World Decree on the Land all over the World

- 20 Theses -

- adopted by the Comintern (SH)

and the Red Peasant International

on 21st of January 2018

written by Wolfgang Eggers

 

How to solve the global question of property of land ?

 

1

This "world decree on land"

is inseparably part of Lenin's "Decree on Land", which emerged from the October Revolution.

 

2

 

World Communism is the product of a long development that goes back to communist primitive society (native/initial, rural community).

The first act of dissolution of the original village community (primitive communist society - propertyless land) led to the division of society into special and finally antagonistic classes (with property of land).

The last act of abolishing the class society on the way to the higher, classless society of world communism is the gradual elimination of the non-antagonistic contradiction between workers and peasants (between town and country, etc.).

Class society emerged from original communism, and class society will disappear again in world communism.

That is the negation of the negation of the class society. That is the negation of negation in the historical evolution from primitive communism to world communism.

 

 

3

 

The World Decree on the land serves the following final purpose:

All the land of the entire world is being returned to its original "state of possession" - namely that of its propertylessness.To achieve this, the world capitalist system of exploitation and domination must be smashed and private ownership of land must be abolished. World socialism and, finally, world communism will not be built up on private land , but on globally socialized ground.

This is impossible to achieve on one go. The private ownership of land must be gradually socialized - as soon as possible, but as time consuming as necessary.

Broad estates of large landowners, especially those of multinational agribusinesses, will be abolished. This is the first step towards solving the property issue in the countryside. The liberation of the poor peasants presupposes the communist solution of the property question, namely the abolition of the private ownership of all broad estates.

 

Confiscation and expropriation without compensation of all possessions of world agrarian corporations, including their possession of land and all the means of production used for this purpose.

 

Expropriation of finance capitalists without compensation throughout the globalized agricultural sector.

Global socialization of all globalized agriculture.

Expropriation of finance capitalists without compensation throughout the globalized agricultural sector.

Global socialization of all globalized agriculture.

The opportunists deceive the poor peasants by spreading the lie that they can "push back" the agrarian monopolies without breaking the whole capitalist world system. The opportunists want a "non-monopolistic" capitalism, a so-called "free world market," on which farmers can offer their goods at competitive prices. This corresponds to the old slogan of the "peaceful way" to socialism, which the opportunists spread not only among the workers, but also among the poor peasants, in order to keep them away from the revolutionary alliance with the world proletariat.

 

4

 

Socialist property in the W.U.S.S.R. exists either in the form of state property (the commonly shared possession of the whole peoples), or in the form of cooperative and collective-farm property (property of a collective farm or property of a cooperative association).

Article 4 of the Constitution of the W. U. S. S. R. (World Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

No square meter of all land in this world may neither be sold nor bought, neither leased nor pledged, or alienated in any other way - never again!

All land ownership in the whole world is to be socialized, whereby today, already over nine-tenths of the poor peasants do not have any (more) private property. Most of them have fallen into the growing army of the (unemployed) rural proletariat or emigrated to the cities.


5

 

With the October Revolution, the workers and peasants of a country appropriated the capitalist production instruments and means, the capitalist enterprises, the soil, and so on.

With the proletarian world revolution, the world proletariat, together with the poor peasants, liberates the world's productive forces from the shackles of world capitalist relations of production and transforms all instruments of world production and the entire soil of all countries into a single world state property.

 

6

 

For the implementation of this "World Decree on Land" it is required the dictatorship of the world proletariat, its unrestricted international state power.

 

7

 

This "World Decree on Land" can only be realized by means of the violent overthrow of the entire world capitalist system, only by way of the world socialist revolution - that is, not on the road of agrarian reforms, with which the power of world capitalism remains most widely untouched.

 

 

8

We can only win the poor peasants for Communism if we tell them openly that they can only liberate themselves together with the world proletariat through the violent overthrow of the capitalist world order, which is the reason for their exploitation and oppression. The power of national and international capital over land, capitalist ownership of land and other agricultural means of production must be violently crushed.

 

9

 

The Comintern (SH) is not fundamentally against agrarian reforms. But the Comintern (SH) only fights for those agrarian reforms that will help us to make our way to the world socialist revolution and lead us faster to victory. Agrarian reforms can not replace the agrarian revolution, but only act as its lever. So Agrarian reforms have to serve the Agrarian revolution and have thus to be subordinate to the aims of the world socialist revolution.

 

 

10

 

All land is shared by all peoples of the world for their mutual benefit. This principle of the peoples' social sharing of all world property is inviolable and must never, anywhere, and never be violated by anyone.

 

 

11

 

The agrarian imperialists are responsible for global environmental destruction.

Damage to and destruction of the environment, especially land and soil, depletion of natural resources, etc., the full extent of the consequences of criminal capitalist law of profit making forces humanity to take energetic measures to protect and regenerate life and nature.

The world capitalists are to be held to account and they have to bear the costs for the damage that they have done to mankind, nature and environment.

The socialist world revolution not only has the task of liberating humanity from exploitation and oppression, but also saving nature and environment from its destruction, thus also saving the land and all its resources.

The abolition of private property on land and the liberation of poor peasants is the key to solving the task of farming in harmony with nature.

Only the world socialism creates the conditions that are needed for the regeneration of nature and the environment, so also that of global land.

Therefore, the fight for environmental protection must be subordinated to the fight for the elimination of world capitalism and for the construction of world socialism.

The fight for environmental protection is an more and more important instrument of class struggle of the world proletariat in alliance with the poor peasants.

The fight for environmental protection is an indispensable lever for the world socialist revolution icluding the world Agrarian revolution.

So called "Environmental measures" that leave world capitalism intact are frauds.

Workers and poor farmers must take environmental protection into their own hands and smash the capitalist world system including all their pseudo-environmental organizations!

 

12

 

 

Farmers maintain their own land and keep their own livestock. Private farming is limited to the satisfaction of one's own basic family needs.

 

 

13

World Socialist property consists of centralized property of the world state, of common state property of all countries and cooperative property in agriculture.

The socialist world state (or the world union of the socialist Soviet republics as its first form of government) will become the sole landowner of the world and creates its own type of world sovkhoz.

In the epoch of the world socialism also the globalized collective farms will exist (which enjoy equal rights). Globalized collective farms are being set up which are equiped with the highest standard of agricultural techniques provided by means of the socialist state.

The globalized collective ownership is in the hands of the state, whereby all land being one of the most important means of production in world socialist agriculture.

In order to convert the agriculture of world socialism into world communism, the aim is to raise collective farm ownership to the level of world-state property. For this purpose, the surplus of collective production must be retreived (withdrawn) from the world system of commodity circulation. These surpluses must instead be included in the system of global product exchange between the state-owned world industry and the globalized collective farms. If the system of product exchange is extended to all collective farms in the world, it will benefit not only the collective farmers, but the entire world population.

The circulation of agricultural commodities is incompatible with the transition from world socialism to world communism, which is why World Socialist agricultural policy is to restrict the circulation of commodities as much as possible and to extend the exchange of products as much as possible.

The world state will die sometime, including the state property of all land. But world society continues to exist even without a state. All the land does not disappear with the dying state, but is then adminsitrated by the central economic organizations of free social associations.

 

14

 

Slave labor in agriculture is being abolished, as well as in industry and elsewhere in the world of labour.

While landlord ownership is the basis of feudal exploitation and oppression, private property of agricultural capitalists, especially multi-national corporations, and centralized agrarian world financial capital are now the basis for the exploitation and oppression of poor peasants and rural proletariat around the world.

 

 

15

 

Das Weltproletariat ist die einzige revolutionäre Klasse der Welt. Die proletarische Weltrevolution kann ohne das Bündnis mit den armen Bauern nicht gewinnen.

The Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels states that the peasant must fight the bourgeoisie to save his farm from ruin. The farmer is not revolutionary, but conservative. If the peasant is revolutionary he is this only in view of the imminent transition to the proletariat. The peasant is revolutionary if he does not defend his present interests, but his future interests, thus by assuming the class position of the proletariat.

 

 

16

 

The ideological basis for the collectivization of agriculture in the first period of socialism was Marxism-Leninism.

The ideological basis for world socialist agriculture is Stalinism-Hoxhaism.

The Stalinism-Hoxhaism in the agrarian question is the theory and tactic of the world alliance with the poor peasants in general and the theory and tactics of the world dictatorship of the proletariat with the poor peasants in particular.

Stalinism-Hoxhaism is the doctrine of the worldwide elimination of agra capitalism and the construction of world socialist agriculture.

 

17

 

The socialist world economy is guided by the socialist world state or the world union of the socialist Soviet republics. All world state power is in the hands of the soviets of workers, soldiers and peasants.

All power over worldwide land to the soviets of peasants 'deputies and land workers' deputies!

The Comintern (SH) states that only the soviets of peasant deputies and land workers' deputies, elected by the mass of the working people and able to be deposed by them at any time, are able to properly express the will of the poor peasantry, and also able to implement it in practice.

 

18

 

Only the Comintern (SH) stands up for the global interests of the poor peasantry and that of all working people.

And the Comintern (SH) is the only party that not only warns the poor peasantry and all working people of the world against all kinds of fraudsters, but also fights and defeats them. Traitors in the revolutionary workers and peasants movement of the world are exposed and rendered harmless. This applies in particular to the neo-revisionist traitors, who speak in the interest of the world bourgeoisie of the revolutionary alliance between workers and poor peasants, but in fact do split their common class front and thus to bring the socialist world revolution to failure.
The victory of the world socialist revolution is decided by the question whether the poor peasants will follow the world bourgeoisie or the world proletariat.

 

19

 

 

The Red Peasant International is an organization of the Comintern (SH) created to forge and consolidate the revolutionary alliance between the poor peasants and the world proletariat.

 

 

 

20

Thesis No7 of our world-communist program (principles of world communism):

We want the Abolition of the Antithesis Between Town and Country.

With the creation of a unified communist world ownership, the social contradictions between town and country are overcome in the world. As a first step, the private ownership of the means of production will be abolished and all agricultural land of the world will be collectivized.

The abolition of the separation of town and country presupposes the global abolition of the separation of capital and landed property.

"Abolition of the antithesis between town and country, between industry and agriculture, is a well-known problem which was discussed long ago by Marx and Engels. The economic basis of this antithesis is the exploitation of the country by the town, the expropriation of the peasantry and the ruin of the majority of the rural population by the whole course of development of industry, trade and credit under capitalism. Hence, the antithesis between town and country under capitalism must be regarded as an antagonism of interests. This it was that gave rise to the hostile attitude of the country towards the town and towards "townfolk" in general.

    Undoubtedly, with the abolition of capitalism and the exploiting system in our country, and with the consolidation of the socialist system, the antagonism of interests between town and country, between industry and agriculture, was also bound to disappear. And that is what happened. The immense assistance rendered by the socialist town, by our working class, to our peasantry in eliminating the landlords and kulaks strengthened the foundation for the alliance between the working class and the peasantry, while the systematic supply of first-class tractors and other machines to the peasantry and its collective farms converted the alliance between the working class and the peasantry into friendship between them. Of course, the workers and the collective-farm peasantry do represent two classes differing from one another in status. But this difference does not weaken their friendship in any way. On the contrary, their interests lie along one common line, that of strengthening tbe socilist system and attaining the victory of communism. It is not surprising, therefore, that not a trace remains of the former distrust, not to speak of the former hatred, of the country for the town.

    All this means that the ground for the antithesis between town and country, between industry and agriculture, has already been eliminated by our present socialist system.

    This, of course, does not mean that the effect of the abolition of the antithesis between town and country will be that "the great towns will perish"[4]. Not only will the great towns not perish, but new great towns will appear as centres of the maximum development of culture, and as centres not only of large-scale industry, but also of the processing of agricultural produce and of powerful development of all branches of the food industry. This will facilitate the cultural progress of the nation and will tend to even up conditions of life in town and country."

( Stalin: "Economic problems of socialism in the USSR").

Regarding the two basic conditions for the transition from socialism to communism Stalin emphasized the raising the property of the Kolkhoz to the level of state property and the replacement of commodity circulation through a system of product exchange by way of gradual transitions, so that the entire products of social production can be centrally collected and managed in the interest of society . These conditions are especially important on a global scale, ie for the transition of world socialism to world communism.

 

 


in addition ...

( Excerpt )

CONSTITUTION

PEOPLE'S SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA

Approved by the People's Assembly on December 28, 1976


B. THE ECONOMIC ORDER



Article 16



The economy of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania is a socialist economy which is based on the socialist ownership of the means of production.



In the People's Socialist Republic of Albania there are no exploiting classes, private property and the exploitation of man by man have been liquidated and are forbidden.





Article 17



The socialist property is the inviolable basis of the socialist order, the source of the wellbeing of the people and of the might of the homeland; it has special protection from the state.



Socialist property is comprised of the state property and the cooperativist property in agriculture.





Article 18



State property belongs to the whole people and is the highest form of socialist property.



The following are property of the state alone: the land and underground riches, the mines, forests, pastures, waters, natural energy resources, the plants, factories, machine and tractor stations, the banks, the roads of communication and means of rail, water, and air transport, post, telegraph, telephone offices, radio and TV stations, cinematography.



Any other wealth which is created in the state sector or which the state gains according to law, is also state property.





Article 19



Land is granted for social use to the economic enterprises and state institutions, to the agricultural cooperatives and social organizations, and for the personal use of individual citizens. Land is granted for use free of charge.



Agricultural land may be used for other purposes only with the consent of the respective state organs.





Article 20



Protection of the land, natural riches, waters and the atmosphere from damage and pollution is a duty of the state, of the economic and social organizations, and of all citizens.





Article 21



Cooperativist property belongs to the group of working people of the countryside, voluntarily united in the agricultural cooperative for the purpose of increasing production and wellbeing, for the construction of socialism in the countryside and throughout the country.



The following are property of the agricultural cooperative: buildings, machines, equipment, means of transport, tools and implements, livestock for work or production, fruit trees, agricultural and livestock products, as well as other means necessary for its activity.





Article 22



The state supports, the development and strengthening of the agricultural cooperatives, their transformation into modern economies of large-scale socialist production.



Under certain circumstances, the state supports the setting up and development of higher type cooperatives, in which it participates directly with investments, especially in the main means of production.



The transition of the cooperativist property into property of the entire people is done in conformity with the objective conditions, according to the free will of the cooperativists and with the consent of the state.



The state works for the narrowing of distinctions between town and country.





Article 23



The personal property of the citizens is recognized and protected by the state.



Personal property are: income from work and other lawful sources, dwelling houses and other objects which serve to meet personal and family material and cultural needs.



The objects belonging to the cooperativist family on the basis of the Constitution of the agricultural cooperative are also personal property.



Personal property cannot be used to the detriment of the social interest.





Article 24



When the general interest requires it, certain fixed assets of the cooperativist and personal property may be converted into state property. The criteria of conversion and the method of payment are fixed by law.





Article 25



The state organizes, manages, and develops all the economic and social life by a unified general plan in order to fulfil the ever increasing material and cultural needs of the society, to strengthen the independence of the country and defence by constantly increasing and perfecting socialist production on the basis of advanced technology.





Article 26



For the administration of means which are property of the whole people, the state creates economic enterprises which carry on their activity guided by the general interests of the society which is expressed in the state plan.



The method of the creation of enterprises and the principles of their activity are fixed by law.





Article 27



Foreign trade is a monopoly of the state.



Domestic trade is mainly carried out by the state, which has every activity in this field under its control.



The selling prices of the products of the enterprises as well as the prices for state purchase of agricultural and livestock products are fixed by the state.





Article 28



The granting of concessions to, and the creation of, foreign economic and financial companies and other institutions or ones formed jointly with bourgeois and revisionist capitalist monopolies and states, as well as obtaining credits from them, are prohibited in the People's Socialist Republic of Albania.





Article 29



Work is the foundation of the entire economic-social life of the country. Work is the main source from which every citizen ensures the means of livelihood.



The state works to narrow the differences between mental and physical labour, between work in industry and work in agriculture.



The state takes care of, and adopts measures for safety at work and the qualification of the working people.





Article 30



In the People's Socialist Republic of Albania the socialist principle »from each according to his ability, to each according to his work« is implemented.



Equal pay is guaranteed for equal work.



To encourage work for the maximum results, the use of material stimuli is combined correctly with moral stimuli, giving priority to moral stimuli. The fund of social consumption for the fulfilment of the common needs of citizens is increased continually in accordance with the possibilities created by the development of the country's economy.



The state exercises control over the amount of work and consumption.





Article 31



The citizens pay no levies or taxes whatsoever.




 

World Decree on the Land all over the World - adopted by the Comintern (SH) on January 2018