16. 4. 1886 - 18. 8. 1944











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Works of Ernst Thälmann

(Volume I - IV)

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Ernst Thälmann


- the greatest Stalinist of Germany, a great Stalinist leader of the Comintern and the greatest Bolshevist leader of the Communist Party of Germany

- the best son and leader of the German working class

executed and shot by Hitler - on August 18, 1944




"The revolutionary spirit of internationalism, the spirit of absolute faithfullness to the Communist International and the strong confidence in its guiding party, the CPSU, must live on - in all our thoughts and actions"

(Ernst Thälmann) - speech - 6th Congress of the Comintern - 1928).


* * *


"That what is valid for the world communist party, is also valid for the German Communist Party:

We are, we remain the party of the armed surrection, the socialist revolution, the proletarian dictatorship.

In this - and only in this sense - we are the party of the proletarian united front, the mass work, the daily struggles against the bourgeoisie. "

(Ernst Thalmann - November 26, 1926)


 * * *


"A Red Army is on the battle-field, a second Red Army - on a world scale - is in the making. When we have organized a second Red Army in the world then we will smash the bullwarks and forts of the bourgeoisie, and only this way the world proletariat will gain the victory over world capitalism in the world revolution."

(Ernst Thalmann = Honor Soldier of the Red Army on 27 November 1926)


 * * *


Works of Ernst Thälmann

in 4 Volumes

in english language

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Volume 4


VI World Congress of the Comintern

Moscow, 26 of July 1928

Speech of comrade Ernst Thalmann



Messages of Solidarity

Ernst Thalmann

- Immortal son and leader of the world proletariat -

Greeting message of the Comintern (SH)
on occasion of the 130th birthday
16. 4. 2016

Throughout his life, Ernst Thalmann has implemented the Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels:

“The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at a communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win.

Ernst Thalmann was not only the best son and leader of the German working class, but also the best German disciple of Lenin and Stalin.
Ernst Thalmann proved to be a great son and leader of the world proletariat in the Comintern.
Ernst Thalmann embodied the world proletarian banner of Stalin's 6th World Congress of the Comintern.
Unlike the right opportunists in the Comintern, Ernst Thalmann implemented the program of the Comintern (1928) in Germany, especially according to the conditions of the seizure of power by the Hitler fascists.
The Comintern program states [which is – for us - valid until the present day of the 130th birthday - and of course beyond] :

When the revolutionary tide is rising, when the ruling classes are disorganised, the masses are in a state of revolutionary ferment, the intermediary strata are inclining towards the proletariat and the masses are ready for action and for sacrifice, the Party of the proletariat is confronted with the task of leading the masses to a direct attack upon the bourgeois State. This it does by carrying on propaganda in favour of increasingly radical transitional slogans (for Soviets, workers’ control of industry, for peasant committees, for the seizure of the big landed properties, for disarming the bourgeoisie and arming the proletariat, etc.), and by organising mass action, upon which, all branches of Party agitation and propaganda, including parliamentary activity, must be concentrated. This mass action includes: strikes; a combination of strikes and demonstrations; a combination of strikes and armed demonstrations and finally, the general strike conjointly with armed insurrection against the State power of the bourgeoisie. The latter form of struggle, which is the supreme form, must be conducted according to the rules of war; it presupposes a plan of campaign, offensive fighting operations and unbounded devotion and heroism on the part of the proletariat. An absolutely essential condition precedent for this form of action is the organisation of the broad masses into militant units, which, by their very form, embrace and set into action the largest possible numbers of toilers (Councils of Workers’ Deputies, Soldiers’ Councils, etc.), and intensified revolutionary work in the army and the navy. "
This revolutionary situation prevailed in Germany especially after the Great Depression of 1929. Consequently, Ernst Thalmann prepared the communist insurrection in Germany: The seamless transition from mass uprisings against the seizure of power of fascism up to to the proletarian revolution - that was the Bolshevik line of Ernst Thalmann, which the right opportunists have betrayed so shamefully.
The traitor wanted to get rid of Ernst Thalmann, but their instigated Wittorf affair against Ernst Thalmann was shattered by Stalin! Finally, it was the Nazis who withdrew Ernst Thalmann from the proletarian leadership of the Comintern – a valuable basis for the liquidation of the Comintern which took place ten years later.
Ernst Thalmann opposed the right opportunists and Trotskyites who condemned – more or less openly - his proletarian path of armed revolution. They wept some crocodile tears and demonstrated hypocritically their "solidarity" with Ernst Thalmann. But the truth was, that they better liked him in prison than in freedom. Dimitrov, Ulbricht, Pieck and all the other rightist traitors were enemies of Ernst Thalmann, enemies of the Stalinist 6
th Congress and violated the Comintern's program. They purified the Communist International from all Stalinists under the pretext of their alleged "sectarianism". All enemies of Stalinism condemned the Third Period of the Comintern, in which Ernst Thalmann was one of the greatest and most popular leaders of the world proletariat.
At the 7th World Congress the line was drawn under the Comintern program in general, and under the revolutionary line of Ernst Thalmann in particular. The enstrangement from Ernst Thalmann marked the birth of modern revisionism which later seized power. All this happened hiddenly: “For Ernst Thalmann in words - and against him in deeds !” This hypocrisy has not changed until today. In Spain, there is a revisionist group called “BITÁCORA ML” which slings mud at Ernst Thalmann but this is the exception that proves the rule.

And Hitler?
Hitler assessed the situation in his proclamation from September 1, 1933 as follows:
"It is a fallacy to think that Marxism will ever renounce its terrorist tendencies in the last consequence. For two decades, the Jewish-Bolshevik rulers from Moscow have tried to put not only Germany but all of Europe on fire.There were some weeks in the spring of this year, when we escaped from the Bolshevik Chaos (!!!) by a hairsbreadth. The threatening political situation arose from a critical economic situation. We will nip in the bud any attempt to overthrow our National Socialist movement. Over the next thousand years, no revolution will take place anymore in Germany ! " In the last sentence, the revisionists are in line with Hitler.
However Stalin broke Hitler's neck; and not Hitler, but Ernst Thalmann was proved right !!
What were these so called "Bolshevik weeks" in which Hitler stood at the abyss? Why do the revisionists remain silent on these heroical “Bolshevik weeks” and why can be read nothing on it in their history books their distorted "Thalmann-biographies"?
The Comintern (SH) is a firm believer in the world shistorical significance of this Bolshevik weeks under the leadership of Ernst Thalmann. This were undoubtedly the most glorious weeks in the entire history of the German Communist Party.

Ernst Thalmann analyzed the defeat of the Hamburg uprising in 1923 by means of the dialectical principle of the negation of the negation, as a valuable lesson to overcome all those difficulties and weaknesses in future that led to the defeat. Ernst Thalmann believed in the teaching of the inevitable victory of the proletarian revolution, namely to the last breath. The lessons from the armed uprising of the period 1918-1923 was extended by that of the period of 1924-1929 and eventually served as the basis for the period of 1930-1933. Under the leadership of Ernst Thalmann, the KPD prepared the German proletariat for the armed uprising against Hitler's seizure on power on January 1933. That's why the Nazis were forced to stifle this armed rebellion in the bud. And these counter-revolutionary measures for the protection of capitalism were designated as a victory of the "national revolution" of the Nazis. The Nazis turned upside down revolution and counterrevolution. Demagogically, they presented themselves as the “revolutionaries”, and us communists as the “counter-revolutionaries”. In truth the transformation of the Weimar Republic into the “Drittes Reich” was a counterrevolutionary act of the German imperialists with which they brought disaster upon the peoples of the world.
Above all, we write this in memory of the 130th birthday of Ernst Thalmann, because it was the greatest merit of Ernst Thalmann, in 1932-1933, having prepared the armed uprising as the last resort out of the fascist terror regime.
We Stalinist-Hoxhaists speak out the truth on Ernst Thalmann which is strictly kept under lock, and remains unmentioned in history books. Ernst Thalmann was incarcerated by the Nazis at the very moment, when the new revolutionary crisis had matured, when the bourgeoisie was forced to etsablish her open fascist dictatorship.
The uprising did not only corresponded completely to the guidelines of the 6th World Congress of the Comintern, but was also in accordance with the decisions of the ECCI in early September 1932 in Moscow:
"... the revolutionary upsurge in Germany grows under conditions of a revolutionary crisis."
"... The German revolution decides on the fate of the proletarian revolution in Western and Central Europe."

Ernst Thalmann combined armed overthrow of the Hitler regime with the perspective of the world revolution. Ernst Thalmann acted in the consciousness that the German dictatorship of the proletariat was tantamount to an anticipated victory of the world revolution.   
Both the ECCI and Ernst Thalmann were convinced that the victory of the German Revolution - next to the victorious October 1917 - would represent the most important step for the world revolution.

So the necessary measures have been taken by Ernst Thalmann, based on the decisions and policies of the 3rd party workers conference of the KPD in October 1932.
The immediate mobilization of civil war should take place in mass actions in which the working class should be trained, organized and armed for the conquest of power. The only way was henceforth quite concretely - armed insurrection! On 1 May 1932, the KPD coined the slogan of the dictatorship of the proletariat.  

According to the degree of political maturity the Communists in germany were organized as follows in 1932:

1) Basic organizations:
KPD - membership 300 000.
KJVD - membership 50 000.
RFB – membership ?

2) united front organizations:
RGO - membership 300 000.
RHD - membership 235 000
IAH - membership of 120 000
Association of Proletarian Freethinkers - membership 160,000
United Association for Proletarian Sexual Reform and maternity membership?
Kampfbund against fascism - membership 25,000

3) outposts organizations
Red pioneers membership 30 000
Women delegates 10 000
Delegates of Unemployed 20 000
Cultural organizations (athletes, musicians, etc.) - membership?

It is estimated that there were over 1 million communists in Germany (1932) !!! About 6 million people elected the KPD !!!!! This figure was even surpassed by those millions of masses, who sympathized with the Communists secretly.
That was the awesome organizational communist forces ratio which justified the proletarian revolution in this most critical situation of German history. Ernst Thalmann prepared the armed insurrection as a historical necessity, namely as the inevitable decisive battle between a future Soviet Germany and the fascist Third Reich. And the Social democrats tried in vain to revive the corpse of the Weimar Republic. The social democrats voted for the banning of the Communist Party and helped thereby the Nazis coming to power. The Social democrats feared the dictatorship of the proletariat more than the dictatorship of the fascists. While Ernst Thalmann tried to transform the anti-fascist struggle into a struggle for the dictatorship of the proletariat, the rightist opportunists misused the anti-fascist struggle for the re-establishment of bourgeois democracy.

Long before the actual searches of communist rooms, the Communist Party, herself, had already prepared for illegality. For this purpose, the KPD had executed own house searches. In November 1932, a practice alarm was carried out in Berlin. On 23 of November, by order of the Party, all organizations in Greater Berlin had to switch to illegality within 3 days. The organizational connections within the party were maintained only by courier. The meetings took place not anymore at fixed venues, but only at permanently changing places. The head of the mass organizations were no longer elected, but determined by the CP, namely without that the members got to know the name of the conductor. The official bureaus were henceforth only occupied by front men, while the actual representatives were staying at an undisclosed location. Also, no one was allowed to know the name of the person of the courier. Every organization had its own illegal information network, for example a business shop. From September 1932 nothing more was sent via public post offices. The KPD organized her own internal mailroom, namely all over a national scale. Party's Cells were instructed only verbally. Instead of addresses and names, henceforth only numbers were used, for example in Berlin the numbers 1- 100 for factory cells, the numbers 101-200 for street cells and the numbers 201 -. 300 for rural cells, eg "12/106" meant: street cell 106 in the subdistrict 12. Gatherings of more than 5 people did not take place any longer. Sensitive or incriminating material were either destroyed, or outsourced in illegal archives. All Party accounts were cleared, and party's assets were protected against the raid of the Nazis. The comrades abandoned their homes and went underground without police registration. A substitute has been determined in the case of any arrest of party functionaries. The propaganda had been decentralized, thus independently from the central AP-department of the KPD. The activity emphasis was shifted from the flats and streets to the factories. In addition to the organizational preparations for illegality, special trainings were conducted for binding rules of conspiracy (against talkativeness and boastfulness; caution during phone calls, camouflage and adaptation to the environment in the fields of action; hidden signals and signs; encrypted correspondence; coordination of statements before the police in case of arrest, etc., etc..)
These conspiratorial rules had to be constantly modified because of the sniffer dogs.
Among the illegal actions were, for example, illegal radio stations of the KPD, disarmings of the SA [Sturmabteilung (= paramilitary branch of the NSDAP)] etc.
The KPD organised counter-espionage and the fight against traitors in the own ranks ( "blacklisting"). Any benevolence towards the class enemy during the armed uprising, produces difficulties which can escalate to a disaster in unfavorable conditions.
In the end of December 1932, the KPD founded the OSNA (coordination of different investigative detachments and protective detachments). Only the most reliable party members were included in the O.S.N.A (about 10%). The connection between the O.S.N.A. and the RFB (Alliance of Red Front-Fighters) was prepared several weeks before the date of commencement of the civil war.
Parallel to the illegal party apparatus there was the so-called "AM-apparatus" (Anti-military counterintelligence) which fulfilled the following tasks: spying and decomposition of the right-wing parties and left-wing parties; Spying and decomposition of the police, the Reichswehr and the Navy; Procurement of arms and explosives; Defence against state other hostile attacks; Spying on the authorities, industrial espionage, intelligence services; undercover work for the recovery of police officers and members of the army.
Finally all the crucial political and organizational preparations were completed The KPD was ready for the uprising. The uprising apparatus was ready and everyone was instructed about the necessary measures, namely measures during and after the uprising, and also measures of retreat in case of the failure of the uprising.
In February 1932, there was a call of the RFB in Hamburg:
"Workers, antifascists of Hamburg!
Hitler's brown gangs of murderers are marching! Alarm! Red Hamburg - mobilize! Police officers! You too are proletarians in uniform. Do not fire on workers, on their fathers, brothers, mothers and sisters! We warn you! Hamburg remains red! In defiance of all the terror ! The Red Front-Fighters are on watch. We are now stronger than ever after years of prohibition. Antifascists watch out ! The day is not far when our victorious Red Army sends packing the mortal enemies of the working people !" (RFB)

The RGO (Revolutionary Opposition in the Trade Unions) mobilized the factories:

"Make preparations. The timings for the beginning of the revolutionary crisis are really very short." Prepare for the general strike."   
The ball was set rolling. In the last half of 1932, the KPD organized the Red Army (RMSS).The RMSS was a bipartisan summary of all anti-fascist workers and workers.

[Already in 1923 approximately 250 000. Red Guards were recruited in the course of a few weeks – and organized in “Proletarian Hundreds”].
In connection with the anti-fascist action, the semi-military "Battle League against Fascism" (KgF) was built. On January 15, 1933, the youth assault troops were erected. In the 36th edition of the illegal organ of RFB it was stated:
"Call-up of militant young workers for the entry into the formations of red Young Front. From today until March 15, the call to muster is in force. .. With Luxemburg, Liebknecht and Lenin - we will now attack! All you former militants of the red army of the Ruhr area, and all you members of the Proletarian Hundreds! Organize yourselves in new formations and join the Red Front-Fighters."
And in a special edition of the organ "Red Front" was stated:
Organize a permanent alarm service, organize day and night patrols and a guard duty! Watch the the SA Local ... Stay together in groups, be ready by day and night of struggle. Organize yourselves in the battle formations of the RFB, rally round the RFB !"   



All in all, resulted in the following organizational scheme for the period of the armed uprising: the RFB as a central core organization of the KPD and governing body of all combat units; KfG with the task of attracting broad masses for the struggle against fascism; the RMSS as direct mass fighting organization, and finally many small uprising units for special military operations.
Since mid-December 1932, Germany was in the period of the communist armed uprising. In a statement of the KPD in September 1932, was said: "Now, courage and boldness is needed, to break the terror of the enemy by appropriate means and to give the struggle of the workers a higher form."
On occasion of the anniversary of the Soviet Red Army, on 23 February 1933, the RFB wrote:
"We are now faced with the great offensive, a storm will sweep through Germany. There is no peace or rest, until the Red Storm-banner of Peoples Liberation is blowing all over our Soviet-Germany!"
With 10 000 additional new fighters, the RFB was an uprising organization on a grand scale, unparalleld in the history of the world communist movement. Despite the ban, the RFB was the most organized fighting force of the civil war against Hitlerism.
The "Red Sailor" writes:
"Go in and win! The victory will be ours. New cartridges in the gun, pull the detonator of grenades on the barricades ... onto lampposts with the fascist murderers and arsonists ... we do not shout: "Germany awake!" We shout: "Workers to the barricades!" Forward to victory! "
On February 25, the first shots were fired.

On the orders of the Comintern the uprising should begin in the demilitarized zone of the Rhineland. Then all major transmitter stations to be occupied, to proclaim the revolution. Vital enterprises and public institutions, as well as strategic points should be occupied. The next stage of the uprising was the Upper Silesian industrial area, while Berlin, briefly thereafter be integrated into the action. All parts of the empire were mobilized for the uprising.
Exactly on the date, the Reichstag in Berlin was set in fire. This was the signal of the counter-revolution to nip the armed uprising in the bud. A nation-wide terrorist campaign began against the KPD, namely on an unprecedented scale.
That was no accident! Treachery in our own ranks !!!

Immediately, 10,000 functionaries of the KPD were arrested, kidnapped, abused and tortured. The incendiary was organized by the Nazis, for the purpose to forestall the armed uprising. In 1933, on March 3, at 15.30, Ernst Thalmann was arrested - the leader of the uprising against Hitler fascism.
That was a severe blow to the cause of world communism.
The uprising was suppressed within 2 days. This was not only a defeat for the Communist Party and the proletarian revolution in Germany, but also for the Comintern and the world revolution of the world proletariat.
The fascists gained the upper hand, and with the betrayal against Ernst Thalmann began the birth of modern revisionism, which ended with the collapse of social fascism in 1989. We wonder: Isn't it strange that the heroical preparations of comrade Ernst Thalmann for the armed uprising were swept under the carpet ? This proves how much the Nazis were afraid of the communist uprising ! And in the same moment - a great show was made about the "heroism" of Dimitrov who was accuesed as the fire raiser. This was part of a diversionary tactic - a political stage-play, initiated by the Nazis in which Dimitrov played the star role. Dimitrov was rewarded with his extradition to Moscow and got the post of the leader of the Comintern, while the revolutionary Ernst Thalmann was shot. The Anti-Komintern was delighted with Dimitrov, who liquidated the Comintern by himself.

Ernst Thalmann was himself a worker and was beloved by the whole world proletariat. Every worker understood of what he said. He wowed the world proletariat, and especially the Russian workers with all his rousing speeches. He was principled and subordinated himself only to party discipline. Until his assassination he remained a courageous anti-fascist and principled communist, a fighter for the world socialist revolution, for world socialism and world communism.
Ernst Thalmann was a great proletarian internationalist.

One of the famous International Brigades bore the honorable name "Ernst Thalmann Battalion" in the Spanish Civil War.
Ernst Thalmann's name is a symbol of the highest qualities of character of the revolutionary world proletariat.

We swear, that we will continue the heroic struggle of Ernst Thalmann until the very end, until we gained the victory.

Let's keep high the red banner of Comrade Ernst Thalmann!

Let's defend it against the revisionists and neo-revisionists!

Learning from the struggle of comrade Ernst Thalmann against fascism, is to strive for the removal of the inevitability of fascism, is to sweep away the rule of the world bourgeoisie!

We will finnish the struggle that Ernst Thalmann begun - the struggle for the dictatorship of the world proletariat !

We will transform world fascism into world socialism by the victory of the socialist world revolution !

We want to be a fighter like Ernst Thalmann !

Long live the 130th birthday of Comrade Ernst Thalmann !

- this our great beloved son and leader of the world proletariat !


Ernst Thalmann was the greatest Stalinist of Germany, a great Stalinist leader of the Comintern and the greatest Bolshevist leader of the Communist Party of Germany

- the best son and leader of the German working class

executed and shot by Hitler - on August 18, 1944


Comintern (SH)

April 16, 2016 




For our sturdy Comrade Thälmann
Raise your fist!





- AUGUST 18, 1944 -




Today, on August 18, 2014, we want to remember the sad day when our comrade Ernst Thalmann was shot on Hitler's orders of the fascist killers.

We swear, that we will continue the heroic struggle of Ernst Thalmann until the very end, until we gained the victory.

This site is published by the Comintern (SH) on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the assassination of Comrade Ernst Thalmann.

We publish all his writings and speeches, his letters and essays and especially his contributions to the Comintern - in German language.

Translations will follow in English language - depending on our limited forces.

We have also created a picture book, and we made a photo gallery.

Moreover we linked this website with the two famous DEFA films about life and struggle of Ernst Thalmann.

For the first time we published - in German language - the speech of comrade Ernst Aust on occasion of the 30th anniversary of the assassination of Ernst Thalmann and his article in the "Red Dawn" of the KPD/ML published in 1974.

It is a great honor for us to highlight the significance of


the internationalist merits of comrade Ernst Thalmann.

Ernst Thalmann was a working man from the seaport Hamburg , born on April 16, 1886.

Not only was he the best leader of the German working class, but also an outstanding leader of the world proletariat. Ernst Thalmann rendered outstanding servives to the Bolshevisation of the Communist International, especially its growing influence in broadest masses. He was by far the best leader of the Communist International outside the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin.

At the III. World Congress, held in Moscow from 22 June to 12 July 1921, Ernst Thalmann participated as German delegate for the first time. Here he met Lenin for the first time.

On midnight from 23 to 24 January 1924, from 0.00 to 0.30 o' clock, Ernst Thalmann held the guard of honor at the bier of Lenin.

Ernst Thalmann met Stalin for the first time at the Fifth World Congress of the Comintern in 1924 in Moscow.

This face-to-face encounter was the beginning of a close collaboration and friendship between the two communist leaders. Stalin was the best teacher and advisor of the Communist Party under the leadership of Ernst Thalmann. Stalin made ​​the decisive contribution to the Bolshevisation of the KPD, especially with his famous "12 conditions for the Bolshevisation of the KPD". This famous Stalinist theses were valid for all sections of the Comintern. These theses have still not lost their current importance for the building of a party of "new type". By the way, these 12 theses of Bolshevization were both founding document of the KPD / ML in 1968, as well as the founding document of the Comintern (SH) in the year 2000.

Ernst Thalmann was elected as Chairman of the Communist Party on October 30, 1925.

Stalin wrote:

"The current Central Committee of the KPD did not come about by chance. It was born in the fight against the right deviation. It gained strength in the fight against the" ultra-left "deviation. Hence, it is neither a right nor an" ultra-left Central Committee. It is a genuine Leninist Central Committee. This is just the leading proletarian group that needs the KPD now ... the strength of the current Central Committee consists precisely in the fact that it performs a correct Leninist policy ... the fact that the current Central Committee is predominated by the workers, a great preference of the German Communist Party. " (Stalin)

Since the Fifth World Congress, held in Moscow from June 17 to July 9, 1924, Ernst Thalmann was initially elected as a candidate, then he became very soon a full member of the Presidium of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. He was one of its most respected officials. As leader of the Hamburg uprising, Ernst Thalmann was the symbol of the revolutionary German proletariat. However, the outbreak of the proletarian revolution in entire Germany had been betrayed by the leadership of the Communist Party which was in hands of the rightist Brandlerists. In his first speech to the Congress, Ernst Thalmann justified the Hamburg uprising as follows: "The decision was : either white dictatorship or proletarian dictatorship."

Learning from the criticism of Ernst Thalmann at the opportunist party leadership of the Communist Party, the Comintern took the path towards Bolshevisation of all its sections.

Ernst Thalmann was elected at the Fifth World Congress of the Comintern Secretary of the Political Commission. He was also a member of the Youth Commission and a member of the regional commissions for Russia, Italy, Poland, Austria and Scandinavia.

Ernst Thalmann supported the line of Stalin against the Luxemburgism, against the "left" wing of social democracy and against social fascism.

On V. ECCI Plenum Ernst Thalmann did not participate because he was candidate for the presidential election in Germany.

Between the V and Vl. Congress of the Comintern, the ECCI became more important as the governing body because the Congresses were held no longer regularly (1924, 1928, 1935). But the most important meetings were conducted as extended plenums. With the 6th Enlarged Plenum all the following meetings of the Comintern and the ECCI were focused on the contributions of comrade Ernst Thalmann. In this plenary (17.2.1926), Ernst Thalmann was at first successful in overcomingultra-leftist deviations of the Comintern.

The following 7 Enlarged Plenum from 22.11. until 16 12 1926, Ernst Thalmann reported on the successful impact of orientation on admission and participation of Communists in the free trade unions, in which he was mainly engaged.

At the beginning of the plenum, on which Ernst Thalmann was chairman, he read out Zinoviev's resignation as Chairman of the International. In place of Zinoviev, Bukharin was elected leader of the Comintern. Stalin reported on the developments in the Soviet Union and the situation in the Soviet Party, when Zinoviev and Kamenev were removed because of factionism.
In this discussion Ernst Thalmann supported fully the Leninist-Stalinist theses of building socialism in "one" country. From the very beginning Ernst Thalmann was absolutely faithful in the Soviet policy until his death. This fundamental connectedness with the first socialist state and the international task of its defense was educated by Ernst Thalmann to the German Communists. This confidence in the Soviet Union was also decisive for the steadfastness of German communists in the struggle against fascism, especially the fight of Ernst Thalmann himself.

With the 9th Plenum of the ECCI in February 1928 a new alignment of the communist policy began, which initiated a tightening of dealing with the social democracy.

Ernst Thalmann was well acquainted with the most important revolutionary movements in the international arena. He analysed the Pilsudski coup in Poland. He pointed to the significance of the biggest strike movement of the British miners, and stressed the victorious advance of the Chinese revolution.

Ernst Thalmann supported all the sections of the Comintern in word and deed. So he helped in 1926 with his article "On the tactics of the Communist Party of Poland" the Polish section in overcoming its errors (published in Pravda no. 123, dated 30 May 1926)

Ernst Thalmann had a very intimate relationship to the Russian proletariat. He made numerous visits to the factories and in the Red Army. The friendly relationship was expressed in his election as an honorary member of various Soviet enterprises and institutions. In friendly talks and many speeches on meetings with the Russian workers he strengthened the revolutionary spirit of proletarian internationalism between the German and Russian working class. His close ties with the Russian proletariat is expressed in his following words:

"The crucial question of the international movement is its position towards the proletarian dictatorship in the Soviet Union. Opinions differ on this question, and must differ ! The attitude towards the Soviet Union decides on the question, to which camp somebody belongs - either to the camp of the revolution or to the camp of the counter-revolution! " (Ernst Thalmann speech at the Seventh. Enlarged Plenum of the Comintern Executive Committee from 22 November to 16 December 1926 in Moscow).

Comrade Enver Hoxha seized these words of Ernst Thalmann by applying it to the changed situation in the Soviet Union which had turned to the world camp of the counter-revolution. Analogously, Enver Hoxha said:

"The attitude towards the Soviet Union in the times of Lenin and Stalin as basis and lever of the world revolution, as the criterion of proletarian internationalism, must be understood in the opposite sense under conditions of today ... A revolutionary and internationalist of today is the one who fights against the Soviet revisionists, who exposes their treachery, who turned Marxism-Leninism into an anti-Marxist and imperialist policy and line. " (Enver Hoxha)

On the XI. Congress of the KPD (Essen) in 1927 Ernst Thalmann defined four international main tasks:

"First, the fight against the threat of war.

Second, defense of the Soviet Union and other countries against imperialist attacks.

Third, the struggle for the international trade union unity.

Fourth, the fight against international fascism ".

From July 17 to September 1, 1928 the VI. World Congress of the Comintern was held in Moscow. Ernst Thalmann, who took a prominent part in the work of the Congress, was elected to the ECCI.

Ernst Thalmann became one of the main leaders in the so called "Third period" which was then condemned by all enemies of the Stalinist course of the Comintern, first and foremost the Trotskyites. Today, we cannot defend comrade Ernst Thalmann without defending the Stalinist "Third period".

In his speech at the VI. Congress, Ernst Thalmann stressed:

"A new period of revolutionary upsurge matures. In this situation, we need more than ever the internationalism, the revolutionary solidarity of the toiling masses of the world in alliance with the oppressed colonial peoples. We had to lead the struggle against Trotskyism several years. In this great struggle Leninism prevailed as the undisputed winner in the entire Communist International. Even more than before, the spirit of internationalism emerged from this hard struggle, the spirit of unconditional loyalty to the Communist International and the solid confidence in its leading party, the CPSU. This revolutionary spirit must guide all our thinking and actions, and must a,ways be maintained in us. Our victory will be for certain if we strengthen our revolutionary energy, if we firmly and unwaveringly believe in the revolutionary power of the proletariat and all the working people led by the Communist International, the only genuine International throughout the world. " (Speech in the debate on the activity reports of the ECCI and the Executive Committee of the Young Communist International.)

In his contribution to the discussion on the report of the Executive Committee Ernst Thalmann underlined that he - in accordance with Stalin - considers the fight against the "Left" Social-Democrats as a major task. He says there:

"Effected by this treacherous activity (of the social democracy) and by the demeanor of the Communist parties and the revolutionary movement the social democratic workers turn increasingly to Communism. In this situation, the "left" social democracy comes to the fore for the purpose to avoid the trespass of the social Democratic workers to the Communist Party. Every vacillation, hesitation in exposing the "left" Socialist-democracy must be fought in our ranks with the greatest sharpness."

"The social democracy is - as the 9th Plenum of the Comintern has stated correctly - the major social bearer of the bourgeoisie, the main obstacle of the proletarian revolution in Germany and all over the capitalist world" (Ernst Thälmann)

"The Communist Party in Germany has, far removed from the social democratic traditions that nourish the Right danger in the KPD." (Stalin, Volume 11, page 275).

The 10th Plenum of the ECCI was held from 3 to 17 July 1929.

Besides Losovski (the chairman of the RILU), Ernst Thalmann was the second speaker, who spoke at the meeting about the intensification of the economic struggle and the tasks of the communists. He called for the strengthening of the revolutionary work in the trade unions, and in view of the criminal role of the trade union bureaucracy he advocated wildcat strike actions, thus against the will of the rightist leaders. Ernst Thalmann put up a case for mobilizing and integrating the unorganized workers in these battles. Ernst Thalmann was the pioneer in building up the RGO (Revolutionary Trade Union's Opposition) in Germany as a preform for the red trade unions. However, after VII. World Congress, the right-wing leaders of the Comintern did not only eliminate the RGO policy of comrade Ernst Thalmann, but moreover in 1936, they liquidated the entire Red Trade Union International, an international organization of the Comintern, which was once brought into being by none other than comrade Lenin.

On March 18, 1931 Ernst Thalmann was expelled from the union, to which he belonged for decades and in which he fought not only for the daily interests of the workers, but also to shatter the entire system of wage slavery in the spirit of Marxism.

In a response letter to the ADGB (Yellow Trade Union Association in Germany), Ernst Thalmann wrote:
"We live in a time where there is no intermediate position. There are only two alternatives in the trade union: The path of revolutionary mass struggle or the path of supporting capitalism through workers' betrayal and strike-breaking. There is only one clear choice: either overthrow or maintenance of the infamous regime of exploitation of man by man .. Everyone has to decide in our time: either for the red front of the workers or for the front of the exploiters. The giant power of millions of proletarian fighter will sweep away all exploiters, inclusively you, their lackeys". (Hamburg March 23, 1931)

On October 31, 1932 ErnstThalmann was welcomed by the Parisian workers with loud and never ending applause. He called:

"Comrades, I came here to Paris to the city of the Commune of 1871 - this luminous Fanals of the revolutionary workers' movement. Having to bring charges against the capitalist governments of our two countries. We Communists in Germany and France act commonly in spirit of proletarian internationalism under the banner of the Communist International to conduct our international campaign of struggle against imperialist war, against chauvinism and militarism and against the Versailles system, which has been so shamefully supported by the Second International.
When the German working class will emerge as the winner of the class struggle, the French imperialism will try to destroy the German workers 'and peasants' republic by means of bloody imperialist intervention. Then it is your task to counter such intervention plans of our common enemies. Proletarians of Germany and France, unite! "

Ernst Thalmann presented his speeches at the last two ECCI meetings before Hitler seized power. He defined the central strategical task of the Comintern as a connection of the mass struggle against fascism with the aim of armed proletarian revolution. As well-known, the rightist leaders of the Comintern - in contrast - dropped this indispensable connection of the united anti-fascist front with the armed proletarian revolution.

The fight against fascism, the mobilisation of mass struggles of the workers and the unemployed, the recovery of the Social Democratic workers for the combined fight for the socialist revolution was the focus of the 11th and 12th ECCI Plenum in March / April 1931 and in August / September 1932 .

In his presentation on the 11th Plenum ("The situation in Germany and the tasks of the KPD") Ernst Thalmann defined Germany "as the weakest link of capitalism. The economic and political crisis in Germany produces the revolutionary upsurge on the one hand, but on the other hand, this effects a strengthening of the fascist counter-revolution. ... It's therefore dangerous to underestimate the fascist development. Fascism in Germany is not a product of the strength of the bourgeoisie, not (as in Italy 1922) a product of the defeat of the proletariat ... "

Ernst Thalmann saw in the Brüning government "a maturing, if not yet fully developed fascist dictatorship". He clearly saw "that a higher maturity of the proletarian revolution will probably bring about a higher level of counter-revolutionmore rapidly and heavily." Concerning the NSDAP he said:

". .. the role of the National Socialists (is) that of a new protective wall for keeping away increasing parts of the bourgeois camp which went over to the proletarian revolution. "

Furthermore, Ernst Thalmann emphasized at the 11th Plenum of the ECCI:

"Capitalism can not be defeated without destroying the social democracy ... You can not defeat the social fascism ... if you do not mobilize systematically the Social Democratic workers to battle under the leadership of the Communist Party against fascism."

The last time before his arrest, Ernst Thalmann took part at the 12th plenary session of the ECCI from 27 August to 15 September in Moscow.

He presented the keynote address on "The teachings of the economic strikes and the fight against unemployment".

By the arrest on March 3, 1933, the Nazis isolated Ernst Thalmann from the Comintern and - with this - did a disservice to the right leaders of the Comintern - namely for their undisturbed preparation of the world historical turn of the Comintern on the VII World Congress. Was this by chance or according to the systematical consideration of the fascists to arrest the revolutionaries on the one hand and to release revisionists and other traitors on the other hand ?

The 12th Plenum of the ECCI - under the Bolshevik leadership of Ernst Thalmann - was after all the very last Bolshevik Plenum of the ECCI in the history of the Comintern.

With the 13th plenary meeting, the world-historical turning point was initiated which ended with the dissolution of the Comintern ten years later.

So the 13th plenary took place, without Ernst Thalmann, from 28 November to 12 December 1933. The Plenary Meeting was opened by Wilhelm Pieck, who was definitively jointly responsible for the revisionist turn of both the Comintern and the KPD. The focus of the 13th Plenum was the elimination of the Leninist definition of fascism on the IV. World Congress. It was replaced by a revisionist definition that was presented by the revisionist Otto Kuusinen (Finland) in his paper "fascism, the threat of war and the tasks of the Communist Party." The 13th Plenum of the ECCI became the starting point for the elimination of the Leninist proletarian united front policy of the Comintern and its replacement by the bourgeois popular front policy of Dimitrov. This revisionist line was adopted unanimously at the 13th Plenum of the ECCI. De facto, the Comintern was no longer led by Bolshevik leaders, but of such leaders, which later turned out to be the well-known revisionist leaders of the communist parties. We give only an example - the renegades Ulbricht and Togliatti ("Ercoli"). Togliatti was always a bitter opponent of Ernst Thalmann, especially the latter had called for a tougher approach in the fight with the conciliators. Togliatti, however, succeeded in smuggling in a number of conciliators who were elected leaders on the VI. Congress of the Comintern.

In August 1935 Stalin was thrown out of the Comintern. The revisionist did unblushingly not re-elect him as member of the ECCI. Other revolutionary leaders were put to death such as Bela Kun who led the Comintern's commission of struggle against social-democracy. In the very end of the Comintern the leadership was in the hands of the
triarchy of the traitors Dimitrov, Manuilski and Togliatti (and partly Pieck).

The fascists incarcerated Ernst Thalmann in the gaol of Bautzen, a small city of the former GDR.

And the social-fascists of the GDR incarcerated on their part our comrades of the KPD / ML decades later - namely in the same gaol of Bautzen !! Fascists and Social Fascists commit the same crime - namely to incarcerate communists ! The bourgeoisie is and will always remain the mortal enemy of Communism. She always tries to eliminate the Communists both openly (fascism) and hiddenly behind a "red" mask (social fascism).

"Fascism is a fighting organization of the bourgeoisie, which is based on the active support of social democracy. Social democracy is objectively the moderate wing of fascism "(Stalin, Volume 6, page 253).

Therefore there can be no united front with social fascists. A united front can exist only for the purpose of the revolutionary overthrow of the bourgeoisie as a unity of the whole working class.

At the essence, cooperation between fascism and social fascism has not changed until today. This proves the whole history of the world communist movement. If we want to defend comrade Ernst Thalman, then we must side with the Stalinist anti-socialfascist thesis. The accuracy of the social fascism thesis is proved by the death of Ernst Thalmann. The death of Ernst Thalmann will only be avenged by the classless society of world communism where there is no danger of fascism and social-fascism anymore.

10 days after the arrest of Ernst Thalmann, the SPD had enforced the KPD banning law. So this was the answer to Ernst Thalmann's call for united front between the KPD and the SPD-workers.

The SPD was not only responsible for the bloodbath of the workers in the November Revolution in 1919, but also for the bloodbath in Berlin on May 1. Finally the anti-communist social democracy paved also the way to the victims of revolutionary workers under the reign of fascist terror and last not least to the fascists assassination of Ernst Thalmann.

It is a matter of historical fact that the social-fascists of the SPD were involved in the death of the communist leaders in Germany, of which Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebknecht and Ernst Thalmann were the most prominent ones.

But not only the social-fascists of the SPD were jointly responsible for the death of Ernst Thalmann.

Complicit in the death of Ernst Thalman were also the hidden enemies in his own communist camp.
We belong to those communists in the world who put the blame also on the revisionist traitors for the assassination of Ernst Thalmann.

Just as Lenin and Stalin had fought against the traitors of the Second International, the Comintern (SH) fights against the betrayal of the revisionists, especially concerning the Comintern and Ernst Thalmann.
Especially since mid 1927, the opposition against Ernst Thalmann was active within the Communist Party of Germany. And also on all Congresses of the Comintern in which Ernst Thalmann took part, the traitors tried to attack his revolutionary views and actions. And the more he had received support by the majority of the delegates of the Congresses, the more intensively increased the struggle of the oppositional minorities against him. When these hostile attempts failed on the VI. World Congress, the so-called "Wittorf affair" was launched against the person of Ernst Thalmann.

Involved in these intrigues were not only the open rightists of Brandler and Thalheimer, but also the reconciliators and the "ultraleftists". All these opposional forces were hiddenly encouraged by Pieck (Pieck was the person who recommended that Ernst Thalmann withdraws from the presidency of the KPD !!).

The "Wittorf affair" was openly directed against the Bolshevisation of the KPD and indirectly against Stalin, especially against the Stalinist decisions of the 6th World Congress of the Comintern. The enemies wanted to beat Ernst Thalmann and to hit the Comintern. And last not least, they beat comrade Ernst Thalmann to hit comrade Stalin !

As even Bukharin turned against Ernst Thalmann, Stalin intervened personally. Stalin protected Ernst Thalmann and thwarted all attempts of party coups for the purpose of the overthrow of Ernst Thalmann. Stalin defended comrade Ernst Thalmann as follows:

The second stage of our disagreements is connected with what is known as the Wittorf and Thälmann case.

Wittorf was formerly secretary of the Hamburg organisation, and was accused of embezzling Party funds. For this he was expelled from the Party. The conciliators in the Central Committee of the German Communist Party, advantage of the fact that Wittorf had been close to Comrade Thälmann, although Comrade Thälmann was in no way implicated in Wittorf ’s crime, converted the Wittorf case into a Thälmann case, and set out to overthrow the leadership of the German Communist Party. No doubt you know from the press that at that time the conciliators Ewert and Gerhart succeeded temporarily in winning over a majority of the Central Committee of the German Communist Party against Comrade Thälmann. And what followed? They removed Thälmann from the leadership, began to accuse him of corruption and published a “corresponding” resolution without the knowledge and sanction of the Executive Committee of the Comintern.

Thus, instead of the directive of the Sixth Congress of the Comintern about fighting conciliation being carried out, instead of a fight against the Right deviation and against conciliation, there was, in fact, a most gross violation of this directive, there was a fight against the revolutionary leadership of the German Communist Party, a fight against Comrade Thälmann, with the object of covering up the Right deviation and of consolidating the conciliatory tendency in the ranks of the German Communists.

And so, instead of swinging the tiller over and correcting the situation, instead of restoring the validity of the violated directive of the Sixth Congress and calling the conciliators to order, Bukharin proposed in his wellknown letter to sanction the conciliators’ coup, to hand over the German Communist Party to the conciliators, and to revile Comrade Thälmann in the press again by issuing another statement declaring him to be guilty.

And this is supposed to be a “leader” of the Comintern!

Can there really be such “leaders”?

The Central Committee discussed Bukharin’s proposal and rejected it. Bukharin, of course, did not like that. But who is to blame? The decisions of the Sixth Congress were adopted not in order that they should be violated but in order that they should be carried out. If the Sixth Congress decided to declare war on the Right deviation and conciliation towards it, keeping the leadership in the hands of the main core of the German Communist Party, headed by Comrade Thälmann, and if it occurred to the conciliators Ewert and Gerhart to upset that decision, it was Bukharin’s duty to call the conciliators to order and not to leave in their hands the leadership of the German Communist Party. It is Bukharin, who “forgot” the decisions of the Sixth Congress, who is to blame.

The third stage of our disagreements is connected with the question of the fight against the Rights in the German Communist Party, with the question of routing the Brandler and Thalheimer faction, and of expelling the leaders of that faction from the German Communist Party. The “position” taken up by Bukharin and his friends on that cardinal question was that they persistently avoided taking part in settling it. At bottom, it was the fate of the German Communist Party that was being decided. Yet Bukharin and his friends, knowing this, nevertheless continually hindered matters by systematically keeping away from the meetings of the bodies which had the question under consideration. For the sake of what? Presumably, for the sake of remaining “clean” in the eyes of both the Comintern and the Rights in the German Communist Party. For the sake of being able subsequently to say: “It was not we, the Bukharinites, who carried out the expulsion of Brandler and Thalheimer from the Communist Party, but they, the majority in the Central Committee.” And that is what is called fighting the Right danger! (Stalin)

So Stalin defended Ernst Thalmann in an impressive and convincing manner. This refutes all fabrications that Stalin would have allegedly turned "against" Ernst Thalmann - namely that Stalin would not have tried to save him from death.

That what the opponents of Ernst Thalmann did not succeed in , namely to silence the tongue of Ernst Thalmann- was finally achieved by his fascist execution. The truth is that the revisionist traitors had hidden their crimes easily behind the crimes of the fascists.

Although Ernst Thalmann disagreed on specific issues with the majority of the Comintern (and this in face of many false "leaders" of the Comintern as Trotsky, Radek, Zinoviev and Kamenev, Bukharin, Rykov and many other traitors), Ernst Thalmann always emphasized: "I am so disciplined, so centralizing ... that I follow the decisions ... "

Ernst Thalmann was betrayed by the revisionist leaders of the KPD and the Comintern - and - Ernst Thalmann himself was not blind, he certainly knew the names of the traitors better than we do:

"Why should I spend in prison my fresh mind and healthy life, the best years of my life?" This message he left to the Comintern leadership in Moscow. Ernst Thalmann said it openly: "If you really want this, then say it quite frankly."

In the interests of the right-wing leaders of the KPD and the Comintern - such as Ulbricht and Pieck - Ernst Thalmann was more "valuable" in custody than in freedom:

"We live in a time where your voice is needed from custody."

Until the mid-thirties comrade Bela Kun organized the struggle of the Comintern for his release. All the efforts on a gaolbreak failed several times by treachery in the own ranks of the Comintern and the KPD.

The Thalmann-Liberation Committee of the Comintern used his case to denounce the injustice of the brown system before the eyes of the world.
"But for the liberation of Ernst Thalmann they did nothing", the renegade Ulbricht said satisfactorily. Ulbricht did not only hinder Ernst Thalmann's escape from his fascist murderers. Ulbricht also succeeded in Moscow to deliver many true Thalmann successor to the NKVD who killed them. The traitors usurped the leadership of the Communist Party of Germany by means of their bloody hands.
And Ernst Thalmann addressed the following words to the traitors:

"Why are you such bastards and let me sit here?"

The Nazis were willing to release an opportunist like Dimitroff, but not such a revolutionary and principled communist like Ernst Thalmann: The Nazis expressed their fear of Ernst Thalmann with the following sentence: "Such birds like Thalmann will never be delivered to the Russians."

The Central Committee, which was appointed on the so-called "Berner" conference by itself (and not in Bern but in a Moscow hotel - of course without any legitimacy from the party base), consisted of masked anti-communists. These included not only Ulbricht and Pieck but also a Herbert Wehner (later leader of the SPD in the Bundestag, which adopted the law banning of the Communist Party in 1956!!). In connection with the arrest of Ernst Thalmann, Wehner was indeed subjected to an examination procedure in Moscow, but the examination was abandoned in 1939, after Wehner had denounced numerous comrades of Ernst Thalmann as alleged "deviants". The traitors escaped and the revolutionaries were doomed to die.

The abyss profound difference between comrade Ernst Thalmann and his traitors can be illustrated solely in the fact of the anti-fascist daily struggle of Ernst Thalmann - always recklessly of endangering his life - while the revisionists made themselves comfortable in the secure Hotel Lux in Moscow. There they waited calmly - far away from fascist Germany - until the the Red Army served them the GDR on a silver platter.

The revisionists, praising Ernst Thalmann to the skies and allegedly "defending" him, were in truth the worst enemies of Ernst Thalmann and the German working class, lackeys, agents of fascism in the camp of communism. The social-fascist Erich Honecker was a spy ("Kapo") of the commandant of the concentration camp in Buchenwald, exactly at the same place where Ernst Thalmann was shot and his body cremated the day after. This knowledge was given to us from our party member Heinz Reiche, who was himself a prisoner in Buchenwald - thus he was a trustworthy eyewitness of this crime of Erich Honecker.

We condemn the heinous crimes of the leaders of the GDR to camouflage their social fascism with the personal cult on Ernst Thalmann. The cult of personality of Ernst Thalmann served the same criminal objectives in Germany as the same objectives of the cult of personality that the Soviet revisionists had launched against comrade Stalin.

The cult of personality is and remains a propaganda weapon of cooperation between revisionists and imperialists. Cult of personality and alleged "combating the personality cult" are two sides of the same tactics, namely to separate the leaders and their revolutionary ideas and lessons from the world proletariat.

Without the betrayal of the revisionists against the German Communist Party, against Ernst Thalmann and the Comintern, the social fascist GDR would never have been established. The foundation of the SED (German Unity Party of the modern revisionists) was totally in contrast to the teachings of Ernst Thalmann, namely that there can never be a fusion of social democracy and Marxism-Leninism. In his closing remarks at the last plenary session before his death, Ernst Thalmann defined the line of demarcation between Marxism-Leninism and revisionism:

"We create the slogan of the united front and not the union of .. the SPD and KPD".

Neither the Bolshevik Party of the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin, nor the Party of Labour of Albania under the leadership of Enver Hoxha, had ever united with the Social Democratic Party.

What is a Communist Party or a Comintern worth, which is guided not by Bolsheviks, but by revisionists? In the time of the assassination of Ernst Thalmann there were a lot of revisionists in the Communist Parties and in the Comintern. There were, both in the KPD and in the Comintern, many hypocrites, double-dealers and careerists who were not honest Bolsheviks - no principled comrades like Ernst Thalmann, like Lenin and Stalin!

The whole history of world communism, the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism and particularly the death of Ernst Thalmann teaches us communists, that there can never be a unity with traitors of communism. On the contrary, they must be purified. The history of Bolshevism knows no unity with the Mensheviks - as later practised by the modern revisionists.

For the bourgeoisie, the co-operation of social democracy and modern revisionism was the usual solution for overcoming Stalinism not only in Germany, but also in the former people's democracies (- with the exception of Albania). The merger of the SPD and KPD into a SED was a special tactic of the bourgeoisie to save the SPD and to prevent the turning of the Social Democratic workers towards the KPD. And it was the Comintern of Dimitrov which paved the way to this crime.

The social democracy had emerged from the betrayal of Marxism, while the modern revisionism emerged from the betrayal of Stalinism under the cloak of alleged protection of "Leninism". Social democracy and modern revisionism are therefore both anti-communist ideologies of the bourgeoisie, which complement each other - "the one leads unavoidably to the other". The leaders of social democracy, revisionism and neo-revisionism are lackeys of the bourgeoisie and thus united enemies of the Stalinist-Hoxhaist world movement.

The association with the social democratic parties was not a great victory for the proletarian united front against fascism - as it is still propagated by the modern revisionists and their cheeky imitators , but a big scam on communism, on the world proletariat and the world revolution. The Bolshevik united front policy of the Comintern was transformed into a bourgeois united front. By this crime, the world proletariat was disarmed ideologically and subordinated under the rule of the bourgeoisie. The turn of the Comintern on the VII. World Congress has subsequently proved to be one of the greatest crimes in the history of the workers' and communist movement. Even today, the Comintern is praised by the revisionists precisely because of its turn on the VII. World Congress, while the Comintern should have been most criticized for this criminal turn.

"The revisionism and social democracy are two manifestations of the same bourgeois ideology" (Enver Hoxha: Report to the 5th Congress of the PLA, page 221, April 1977)

"The cooperation of the revisionists with the social democracy, this proven agency of the international bourgeoisie, is based on their common anti-Marxist ideology, which forms their natural base. Based on this, now the complete fusion of the modern revisionists with the Social Democrats became a single anti-Marxist, anti-revolutionary current "(History of the PAA, page 581, Tirana 1971).

The struggle against revisionism is only based on Marxism-Leninism if you remove its inevitability, if you eliminate capitalism on a world scale. Revisionism can not be eliminated without the elimination of its social democratic roots as its natural base.

With the neo-revisionism the bourgeoisie protects the revisionists.

With the revisionism the bourgeoisie protects the Social Democracy.

With the Social Democrats, the bourgeoisie protects the transformation of "democratic" dictatorship of the bourgeoisie into the open fascist dictatorship - and vice versa.

And by means of the alliance of the modern revisionists with the Social Democrats the bourgeoisie transforms the dictatorship of the proletariat into the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie.

The rule of the world bourgeoisie is always based on deceiving the world proletariat.
This deceiving spider web is spread by the bourgeoisie over the entire proletariat for the purpose to avoid the socialist world revolution which is the only alternative of the liberation of the world proletariat.

Ernst Thalmann teaches us that you can not defeat world fascism without defeatingsocial fascism.

The modern revisionists betrayed this decisive lesson of comrade Ernst Thalmann. And the whole physiognomy of this betrayal is this:

The modern revisionists masquerade their bourgeois united front tactic as the alleged "proletarian united front tactic of Ernst Thalmann". In truth, this betrayal began exactly to the same point of time when comrade Ernst Thalmann was imprisoned. And we Stalinist-Hoxhaists know the reason and shout:

The death of comrade Ernst Thalman could have been avoided !

This betrayal was not by chance ! It was hiddenly planned and implemented by the modern revisionists within the Comintern and its Sections. The correct understanding of the lessons of comrade Ernst Thälmann requires the consequent struggle against the neo-revisionists who try to put the wheel of history into reverse.



What is the significance of the work and life of Ernst Thalmann for the Communist world movement?

Ernst Thalmann was ardent supporter and defender of the first socialist state, whose policies he defended unconditionally. For him, the October Revolution and the building of the foundations of socialism was an example for the German Communists. Ernst Thalmann was the most loyal and greatest Marxist-Leninist-Stalinist of Germany. He was convinced that the battle for the German dictatorship of the proletariat would be in the service of the establishment of the dictatorship of the world proletariat.

Ernst Thalmann's break with the Social Democrats, who betrayed the socialist goal, dominated his thinking in all his life. He fought against all sorts of centrism and any conciliation towards the "left" wing of social democracy.

"The united front tactic had to be implemented in the sharpest struggle against Right opportunist deviations and trends." (Ernst Thalmann, "The International", Issue 7.8, 1932).

Thus Ernst Thalmann was actually a pioneer of the struggle against modern revisionism. He called this struggle against modern revisionism the "new stage of Bolshevism". We can therefore define justifiably the great anti-revisionist period of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement of Comrade Enver Hoxha as the "new stage of Bolshevisation of the communist world movement". In the sense of comrade Ernst Thälmann, we understand our struggle against neo-revisionism as
"the new stage towards the triumph of world-Bolshevism".

He also fought relentlessly against the "ultra-left" opportunism, who slandered the Social Democratic workers as "social fascists". Ernst Thalmann showed great skills in the struggle for the thinking of social democratic workers who had to be won for a socialist Germany. He saw himself responsable as a leader not only for the Communist workers, but for the whole working class, including the social democratic, Christian and even national-socialist workers. With his speeches, essays and theoretical works, Ernst Thalmann has enriched the treasury of Marxism-Leninism and thus he had made ​​an outstanding theoretical contribution to the emancipation of the working class.

Ernst Thalmann fought with courage and exemplary against fascism and against war danger. The fascists could not bend him. He was a great symbol of the anti-fascist resistance: "Stay steadfast as Ernst Thalmann!" The programs that he worked out against the fascist mass influence, his creation of the "anti-fascist action", the fight against the imperialist war danger, the struggle for a revolutionary trade union of class-struggle - all this is one of the most important merits of Ernst Thalmann and the KPD.

Ernst Thalmann was a staunch democratic centralist, sat on the organizational unit and impact of the Comintern and the KPD according to the model of the Bolsheviks. He supported and defended the Bolshevisation of the Comintern and the KPD against the Trotskyists, the rightists and conciliators - exceptionally from the basis of Marxism-Leninism - namely not only in Germany, but also on a world scale. Ernst Thalmann fought not only in the forefront of the Comintern, but also in his own section for the revolutionary implementation of the decisions of the Comintern. Ernst Thalmann was a great organizer not only of the communists, but of the entire working class and its allies, whose battles and campaigns he led to the forefront.

Ernst Thalmann was himself a worker and was beloved by the whole world proletariat. Every worker understood of what he said. He wowed the world proletariat, and especially the Russian workers with all his rousing speeches. He was principled and subordinated himself only to party discipline. Until his assassination he remained a courageous anti-fascist and principled communist, a fighter for the world socialist revolution, for world socialism and world communism.

Ernst Thalmann was a great proletarian internationalist. The international solidarity for the release of Ernst Thalmann was a world-historical manifestation of the joint action of the proletarians of all countries, which Lenin had called the only way for the overthrow of the world bourgeoisie.

One of the famous International Brigades bore the honorable name "Ernst Thalmann Battalion" in the Spanish Civil War.

Ernst Thalmann's name is a symbol of the highest qualities of character of the revolutionary world proletariat.

Let's keep high the red banner of Comrade Ernst Thalmann!

Let's defend it against the revisionists and neo-revisionists!

Learning from the struggle of comrade Ernst Thalmann against fascism, is to strive for the removal of the inevitability of fascism, is to sweep away the rule of the world bourgeoisie!

We will finnish the struggle that Ernst Thalmann begun - the struggle for the dictatorship of the world proletariat !

We will transform world fascism into world socialism by the victory of the socialist world revolution !

We want to be a fighter like Ernst Thalmann !

Long live Comrade Ernst Thalmann !

- this our great beloved son and leader of the world proletariat !

Comintern (SH) - 18th of August, 2014






Ernst Thalman-Song


Ernst Thälmann he was out in front
His fist was raised to strike them
Brigades were growing thick and fast
To take the battle forward
The Flag was red and the fight was on
For our sturdy Comrade Thälmann
Raise your fist!

Sound the alarm! The phony court

Has sentenced him to perish
But when the people of the world
Rise up to liberation
We'll snatch the axe that falls on him
For our sturdy comrade Thälmann
Raise your fist!


Für den Kameraden Thälmann: Hoch die Faust! -

(Ernst Busch)



In memory of Comrade Thaelmann

Poem by an unknown Soviet prisoner in Buchenwald concentration camp


I cannot believe it - Thaelmann is no longer alive!

The best of comrades has gone...

A role model he was to all around him,

The friends’ friend - the enemies he makes anxious. ...

But even if Thaelmann left us

You cannot weaken from the mourning for this friend,

Continue on the path he pointed you!

There comes a time when we avenge his death!


Every conceivable cruel method of blackmail was used against me to obtain by force and at all costs confessions and statements both about comrades who had been arrested, and about political activities. (Ernst Thalmann)





On 18 August of this year will mark the 70th anniversary of the day on which Ernst Thaelmann was callously murdered in Buchenwald after more than eleven years of imprisonment.

The 47 years old was arrested on 3 March 1933 in Berlin by fascists. And on the 17th August 1944 was brought from his prison cell in the Saxony village Bautzen and transferred to the concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar –and in the early hours of 18 August 1944 shot on Hitler's orders. Thaelmann has no grave - his ashes were scattered in front of the crematorium. His murder, to date, never faced prosecution in the West German justice system.

In August 1944, two Gestapo officers brought comrade Thälmann from to the concentration camp Buchenwald. He was shot without any further juridical process, on Hitler’s command. He was shot the 18th of August and burned the day after.

It was wide known that the social-fascist Walter Ulbricht tried to replace the Bolshevist leadership of comrade Ernst Thälmann.



English publications on

Ernst Thaelmann



The leader of the German workers

New York - 1934




Free Thaelmann !

July 1934

"Labor Defender"




Ernst Thaelmann, fighter against war and fascism


"Labor Defender"












recent revision 18. 06. 2019

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