Declaration of War on Maoists
Long live the unity of the world communist movement !
Global unity of the communists on the basis of the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism !
Down with Maoism !
Long live Stalinism-Hoxhaism !
Decision of the Communist International
February 6, 2011
Today it is impossible to bring about the victory of the socialist world revolution and to fulfill the tasks of world socialism,
it is impossible to strengthen the internationalist unity of the world proletariat,
it is impossible to fulfill its world-historical mission
without the complete break with Maoism,
without explaining to the masses the inevitability of drawing a principled demarcation-line towards the
revisionist Mao Zedong Ideas .
We defeated the Soviet revisionism and we shall defeat Chinese revisionism as well.
cannot be any unification between the ideology of the Maoists and
There cannot be any unification between the proletarian and the bourgeois ideology !
Down with all currents of reconciliation between Marxism-Leninism and Maoism !
So called „Marxism-Leninism-Maoism“
is neo-revisionism, is anti-revisionism in words and revisionism in deeds !
- this is definitely the genuine world-proletarian ideology of today.
else is bourgeois ideology and has to be defeated.
With the beginning of this new decade, the Comintern (SH) makes a long-overdue and historically important step concerning the continuation of the struggle against revisionist Mao Zedong - Ideas.
The Comintern (SH) is sticking to the old correct line of the world communist movement:
Revisionism was, is and still remains as the main danger in the world communist movement.
Essence of revisionism is nothing but bourgeois ideology.
At present the neo-revisionist currents are dominant.
And – after its ugly face was unmasked through our principled Hoxhaist struggle against modern revisionism – the bourgeoisie was forced to exhibit some „beauty treatment“, some „face-lifting“ of its old battered ideology, to give it a new and more attractive „red“ and „revolutionary“ outlook, to label it with the anti-revisionist grade of „Marxism-Leninism“ - solely for the purpose of deceiving the revolutionary working class and to take it in tow.
However, in spite of all its re-newed appearances and masquerading, - revisionism is like it always was:
„Socialism“ in words – capitalism in deeds.
And so we consequently define neo-revisionism of today, as:
„Anti-revisionism“ in words and revisionism in deeds ! Neo-revisionism is restoration of revisionism !
Neo-revisionism serves imperialism to maintain its world hegemony, to maintain global exploitation and oppression and to prevent the world proletariat from smashing the capitalist world system by the world socialist revolution, to hinder the workers to establish their world dictatorship and to build up world socialism for moving on towards world communism.
The revisionists try to prolong the existence of world capitalism. They try to dissuade the world proletariat, the proletariat of each country from the ideas of Marxism-Leninism, from the ideas of the five Classics, from the true science of the world revolution.
They are enemies of the world-dictatorship of the proletariat and the global class struggle, traitors of world-socialism and world-communism.
They also try to fabricate some pseudo-Marxist, pseudo-socialist and pseudo-democratic "theories". Supposedly all these "theories" are "updates" and "further advanced" additions of „Marxism-Leninism“, tailored to the period that runs through humanity at present – just like the Mao Zedong - Ideas. All these anti-Marxists claim that the phenomena of the present period would not fit to the period in which Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha had lived and fought. All these "theories" are fakes. Their only purpose is to adapt the proletarian ideology constantly to the bourgeois ideology. Their aim is to subordinate the proletariat under the rule of the bourgeoisie. And reportedly, the predictions of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism would not comply with the requirements of present conditions. Principles and rules of the revolution would be „disproportionate“ and „outdated“. All these "theories" are based on these false allegations. They have been made to dissuade the proletariat from socialist world revolution, are masquerades of bourgeois ideology, so as if it would be allegedly "proletarian ideology".
In general, the revisionists try to defeat Marxism-Leninism with its own weapons!
In general, the current revisionist tactics of the bourgeoisie consists of infiltrating and penetrating the communist world movement more easily by putting on a new "Marxist-Leninist", „anti-revisionist“ cloak of invisibility. By means of this neo-revisionist mask the bourgeoisie tries to infect the proletarian ideology with the bourgeois ideology , to undermine it, to decompose it and finally to replace it. The neo-revisionists really pursue the old path of the modern revisionists – though they promise solemnly that they struggle „against“ them.
In particular the revisionists try to defeat proletarian anti-revisionism with its own weapons.
This is the neo-revisionist tactics of the Maoists, Trotzkyites etc. !
In particular, the revisionist tactics of the bourgeoisie consists of adapting permanently the anti-revisionist struggle of the revolutionary world proletariat to the revisionist struggle of the world bourgeoisie. Any further development and strengthening of our anti-revisionist struggle is encountered by the bourgeoisie, on her part, through a further development and strengthening of revisionism. It is a principle of class struggle that the world bourgeoisie and the world proletariat are constantly fighting for respectively fighting against anti-revisionism - developing always new forms and shapes in this struggle. And our declaration on Anti-Maoism – which we have made today – is just an expression of this particular tactics – is the answer to the Maoists who undermine constantly our Marxist-Leninist, anti-revisionist struggle against the neo-revisionist influence of the world bourgeoisie within the workers' and communist world movement.
The dialectics of the anti-revisionist struggle is its permanent further changing in the course of the class-struggle which includes changing of old forms and means – respectively replaced - by new ones. Revisionism is monophormic – is casting its skin. Old revisionist leaders were replaced by new ones who appear on the „Marxist-Leninist“ scene in the course of its degeneration and regeneration, etc.; some revisionist movements appear, others disappear, etc. But revisionist movements, in itself, exist as long as capitalism exists – and even longer. Therefore – any lowering of our efforts in the anti-revisionist struggle, underestimating any revisionist hues, is always the greatest danger for us Marxist-Leninists. With the fall of the last socialist country – the danger of revisionism did NOT fall simultaneously. Once compromised, revisionism always regenerates unavoidably within the ongoing and increasing world-revolutionary movement of the proletariat. Within the Communist world movement there is always a revisionist mainstream accompanied by several other branches of revisionism. But it is not to be excluded and must moreover be expected that a secondary branch develops towards the mainstream, that the old mainstream can be displaced by a new one, etc. The correct determination of the most dangerous branch of revisionism within the Communist World Movement is of great importance for the victory or defeat in the struggle against revisionism. But this is not enough. It is also important the analysis concerning the different developments within all the revisionist streaming, the weakening of the one streaming and the strengthening of the other streaming. The answer to the question of the changing main revisionist danger in the World Communist Movement can only be the result of the scientific analysis in the light of dialectical and historical materialism. Processes and changing within the different revisionist world camps must be determined both in theory and practice. Developments in the revisionist world camps cannot be disconnected from the developments within the capitalist world camp. Otherwise, we cannot earnestly speak about correctly leading our new global anti-revisionist class-struggle.
Today, our struggle against revisionism is not the same in comparison with our old struggle against modern revisionism which began with the 60ies of the last century. The revisionists made new experiences and we Marxist-Leninist as well and in first line the objective conditions are not quite the same. It would be a great mistake if we would not update and sharpen our old weapons against modern revisionism in times of the last century. This mistake would only serve the world bourgeoisie in her struggle against the world proletariat. Meanwhile most of the revisionists „agree“ ( in words) with our former arguments in the struggle against modern revisionism („that's marked-off-historically!“) but most of them disagree with our continuous struggle against new shapes of Maoism, Trotzkyism etc. Neo-revisionists defend Maoism allegedly as an „anti-revisionist“ weapon „against“ the bourgeoisie which is - instead - a well-known revisionist weapon against the proletariat.
The Comintern (SH) states that the present anti-revisionist class-struggle is constantly in danger to be successively assimilated by revisionism. The demarcation line between revisionism and Marxism-Leninism softened with every new day. Stop it !
The Comintern (SH) states, too, that this is not only a phenomenon in this or that country, however a danger which occurs on a global stage. That's why we decided to draw a principled demarcation line against the tendency of revisionism which leads to the assimilation of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement. The Most dangerous revisionist tools of this tendency of assimilation are Maoism and Trotzkyism.
Maoists raised their „tactics of many lines“ (or at least „tactics of two lines“) on the level of principles. They try to prove this theoretically on the basis of the Mao Zedong-Ideas. This can be compared with Trotzkyism - raising fractionism on the level of principles. Both these forms of bourgeois ideology are used to legalize anti-Marxist positions within the ranks of the communists. We call them tactics to "have a foothold" within the communist ranks - used as a tool to lever us out. Both Maoism and Trotzkyism are ideologies which serve the liquidation of communism in theory and practice. They are counter-revolutionary ideologies. In words both ideologies allege that they are „contra-dictionary“, however, in deeds they are essentially the same. Everybody knows that Mao was a master of Trotskyite tactics in his struggle against the Marxist-Leninists.
The Mao Zedong - Ideas are thus expandable in any direction and interpretable and not clearly determined as compared with Marxism-Leninism. Maoism opens a wide range of „interpretation“ - suitable for opportunism of all hues. This is a special trait of Maoism and gives Maoism some sort of self-preservation in the struggle against Marxism-Leninism by all kinds of evasive maneuvers.
Comrade Enver Hoxha defined the Mao Zedong-Ideas as follows:
The Ideas of Mao Zedong mean: ” that all the bourgeois, capitalist, Marxist, pseudo-Marxist, revisionist, Trotzkyite, anarchist views in every field should be allowed to develop freely, and there should be discussion about them.”
“They advocate the development of the 'theory' of 'letting a hundred flowers blossom an a hundred schools contend'. This means that all the Confucian and bourgeois-capitalist philosophical currents should flourish and this pragmatic, capitalist, idealist ideology, this «Mao Zedong-ideas», is covered with the Marxist-Leninist cloak.”
“Chinese revisionism will be a very complicated, mystical and cunning grafting, because the Chinese will steadily advance in the defence of their eclectic revisionist theories. A characteristic of the Chinese revisionist ideology will be the creation of great confusion on a national scale, not merely to extinguish the revolutionary movements and to discredit Marxism-Leninism, but, at the same time, this eclecticism will also cause confusion in the ideology of other revisionists, especially those who support Soviet revisionism.”
[ … of course, to the advantage of the Chinese revisionism and of the own hegemony – remark of the author]
(Enver Hoxha, „Reflections on China“, Volume II, October 14, 1977).
The result of this ideological, inextricable knot - this global "cocktail of leftist ideologies" , catered for all leftists' taste - led to nothing but confusing, vast, prevailing and revisionist-eclectic "unity-mush" of ideologies . Mao's revisionist tactics "Let flourish 1000 flowers!" - this was indeed his neo-revisionist weapon against the Leninist slogan: "Bolshevism is a tactics for all !" Look at the current condition of the old Marxist-Leninist World Movement and you can state that the Maoist seed bears fruit.
“Chinese revisionism is that variant of modern revisionism which aims to bring about the linking of the various forms of revisionism everywhere in the world and to establish its own hegemony” (Enver Hoxha, "Reflections on China", Volume II, page 677, October 31, 1977)
This Maoist tactics has contributed greatly to the split of the revolutionary struggle of the world proletariat and its alliance with the forces of revolutionary liberation of oppressed peoples. Maoism is responsible for many hues of the well-known ideological disorientation, for ideological confusion. Maoism spelled trouble, which caused splits and degeneration within the ranks of the revolutionary world movement. Maoism is increasingly becoming a major revisionist danger within the world revolutionary movement. Most of the movements, which base themselves on the revolutionary armed struggle, are not without Maoist influence. The Maoists try to occupy the leadership over armed revolutionary struggles with the purpose of their liquidation, respectively, with the aim to integrate them into the interests of the Chinese bourgeoisie. This is what happened in Nepal and in some other countries. The „Three-World-Theory“ is the Chinese „theory“ of neo-colonialism, is a „theory“ of Chinese social-imperialist world hegemony.
It was the case in times of Comrade Enver Hoxha, but today the Soviet revisionism can no longer be considered as the main revisionist threat in a world's scale ( though its influence is still existing, and unconditional struggle must be continued against the dangerous restoration of Soviet modern revisionism !). At latest in times of the replacement of the revisionist dictatorship of the bourgeoisie by the open capitalist one – when capitalist restoration was completed - , the Soviet revisionists lost more and more their dominant influence in the communist movement. There was not a dissolution of the revisionist forces but a regrouping within its own ranks. Just as capitalism recovers from economical crisis, also revisionism recovers from ideological crisis. However, the Marxist-Leninist World Movement could not take advantage of this historical opportunity which appeared the phase of revisionist regrouping because – simultaneously – the revisionists in Albania and the degenerated Marxist-Leninist parties in the world destroyed the backbone of the Hoxhaist World movement. And this was NOT accidentally. This was expression of the anti-communist strategy of the world bourgeoisie: The complete and final integration of former revisionist countries into the capitalist world cannot be successful without the liquidation of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement. The world bourgeoisie was conscious about the necessity of building up a new revisionist bulwark in the case if the Communist World Movement would not fall. Any disarming of revisionist weapons would strengthen the Communist World Movement.
When the correct struggle of Comrade Enver Hoxha against Maoism was discredited by the Albanian revisionists, in general, and with the fall of Socialist Albania, in particular, the Maoist movements all over the world got new impetus. So it is Maoism which became more and more dangerous within the world communist movement after the fall of the last socialist country, after the fall of the Marxist-Leninist world center. We Marxist-Leninists may never forget that Maoism was also responsible for the weakening of Socialist Albania, for the weakening of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement - to the advantage of world capitalism's struggle against Socialist Albania. Splitting our communist movement was a disservice of the Maoists towards imperialism.
Of course, the Maoists began to use all the collected arsenals of Soviet, Yugoslav and all the other revisionist weapons to build up new global eclectic collecting ponds, all in different “combinations“ with the teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism according to the different conditions on different continents and in different countries. The historical moment of the communist world movement which was weakened by the loss of its world-revolutionary center – this was indeed an advantageous moment for the regeneration of the anti-Marxist-Leninist movements in general and for that of the Maoist movements in particular.
Concerning the Maoist „Theory of the Three Worlds“ there are different streaming within the Maoist movement - a result of the principled struggle of comrade Enver Hoxha and the Marxist-Leninist World Movement against it. Some propagate this "theory" openly, others keep silence on it. Some others lay the blame on Deng Hsiao-ping to come to Mao's defense. However, the world proletariat will not be duped by this maneuvers of confusion.
Fact is that it was Mao Zedong himself who rehabilitated Deng Hsia-ping - these two friends of the American imperialists. They raised both the "theory of three worlds" from the baptism. The centrist position of the one was complementary to the rightist position of the other. You cannot fight against Chinese revisionism if you do not fight against ALL its currents in common, the centrist, the rightist and the „leftist“ ones, which are all fighting under the banner of Mao Zedong. This "theory" led directly to the Chinese great-power chauvinism. And it is the Chinese leaders of today who have raised this "theory" as the state doctrine.
We Stalinist-Hoxhaists have a principled and uncompromising stand towards the Maoist "Three Worlds Theory".
that the "Three World Theory" has totally revised the basic teaching of Marxism-Leninism:
Marxism-Leninism is the ideology of the proletariat, a class-ideology. Marxism-Leninism is the never-failing compass for the class-analysis of the situation in the world, for the determination of the general-line, for the strategy and tactics of the socialist revolution in the single countries as well as for the socialist world revolution.
that the "Three Worlds Theory" - instead of Marxism-Leninism - denies the class-character of the major contradictions in the contemporary world:
that it considers the antagonistic contradiction of capitalism and socialism to be outdated;
that it denies that the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie still exists ( estimated in the best case as a "minor issue");
that it ignores the class-character of the contradiction between the oppressed nations and imperialism;
that it supports the forces of reaction, the puppets of imperialism;
that it does not differ the contradiction between the various imperialist countries as contradictions among enemies of the proletariat; (instead of that: speaks about contradictions between "friends and enemies" of the revolutionary cause of the international proletariat and the peoples of the world);
that the "Three Worlds Theory" is finally a remake of the Khrushchevite's revisionist "new world strategy" (only in a somewhat different guise) which pursues the goal, to stifle and sabotage the struggle of the proletariat for the socialist world revolution.
Enver Hoxha stressed that the world socialist revolution can not win if the "Three Worlds Theory" will not be liquidated.
Enver Hoxha defined the battle line against the "Three Worlds Theory" as follows:
Hence the peoples who are fighting for liberation must strengthen their unity with the working class and, under the leadership of the working class, fight for their liberation from the internal capitalist bourgeoisie and its main props — American imperialism and Soviet social-imperialism. (Enver Hoxha: "Reflections on China”, Volume II , March 22, 1977).
That was a correct Marxist-Leninist general-line. It is now complemented by the struggle against the strengthening of the Chinese social-imperialism and its Maoist ideology. This correct Stalinist-Hoxhaist general-line is currently valid for the uprisings in the Arab countries in particular and for all oppressed peoples in general. We live in the epoch of the proletarian, socialist world revolution, in the epoch of the dictatorship of the world proletariat and not in the old era of bourgeois-democratic revolutions. From the very beginning, the Maoism had betrayed the socialist world revolution. Maoists are traitors of world-Bolshevism and this is proved by historical facts. The official Chinese party and state leaders follow openly this Maoist line whereas the different Maoist movements in the world hide behind "revolutionary phrase". Both tactics belong together. They cannot be separated from each other. They complement one another, are expressing the aspirations of Chinese world domination .
With our today's decision we just recognize and confirm these historical facts:
The U.S. imperialism is (still) the dominant old imperialism, the main enemy of the world proletariat and the peoples. And we all know that Maoism had abandoned this most important definition of the general line of the Communist World Movement. It was Mao who began to betray communism when he declared the main enemy of the world proletariat and the oppressed peoples - as FRIEND !! Co-operation with the main class-enemy means: Marxism-Leninism and Maoism are therefore totally antagonistic ideologies. It is impossible to unite and merge them.
But the communist general-line did never necessarily mean that this enemy will remain eternally as the dominant one. As we can see, the predominant position of US-imperialism is about to crumble – at latest during the self-made world crisis. We clearly see a trend among the world hegemonic capitalist powers: the weakening of the U.S.A. and a strengthening of China. However, in stating this fact, we cannot exclude the possibility of US-imperialism's revival. The restoration of US- imperialism's world-domination is a danger which would be a great challenge for the socialist world revolution and even for the beginning epoch of world socialism. US- imperialism can absolutely recover despite or because of the increasing power of the Chinese social-imperialists - allied with new upcoming imperialist countries ( IE. Brazil).
In case of replacement of American imperialism by the social-imperialism of China, the Comintern (SH) would not hesitate to declare the Chinese social-imperialism the main enemy No. 1, no matter with China's „socialist“ mask or without. This would not change our decision.
The Chinese social imperialism is no longer the „junior partner“ of US-imperialism, although younger than the former Russian social-imperialism. For a long time, China replaced the position of the former Soviet social imperialism, who had fought for world hegemony in rivalry with U.S. Imperialism. However, let's not forget that Russian's social-imperialism derived from the destruction of the dictatorship of the proletariat, whereas Chinese social imperialism derived from strengthening the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, because proletarian dictatorship did never exist in China. No Stalinist-Hoxhaist can ignore this historical difference. Why not ? Because Maoism can never be the further advancement of Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism which proved the power of the proletarian dictatorship in practice. Maoism never proved this in practice. It proved to be unable to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat and to construct socialism. Therefore the world proletariat, who strives for world dictatorship and world socialism, must abandon the „Mao Zedong-Ideas“. And Hoxhaism ? Yes, Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism proved to be capable to realize proletarian dictatorship and proletarian socialism in practice. Therefore Hoxhaism – and not Maoism – is the further advanced teaching of Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism. Enver Hoxha is the 5th Classic of Marxism-Leninism – and not Mao Zedong.
“The Chinese revisionists are in no way different from the Soviet revisionists in their stands and actions towards us and towards the world — they are just as much revisionist, just as much social-imperialist, the only difference being that they are new social-imperialists who have to create that colonial strength at which they aim. (Enver Hoxha, "Reflections of China", Volume II, December 8, 1977).
And today China is already a colonial power, and one of the largest and most rapidly growing in the world, not only in Africa.
„The peoples of Africa and the peoples of the world are passing through phases that are making them conscious of the need to fight all those who try to fleece and exploit them, internal and external enemies of every hue, whether American, Soviet or Chinese. The aim of all the latter is to plunder these peoples and to destroy their autochthonous cultures, to crush them so that they cannot rise, cannot advance economically or from the cultural standpoint,, and cannot raise their well-being in freedom and independence and under genuine sovereignty“ (Enver Hoxha, „The Superpowers“, Tirana 1986, page 468 – 469).
The current world-position of Chinese imperialism – which is about to outdistance the Western capitalism - proves that the theory of comrade Enver Hoxha on the two superpowers is still valid though to be modified under currently changing conditions. And in the context of this new position of Chinese social-imperialism, we communists must learn to understand and to perform the correct continuation of Enver Hoxha's struggle against Maoism. “
“A merciless struggle must be waged against these two superpowers, without giving way on principles. We must deepen the contradictions between the two of them without taking the side of one or the other. The situations must always be analysed in connection with the circumstances created in the world, and such tactics must be used that do not come into opposition to our strategy, or combat it. Our great slogan, «Proletarians of all countries, unite!» must not remain a dead letter " (August 23, 1973," Reflections on China ", Volume II, Tirana 1979).
In other words, the world proletariat has its own strategy and tactics. For its own liberation it needs the socialist world revolution and not to become a political football of world imperialism whereas Mao wanted China to become a competing force as an imperialist superpower and for this purpose he united China with the USA. Though Comrade Enver Hoxha wrote this on the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union, it does not harm its further validity. Now, the superpower of the Chinese social-imperialists occupied the place of the superpower of the Soviet social imperialists. The law of the two superpowers has thus in essence not changed, it is still the law of predatory war, the law of the enslavement of peoples, the law of exploitation and oppression of the world proletariat, the law of counter-revolution.
Comrade Enver Hoxha has unmasked Maoism as an ideology of the Chinese social-imperialism – striving for world domination.
Over a period of fifty years, Mao Tsetung and his associates built up a strategy and tactics not for the triumph of the revolution under the banner of Marxism-Leninism, but for the triumph of China as a great world power. (Enver Hoxha, "Reflections on China" , Volume II, December 31, 1976)
We have not forgotten the visits of Kissinger, Nixon, Ford, in Beijing! The Maoists know very well that the collaboration with the main class-enemy No. 1 in the world did not start after the death of Mao Zedong. It was he himself, who hatched this treacherous and abhorrent line of collaboration against the world proletariat. It was he himself, who implemented this counter-revolutionary line in political practice. These are historical facts. And today ? Fact is :
While the blood of the Arab insurgents is shed on the streets ( by the Arab counter-revolution - backed by the American imperialists with billions of dollars), the Chinese have secret conversations in Washington. They talk about the redistribution of their spheres of influence with the aim of exploiting and oppressing the peoples of the world.
Mao Zedong did never support revolutionary national liberation struggles of peoples against both the superpowers. He supported the bloody imperialism of the USA as well as its bloody dogs in the colonial and neo-colonial countries. And in Beijing, it was not only comrade Enver Hoxha who was welcomed by Mao Zedong. In Beijing, Mao Zedong organized an endless coming and going of the revisionist and capitalist leaders of the whole world. Everybody - who applauded to Mao's China - was welcomed in Beijing - both the revolutionaries and the counter-revolutionaries (the latter at most). Once upon a time, the American imperialists were welcomed by Mao with great pomp while, today, the Chinese social-imperialists were welcomed in Washington with great pomp. The negotiations are the same – behind the back of the world proletariat and the revolution, behind the back of the liberation struggle of the peoples.
These present facts justify Enver Hoxha's Marxist-Leninist foresight. Independent from the future constellation of world imperialism, independent from Chinese imperialist influence in the world, Enver Hoxha taught us, that the superpowers and the imperialist and capitalist countries will be weakened steadily - because of the deepening crisis within the capitalist world - whereas world-capitalism has created its own grave-digger, the world proletariat. And this is also true concerning the international influence of Maoism. The world proletariat is the grave-digger of Maoism.
Concerning the Arab peoples Comrade Enver Hoxha had foreseen:
„However, we are witnesses to the fact that the flow of events in the Middle East is not going in the way that the imperialists, the social-imperialists and world reaction desire. The Arab peoples of this great oil-bearing zone have awoken, have risen and are boldly demanding to take their fate into their own hands. In many Arab countries a just struggle is being waged against all types of imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism and their economic-political and military potentates. This is a positive development which all should support, because it represents revolutionary progress, the future, and responds to the interests and desires of peoples who are aware of their oppression, who live in poverty and ignorance, even though the countries in which they live were the cradle of a brilliant civilization and contain great wealth which, if it were not plundered by foreigners, could bring them well-being, longer life, and the capacity to defend themselves against their savage enemies.
When this resolute and just struggle of the Arab peoples against world imperialism and its local tools and lackeys, this mounting revolution, frees itself from the negative aspects of the religion which is still clinging to dominant positions, which plays an inhibiting role and frequently incites wars between Shia, Sunni and other factions, then it will certainly end with the victory of the Arab peoples more than a hundred million strong, and will mark a new stage and a new page in the history of mankind.
(Enver Hoxha , "Reflections on the Middle East," Page 506 507).
the current severe circumstances, only the popular uprisings in the
Arab countries works wonders."
"I like and I respect the Arab people, because they are progressive minded, freedom loving and combative." (Enver Hoxha)
In the contrary, Mao invited the reactionary leaders of the Arab world to visit him in Beijing, because they were useful for China's social imperialist ambitions. China did never support the popular revolutions in the Arab world but supported the Arab (and Israeli!) Counter-revolution (IE. China supplied both Iran and Israel with weapons). As everywhere in the world it belongs to the Chinese strategy to provoke wars in order to earn blood-money and to take advantage from weakening its rivals on the world market.
Concerning today's revolution in Egypt, the Chinese social-imperialists speak openly about "lawlessness" and chaos "and parrot the words of the imperialist’s blood-dog Mubarak: "Me or the chaos ".
The Chinese leaders fear revolution in their own social-fascist country. The Maoists are anxious about the Marxist-Leninist, anti-Maoist socialist revolution in China and all over the world. And this anxiety is absolutely justified. The victory of the Chinese socialist revolution is impossible without destroying the myth of Mao Zedong.
China supplied the North African counter-revolution with weapons - to suppress the peoples revolution (for over 20 years) - (at first only in exchange for oil and gas). Today, China has already broad impact on the entire North African economies. China possesses own mining rights, oil- and gas drilling rights, production-facilities and own representatives of commerce in North Africa. China is today, for example, monopolistic oil producer - exporter and importer of Sudan. This oil is soaked with blood of the Sudanese civil war. The Chinese social imperialists hold their hands protectively on the corrupt, reactionary Sudanese bourgeoisie. But the Sudan is no exception: China imports the bulk of its oil from the "trouble spots of the world", strengthens there the bourgeoisie, which oppresses the working class and other working people. Hiding behind the label of a „Third-World-Country“ (to inspire the peoples with trust), Mao Zedong paved the way to a neo-colonial super power, on which the fetidness of the old colonialists of the imperialist world does not stick.
China can less and less uphold its tactical restraint out of respect towards the relations with the U.S.A. In late January 2011, at the World Economic Forum in Davos (Switzerland), representatives of the Chinese leaders predicted the "End of the Western World domination". China's social-imperialism rears its ugly head and this means: increasing its aggressive, war-mongering character. „The East-Wind shall dominate the West-Wind!“ - This is the old imperialist slogan of Mao Zedong, and it is, in first line, directed against proletarian internationalism.
In some respect the Chinese prediction may be right, but there they're mistaken if they believe in their own world domination. The times have gone when the one imperialist powers replaced each other. Time has come when the world proletariat shall remove the unavoidability of re-newed world imperialism. It is rather the world proletariat which opens the new epoch of its proletarian world domination - namely on the ruins of any kind of imperialist world power. The revolutionary upheavals in the Arab world will inevitably revolutionize the whole world. The Arab revolution is the prelude to the socialist world revolution. And this will be anything else but a happy start for China's world power. For us Stalinist Hoxhaists it is undeniable that the coming world revolution will have a deep meaning for the future of the world. It will be a proletarian-oriented, will be a socialist revolution. The world proletarian revolution is unstoppable. Its momentum will be speed up by the peoples' revolutions in the Arab world. The peoples' revolutions in the Arab countries announce not only the liberation of the world's imperialist enslavement of peoples. This is only the beginning! The proletarian slogan is: arming of the proletariat with the purpose: to defeat, to expropriate and to disarm the bourgeoisie. This is the slogan which we propagate not only in Arab countries, but on a global scale. The victory of the proletariat, socialism on a global scale is unavoidable.
We know all too well that the contradictions between the U.S. and China shall more and more increase and inevitably break out. This is good and not bad for the acceleration of the world revolutionary process. And we have to use these contradictions in a revolutionary way. China lost between 2000 and 2009 = 2.18 trillion U.S. dollars through illegal financial transactions and is therefore at first place on the black list.
The greedy clutches of Chinese social-imperialism follow Maoist pragmatism - subordinated under the capitalist law of making maximum of profits. We know that pragmatism is the ideology of imperialism, with which the U.S.A. once had conquered their world domination. This strategy of Chinese pragmatism is even more clever than the American one – last not least - a feature of the Mao Zedong – Ideas – masked behind „Marxist-Leninist“ phraseology.
The “maintenance” of world capitalism is impossible without imperialist wars. Without the forcible redistribution of colonies etc., the new imperialist powers - including China - do not get those privileges which the older imperialist powers - enjoy ( IE. U.S.A. and Europe). Whether social-imperialism or imperialism - both mean predatory wars. The danger of a new World War is real. And nobody shall doubt about the fact, that the U.S.A. and China will not play the role of angels of peace. Whether imperialist World War or anti-imperialist World-Civil-War - both means the end of the era of world imperialism and the beginning of world socialism.
"The social revolution can come only in the form of an epoch in which are combined civil war by the proletariat against the bourgeoisie in the advanced countries and a whole series of democratic and revolutionary movements, including the national liberation movement, in the undeveloped, backward and oppressed nations“ (Lenin, Volume 23, page 60, English edition).
The Arab peoples will overcome their splits, because they learn by own experiences: who is their friend and who is their enemy ? They will unmask not only the"help" of American and European imperialists, but also the "support" of other imperialists - including the "solidarity" of the Chinese social-imperialists.
Any profiteering with the reactionary bloodsuckers of the North African countries and the Near and Middle East - as in any other countries, too - harms the interests of the world proletariat and the oppressed peoples.
We Stalinist-Hoxhaists assess Maoists not according to their words, but according to their deeds, according to their backer who provides them material support for their propaganda. Those who fight for the socialist world revolution cannot go with imperialists and their lackeys. Those who fight against the class-enemies cannot go with the "Fifth Column" of world imperialism, cannot go with Maoist organizations - paid by Chinese money - squeezed out of the working class and the poor masses. And that's why the socialist Albania of comrade Enver Hoxha refused to be forced into the „Fifth Column“ of Chinese social-imperialism.
Take for example the recent statement of the Maoist "ICOR", from 23 January, 2011: "To the popular uprising in Tunisia".
It is indeed much talk of the "democratic rights", but nothing about the duty of the Communists, to propagate the struggle against revisionist and social-democratic influence within this revolutionary democratic movement. An appeal to the workers' world movement and to the communist world movement - to support the liberation struggle of the Arab world in the spirit of the socialist world revolution - is missing. Concealment of the beginning of the world revolution; concealment of the necessary transition of the democratic revolution to socialist revolution and concealment of further advancement of the struggle of the Arab proletariat towards socialism. In Tunisia, there is prevailing capitalism, there is the fundamental contradiction between labor and capital. This means inevitably: The workers and peasants meet their historic mission by smashing the capitalist state, eliminating the private ownership of the means of production, expelling all sorts of imperialists from their country, expropriating foreign capitalists without compensation, founding a Stalinist-Hoxhaist party, which leads the armed class struggle and fights for the dictatorship of the proletariat. However, the Maoists keep totally silence on these Marxist-Leninist demands. Democratic demands are necessary for the relief and ripening of the process of the ongoing revolution, but Lenin teaches that with democracy, alone, the class-society cannot be removed. The proletariat must establish its class-dictatorship. We will never replace our revolutionary work by reformism and revisionism. We have the power to direct the democratic struggle in the direction of the socialist struggle. We combine the struggle for democratic liberties of the people with the arming of the proletariat for the overthrow of capitalism.
In the Maoist proclamation of the "ICOR" for the Tunisian people, the needed strengthening of the proletarian internationalism is also missing. The unification of the world proletariat and the liberation struggle of the Tunisian people, and with all the oppressed Arab peoples, is needed for the further development of the world-socialist revolution. Otherwise the liberation of the Arab peoples from the yoke of world imperialism is totally impossible. All this is missing, but the ICOR calls itself: "International Conference of Revolutionary parties and organizations." Traitors - all along the line !
Enver Hoxha wrote on December 8, 1977 :
As I have said, the policy of China with the Arab countries is non-existent. In its relations with these countries it distinguishes itself for its pro-American and anti-Soviet stand. This orientation dictates the policy of China in the whole Mediterranean basin. Thus, China is in opposition to those Arab countries with which the Soviet Union has relations and is trying to establish its influence, while China is pro the other Arab countries on which the United States of America has its grip and where it makes the law. Hence, on the one hand, some of the states in this basin are opposed to the policy of China, but these states on the other side are not pro China, either, because they see that it is not doing anything for them. What is China doing in fact? It applauds Somalia, its President Mohammed Siad because he expelled the Soviets from Somalia, and he was quite right to do so, but China applauds him precisely because he went to Washington and placed his country under the yoke of American imperialism. Such is the policy of China. "(Enver Hoxha,"Reflections on China", Volume II,).
With this policy which China is pursuing in the international arena, what stand must it adopt towards the American manoeuvre in the Middle East? China's aim is to preserve the status quo in this zone of the world, to turn Egypt into its own obedient partner; it wants the other Arab countries, too, to recognize and respect it. At the same time, the aim of this manoeuvre is to keep the Arab peoples divided. Naturally, on this course which it has taken, China must adhere to the side of the Americans and that is what it is doing in fact, that is, it supports the pro-American Arab chiefs and supports Israel, hence, is for an American-style peace in which not the freedom and independence of the Arab peoples, but the greed of Israeli fascists and the Egyptian, Saudi-Arabian, and other wealthy
It is clear that this position of the Chinese is anti-Marxist. China is obliged to adopt this position and to pose in the eyes of all the Arab peoples as if it has defended and defends them, but in fact it does not defend any of these peoples, does not defend their aspirations to national liberation, but supports
capitalism and imperialism."(Enver Hoxha, "Reflections on China ", Volume II, December 18, 1977).
„The Sino-American neo-colonialist tactic is coordinated especially in Africa. The aim of these two international robbers is to consolidate their positions wherever they have them and to occupy new positions in those countries where they have nothing. Both these partners in crime against the peoples, poke their noses wherever local wars incited by imperialism and social-imperialism ...
… China is trying to penetrate into Africa for two aims: first, to sabotage the interference and establishment of the Soviets and to spread its rug to squat there itself, and second, to strengthen the positions of American imperialism there. Whereas the Soviets and Americans go to Africa under their true colors as neo-colonialists and imperialists, China goes dressed in flowery robes and with Marxist phraseology …
Is the United States of America afraid of the policy of the Chinese in Africa ? For the moment no, because China does not have that economical potential, that cavalry of the dollar and Saint George to really capture the hearts of the Mobutus, Bocassas and others, but it could become dangerous to the United States of America later“ (Enver Hoxha, "The Superpowers," Page 467 – 468, English edition). This was written in 1978. Meanwhile, Enver Hoxha's foresight has proved to be reality. Since the world crisis the U.S. are on a drip of China. The American and Chinese super-powers embrace each other – and in the end they will suffocate each other – to the advantage of the socialist world revolution.
The world imperialism was attacked by the Marxist-Leninist World Movement of comrade Enver Hoxha, and Mao Zedong came, to help the world-imperialism - to rescue his survival.
Mao Zedong, in his time, and the Chinese social-imperialists of today, have one and the same goal: to prolong world capitalism - by replacing the old world imperialist system by a new one, by the Chinese model. Who wants to doubt this?
Our position is clear:
we strive for the abolition of the inevitability of world imperialism at all and never for the replacement of the old imperialist world-forces through some new. And inseparably connected with this aim, we strive for the abolition of the inevitability of revisionism and never for the replacement of old by new revisionists, by the Maoist model.
The class-contradictions in the world are intensifying, in the same degree as the new emerging imperialist forces and the old, rundown imperialist forces exacerbate their struggle for world hegemony, the redistribution of the world.
The intensification of the struggle of the world's counter-revolution against the world revolution inevitably calls forth the intensification of the revisionist forces against the communist forces. This corresponds to the ABC of Marxism-Leninism. We Stalinist-Hoxhaists foresee this dangerous mobilization of the revisionist forces as a consequence of the increasing global class-struggles which herald the socialist world revolution. The existence of world imperialism is in danger and the Maoists are summoned to help liquidating the Stalinist-Hoxhaist World Movement - similar to the times of Mao Zedong against the Marxist-Leninist World Movement of Comrade Enver Hoxha and similar to the help of the modern revisionists after the death of Comrade Stalin.
Therefore, we are strengthening our global struggle against neo-revisionism. We Stalinist-Hoxhaists declare war on Maoism !
Today's revisionism (Neo-Revisionism) is essentially in accordance with the modern revisionism, namely the ideology of the proletariat to adapt to the changing power relations in global capitalism. Under today's conditions are emerging in the development of two major revisionist trends:
( 1 ) The old revisionist trend is still maintaining the old "balance of power" in the world - with the dominance of U.S. imperialism - the status quo of "peaceful co-existence".
( 2 ) And the other trend, these are the different neo-revisionist streaming, needed to push forward the replacement of the old capitalist world system through a new one ( in general). And ( in particular ) these neo-revisionist streaming are necessary to leverage new power relations under the hegemony of the emerging world-imperialist powers, especially the Chinese imperialism. Both trends are different in their particularity, however, both trends are identical in their common struggle for defending capitalism against socialism.
( 3 ) In between, the centrist elements fluctuate back and forth, trying to reconcile the two trends together and unite them on the basis of „peaceful co-existence“. However, antagonistic contradictions cannot be solved in a peaceful way. „Peaceful way“ under conditions of antagonistic class-relations does always mean: subordination of the ideology of the proletariat under the ideology of the bourgeoisie. The reconciliation of different opportunist trends serves the bloc-construction against the world proletariat and not against world bourgeoisie.
In particular, the Chinese revisionism is dangerous because it disguises itself with our anti-revisionist struggle. Therefore we draw a principled Stalinist-Hoxhaist demarcation line against the Chinese so-called "Proposal concerning the General-Line of the International Communist Movement" of the CP of China, June 14, 1963. This Maoist general-line is quintessentially an anti-Stalinist line. In the „polemics“ Mao kept silence about defense of Stalinism, about the proletarian socialist world revolution, about the dictatorship of the proletariat etc, etc. - all these basic pillars of a genuine Marxist-Leninist General-Line escaped the author. Why? Did Mao not know the basic pillars of Marxism-Leninism ? Certainly he knew all about it, but as a revisionist he had to draw the curtain over it. Mao's criticism on the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin is well known. He opposed the General-Line of the Comintern and replaced it by his own one in 1963. Mao neither defended not based upon the continuation of the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin. The „polemics“ of Mao Zedong was not written for the defense of the Comintern, in the contrary, it was written against the Comintern. The „polemics“ was written with the aim to thwart the needed reconstruction of a new world-revolutionary, communist leading center. A world-communist movement without its leading center is in accordance with the interests of world bourgeoisie and not with the world proletariat. To do world imperialism a disservice Mao attacked the Soviet center of the modern revisionism to replace it by a new world revisionist center of the Chinese revisionism.
We Stalinist-Hoxhaist have never denied the necessity of the world-communist party, neither in theory nor in practice. We were and we are always against anti-Bolshevist „Mother-Daughter-Relations“ among the communist parties. The 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism have always condemned this kind of relationship as a revisionist line. However, does this mean simultaneously that we would ever reject the role of the hegemony of the world proletariat and its vanguard ? We are against all models of revisionist leadership - no matter if organized centrally or decentrally, but absolutely for the revolutionary, unrenounceable leadership of our globalized Bolshevist class struggle. The recognition of the Communist Party in his own country is not the same, we the recognition of the Communist world party. The latter implies subordination to the world party, as the individual interests of the proletariat of a country to the general interests of the world proletariat are subordinate. We expose the revisionist "theory of the mother party". We defend both the leadership of the Communist International and the equality and sovereignty of the communist parties of each country - dialectically combined through democratic centralism. A socialist world revolution without global leadership is impossible. And it is also impossible to guarantee the victory of the socialist revolution in a single country without the victory of the socialist world revolution. Those who do not want guaranteed socialism, do not need the socialist world revolution. And again, those who do not need the socialist world revolution do not need the Communist International. And that's what Mao did yesterday and what the Maoists do today – struggle against the Communist International.
Who does not concede the leading role of the CPSU (B) within the III. International, but takes instead a neutral position of the polycentric "independence, equality, etc." - harms the principles of democratic centralism and is not a proletarian internationalist. It was the Maoism which made it impossible for the CP of China, to follow the revolutionary path of the Comintern in its own country. The correct Marxist-Leninist struggle against Khrushchev's revisionist theory of the "mother-party" and the "daughter- party" was only misused by the Maoists, the Titoists and other revisionists, to strengthen their own revisionist "independence" and "equality" against the Soviet-revisionist tutelage. The Maoists and all the other rivals of the Soviet revisionists enlarged the international spiderweb of revisionism, webs of deception, for all those comrades who refused to follow the Soviet revisionists towards capitalism. Revisionism and imperialism on a world scale can ultimately only be defeated victoriously, if the communist parties - in maintaining their own equality and independence - conjoin themselves in the centralized Communist International. This is the experience of the history of the Communist International. Imperialism had to isolate all the single parties first ideologically and then organizationally with the aim to divide and split them, to liquidate the communist world movement. Therefore the imperialists tried to increase their ideological divergences and to misuse their national barriers and contradictions, for the purpose of hampering their re-unification within a new Communist International. The Maoists organized international forces with the intention to isolate the individual socialist country from its alliance with the world proletariat, the isolation of the PAA from its brother- parties - the isolation of the leading Communist Party from all the other Communist parties. That was the strategy and tactics of revisionism, that was the strategy of Mao Zedong, and in this way the Maoists have pursued the split of the unity of the Marxist-Leninist world movement - while the Maoists spread the treacherous slogan: "Albania is guilty for the division of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement". The dual strategy and tactics of revisionism on the issue of the leading party of the revolutionary world-center is that: the leading revisionist party in power (SU) co-operates hand in hand with an "oppositional" leading revisionist party (China). By this means the overall revisionist influence in the communist movement maintained and continued uninterruptedly. The baton had to be handed over to the next leading revisionist party as the new successor of the old leading revisionist world- center, thus already before the capitalist restoration was completed. This way the Maoists mastered the tactics of the revisionist placeholder. Denying the necessity of the leading role of the party of the revolutionary world-center under the pretext of the alleged critique at the "mother party" - this is precisely neo-revisionism as it is expressed in Mao's "polemics". Indirectly it is basically a critique at the principles of proletarian internationalism and a smoke screen around the fact that Mao had really assumed the role of the Soviet revisionist "mother-party" [ all this can be re-read in the „General-Line of the Comintern (ML)“– decided in 2001 ].
We Stalinist-Hoxhaists are the only global force who defend the old general-line of the Comintern against all its enemies - inclusively against the Maoists, inclusively against the „polemics“ (1963) of the CP of China. After the death of Comrade Stalin Mao Zedong wanted to usurp the leadership of the communist movement from the hands of the Soviet revisionists. He put on his "anti-revisionist" mask and he lured the young anti-Krushchevite Marxist-Leninist world movement. For this purpose he created his own „general-line“ in 1963 ("polemics"). Until today, the Maoists defend this revisionist "General-Line". And in one way or another the Maoists still use it as their basis for all their political activities.
The PAA refused, rightly, to be subordinated under this revisionist „general-line“ of Mao Zedong. And so we Stalinist-Hoxhaists declare, today ,- again rightly - we shall never subordinate ourselves under any of the different Maoist lines. We destroy them.
Mao was not interested in a world-Bolshevist party, in the Communist International, which would centrally organize and globally spread the struggle against modern revisionism. And the Maoists of today demonstrate just as Mao little interest in the re-foundation of the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin. Mao always refused to practice organizational discipline of proletarian internationalism. In the view of Mao the CP of China ought to stand above democratic centralism of the Comintern. Instead of the Comintern, he only accepted the Communist World Movement under the leadership of the CP of China, under his own leadership. He also tried to impose his Chinese chauvinist line onto the PLA of Comrade Enver Hoxha – however Enver Hoxha completely thwarted Mao Zedong's intentions.
And also Stalin criticized the revisionist line of Mao Zedong:
“When China was liberated, Stalin expressed his doubt that the Chinese leadership might follow the Titoite course. Glancing over all the main principles of Mao Tsetung's revisionist line, in regard to all those things which he raises against Stalin, we can say without reservation that Stalin was truly a great Marxist-Leninist who foresaw correctly where China was going, who long ago realized what the views of Mao Tsetung were, and saw that, in many directions, they were Titoite revisionist views, both on international policy and on internal policy, on the class struggle, on the dictatorship of the proletariat, on peaceful coexistence between countries with different social systems, etc.“ (Enver Hoxha, "Reflections on China, Vol II, December 28, 1977).
1963, Mao favored "the revolutions of the peoples"- the main classless slogan of his "polemics". He avoided to emphasize the proletariat ( - in particular, Mao says nothing of the revolutionary role of the proletariat in the revisionist countries). So, in the "polemics" we cannot find anything about the socialist world revolution of the world-proletariat. Mao denied the hegemony of the world-proletariat, denied its historical mission, its leading role in the world as the only consistently revolutionary class, and last not least he denied the defense of the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin which struggled for world-communism. Only revisionist lines discard the indispensable internationalist principles of Marxism-Leninism. And the Maoist "polemics" was one of them.
Some years later the "polemics" were withdrawn, allegedly because of the „final victory“ over modern revisionism. To argue in this way is a dangerous, revisionist way, because we know that any dismissal of the anti-revisionist struggle serves the bourgeoisie. To enter and to leave the arena of the struggle against revisionism – this permanently wavering in the tactics of the Chinese revisionists, is excellently described, documented and condemned in the book of Comrade Enver Hoxha, „Reflections on China“. It is one of the most important experiences of the struggle against revisionism that the new revisionists always try to argue that the struggle against „old-fashioned“ revisionism is allegedly outdated and that revisionism dies away „by itself“ ( "historically defeated"). Nothing bourgeois shall fall if it is not forced by the proletariat to fall - not even revisionism. The history of revisionism is the history of the futile attempts of the bourgeoisie, to force the Communists' struggle against revisionism into capitulation. In regard of this general historical experience we can define Maoism in particular as an ideology which creeps into the Marxist-Leninist movement, with the intention to grind the sharpness of our anti-revisionist weapons away, to prepare the reconciliation with revisionism. Maoists recruit re-conciliatory forces, to lead them against the forces of the Marxist-Leninists. By this means the Maoists try to bring our Marxist-Leninist World Movement under the rule of the Maoist movements. Maoists criticize revisionism in words, however, they want the withdrawal from our anti-revisionist struggle in deeds. The neo-revisionism is the agency of the bourgeoisie within the anti-revisionist movement – the current main danger within the Communist Movement.
There was a time when the revolutionary elements of the old social democracy had detached themselves from the opportunists and rightist leaders of the 2nd International and as well from the centrist leaders of the so called „2 ½ . International (Kautskyites). They formed revolutionary proletarian communist parties of a new Leninist type and a new III. International under the leadership of the Bolshevist party – the only party which had led the proletariat to its dictatorship – by the Great Socialist October Revolution and which created the first socialist country in the world – the new socialist world camp, the center of the socialist world revolution.
There was a comparable time when communist parties had detached themselves from the leading centers of the American, Yugoslav, Soviet, Euro-"communist", Chinese and other revisionist currents. That was an internal process of struggles of Bolshevist elements against the revisionist elements within the old parties - beginning after the dissolution of the Comintern and finally became an open and external struggle after the open division of the Communist World Movement by the XX. Congress of the revisionist leadership of the CPSU. The Bolshevist elements formed new parties of a Leninist-Stalinist type, anti-revisionist parties. Some others did further exist and they expelled their old revisionist leadership. In this process of detachment from modern revisionism a new Marxist-Leninist world-center - with the PLA and comrade Enver Hoxha at the top - emerged in the struggle against centrist currents, mainly against Maoism. The Struggle against the centrist Mao Zedong-Ideas became one of the most important historical moments in the history of the Communist World Movement – comparable with the Leninist-Stalinist struggle against the centrist Trotskyism.
Now we are witnesses of a reverse process. The inevitable demarcation line which comrade Enver Hoxha had drawn against the Mao Zedong-Ideas became permeable and was particularly minimized seriously through reconciliation with Maoism (aside from reconciliation with Trotzkyism) . This creeping development which emerges more and more openly, had to evoke without fail the determined resistance of the true Marxist-Leninists.
Now is the historical time ripe when Stalinist-Hoxhaists elements detach themselves from the leading centers of the neo-revisionist currents. They shall form Stalinist-Hoxhaist parties as sections of the Communist International of a new global Stalinist-Hoxhaist type for preparing and organizing the socialist world revolution.
This is the result of the great history of the Communist World Movement.
And we admit self-critically that we ourselves have contributed to this development, because we did not defend strictly enough the Marxism-Leninism opposite to Maoism. On our web pages we have limited ourselves too much to propagate the teachings of Enver Hoxha against the Mao Zedong-Ideas, without exposing and fighting against the topical activities of the Maoists. It would be disingenuous to justify itself with the statement that there are other web pages which likewise spread the teachings of Enver Hoxha against the Maoism. In comparison to the massive publications of the Maoists and the " re-conciliators of Mao and Enver “ - we are in truth only a small minority. On the basis of the teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism we have to fight resolutely against the general trend of reconciliation with neo-revisionism and we must defend, maintain and sharpen our clear demarcation-line against Maoism, Trotzkyism and other anti-Stalinist-Hoxhaist currents – without neglecting the old danger of modern revisionism with its Menchevist, reformist and social democratic roots.
Maoists had raised from the beginning, the dirty banner of
Trotskyism. They allegedly "attacked" the modern
revisionism of Russia - Russia, allegedly the "main enemy No.
1". In truth Mao supported the American imperialists, thus the
genuine main enemy No. 1. In truth, the Maoists used this as a hoax
within the Marxist-Leninist world movement for hiding their
revisionism. All possible reactionary ideologies and "theories"
can be hidden behind the banner of Mao Zedong Ideas, to deceive the
working class. Circulating many different lines and integrating many
opportunistic, pragmatic and liberalistic hues - this is a
characteristics of Maoism. Comparable to Trotzkyism, Maoism is
neither fish nor fowl. The betrayal of Mao Zedong at the world
socialist revolution is that he had bought world imperialism time for
regeneration and that he had weakened the world communist movement
through split and division. Mao gave material support to the Maoists
all over the world. Until today, China backs its agencies within the
Marxist-Leninist World Movement, such as the Maoist MLPD in Germany:
Enver Hoxha wrote on 23 June 1977:
The representatives of the Chinese news agency in Europe and the lackeys of the Chinese, especially the Trotskyite Jurquet in France and the elements of «Rote Fahne» in Germany [MLPD - remark of the author], are the most active in pursuing the treacherous line of Hua Kuo-feng. They are activizing people not only in their own countries, but wherever they can.
China is financing all these agents, who have created a press and put out some kind of propaganda, but their main propaganda is done with money. China gives these agents money to buy the waverers who take part in the Marxist-Leninist communist parties of Europe.
I have said before, the aim of the Chinese tactic is to
incite a polemic, but this polemic must be developed between the
Marxist-Leninist parties and the fascist groupings with Maoist
labels, while China remains outside this polemic, is not to be
mentioned … Therefore, in order to expose and defeat it and
its agents, it must be faced with the steel strength of the
(Enver Hoxha," Reflections on China“, Volume II, June 23,
Unbelievable but true: This „MLPD“ („Red Flag“) founded its Maoist "world-organization", the ICOR, exactly on the date of birthday of Comrade Enver Hoxha (16th of October, 2011) !! And this Maoist "world-organization" accused Comrade Enver Hoxha:
"The attacks of the Party of Labor of Albania against Mao Zedong caused the split in the international labor movement and the Marxist-Leninist world movement" (Stefan Engel, ICC [International Coordinating Committee] - Asia, 2008)
The Maoists accuses us Stalinist-Hoxhaists that we "defend the errors of the international Communist movement under Stalin." They call us Stalinist-Hoxhaists: „Lackeys of Anti-Communism“ !!! In deed, with these baseless accusations, they only accuse themselves as the Anti-Stalinists, as the Anti-Communists. In the view of the Maoists only those are defenders of anti-revisionism who abstain from criticizing Maoism . And, logically, those who attack Maoism are not anti-revisionists. That's the kind of Maoist "anti-revisionism". By the way, the ICMLPO accuses us Stalinist-Hoxhaists that we „defend the errors of the Marxist-Leninist Movement under Enver Hoxha.“ However, in contrast to the open noisiness of the Maoists, the ICMLPO keeps (still) silence on us Stalinist-Hoxhaists and on the Marxist-Leninist World Movement of comrade Enver Hoxha. We shall force the ICMLPO to break their silence on their treachery.
Once upon a time the genuine Marxist-Leninist parties based their struggle against the betrayal of the Maoists on the teachings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha. They defended and propagated Albania as the only genuine socialist country in the world, as the homeland of the world proletariat, as the only world-center of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement, as the centre of world communism. This was of world historical significance. But what happened to these parties? They turned their back away from Albania and dropped the banner of comrade Enver Hoxha. And simultaneously, their struggle against the Maoists came to a standstill. We criticized their betrayal, however, this left them unimpressed, they keep silence on us, they continue their treacherous course. By launching their „Quito-Declaration“ they decided that Socialist Albania and the Marxist-Leninist World Movement had never existed before ! They let us down in our struggle against Maoism and that's why we call them traitors. Every withdrawal from the struggle against Maoism strengthens the position of the Maoists against the Stalinist-Hoxhaists, serves the counter-revolution.
And the Maoists ? Their fight against us Stalinist-Hoxhaists had never stopped. They struggled against us long before China's betrayal in 1978 and after that as well.
They never stopped attacking us so called: "Splitters of the international labor movement and the Marxist-Leninist world movement."
Who are the splitters ? The Maoists or the Stalinist-Hoxhaists ?
"No party in the world (except the CPSU (B) of the comrades of Lenin and Stalin) has ever served more faithful and honorable the defense of the Communist Internationale, the Marxist-Leninist world movement, the world proletariat and the struggles of the peoples for their freedom and independence than this has done the Party of Laborof Albania with Comrade Enver Hoxha at the top." (from: "The General-Line“ of the Comintern [SH], 2001).
The splitters of the Marxist-Leninist world movement were not the Party of Laborof Albania and Comrade Enver Hoxha, however the Communist Party of China and Mao Zedong !
A genuine Marxist-Leninist is not defending Mao Zedong, in the contrary. A genuine Marxist-Leninist defends Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism against revisionist Mao Zedong-Ideas.
the eyes of the imperialists and their opportunistic lackeys - who
compete their Chinese rival and its own opportunistic lackeys –
is Maoism not a proletarian ideology but a competing bourgeois
ideology. In the same way the imperialist wage material wars against
each other, they also wage metal wars against each other. This is a
matter of dialectics. So what is Anti-Maoism ? Was comrade Enver
Hoxha an „anti-communist“ because he criticized the Mao
Zedong-Ideas on the scientific base of Marxism-Leninism? The Maoists
declared Anti-Maoism to be „anti-communism“. So they
pretend Hoxhaism = anti-communism. Is this a logical deduction ? By
no means ! Maoists suffer this misconception, because they do not
know how to stand out against the righteous criticism of
Marxism-Leninism on Maoism. The Maoists are not the first ones whom
we put an idea out of their head. We have never let a revisionist off
unpunished. He can cry as much he likes: „I
am a communist ! I am unimpeachable !“
deceive the masses the Maoists creep in the role of the victim and
shout "Stop thief!"
It is not a request for the thief to stop, but a request for the masses to stop the Stalinist-Hoxhaists. Those people who make a feint like this, do not stand up to Marxism-Leninism and this is simply despicably and piteously. However, those who dare beating us communists with an „anti-communist“ club, can „make their will.“
Maoism is basically an ideology of Chinese imperialism. Fighting against the Chinese imperialism means above all, to tear the masses solidarily away from the Maoist ideological . We convince them by means of their own experiences. The strength and tenacity of ideological influence on the masses of Chinese imperialism is indeed not caused by the influence of the contemporary Chinese social-fascist leadership, however rather by the ideological influence of the Maoist movements in the world. That is in no way a contradiction. The Chinese social fascists are ruthless, directly and aggressive enemies, and they can and will never "convince" the oppressed and exploited masses. The Maoists, in contrast, try to convince peasants and petty-bourgeois masses and even some retrograde elements within the working class.
If the Maoists speak about „socialist revolution“ then they do not mean socialist revolution in China ! While the Marxist-Leninists insist on the socialist revolution against revisionism at power, on destruction of social-imperialism and the social-fascist state, the Maoists refuse to call for the violent socialist revolution in the capitalist China. That's why they fear comrade Enver Hoxha who just called for this. That's why the Maoists are afraid of the socialist world revolution, because it would not forgo China. The Chinese social-imperialists and social-fascists seem to be powerful but they are powerless against the dictatorship of the world proletariat. That' why the slogan of the socialist world revolution is a no-no for all Maoists. Even the world imperialists know for sure, „game is over“, if the Chinese proletariat would have seized power. The dictatorship of the Chinese proletariat is only possible on the ruins of the Mao Zedong-Ideas.
Those Maoists who say: "You must fight against the Chinese imperialism and not against the Maoists" do not understand the ideological tasks of our anti-revisionist struggle. If you really want to destroy imperialism, imperialist wars, reaction and fascism revolutionarily , then you have to liberate the masses comprehensively from any bourgeois ideological influence. The Maoists lie to the masses and give them completely wrong ideas about the revolutionary tasks and about the class-nature of the struggle against imperialism. It is the Maoists, the bourgeois and petty-bourgeois intelligentsia, who paved the ideological way for the strengthening of Chinese imperialism. They will never stop to do this if we do not hinder them.
Most of the Maoist currents showcase „5 Heads“ with Mao Zedong in their „logo“. It is well-known that we also present „5 Heads“ in our emblem. What is the difference ? Obviously the Maoist „Fifth Head“ is that of Mao Zedong whereas our Fifth Head is that of Enver Hoxha. The essential meaning is not simply the replace-ability of „heads“ . The decisive difference is the ideological one: The Maoist call their ideology „Marxism-Leninism-Maoism“, however we Stalinist- Hoxhaists base only on „Marxism-Leninism“. We speak about the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism. We Stalinist-Hoxhaists would have never thought of „Marxism-Leninism-Hoxhaism“. We would never exclude Stalinism or even replace it. Correctly we base on: Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism.
„Marxism-Leninism-Maoism“ is obviously a replacement of Stalinism by Maoism – and this is the crux of the revisionist betrayal of Maoism – congruent with the revisionist betrayal of all the other modern revisionists who limit themselves on Marx, Engels and Lenin whereas many neo-revisionists of today limit themselves on Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin ( IE ICMLPO) . All currents of revisionism and neo-revisionism, as a whole, can be characterized as currents against the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism.
The Anti-Stalinism of the Soviet revisionists and that of the Chinese revisionists differs simply only in tactical regard. The Chinese revisionist took up the mask of „Stalin“ to invite all those comrades who abandoned open Anti-Stalinism of the Krushtchevites with the intention to strengthen one's own Chinese revisionism in opposition to the Soviet one. Maoists hide their Anti-Stalinism behind the Mao Zedong-Ideas. Allegedly, the Mao Zedong-Ideas „corrected“ the so called „errors“ of Stalin. In the eyes of the Maoists, the Mao Zedong-Ideas is the ideology which had „saved“ Marxism-Leninism from Stalinist „falsification“. Mao, himself, spoke about Stalinism to be „60% correct and 40 % wrong.“
The Maoists disclaim the autonomy, independence and perfection of the teachings of Marxism-Leninism in itself. They accept Marxism-Leninism only in the same way as Mao did – namely as a mask to hide behind .
Proletarian science of Marxism-Leninism matures to perfection by itself. It does not need any additions of strange elements of "advanced theories and ideas."
The proletarian ideology is completely independent from all the other class-ideologies. In truth all the so called „enrichment“ turned out to be a disarming of Marxism-Leninism.
Certainly we know very well that the Maoists are „true defenders“ of the Mao Zedong ideas. However, what is the essence of these „ideas“ ? If you would cross out Marxism-Leninism then nothing is left but bourgeois ideology. Maoists are mistaken if they believe that Marxism-Leninism would be a „poor“ ideology without the „enrichment“ of the Mao Zedong-Ideas. It is just the contrary. The Mao Zedong-Ideas distort and disintegrate Marxism-Leninism. The Mao Zedong-Ideas adapt Marxism-Leninism to the bourgeois ideology, transform the proletarian ideology into a bourgeois ideology, make it „acceptable“ and usable for the interests of world imperialism – AGAINST the world proletariat.
If Maoism is directed against Marxism-Leninism, then it is a great danger to the unity of the Marxist-Leninist world movement. The re-conciliators with Maoism urge the Marxist-Leninist forces towards revisionism, whose task is to paralyze, divide and liquidate the world communist movement. The attempts of the neo-revisionists to unite us under the guise of "anti-revisionism" with the treacherous revisionist leaders, and their attempts to merge us with them (- of which we have separated permanently -), are becoming clearer by repeated concessions towards the revisionists, by abandoning the revolutionary principles of Marxism-Leninism, etc., etc..
The Comintern (SH) detects a dangerous current of reconciliation of Marxism-Leninism and neo-revisionist currents – not only in this or that country but on a worldwide stage.
Therefore, the Comintern (SH) passes this resolution to all true communists, who are loyally defending Marxism-Leninism: Do not stand any longer on the sidelines to watch how the Marxist-Leninist World Movement is urged into the abyss !
Remember the critical teachings of Enver Hoxha's on the Mao Zedong-Ideas are immortal !
We do never allow that these teachings are forgotten and denied !
Let us translate and propagate these teachings all over the world !
Let us draw Enver Hoxha's demarcation line tighter against Maoism !
Let's close our ranks ! Support the Comintern (SH) who is the leader of the Stalinist-Hoxhaist struggle against Maoism !
Without defending Enver Hoxha's teachings, we can not defeat Maoism.
The victory over Maoism is not just a victory at the theoretical front. Moreover, Enver Hoxha led the concrete, practical class struggle.
We must defeat the Maoism in practice as well as in theory and on a global scale.
It is not the Maoists, who draw nearer to the ideological positions of us Marxist-Leninists, but conversely, there are a number of former Marxist-Leninist organizations who began to draw nearer to the Maoist ideology and who abandoned and ceded principled position. That the Maoist leaders would "draw nearer" to Marxism-Leninism, is pure hogwash and a purely tactical feint. The alleged "rapprochement" of the Maoists towards us Marxist-Leninists is planting a rumor to justify the rightist move of the re-conciliators away from Marxism-Leninism. The Maoist leaders take never leave of the Mao Zedong-Ideas, however they do not stop their attempts to get us on their side. But with us they shall never succeed!
Comrade Enver Hoxha advised the fraternal parties, not to be the mouthpiece for the revisionists who, themselves, accuse among and against each other. So, as a big capitalist swallows a number of small capitalists, so this is not unlike the revisionists, for they are cut from the same timber. We can not fight together with the revisionists against revisionism.
We do not allow that the Maoists abuse Comrade Enver Hoxha for their machinations. Neither the Maoists nor anybody else can break the ties of friendship between the Chinese and the Albanian people. It is a fact that Comrade Enver Hoxha analyzed the development in China on Marxist-Leninist principles and that he found out serious inconsistencies and errors. Still, he tried for many years, Mao dissuade from his wrong path. This is a correct Marxist-Leninist attitude. But Enver Hoxha finally realized the limit of its efforts. When Chinese revisionism took an openly hostile attitude toward Albania,Comrade Enver Hoxha pulled the brake. It is a great historical merit of Comrade Enver Hoxha, that he defended the Marxist-Leninist world movement against Chinese liquidators. To defend comrade Enver Hoxha means today: to build up the Stalinist-Hoxhaist front against the Maoist front and to purify the communist world movement from opportunism.
Unlike the Maoists, we are keen to distinguish the position of Mao and the position of Enver Hoxha and clearly highlight their antagonism. The Maoists have no interest in it. They need a sort of "Enver Hoxha" - compared with Mao - a revisionist with an "anti-revisionist" mask. The Maoists try to present a sort of "Enver Hoxha" like a servant who bowed before his master. They make forget that Enver Hoxha was a great Stalinist - the best one ever around the world. However, Mao Zedong was never a Stalinist:
“Mao Tsetung was not a Marxist-Leninist, but a progressive bourgeois revolutionary”
“Mao Tsetung posed as a Marxist-Leninist dialectician, but he was not so. He was an eclectic who combined the Marxist dialectic with Confucian idealism and the old Chinese philosophy.
The fact is that in his leadership of the party and the state, in his policy and ideology, in the development of China and its party, and in international developments, he did not base himself on the Marxist-Leninist materialist dialectics to guide China on the road to socialism. (Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China“, Volume II, December 26, 1977).
"Enver Hoxha and Mao Zedong - together under the same roof"- this slogan developed as a fashion trend because it allegedly expresses "unity and strength" against the "common enemy ". But in truth it is a betrayal of Marxism-Leninism, a betrayal of the anti-revisionist struggle. We cannot defeat the one revisionist current while creeping under the umbrella of another one. This means liquidation of the anti-revisionist struggle - and that is the true meaning of that treacherous slogan.
Unity in the "practical struggle" is supposed to lead to ideological unity (?) That's nothing but pure opportunism. Suffering from this delusion was always criticized by the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism and is also disproved by the experience of class struggle. Every joint action of different political forces who ignore their determined ideological basis are channeled to a direction which leads to an unavoidable ideological bloc-construction, and in this special case ideological subordination to Maoism. We cannot overcome eclecticist ideology by eclecticist practice. This can only be resolved by Bolshevist theory and practice – based upon Marxism-Leninism. Dressing up spontaneism with an "ideological garb" - against this opportunism already Lenin had struggled vehemently (in "What is to be done?").
Lenin teaches: "Before the practical unity comes the ideological clarity." We say to the concerned organizations and comrades insistently: "You know these words of Lenin, but you do not want to adhere to it. You want practical unity on swampy soil and you will sink therein, inevitably. Action-unities are used to strengthen and extend the proletarian class struggle, but they are no good for ideological reconciliation with the Mao-Zedong Ideas! "
Nothing against actions organized by means of unity-fronts and tactical alliances with Maoists on principled Marxist-Leninist ground. However: We never ever renounce our right to perform our own principled struggle. We would never subordinate ourselves under the line of the Maoists. We favor only principled action-unities, and we disdain all the other ones. We cannot strike back at the blows of the Maoists neither by a wavering centrist line, nor by maintaining a false and formal unity with them. The Marxist-Leninist organizations must beware of Maoism, the whole Marxist-Leninist world movement must be purified from any Maoist influence, we must protect our Communist International !
The attacks of the neo-revisionist, directed against the Marxist-Leninist world movement, have the same meaning as the treacherous machinations of the Social Democrats of the 2nd International and the Modern Revisionists after the death of Comrade Stalin. Just as we did Stalin have defended against the revisionists, we must today defend Enver Hoxha against the Maoists. We Marxists-Leninists must draw new lessons from the history. In world socialism there is no place for Maoists.
Under the pressure of world imperialism, under pressure from the world capitalist crisis, amid the aggravating conditions of the global class struggle, the neo-revisionists tempt us to unite with "everyone", "at any price" and under "every condition". This derives from the panic mongering elements of the petty-bourgeoisie and is strange to us Marxist-Leninists. It is quite clear that this Maoist type of "proletarian internationalism " has nothing in common with Marxism-Leninism. This "new" Maoist type of "proletarian internationalism " only serves to crush the proletarian internationalism through "practical unity " with the Maoists - strangle through embracement. The Albanian working class, the Albanian people, they got to feel bitterly at their own bodies this kind of Maoist "proletarian internationalism." The Marxist-Leninists never forget this kind of "proletarian internationalism" ! The chauvinist character of Maoist revisionism is just the opposite of proletarian internationalism: They accused socialist Albania to be "revisionist", but with this lie they masked and hide their own chauvinism with "Marxist-Leninist" phraseology.
Lenin taught us: the unity of the Marxist-Leninist world movement is a big deal and a great slogan !
But the matter of the world proletariat needs the globalized unity of true Marxist-Leninists, but not the unity of the Marxist-Leninists with their Maoist opponents. Any deviation from Marxist-Leninist positions leads to the alienation of the working class from its revolutionary line, it leads away from the revolutionary path straight into the morass of opportunism. This is the principled stance of the Marxist-Leninists towards the Maoists.
Comrade Enver Hoxha has foreseen:
“But the problem is that all the other genuine Marxist-Leninist communist parties must understand that we have to do with a big enemy, and our struggle is a very severe and complicated one, in the course of which we shall encounter major obstacles and difficulties, but will also have victories.
The Marxist-Leninist communist parties of the world must work intensively and make clear to the masses of workers, and all the working people of their countries the aims of the party, its minimum and maximum programs. It is important that this work should be concretized, and it w i l l be concretized gradually, but the concretization must be done in depth, and not superficially, because superficial concretization does not create that sound solidity which makes it possible to overcome the critical phases and difficult moments which the Marxist-Leninist movement, socialism, communism, and the revolution will encounter in the world. (Enver Hoxha, „Reflections on China“, October 14, 1977 - Volume II, Page 669 , translation from German edition).
The struggle against Mao Zedong-Ideas is an essential part of the struggle against world imperialism, because he is his offspring and ally is, in theory and practice, the manifestation of bourgeois ideology, a "Trojan horse" of world imperialism in the Marxist-Leninist world movement.
This is a battle of great historical significance, a battle that will decide on the future of the world revolution, will decide on the question: capitalism or socialism ? It is a struggle over life and death.
We are convinced that the Maoists get more and more exposed and discredited, both in their own country and in the international communist movement. They shall suffer one defeat after another, while the ranks of the revolutionary communists are growing with every new crusading against the Maoists.
Marxism-Leninism will defeat all Maoist currents !
Long live Comrade Enver Hoxha and his invincible struggle against Mao Zedong-Ideas !
Long live the 5 classics of Marxism-Leninism in the fight against revisionism !
The complete defeat of Maoism and the Triumph of Marxism-Leninism are inevitable !
Just in time !!
We are glad and proud to present
Enver Hoxha's “Reflections on China”
English version the first time published in the internet !!! -
We like to thank our Russian comrades for this excellent work and their great contribution in the global struggle against Maoism.
(Thanks to: www.enverhoxha.ru)
click on the cover of the books:
Reflections on China ( I )
(1962-1972). Extracts from the Political Diary. (1962-1972).
«8 NËNTORI», TIRANA, 1979, English edition).
Reflections on China ( II )
Volume II (1973 - 1977)
(PDF-file from www.enverhoxha.ru)