stratum, and the larger gap compared with advanced working class, their effect on the development of the society in the form of potential, also can't form the consciousness of social action, so you need to get further education and education, in order to realize the thorough transformation of the working class.,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LETTERS OF COMRADE ENVER HOXHA

in 3 Volumes

thanks to our Chinese comrades

 

Vëllimi 1

 

 

Vëllimi 2

 

 

Vëllimi 3

 

 

 

问候团结

 

 

Greeting Message of the Chinese Section of the Young Communist International (SH)

on occasion of the 17th founding day of the Comintern (SH) on 31st of December 2000

 

Increasing the red flag of revolution forever

Dear comrades
Today, we are celebrating the 17th anniversary of the red color with great excitement.
Over the years, though due to the exuviate of ramiz alia, opportunistic one exited one by one, communist movement was unprecedented huge setback, currently she is still in the low tide of history. However, as the great revolutionary teacher comrade Lenin had said, the international organizations of the proletariat did not perish and will not perish, workers will overcome all difficulties to rebuild a new international organization.

Seventeen years ago today, comrades from all over the world gathered to reestablish the international organization of the working class,  that is the communist international sh .
For seventeen years, the red flag of the proletariat has been fluttering in the wind. Due to adhere to the correct revolutionary line in policy, international and people against imperialism and revisionism and unswerving and selectivity of struggle, the result of the comintern are enhanced international status and reputation, the more original revolutionary united under this glorious battle flags. The establishment of the Albanian organization, especially, has a particularly significant historical significance, which has dealt a heavy blow to modern revisionism. Our international organizations enjoy high prestige, support and solidarity from the revolutionary people and many friends from all over the world.

In the future, our communist party, the communist youth league, the proletarians and the revolutionary people, they will still at last to the principles of marxism-leninism and proletarian internationalism, glorious forever, from beginning to end of live up to their international workers' movement and the international obligations of the working people, and the real revolutionaries and proletarians and love freedom of working people, walk side by side in the struggle for national and social liberation and revolution and the forefront of the socialist cause.

The development of life and events has increasingly shown that we have grown in the cause of revolution and have achieved good results and been tested. But we will not be dejected or complacent. We will continue to unite in the camp of the world revolution, and always hold high the banner of comrade hoxha, and fight in the ranks of the laborers, until the final victory of the world revolution!


Long live our seventeen years!
Long live the immortal communist ideal!
Great Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, hoxha,viva!

 

 

 

 

斯大林霍查主义万岁! (Chinese)

Long live Stalinism-Hoxhaism ! (English)


RROFTE STALINIZEM-ENVERIZMI! (Albanian) SHQIPTAR


Es lebe der Stalinismus-Hoxhaismus ! (German) DEUTSCH

Да здравствует сталинизм - Ходжаизм ! (Russian)

გაუმარჯოს სტალინიზმ–ხოჯაიზმს! (Georgian)

Viva o Estalinismo-Hoxhaismo! (Portuguese)

Viva Stalinismo-Hoxhaismo! (Italian)


Viva el Stalinismo-Hoxhaismo! (Spanish)


Vive le Stalinisme-Hoxhaisme! (French)


At zije Stalinismus-Hodzismus! (Czech-Slovak)


Ζήτω ο σταλινισμός - χοτζαϊσμός! ! (Greek)


Živeo Staljinizam - Hodžaizam! (Bosnian)

! زنده باد استالینیسم-خوجهئیسم (Farsi)

Niech zyje Stalinizm-Hodzyzm! - (Polski)

 

Længe leve Stalinismen-Hoxhaismen (Danish)

Hidup Stalinisma dan Hoxhaisma! (Malay) Bahasa Melayu

Staliniyamum-Hoxhaiyamum niduzhi vazga (Thamil)

Viva o Stalinismo e o Hoxhaísmo (Português Brasil)

स्टालिनबाद-होक्जाबाद जिन्दाबाद! (Nepali) 

Trăiască Stalinism-Hodjaismul! (Romanian)

Viva l'Estalinisme-Hoxaisme! (Occitan)

سٹالنزم ، ہوکسزازم زندہ باد پائندہ باد
(اردو) (Urdu)

 

!عاشت الستالينية-الخوجية (Arab language)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

红色工会国际

 

 

共产主义妇女国际


 

 

 

 

画廊

 

 

 

音乐

 

 

中国档案

 

 

马克思和恩格斯
中文

 

 

列宁

 

 

斯大林

 

 

 

恩维尔·霍查

 

青年共产国际,