阿尔巴尼亚联盟

 

 

 

 

TUA-Flag of the Union of the Albanian Workers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

给阿尔巴尼亚工会第八次代表大会的贺词(摘要)

(一九七七年六月二十日)


工会第八次代表大会及其将确定的任务,不仅对这个组织,而且对全国都有特殊意义。工会第八次代表大会是在我们光荣的党的第七次代表大会召开以后不久召开的。党的第七次代表大会对国内和国际的形势进行了深刻的马克思列宁主义的分析,科学地总结了我们党和人民的丰富革命经验,为国家的今天和未来提出了伟大的工作纲领。

党忠实地贯彻伟大的列宁关于工会是共产主义大学校的教导,一贯强调工会的主要任务过去和现在都是对劳动者进行共产主义教育。工会对我国劳动者的思想、政治、文化和业务水平的普遍提高,作出了不可估量的贡献。

工人阶级的领导作用是一个重大的原则问题,是维护和加强无产阶级专政的决定性条件,是成功地建设社会主义社会的保证。

党的第七次代表大会提出了今后进一步提高和加强工人阶级的领导作用的任务,工人阶级要积极参加对国家的管理,在党的领导下,在各个方面实行直接的监督,用自己的模范行动带动国家的全部生活。

为了培养共产主义新人,工会应特别关心用马克思列宁主义思想和我党的学说教育工人阶级和其他劳动群众。工会把党同群众联系在一起,在群众中贯彻党的路线和指示,耐心地向群众解释党提出的具体任务,把群众的声音、思想和他们的切身经验带给党。工会教育群众时刻提高革命警惕,同国内外敌人毫不妥协,同资产阶级和修正主义的外来影响和思想毫不妥协,同官僚主义表现和自由主义态度毫不妥协,正确并坚定地进行阶级斗争。

工会在生产方面起着重要的作用。工会应当为利用全部内在潜力和可能而斗争,为经济保障补充资源,为国家保证更多的收入,为人民保证更多的商品。

迄今为止在一切部门所取得的成果证明,党确定的指标是现实主义的,是完全能够达到的。在五年计划的第一年,实现了粮食自给,开始生产自己的铁和钢,开始生产许多以前靠进口的商品、设备和机器,开发新的矿区,增加矿产品生产。尽管如此,在我们发展道路上的困难还是不少的,还存在着各种缺点和障碍。但是党相信,我们的工人阶级、我们全体劳动者将一如旣往,战胜和克服它们,以崇高的英雄主义和牺牲精神为完成和超额完成计划而斗争。

工会在其全部教育、组织和鼓动工作中,要很好地记住,胜利完成第六个五年计划的伟大任务,要求处处以革命精神、无产阶级纪律、高效率高质量地完成一切劳动定额,每个人都要把国家和人民的整体利益放在首位,不断保卫和加强公共财产,每个领域和每个人都要执行严格的节约制度。

我国人民是在帝国主义、修正主义这些野蛮的背信弃义的敌人的包围下建设社会生义的。他们不断地对我国施加全面的政治、思想、经济和军事压力。他们企图阻挠我国经济的发展,破坏无产阶级专政、扼杀阿尔巴尼亚的革命。

今天社会主义的新阿尔巴尼亚具有强大的物质技术基础,具有发达的稳定的经济,现代化的工业和先进的农业,有被广大劳动群众所掌握的文化和教育。

今天世界各国人民的自由和独立处在美帝国主义、苏联社会帝国主义的侵略、扩张和霸权主义政策,国际资产阶级狡猾的伎俩、世界反动派的阴谋的全面压力、永久性的威胁和巨大危险之中。

同时,帝国主义大国和整个资产阶级修正主义世界面临经济、财政、政治和社会的全面危机。通货膨胀,生产下降、失业、物价上涨等是这个腐朽世界的特点。资产阶级及其统治工具企图通过对内加紧压迫和剥削,对外搞冒险活动来摆脱严重局面。因此,国际紧张局势加剧,对各国人民的威胁也加强了。

工人阶级、共产党人、干部、青年、妇女、社员和人民知识分子应该把自己的任务同这种形势紧密联系在一起,要为处处完成计划,加强人民同党的盘石般团结,加强无产阶级专政,加强社会主义经济,保卫祖国而斗争,要为永远发扬革命精神和加强战备而斗争。

在党的无产阶级国际主义精神教育下,我国工人阶级和全体劳动者,以极大的同情注视着国际无产阶级反对资本主义剥削,反对危机和法西斯危险,反对超级大国军备竞赛和战争准备而进行的斗争。他们为世界各国人民在努力捍卫和赢得自由独立、赶走新殖民主义、确立对民族资源的完全主权方面取得的成就感到高兴。

在坚决反对帝国主义、社会帝国主义、垄断资产阶级、现代修正主义和反动派的一如旣往的斗争中,工会要进一步维护和加强我国劳动人民同世界无产阶级的斗争和各国人民解放运动的国际主义的团结,要支持世界上一切为革命、社会主义、自由和民主而斗争的人民。

党中央委员会表示相信,工会八大及其将作出的决议,必将进一步推动它的全面工作,更加提高工人阶级工作中的热情和干劲,进一步提高他们的觉悟和革命行动。

 

 

Messages of Solidarity: 

 

Greeting message to the Albanian Section of the Comintern (SH)

on occasion of the 70th anniversary of the foundation of the Albanian Trade Unions - February 11, 1945

 

Dear Comrades of the Albanian Section of the Comintern (SH)!

The Comintern (SH) congratulates you to today's 70th anniversary of the founding of the Albanian Trade Unions (ATU).

We remember all veterans and heroes of socialist work, the old activists and members of the Albanian Unions and the heroic working class of Albania.

This day is not only of great importance for the construction of socialism in your home country , but also of great importance for the international revolutionary trade union movement. With their courageous struggle against international bourgeois reformist and revisionist trade unions, the Albanian unions became leader of the world revolutionary trade union movement. We assure you that the Comintern (SH) and the Red International of Labour Unions defend this revolutionary banner of the Albanian unions not only faithfully, but carry it forward in today's struggle for world socialism.

In October 1945, a few months before the founding of the Albanian Unions, the World Federation of Trade Unions was established. The Albanian Unions led a heroic struggle for the revolutionary union line against the union revisionist line within the WFTU.

It is now to continue this heroic struggle for the destruction of the revisionist WFTU until the final victory of the Red International of Trade Unions. Our basic objective is clear:

In world socialism there is no place for bourgeois reformist-revisionist unions. If we want to smash world capitalism, then we must also smash its capitalist unions.

The aim of the RILU is to fight for the construction of world socialism in the same way as the Albanian Unions have fought for the construction of socialism in Albania.

The international leadership of the Albanian Unions in the world revolutionary trade union movement was based on the Hoxhaism.

The Hoxhaist tactics of the struggle of the trade unions is the most advanced and universal tactics - valid for all countries all over the world.

Although the Albanian working class was numerically small and inexperienced in the trade union struggle, she succeeded immediately after the victorious war of liberation against the fascist occupiers in one of the smallest and least developed countries in the world not only to lead the people's revolution to victory, but also to build an own independent red socialist union. This great historical event expresses the universality of the teachings of the 5th Classic of Marxism-Leninism.

The Hoxhaism in the union question is that Hoxhaism formed the ideological basis for the revolutionary breakthrough of the reformist-revisionist encirclement of the bourgeois world trade union movement.

Hoxhaism is the ideological basis of the revolutionary line of the union in the fight against the reformist trade unions and against the revisionist line on an international scale. The Hoxhaist Union is the school of anti-reformist-revisionist struggle for world communism. That is the international significance of Hoxhaism on the issue of trade unions.

The 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism taught:

the first and most important transmission belt, connecting the party with the working class, that is the union:

"The main mass organizations, the trade unions"

(Enver Hoxha, "Imperialism and Revolution")

In close contact and under the leadership of the Party of Labour of Albania - with Comrade Enver Hoxha at the top -, the Albanian trade unions contributed significantly to establish and consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat.

The Albanian Unions were established on the basis of the principles of Marxism-Leninism.

They fulfilled their role as the main lever of the party, as a central link of the dictatorship of the proletariat, as a transmission belt of the party with the toiling masses.

In the Albanian Unions thousands of innovators grew up, who were loyal to the party. The cadres of the Union played both in production and in daily life an exemplary role in building socialism and in fulfilling their duty to the proletarian internationalism.

The Albanian unions were a school of communism in general, and a school of anti-revisionist struggle in particular.

According to their position of the vanguard of the revolutionary Trade Unions of the world, the Albanian Unions have led a principled struggle against the revisionist unionson a world's scale. Of great importance was the solidarity of the Albanian unions with the trade union struggle of the revolutionary workers around the world.

In capitalist countries, the Albanian Unions were a guiding star for the young Marxist-Leninist parties, for their revolutionary trade union activities inside and outside the bourgeois-reformist trade unions. The Albanian state was the only state in the world which has supported the organizations of the revolutionary trade union opposition (RGO) .

But the Albanian Unions fulfilled a trend-setting position also for the workers in the revisionist countries . As an example we mention the revolutionary trade union struggle of the KPD / ML against the revisionist trade unions in the GDR, which was - without exception - performed on the basis of Hoxhaism.

The Albanian Unions took always a revolutionary stance against the exploitation and oppression around the world, against imperialism and social-imperialism, against the old and new colonialism, against reformism and revisionism and against all opportunist currents in the trade union movement (anarcho-syndicalism, Trotskyism , Maoism, etc.).

The Albanian Unions fought constantly for the triumph of the world revolution, of world socialism and world communism.

In this exemplary fight the Albanian Unions were not alone.

The whole Marxist-Leninist world movement stood in solidarity with them. Many friends and allies in all countries of the world supported the Albanian Unions jointly and followed invitations to convince themselves with their own eyes about the victorious construction of socialismin Albania.

The congresses of the Albanian Trade Union were attended by delegates from revolutionary trade union organizations around the world.

In the history of the revolutionary trade union movement, the Albanian Unions occupied a place of honor.

But it's not just about evaluating the historical merits of the Albanian Unions.

It's moreover about to learn from them and to follow their example in today's global class struggle.

And how is the situation of the workers of Albania today ?

Whom do the Albanian unions serve ?

With the fall of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the Albanian Unions were smashed and replaced by new reformist trade unions.

Thus, today's Albanian unions are agents of the capitalists and the capitalist state, thus reactionary trade unions in the service of the bourgeoisie. Today's Albanian unions do not differ substantially from all the other capitalist trade unions around the world. They all do not serve the interests of the world proletariat, but the interests of global capital.

The Albanian working class and the other Albanian toilers became wage-slaveries and have the hardest to suffer under the world capitalist crisis in Europe. There is deepest unemployment in Albania, a very low standard of living, poor working conditions and a corrupt government that ruthlessly sucks the blood of the Albanian people.

As at the time of the fascist occupiers, as at the time of the founding of the Albanian trade unions, the Albanian workers must now again take their revolutionary weapons in their hands for shaking off the yoke of foreign and domestic capitalists, to rise to the socialist revolution, to smash the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie and to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat again.

The Albanian working class needs a revolutionary union again today - more than ever.

The revolutionary task in Albania is made clear:

The issue today is, to build a new revolutionary trade union under the leadership of the Albanian Section of the Comintern (SH), which is linked to the revolutionary tradition of the Albanian Unions of Comrade Enver Hoxha. The issue is to continue its revolutionary mission until victory.

For this purpose, it is inevitable to take up the fight against the Albanian reformist trade unions, not only from within but also from outside. It is above all a question of uniting the most advanced Albanian trade unionists in the Albanian Section of the Red International of Labor Unions. The foundation of the Albanian Section of the RILU is of highest importance for all advanced workers in Albania. We must convince them that they can overcome their miserable condition only by fighting again for being masters of their own factories, masters of their own beloved Albanian homeland.

It is necessary to wage a principled struggle in factories and trade unions against all reformist, revisionist and other opportunistic tendencies.

The union question can only be solved on Stalinist-Hoxhaist basis.

Stalinism-Hoxhaism in the union question is about creating revolutionary unions as transmission belts for the world socialist revolution.

Stalinism-Hoxhaism in the union question can mean nothing else than to support the proletarian internationalism of the Red International of Labour Unions under the leadership of the Comintern (SH) and her Albanian Section.

Long live the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Albanian unions!

Let's build up new Albanian trade unions, which are guided by Stalinism-Hoxhaism!

We rely on the Albanian Section of the Red International of Labour Unions!

Long live the revolutionary Albanian working class!

Long live the proletarian internationalism!

Long live the revolutionary world trade union movement!

Long live the socialist world revolution!

Long live the dictatorship of the proletariat in Albanian and of the world proletariat!

Long live the socialist Albania in a socialist world!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

February 11, 2015

Wolfgang Eggers

Comintern (SH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

红色工会国际