What is Marxist Dialectics ?


As the leader of the proletarians of all countries, Karl Marx has put all his revolutionary thinking and his selfless revolutionary activities in the service of the liberation of the international working class.

Karl Marx was the founder of scientific communism. He created the ideology of the proletariat and became the great leader and teacher of the world proletariat.

Karl Marx is the one who has made the most ingenious step forward in the history of revolutionary thought.

Therefore, we want to put the dialectic of Marx at the center of our greeting address on the occasion of his 201st birthday.

The Marxist dialectic is the revolutionary way of thinking of the world proletariat, its invincible ideological weapon in the struggle against the way of thinking of the ruling class.

The way of thinking of the world bourgeoisie, on the other hand, serves to maintain the capitalist world order.

The method of thinking of the world proletariat is the method of thinking of the revolutionary overthrow of the bourgeoisie, the destruction of its economic, political and ideological world domination.

Stalin (Volume 12, page 70):
"Dialectics is the soul of Marxism."

Of course, whenever we speak of Marx's dialectics, then we always mean both the creators - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

The entire network of Marx's and Engels' ideas has a "central focus" - that is the dialectic, as Lenin aptly said.

The materialist dialectic was for Marx and Engels the best working tool and their strongest weapon - as they said about themselves.

Without the application of the Marxist dialectic, Marx and Engels would not have been able to gain and develop their findings in the field of philosophy, political economy, the natural and social sciences. The proletarian ideology would have never been developed without Marxist dialectics.

Dialectics in the Marxist view is - historically speaking - the exploration and generalization of the genesis and further development of knowledge.

Put simply, dialectics is about researching the scientific thought process in the transition from ignorance to knowledge.

Dialectics is the essence of the theory of cognition of Marxism.

By the way, logic, dialectics and materialism's theory of cognition were one and the same for Lenin ["one does not need three words: that is one and the same" see Lenin, Philosophical Notebooks, Berlin 1949, p. 249; German edition]

For Lenin, application of the Marxist dialectic means that one must not regard knowledge as something finished and immutable.

"Dialectics as living, many-sided knowledge (with the number of sides eternally increasing), with an infinite number of shades of every approach and approximation to reality (with a philosophical system growing into a whole out of each shade)—here we have an immeasurably rich content as compared with “metaphysical” materialism, the fundamental misfortune of which is its inability to apply dialectics to the Bildertheorie, to the process and development of knowledge." (Lenin, Volume 38, On the questions of dialectics, page 360)

Dialectic is the only correct method of reflecting all being, whereby the objective dialectics prevail in nature and society, while dialectical thinking, the subjective dialectic is limited to the reflection of nature and society.

"The splitting of a single whole and the cognition of its contradictory parts is the essence (one of the 'essentials,' one of the principal, if not the principal, characteristics or features) of dialectics." (Lenin, Volume 38, On the questions of dialectics, page 357)

In the Marxist dialectic, historical and logical are one. Friedrich Engels described it like this:

"The working out of the method which underlies Marx’s critique of political economy is, we think, a result hardly less significant than the basic materialist conception. Even after the determination of the method, the critique of economics could still be arranged in two ways — historically or logically. Since in the course of history, as in its literary reflection, the evolution proceeds by and large from the simplest to the more complex relations, the historical development of political economy constituted a natural clue, which the critique could take as a point of departure, and then the economic categories would appear on the whole in the same order as in the logical exposition.

The logical method of approach (...) is indeed nothing but the historical method, only stripped of the historical form and diverting chance occurrences. The point where this history begins must also be the starting point of the train of thought, and its further progress will be simply the reflection, in abstract and theoretically consistent form, of the historical course. Though the reflection is corrected, it is corrected in accordance with laws provided by the actual historical course, since each factor can be examined at the stage of development where it reaches its full maturity, its classical form."

[Karl Marx: Critique of Political Economy
Review by Frederick Engels; August 6 & 20, 1859]

Friedrich Engels emphasized three main laws of dialectics:

"The law of the transformation of quantity into quality and vice versa;
The law of the interpenetration of opposites;
The law of the negation of the negation." [Engels: Dialectics of Nature]

Lenin and Stalin have further developed these basic features of the Marxist dialectic (see: Lenin: "On the question of dialectics" and Stalin: "On Dialectical and Historical Materialism": the Four Principles of Dialectics).

In his book "Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR", Stalin further developed the Marxist-Leninist dialectic by characterizing the interaction of its main elements as follows:

From the role of principal mainspring which turns into the role of a brake - and the role of a brake which turns into the role of principal mainspring. Stalin applied this law of dialectics using the example of the correlation between the role of productive forces and that of the relations of production:

"This peculiar development of the relations of production from the role of a brake on the productive forces to that of the principal mainspring impelling them forward, and from the role of principal mainspring to that of a brake on the productive forces, constitutes one of the chief elements of the Marxist materialist dialectics." (Stalin)

As for what Engels called "spiraling form of development", we would like to put in addition a brilliant quote from Lenin to "The Question of Dialectics":

"Human knowledge is not (or does not follow) a straight line, but a curve, which endlessly approximates a series of circles, a spiral. Any fragment, segment, section of this curve can be transformed (transformed one-sidedly) into an independent, complete, straight line, which then (if one does not see the wood for the trees) leads into the quagmire, into clerical obscurantism (where it is anchored by the class interests of the ruling classes). Rectilinearity and one-sidedness, woodenness and petrification, subjectivism and subjective blindness—voilà the epistemological roots of idealism. And clerical obscrutantism (= philosophical idealism), of course, has epistemological roots, it is not groundless; it is a sterile flower undoubtedly, but a sterile flower that grows on the living tree of living, fertile, genuine, powerful, omnipotent, objective, absolute human knowledge." [last paragraph quoted]

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels developed their Marxist dialectics in the struggle against all kinds of idealism and metaphysics.

The Marxist dialectic is fundamentally hostile to any dogmatism.

The Marxist dialectic always takes account of certain historical conditions and their changes, as Stalin wrote in "Marxism and Problems of Linguistics":

"Marxism is the science of the laws governing the development of nature and society, the science of the revolution of the oppressed and exploited masses, the science of the victory of socialism in all countries, the science of building communist society. As a science, Marxism cannot stand still, it develops and is perfected. In its development, Marxism cannot but be enriched by new experience, new knowledge -- consequently some of its formulas and conclusions cannot but change in the course of time, cannot but be replaced by new formulas and conclusions, corresponding to the new historical tusks. Marxism does not recognize invariable conclusions and formulas, obligatory for all epochs and periods. Marxism is the enemy of all dogmatism." [last paragraph]

Today, the Stalinist -Hoxhaists are the only true Marxists, guided by the teachings of the 5 classics, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha.

What historical place will Stalinism-Hoxhaism take in the further development of proletarian ideology of Marx?

For taking a historical place in the further development of the dialectics of Marxism it is the task of the Stalinist-Hoxhaists to provide the theoretical and practical-historical evidence for the correctness of the teachings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha under the conditions of globalization - namely through the victorious World Socialist Revolution, through the Establishment of the dictatorship of the world proletariat and through the construction of world socialism and world communism.

The Marxist dialectics is indivisible and its further development is unavoidable, as long as the world proletariat exists and must fight for its liberation. The proletarian world view was founded by Marx and Engels and further developed by Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha. If only a tiny single building block of the entire Marxist dialectics - from Marxism to Hoxhaism - is lost or missing, then the whole building of proletarian ideology collapses, and proletarian ideology changes into bourgeois ideology. Without the further development of the Marxist dialectics , without Stalinism-Hoxhaism, the liberation of the world proletariat is doomed to failure.

Anyone who today denies, mutilates, falsifies or revises the Marxist dialectics can not be a true Marxist.

One can not truly defend Dialectics of Marxism by defending only its founders, Marx and Engels, and simultaneously denying its further development by Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha.

Today, the spearhead of anti-Marxism is directed against us Stalinists-Hoxhaists, because we are the true defenders of the Marxist dialectics.

Today the Comintern (SH) is the only true defender of Karl Marx and all other 4 Classics. We emphasize again, and we will continue to stress, namely that it is impossible even to defend a single Classic, without defending simultaneously all the other four Classics.

Guided by the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism we are marching resolutely towards world socialist revolution, towards the dictatorship of the world proletariat towards world socialism and world communism.

We swear to fulfill the great legacy that Karl Marx has left to us.

Long live Karl Marx' 201st birthday!

Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!

Proletarians of all countries - unite!

World proletariat - unite all countries!

Down with the open, reactionary anti-Marxism!

Down with the betrayal of the revisionists and neo-revisionists of Marxism!

Long live the Stalinist-Hoxhaism that enhanced teaching of Marxism-Leninism in the world today!

Long live the proletarian internationalism!

Long live the proletarian, socialist world revolution!

Long live the dictatorship of the world proletariat!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH) - the only authentic defender of Karl Marx and his revolutionary, proletarian


May 5, 2019

Wolfgang Eggers

Comintern (SH)









- Theoretical Organ -

Communist International (Stalinist - Hoxhaists)