[When the Comintern (SH) was founded, it bore the name Comintern (ML) before renamed in 2009]
Foundation-Document of the Comintern [ML]
On the Occasion of the Anniversary of Enver Hoxha´s 16th Day of
Enver Hoxha -
the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism...
...and the foundation of the Comintern [ M L ]
1. 4. 2001
by Wolfgang Eggers
Chairman of the C P Germany [ML]
We, as Marxist-Leninists all over the world have finally and urgently
to put the question:
"Is Comrade Enver Hoxha the 5th Architect of
Marxism-Leninism, yes or no?"
Because it`s the crucial key-question of our new century, in which general direction the international revolutionary class-struggle will continue to develop, a question of necessary decision, where the ideological demarcation-line has to be drawn as a minimum, to achieve the highest level of proletarian unity on the shortest way to the known goals:
Liquidation of imperialism by the world revolution, establishment and re-establishment of socialism under the dictatorship of the proletariat and future realization of world-socialism and of world-communism .
Dialectics on the general Question of the Architects
- the highest level of ideological proletarian class-
The question on the Architects of Marxism-Leninism is indeed a question of ideological proletarian class-struggle on the highest level, because the unequivocal and clear cut answer of this question decides unalterably on the victory and defeat of the world revolution, on the long term general line of the Comintern [ML], Communist World Movement, on the future of communism and the common, unanimous, political and ideological line of all the Marxist-Leninist Parties all over the world. If we draw nearer to the answer of the question by applying to the dialectical and historical materialism, we can state the following 4 principles:
1. The lessons of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism cannot be considered as separated from each other, as incoherent and cannot be played off against each other. They are formed as a common, monolithic whole, existing of one cast. For instance, the modern revisionists separate Marx, Engels, Lenin from Stalin, and they don`t approve Stalin as the 4th Architect of Marxism-Leninism up to this day. The appreciation of Stalin as the 4th Architect of Marxism-Leninism was, however, an unavoidable demarcation-line against Modern Revisionism and the supposition to gain the victory over it. This was the key-question of how to step forward with the Marxist-Leninist World Movement and the development of socialism in Albania and how to avoid that the Marxist-Leninist sword turns blunt and rusted. The new branches of revisionism »approve« Stalin as the 4th Architect of Marxism-Leninism and they call themselves »Marxist-Leninists« hiding behind the principles of anti-revisionism. In the same manner of the modern revisionists they separate Enver Hoxha from Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, because they really know that the lessons of the four Architects of Marxism-Leninism are not sufficient to cope with the tasks and problems of today and this would mean that it is impossible, to be victorious over the bourgeoisie and the revisionists who cast their skins. The hesitation and postponement in answering the question of the Architects always lamed the development of Marxism-Leninism and the international revolutionary class-struggle in history and today, let come up new worldwide branches of opportunism. Logically, the 4 Architects of Marxism-Leninism cannot reflect the present and future development of the society exactly, because they lived in their own times and not in ours. This problem didn´ t occur only after the death of Stalin, but also after the death of Marx/Engels and Lenin`s as well. This problem was solved by the right answer on the question: who will be the next true follower of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism? So the only way how to ensure the continuation of the revolutionary spirit of Marxism-Leninism is to solve the question of the appreciation of the lessons of the new follower of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism. If this is failed to be done, you will have the weak situation of the loss of the common, monolithic whole, and the lessons of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism will not exist of one cast. And this would consequently mean the end of Marxism-Leninism, this would mean the victory of revisionism, the victory of capitalism.
2. After the death of Marx and Engels the question of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism could not be solved finally. If Lenin would not step forward to develop Marxism bravely ( and this entailed furious critics of the whole opportunist European social-democratism which repudiation implied the creative lessons of Leninism), there would be no October Revolution and no Soviet-Union, Marxism would lose its revolutionary, mobilizing and organizational vitality. As it concerns to all the changing things in general, in particular some parts of Marxism-Leninism lose their meaning during ongoing process of the development of the society, they die off and peter out into the lapse and some parts change and are added with something new. You cannot dogmatically solve new problems with old instruments that were good in former times. We all know what would happen, if Stalin did not develop Marxism-Leninism in his times, if he would not understand that the lessons of Lenin had to be creatively applied to the new changing conditions. Socialism of Russia could not survive for only one day. This would also happen to Albania, if Enver Hoxha were not able to apply to the lessons of Stalin. And we would fail to step forward, if we would not apply to the lessons of Enver Hoxha. Only Enver Hoxha`s lessons guarantee the continuation of Marxism-Leninism, holds it alive. New creations of the lessons of Marxism-Leninism are born in defence of correct knowledge against misinterpretations of applications under new circumstances of class-struggle. We always have to differ: what is or is not still important, and what has to be developed totally new, what is the new correct combination of old and new experiences? In this process of looking for new developments of Marxism-Leninism our adversaries try to interfere, try to disturb us, try to name us as »Deviationist« on the one hand and »Dogmatists« on the other hand. Only the results of revolutionary practice can decide on right or wrong, only class-struggle can prove whether we developed Marxism-Leninism in the correct direction. The Trotzkyites tried to overthrow Stalin as the honorable follower of Lenin and the Maoists selected Mao for the accession to the throne. But they both did not only make mistakes of misinterpretations but have come out true traitors of Marxism-Leninism. The Trotzykites stir up mistrust against the Marxist - Leninists and that we bring us bear ourselves »the poison-germ of self-destruction«. It is only a matter of times when we intercessors of Enver Hoxha still exist as a minority, but his lessons correspond with the objective development of society and this means: the minority of today will be the majority of tomorrow, will represent the new revolutionary general line of the Marxist-Leninists all over the world.
3. The development and growth of Marxism-Leninism is not a treasure in the sense of quantity, which is to be collected and accumulated. The lessons of Enver Hoxha and that of all the other Architects of Marxism-Leninism are not an archive of dogmatists who compiled all the experiences of revolutionary class-struggle, to pick up the right instructions for the future struggle. If we don`t recognize the creative and living nature of Marxism-Leninism, if we are contented with learning it by rote and understand it only literally then we are not able to apply it to conditions of daily class-struggle. Marxism-Leninism is a science that rejuvenates by creative developments, that changes from quantity to quality and goes up by leaps and bounds to a new stage of quality. When the state of stagnation - compared with low ideological times of today - seems to reach the end of processing before we cleared up the essential nature of society, when our thinking is lamed and the revisionists hinder us to step forward to come to conclusions, when our thoughts mark time standing in front of most important decisions whether to follow the old path or to step forward on a new path - compared with Lenin`s time when he became aware of the impasse of the II. International, or in our times when we become aware of the 50 years existing lack of the III. Comintern - then the tasks of time oblige us to leap over the reached deadlock, do we shake off and break up all ideological barriers, then the long time of linger and hesitations will be put by to push forward the pregnant revolutionary ideas like a new born child. This also happens with Marxism-Leninism and with finding out the significance of a new Architect of Marxism-Leninism - however not automatically, not by itself. We must be conscious about the fact, that quantitative developments of Marxism-Leninism cannot widen eternally without reaching their ends in new qualities, qualities of new ideas, principles and insights. If we are not able or too weak to jump over a necessary new level of quality, then Marxism-Leninism can only be admired in the museum of history and we Marxist-Leninists as well! After we reached to a certain historical point every second of hesitation would then mean putting up with years later on. And we are not old enough to let any others jump, we are not to be delayed after time is ripe. It is not only fighting our way through the hindrances set by our adversaries, it is rather a matter of awe of the proletariat and we are in honour bound.
4. The transformation from quantity to quality takes place not without fight of contradictions, not as to take it for granted automatically, not by chance or by acclamation. The victory does not follow us by itself. To differ Marxism-Leninism from »Marxism-Leninism« in the focus of changing times is a decision on the battle-field of class-struggle. And all the Architects of Marxism-Leninism were confronted with the same problem and they disappear by degrees from the battle-field without comrade Enver Hoxha as the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism - otherwise the fight of contradictions will end with a disaster. The prime quality of the lessons of Enver Hoxha were first conscious in our contradictions with the opportunists and revisionists of today. In the light of our anti-revisionist struggle we learnt to understand that it is not sufficient to rest on the demarcation-line of Stalin - as it was necessary in times of Enver Hoxha. Today we learnt that it is urgently necessary to raise up the level of demarcation, and to raise it up to the level of the lessons of Enver Hoxha as the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism. If the lessons of Enver Hoxha become a new quality this seems to be a contradiction, but this is dialectical. The so called »Marxist-Leninists«, the revisionists of today are wrecked on their vulgarisation of Marxism-Leninism, on their vulgarisation of Marx, Engels, Lenin AND (!) Stalin so that the role of the theory, the role of the Bolshevist party, the role of the new Comintern, the role of class-struggle, the role of the revolutionary proletariat, the role of the socialist revolution, the role of world-revolution is condemned to passivity and degeneration.
These are the dialectical conclusions on the field of highest level of ideological class-struggle. And this is the only way to empower the Marxist-Leninists theory to solve the problems of today:
»The power of Marxist-Leninist theory«, Stalin emphasized,« consists of the possibility of the party to orientate in a given situation, to realize the inner coherence of the ongoing events round about, and not only to recognize how and in which direction the events will develop, but also how and in which direction they will develop in future. Only a party, that mastered the Marxist-Leninist theory, can go on marching confidentially and will be able to lead ahead the working-class. And the other way round - a party that had not mastered the Marxist-Leninist theory, is compelled to err about, loses confidence in its deeds, is not able to lead ahead the working-class.«
Who is an Architect of Marxism-Leninism?
The term Marxism-Leninism comes from those men, whose names are Marx and Lenin. So, Marxism-Leninism is the creation of human beings, work and life of professional revolutionaries, who themselves took part and led the international proletarian class-struggle. There is no other way to become an Architect of Marxism-Leninism. To be educated and skilled as a revolutionary leader of mark, you need not only decades, you need rather the whole life of most outstanding, principled, continuous, absolute and hardest fight to fulfill the role of an outrider at the foremost front of revolution and at the top of the organisational unification of the world proletariat.
Comrade Enver Hoxha was a lifelong revolutionary who unites all these excellent attributes in his person: He founded Marxism-Leninism in Albania and developed it on highest international level, led the anti-fascist and anti-social-fascist liberation struggle, founded and led the P L A, led the people`s revolution towards socialism, created the dictatorship of the proletariat and a flourishing socialism in Albania whilst all the other countries of the world were non-socialist, led the Marxist-Leninist World Movement and the people`s liberation struggle all over the world, struggled successfully against imperialism and social-imperialism and became the greatest anti-revisionist at all times.
It is not alone the revolutionary idea, the socialist thought and the upheaval theory, but as well the great heart and love towards the working-class and their internationalist attitude towards all the peoples of the world that distinguishes an Architect of Marxism-Leninism. They were no study-intellectuals, who derive their dogmatic ideas from books like bourgeois professors at the university. The Architects of Marxism-Leninism concluded that their knowledge belongs to the proletariat who is the most important and revolutionary force of the developing society and they dealt with the workers defeat and victory in the daily class-struggle. Because the lessons of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism not only remain as theory, but found class-struggle scientifically, they became essentially a part of those forces and powers of the society who represent future of mankind. This is the reason why we talk about the lessons of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism as lessons of the worker's movement, as the theory of proletarian revolution, as the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The Architects of Marxism-Leninism embody the highest level of connection between socialist science and international workers` movement. The Architects of Marxism-Leninism carried socialist consciousness into the worker` s trade-unionist movements that they also led as their best and most valuable part. In the beginning of the last century Stalin mentioned:
»The working-class, so far it remains as working-class, is unable to step onto the top of science, to carry it forward and to research the historical rules scientifically: the working-class has neither time nor means...«
This situation changed in times of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the Soviet Union and in Albania. There the socialist workers created excellent conditions to carry forward socialist science and to educate and deepen socialist consciousness within the socialist society by the lessons of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism. These conditions disappeared with the destruction of the socialist countries. But this implies by no means that again the intellectual petty bourgeoisie has to take the lead to carry socialist consciousness into the workers` movement. That would be a terrible repetition of historical disaster. The 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism are not still living, but the world proletarians of today are emancipated and meanwhile able enough to care for their education and scientific tasks by themselves. We are living in times of the 21st century and not in times of the end of the 19th century! And the Bolshevist parties all over the world have excellent conditions to build up the vanguard of the proletariat in their country by teaching and applying to the lessons of the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism and develop socialist science creatively. In all affairs the proletariat has to take the lead - development of socialist consciousness included. Under present conditions we cannot speak about socialist consciousness of the proletariat without speaking about applying to the lessons of Enver Hoxha. Otherwise »socialist consciousness« is a worthless abstraction, because it is not any more the most progressive and developed theory of Marxism-Leninism that reflects present life of society. And one important lesson of the ABC of Marxism consists of the truth that the proletariat will only be victorious if it applies to the most developed stage of Marxism-Leninism, and this again means applying to the lessons of Enver Hoxha. There is no other way out to lead the world`s proletariat to the world revolution successfully anything else is only an impasse.
Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha are not only the Architects of Marxism-Leninism, because they created and carried on the development of socialist science, or because they were the leaders of the world proletariat and world revolution, or because they built up socialism, or because their lessons reached the truth of all things at nearest in their times, or because they embodied the most progressive thought, that the mankind ever produced, but because their lessons have forever their meaning and validity for the future of mankind. The lessons of the Architects exists as long as mankind exists. That is the reason, why we speak about the Architects of Marxism-Leninism, why the question of the Architect have highest significance beyond our times. We decide on the question of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism not alone for ourselves to know in which direction we have to march on. But for our next generations who have to continue the struggle of today. When Stalin died, the whole guard of Bolshevists died, respectively were murdered by the social-fascists and the counter-revolution. The Architects of Marxism-Leninism would loose their meaning if the following generation is not prepared with their lessons, if there comes up no new rising revolutionary generations. We belong to the guard of Enver Hoxha, we are his disciples, but our lives last not eternally. So we would be embarrassed if we left this world without giving an answer to the question of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism, and that would mean to leave alone the rising generation with this question. How can the youth find the way to revolution without the lessons of Enver Hoxha? It is our duty to prepare and educate the rising generation in the spirit of Enver Hoxha, the greatest world leader of the proletarian generation after Stalin.
The ideology of the proletariat is embodied by the lessons of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism. It is alive and improves, and class-struggle shall produce many other Architects of Marxism-Leninism in future enriching the treasury of Marxism-Leninism. Today we are standing at the point, where we have to ask ourselves, whether it is adequate to be led only by the 4 Architects Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin furthermore.
We, as Marxist-Leninists directed our ideological weapons against Modern Revisionism after the death of Stalin to make headway and to defend the heir of Marxism-Leninism. This struggle was not only defence but an enormous improvement of Marxism-Leninism, a struggle with a new quality of recreation of Marxism-Leninism. Our victory we owe to comrade Enver Hoxha in the very first line. Comrade Enver Hoxha therefor became the target of attacks. These attacks hit as well the Architects in a single way and all together as the Marxist-Leninist World-Movement and the world`s proletariat. So this is why we cannot defend Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin any more without defending comrade Enver Hoxha.
What is Marxism-Leninism?
Stalin answered with his own words what Marxism-Leninism is:
"Leninism is the continuation of Marxism.
Leninism is the theory and tactic of the proletarian revolution in general, the theory and tactic of the dictatorship of the proletariat in detail. Marx and Engels worked in the pre-revolutionary period (we mean of the proletarian revolution) when there was not yet developed imperialism, the period of preparation for the revolution of the proletarians, in that period, when the proletarian revolution practically was not yet an immediate necessity. Lenin on the other hand, pupil of Marx and Engels, worked in the period of the developed imperialism, in the period of the unfolding proletarian revolution, when the proletarian revolution was already victorious in one country, was the bourgeois democracy, the era of the soviets, has opened." (Stalin, "On the foundations of Leninism")
Stalin himself was the best and most faithfully pupil of Lenin and he generously enriched Marxism-Leninism. Stalin as an architect of Marxism-Leninism is above all doubts.
The Lessons of Enver Hoxha
Enver Hoxha again applied to the lessons of Stalin in a correct way. So he became the best and deserving pupil of Stalin.
However Enver Hoxha did not only apply correctly the lessons of Stalin to the particular Albanian conditions and - not alone - he led the only country to socialism victoriously aside of the Soviet Union, but moreover continued to develop the lessons of Stalin in his times.
If the lessons of Enver Hoxha would only be the application of Stalin' s lessons to the particular conditions of Albania, we had to speak of pure national and only national, pure Albanian and only Albanian phenomena. If Enver Hoxha would not lean on the correct lessons of Stalin, socialism in Albania would never exist for only one day.
The lessons of Enver Hoxha are, however, an international phenomenon, which roots within international development, and is not only an Albanian phenomenon. Enver Hoxha carried on Marxism-Leninism even in one of the smallest countries of the world, although the Great Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin lost the dictatorship of the proletariat by the betrayal of Krushchev, while Albania had to carry on with its own forces. By this it proved to be important that Albania could fall back to the revolutionary heir of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism, but the whole Marxist-Leninist movement stood faithfully aside of Enver Hoxha and organized the revolutionary class-struggle all over the world. Under the leadership of Enver Hoxha the Marxist-Leninist World Movement received an enormous impetus. He succeeded to unite and strengthen the Marxist-Leninists and effected the rebirth of all the world`s revolutionary elements after the revisionist betrayal against Stalin. The regeneration, reorganisation and re-foundation of many Marxist-Leninist Parties were fructified by the lessons of Enver Hoxha. This phenomenon could be compared - to some extend - with times of the beginning Comintern. And so we can say that proletarian internationalism finally became again a revolutionary character after the betrayal of Modern Revisionism. Enver Hoxha became the leader of the world`s proletariat and peoples. Unfortunately the Comintern was finally disarmed and then totally liquidated by the revisionist leaders, but comrade Enver Hoxha practiced the old instructions of the Comintern successfully in his country. Enver Hoxha participated both the Moscow and Bukharest Conferences and he bravely defended Stalin and bases of Marxism-Leninism as far as possible in spite of the political pressure of the majority of the revisionists under the leadership of Krushchev. Nobody, except Enver Hoxha struggled against imperialism and social-imperialism on an international stage on the principles of proletarian internationalism in a way he did.
The merit of Enver Hoxha consists not only of the reconstruction of the lessons of Stalin and those of all the other Architects if Marxism-Leninism, but he stepped forward to develop Marxism-Leninism under the new conditions of revisionism in power, under conditions of imperialism AND social-imperialism, in the period of the restoration of capitalism and its social-fascist ruling system under the conditions of the fallen dictatorship of the proletariat in the Great Soviet-Union.
What is exactly the definition of Enver Hoxha`s
The lessons of Enver Hoxha are the Marxism-Leninism on an very advanced stage of the epoch of imperialism, the crisis developing, rotting, parasitising and the dying off capitalism with its particular forms of social-imperialism and social-fascism and the theory and tactic of new forms of revolutions - anti-revisionist, anti-social-fascist proletarian revolution in common, and in detail the theory and tactic of the re-conquest, the re-establishment of the proletarian dictatorship, the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the whole world, the victory of socialism in spite of encirclement by both the imperialism and social-imperialism, the victory against restored capitalism, against revisionism in power.
The lessons of Enver Hoxha signify as well that socialism survives and develops in a single country for decades after and although another socialist country degenerated back to capitalism. Socialism is able to regenerate. Enver Hoxha`s lessons proved that even a small socialist country can develop and resist the whole world`s imperialism for a certain time.
The lessons of Enver Hoxha are the lessons of Marxism-Leninism, how to transfer the anti-fascist struggle to the victorious struggle for the new establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat, how to break through the chain of imperialism under the conditions of fascist occupation, and how to build up a socialist country directly upon the ruins of the fascist dictatorship. The lessons of Enver Hoxha are therefore lessons of the removal of fascism by socialism.
The lessons of Enver Hoxha are the proof for the correctness of the international and universal character of Bolshevism; that Bolshevism of Lenin and Stalin was not alone of success in a single country as a passed and secluded phenomenon, but continued and multiplied in an another country. The lessons of Enver Hoxha are therefore the proof for Bolshevism as a „model of tactics for all“ (Lenin) – to establishment the dictatorship in single countries. The lessons of Enver Hoxha are an important contribution to furnish proof for Worldbolshevism as a tactic to win the socialist world revolution and to establish the dictatorship of the worldproletariat.
This is the definition of Enver Hoxha`s lessons.
What are the
Conclusions of the definition of Enver
Hoxha`s lessons ?
The lessons of Enver Hoxha, the victory of socialism in Albania – (and not less its failure!) effected the foundation of the Comintern-ML.
The victorious continuation of Marxism-Leninism is only possible on the base of socialism`s victory in Russia and Albania. The victory of world Bolshevism is impossible, the victorious continuation of the Bolshevist path of Lenin and Stalin is not possible without following the victorious lessons of Enver Hoxha. You cannot be a true defender of the Bolshevism of Lenin and Stalin, if you do not defend the lessons of Enver Hoxha. Defending Bolshevism of Lenin and Stalin without Enver Hoxha is nothing as a revolutionary phrase, is the guide-line of the present international opportunism, is pure neo-revisionism:
defending Bolshevism of Lenin and Stalin in words, but struggling against it in deeds.
To exclude comrade Enver Hoxha as the 5th architect of Marxism-Leninism, the restriction of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin is in future not sufficient to defend and develop Marxism-Leninism, makes it weak and resistanceless in the change of times.
How do the lessons of Enver Hoxha internationally effect Russia and Albania of today - both the only countries of the former dictatorship of the proletariat?
Nobody can deny that there still exist highly functional potentials of socialist forces. The roots and remainders of the proletarian dictatorships in Russia and in Albania are still alive and cannot be deleted completely and be smashed. There is still a revolutionary ongoing movement of the proletariat and its allies. The fact, that the dictatorship of the proletariat was smashed, does not mean that it cannot be reconstructed. So we derive:
THE RESTORATION OF CAPITALISM IS ONLY A TEMPORARY EPISODE AND WILL BE RE-TRANSFORMED INTO THE RESTORATION OF SOCIALISM AND DIALECTICALLY DEVELOPED BY A HIGHER STANDARD OF QUALITY!
THE BEGINNING NEXT, SECOND HISTORICAL PERIOD OF SOCIALISM IN THE WORLD - CALLED: THE PERIOD OF »ADVANCED » SOCIALISM - HAS ALREADY BEGUN ! THIS IS THE REVOLUTIONARY TENDENCY OF TODAY - THE VICTORIOUS CONTINUATION OF THE FIRST HISTORICAL PERIOD OF SOCIALISM!
The revisionists succeeded to interrupt the development towards the advanced socialism in the Soviet Union by the restoration of capitalism, but this is only a temporary episode (that, besides, could be avoided successfully by applying consequently to Marxism-Leninism!) of the ongoing developing process of socialism to its advanced stage. Socialism can be postponed but not prevented by capitalism, because the development of capitalism comes to an end but not so the development of socialism - this is an objective factor of the development of society. Socialism returns inevitably and unavoidably in Russia and Albania on a higher stage!
It was Enver Hoxha who analysed the reasons of the degeneration and final overthrow of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the Soviet Union. This was the reason why he gained on the successful defence and strengthening of the dictatorship of the proletariat in Albania by applying to the lessons of Stalin. The conclusions of the downfall of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the Soviet Union and Albania are:
It is necessary, to achieve a qualitative higher level of socialism to hinder that the remainders of the bourgeoisie within socialist society can return to capitalism. The remainders of the bourgeois class in addition to the recruitment of a new labor-aristocracy within socialism, which all re-gathered strength and which re-conquered the power, we call them »social-bourgeoisie« ( socialist in words, but bourgeois in deeds). The social-bourgeoisie, the new Csars of the Kremlin, was the ruling class of revisionism in power. It developed to the open bourgeoisie of Russia of today. To proceed socialism in Russia and Albania means nothing else as to overthrow the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie by the renewal of the socialist revolution to establish anew proletarian dictatorship.
It is necessary, to achieve a qualitative higher level of socialism by the increasing development of revolutionary class-struggle within socialism. This is, what Lenin and Stalin called to complete class-struggle in the end without hesitation ( straight, without the episode of restored capitalism). So to build up socialism is one thing we learnt from Lenin and Stalin, however to develop socialism on an advanced stage is an other thing and these are the conclusions of Enver Hoxha who successfully defended and developed socialism under the pressure of revisionism in power AND imperialism.
It is necessary, to achieve a qualitative higher level of socialism that leads to the classless society not by neglecting class-struggle, but by increasing class-struggle and by strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat. This has to be practised not only in the sense of pure quantity. The new stage of advanced socialism is characterised not as a quantitative but as a qualitative stage of socialism. This is the way we as Marxist-Leninists understand class-struggle dialectically and not like the revisionists mechanically. Class-struggle and »class-struggle« is neither the same in capitalism nor in socialism. To achieve a qualitative higher level of socialism means to overthrow revisionist conceptions of class-struggle towards the advanced stage of socialism. When Lenin compared the formations of proletarian dictatorship of the Paris Commune with the soviet-system of the Soviet Union, he emphasized, that the system cannot be totally copied and be taken over. The dictatorship of the proletariat produces new forms and characters in the changing times and conditions of the developing socialist society. The renewed dictatorship of the proletariat can not be worked out at the writing-table but develops on the battle-field of class-struggle and by conclusions of historical experiences to avoid future mistakes. If Enver Hoxha followed the Chinese culture-revolution of Mao, Albanian socialism would fail.
This demonstrates that to learn from Enver Hoxha how to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat means to build it up successfully.
It was not by chance that after the death of Enver Hoxha the difference of opinions on these urgent questions expressed the attempts of the revisionists and imperialists to overthrow Albanian socialism. It was the aim of international counter-revolution to lame and liquidate all Marxist-Leninist parties all over the world to isolate socialist Albania and to cut off connections of support and solidarity. There was a hard class-struggle within most of all Marxist-Leninist parties to defend Albanian Marxism-Leninism last not least in Albania itself. The Marxist-Leninists recognized that communism can only be carried forward if they rely on the lessons of Enver Hoxha . This was an important aim, because the support of Enver Hoxha could only mean further development of Marxism-Leninism on an international scale and to overcome the splits within the revolutionary movement that appeared. This decisive struggle is not yet successfully finished. In 1985 it came to pass that we as the Marxist-Leninists within the C P Germany [ML] became a minority in our own party when we defended Stalin and Enver Hoxha. During the process of faction the Trotzkyite majority changed to the international Trotzkyite group of »G I M«, and the Marxist-Leninists strained every nerve to rebuild their nearly liquidated party and to make efforts to renew the disrupted connections to the followers of Enver Hoxha in Albania and to reanimate the old friendship between Enver Hoxha and Ernst Aust, the leader of our party who died probably not by chance in the same year Enver Hoxha died. Socialist Albania was not only isolated by the splits within the brother-parties, but also by their subversive actions within Albania in collaboration with the Albanian revisionist elements of the P L A. The Trotzkyite leaders of the C P Germany [ML] who were infiltrated as StaSi-agents of the social-fascist former GDR and as well agents of the Secret Service of West Germany supported directly the traitors within the P L A to isolate and overthrow the Marxist-Leninist leaders of the P LA. In this way these German counter-revolutionary elements delivered Albania to imperialism and we Marxist-Leninists struggled to avoid it but unfortunately without success. So this is the reason of our present and future obligation we have to bear as members of that party whose Trotzkyite leaders treated Albania so badly, and this is the reason why we have to continue our friendship to Enver Hoxha, to the old P L A , to socialist Albania, to the dictatorship of the proletariat and the Albanian people, that we have to support unconditionally the Marxist-Leninists of present Albania, that we have to struggle for Enver Hoxha as the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism and to overcome our weakness against our enemies, who still collaborate as German »Marxist-Leninists« and Albanian opportunist elements against the Marxist-Leninists in Germany and in Albania. Germany treated Albania not only with fascist occupation but also with the social-fascist overthrow of the last socialist country of the world in the name of »Marxism-Leninism«. And forever we have to remember, that Germany treated the Soviet Union in the same way. Now, everybody can imagine what it means not alone to be a German, but to be a German Marxist-Leninist, what means to carry such heavy weight of guiltiness - struggling a whole live to defend the Soviet-Union and socialist Albania and to state in the end that we were not strong enough to avoid what happened ...so now there remains only honest continuation of our principled, modest struggle - shame and reparation !
The ongoing decisive Albanian armed revolutionary liberation struggle must be seen as the consequent successful continuation of Enver Hoxha`s antifascist armed liberation-struggle against Hitler-fascism as well as anti-social-fascist struggle against Yugoslavia and has the same aim - to free Kosova and to re-conquer the dictatorship of the Albanian proletariat. This righteous resistance-struggle is only baffled by armed support of the world imperialism and this is already a historical fact. The military intervention of NATO is a declaration of bankruptcy and will be in the end nothing else then repeat of Hitler`s defeat in the Balkans. The imperialists declared to punish Milosevic, but they punished the Balkan`s people, they punished their liberation struggle, they punished their revolutionary struggle. This is not a sign of strength but in the contrary a sign of weakness sending bombs to crisis areas within Europe to subjugate them under imperialist power. Imperialism is not able to maintain power without armed interventions within Europe. Albania was the germ cell of a socialist Europe and the liberation struggle of the Albanians is the living proof that the European peoples will not only be successful against social-fascism but also against imperialism. In the sense of Lenin there is no better possibility and chance to transform imperialist armed interventions into civil wars for social and national liberation than today in the Balkans. The objective factors are more than ripe not only in the Balkans, not only in Russia but all over the world. The masses are no longer willing to carry the weight of "globalized" imperialism. They enter to world-revolution. In this connection the revolution in Albania and Russia is a present task, ready to be solved. October Revolution can be revitalized by the renewal of the armed proletarian revolution against the nomenclatura. The correct strategy and tactic depends essentially on the stage of the health`s degree of socialist remainders. Everything that survived as old socialist achievements has unconditionally to be defended, because this is urgently necessary for the preparation of the power`s re-conquest. The condition of the subjective factor has to be analysed carefully. It is the task of the Marxist-Leninists in Russia and Albania to rebuild their Marxist-Leninist party on the old bases of Marxism-Leninism in general and on the lessons of Enver Hoxha in detail.
The imperialists were clever enough to reckon with this situation and they made it complicated in first sight. For example they split the revolutionary movement of the proletariat into nearly hundred »communist« organisations - at least in Russia. With the development of »globalization« they »globalized« the counter-revolutionary instruments in the hands of US-imperialism with support of the revisionists and social-fascists mainly in Russia and Albania. This makes clear, that the re-conquest of proletarians`power is not alone a matter of the proletariat in Russia and Albania. This concerns to the whole Marxist-Leninist World Movement. And so the latter has to analyse its present condition as well. At first we have to manifest the clear ideological line of Enver Hoxha and then we need to break through the barriers of the counter-intelligence which separates, divides and splits us. The Communists in Russia and Albania have urgently and immediately to reactivate their cooperation in continuation of the spirit of the friendship between Enver Hoxha and Stalin, and then - together with the Marxist-Leninist parties of Russia and Albania- contemporarily the cooperation and unification of all Marxist-Leninist parties in the Comintern/ML.
What are the outstanding, creative
peculiarities of the lessons of Enver Hoxha?
Enver Hoxha defended Stalin and the Soviet Union against the camp of Modern Revisionism
It is a matter of fact, that the revolution in Albania was patronized by Stalin and his Red Army under the historical circumstances of the people`s liberation-struggle against Hitler-fascism and Anti-imperialist War. By the lessons of Enver Hoxha the dictatorship of the proletariat could be successfully defended and developed against the Tito- and Soviet-revisionist Subservice activity and later on against the Chinese revisionism and Euro-«communism«. It was a victory in detail and in general against revisionism. In all the other parts of Eastern Europe this victory failed which the Red Army prepared under the leadership of Stalin. The revisionist leaders in all those countries hindered - and Tito and Ulbricht had been the most dangerous wire-pullers - , to apply to the lessons of Stalin consequently to their regional conditions as the Albanians had shown and proved this in practice. Instead of this they thwarted the enforcement of the proletarian revolution and the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat in their own countries. They turned against Marxism-Leninism, persecuted and liquidated the revolutionary comrades who defended Stalin and Enver Hoxha, to take - without hindrances - the capitalist way under the social-imperialist dictation of the new Kremlin-Czares and to take service as traitors and satellite states. They betrayed Stalin and Enver Hoxha, betrayed both the socialist countries, they betrayed the Comintern and the establishment of a strong socialist camp and they betrayed the victory of socialism all over the world and by their collaboration with the imperialists they supported the prolongation and regeneration of world-imperialism after the Anti-imperialist War. They did harm to us as Marxist-Leninists and left behind a difficult starting point that make us troubles up today. These were some of the results of Modern Revisionism getting into power. To take in consideration all these historical circumstances and events the kernel of Enver Hoxha`s classical attitude turns up clear and distinctly:
Fire on the revisionist betrayal ! Development of the strategy and tactic against revisionism in power!
Enver Hoxha defeated Titoite social-fascism and social-imperialism
Enver Hoxha lived next door to the first revisionist and social-fascist country - Tito`s Yugoslavia. And he knew the conditions there very well. This enabled him to improve the critics of Stalin against the Titoites an he defended Albania from Tito`s raid ( you can study this in his works »The Titoites«). And with his »Bloc-Free-Movement« Tito - the worst agent of imperialism in the socialist camp - flocked together counter-revolutionary armed forces against Stalin and his allies, to prepare the subjugation's of the Balkan`s countries. By this Yugoslavia developed the first peculiarities of social-imperialism in power. Lenin already defined social-imperialism as »socialism in words and imperialism in deeds«. With this he then disproved the theory of »ultra«-imperialism of Karl Kautsky, who characterized imperialism as peaceful and able to cross over to socialism automatically to »disprove« Lenin`s theory and tactic of the proletarian revolution. »Ultra«-Imperialism was a theory to impute imperialism as »progressive« to save imperialism from downfall and to disarm its grave-diggers ideologically. Lenin suggested theoretically that the labour-aristocracy could take over the power in a country that until then was not yet the case. However, this was the case in Yugoslavia and at present Nina Andrejewa from Russia takes pattern from Kautsky`s theory of »ultra«-imperialism to re-establish social-imperialism in Russia in reconciliation with Mao.
Enver Hoxha stressed constantly that to resist the revisionists in power needs unfolding the productive forces to strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat. It is already known that the revisionists derived benefit from Kautsky`s theory. To find a way back to capitalism they had to reconcile socialism with imperialism, created by this social-imperialism in power - not different from imperialists`s nature but only disguised. Under Stalin the attack of the German imperialists was repelled by the unity of the soviets of workers, peasants and soldiers and Enver Hoxha melted them together to mobilize the productive forces burst open the double blockade of imperialism and social-imperialism. The unity of workers, peasants and soldiers following the revolutionary political line of armed class-struggle and the armed self-defence of the people was the successful answer to cope with imperialism and the encirclement. These are lessons for the whole world proletariat.
Also the definition of social-fascism was given by Lenin : »socialism in words and fascism in deeds«. Social-democratism led to social-fascism and in Germany the revolutioary leaders of the old KPD were murdered and Yugoslavia became the first revisionist country with social-fascism in power. Already in the Soviet-Union Stalin led the sharp class-struggle successfully against social-fascist, counter-revolutionary attempts of the class-enemies to smash the dictatorship of the proletariat and to bring the new soviet bourgeoisie into power. The hidden and open attacks of all the anti-socialist forces, the conspiracy of the collaborators of the Nazi-fascists were uncovered and liquidated victoriously. Comrade Enver Hoxha analysed the oppression-system of the revisionists in power as social-fascism in Yugoslavia applying to the lessons of Stalin and thwarted Tito`s counter-revolutionary conspirators to destroy proletarian dictatorship within Albania. The nature of social-fascism is pure fascism. Fascism aims against the proletarian(!) workers, the proletarian peasants and the proletarian soldiers to annihilate them physically. Soviets were smashed at first in the Soviet-union respectively some elements became aristocratisized and were recruited as most important parts of the new growing bourgeoisie in the heart of socialism. This also happened to Albania by the traitor Ramiz Alia. So it is an urgent task of the Marxist-Leninists of today to finish the struggle for the destruction of social-fascism and social-imperialism until victory. The reactionary alliance of intellectual petty bourgeoisie and labour-aristocracy has to be broken on the foundation of the lessons of Enver Hoxha.
We, as the Marxist-Leninists, were the only ones who called for the proletarian revolution to smash down social-fascism of Milosevich and calling for Red Interbrigades to fight for the social and national liberation of the people in Kosova. The call for self-determination was Leninist and justified but had to be combined with the struggle for social revolutionary liberation against social-imperialism, social-fascism and bourgeois nationalism as well as against imperialist war of NATO countries and to transform anti-imperialist war to revolutionary civil war. We called for the re-conquest of the dictatorship of the proletariat in Albania. We called for socialist revolutions in all involved Balkan`countries, especially for the proletarian, anti-social-fascist revolution of the Serbs, and for a united, independent, socialist Balkan with equal rights to all countries as the final solution of the crisis area in the whole south-east Europe. We called for carrying the revolutionary flame from there to the whole Europe with the aim to smash European imperialism and to build up socialist European countries, to build up a socialist Europe to smash the present imperialist Europe with imperialist wars . This political line was a deeply line of proletarian Internationalism, was a revolutionary line. The furious reaction of all the revisionists against us showed us that we had learnt the lessons of Enver Hoxha, and that we have to continue in this direction, because there are still social-imperialist and social-fascist countries in the world which have to be overthrown not alone Milosevich.
If the proletarian revolution in Germany would be victorious, world - imperialism with the USA at the top would have lost its backbone. This attempt was formerly baffled by Hitler, later on baffled by the social-fascists Ulbricht, Honecker and StaSi-Wolf in collobaration with imperialism in Western Germany, who took care that the degeneration of the old honorable KPD (C P Germany 1918/19) succeeded and that the party of continuation - the C P Germany [ML] of comrade Ernst Aust, the founder in 1968/69 - was nearly completely liquidated. But the punished C P Germany [ML] did n`t hesitate to continue the struggle against StaSi-social-fascism on the base of Marxism-Leninism in Germany and all over the world. This was the continuation of the struggle which connected comrade Ernst Aust and comrade Enver Hoxha. To show the world how dangerous social-fascism can be, we give an example. The social-fascists (former agents of the social-fascist GDR, StaSi) boast of themselves to be the remainders of »representatives« of the illegal - now (by themselves) liquidated - section of the C P Germany [ML] in the former Eastern part of Germany - under formation of the StaSi-agent`s »party-majority« of many smuggled in »party-members« paid by the social-fascist state of the GDR. This meant: the revolutionaries of the GDR-section were spied and had to leave their own party by underground illegality and had to hide, whilst the Stasi-«party-members« occupied and took over the organisation. From that time on when the situation became not dangerous the rats crept out of their hole to continue their subversive activities legally as » normal Party-members«. This was finally a »masterpiece« of German social-fascism, because the true old comrades of the section and also in the Western part of Germany are still persecuted by the same (!) StaSi-agents who now work for the the German and US-Secret Service after the anti-socialist revolution in the GDR. These StaSi agents are after all leaders of the slandering bubble-party »Möller/ KPD« ( they are members of »Unity&Struggle«) to paralyse the revolutionary struggle of the C P Germany [ML] as well as other Marxist-Leninists in the world. The liquidation - attempts began when the GDR section was founded in 1975 and also in the Western section in Ernst Aust`s lifetime. The C P Germany [ML] is known as the only Marxist-Leninist Party all over the world that struggled to the same time against imperialism and social-imperialism in power within a divided nation. We developed new principles how to combine national and social class-struggle co-ordinated in two sections of the country - especially in the question of anti-revisionism. Comrade Ernst Aust as one of the best friends of Comrade Enver Hoxha and we are very thankful, that Enver Hoxha helped us to find the right path of Marxism-Leninism under the particular and difficult conditions of our country. So we had to struggle against the revisionists in power and the revisionists in the imperialist part of the country who both supported the bourgeoisie in East AND West collaborating against our party not only restricted on Secret Service activities. In 1985 the »Möller/KPD« split from the C P Germany [ML] to organize the ongoing attempts of the final liquidation of the C P Germany [ML].
Enver Hoxha`s work »Imperialism and Revolution«
Enver Hoxha as an Architect of Marxism-Leninism neither devaluates nor compensates the significance of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin - in the contrary. There were no different »new principles« he found out, but he came to new conclusions and cognition under the changing conditions of the society in his time. One of the most important lessons of Marxism-Leninism is not to defend it in the sense of conservation but in defence of the achievements, the valuable experiences of socialism in the Soviet-Union and Albania to apply to it to ease the future way of world revolution, to finish October Revolution successfully. There is no socialist country any more, but if we consider the October Revolution as a victory against the upcoming, developing imperialism, the completion of the October-Revolution will be a victory over the going off and dying off imperialism. So the successfully finished October Revolution will begin with a great future of communism. In the context of international consideration the formation of a new world center of revolutionary movements of the proletariat all over the world, a new center of Marxism-Leninism - that changed from Soviet-Union to Albania - is needed. With this we have to carry on and to create new supplements of Marxism-Leninism in the spirit of the 5 Architects Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha. Conscious about the fact that the lessons of Enver Hoxha - 16 years after his death - are not enough known and spread within the world`s proletariat and the Marxist-Leninists , especially in Russia and China - this will be a task of urgent necessity. It is impossible and not the intention to appreciate Enver`s great theories in this context, so we organized a new »Enver Hoxha Archive« on the internet-website
So, now we continue with limited essential kernels of Enver`s works. Under the continuous crisis of world-imperialism Enver Hoxha defended Lenin`s theory of proletarian revolution as well as Lenin`s theory of imperialism - analysed in his famous work »Imperialism&Revolution«. Among others he pointed out the character of the restoration of capitalism and the development of social-imperialism. Capitalism re-conquered old bastions, but not in their former condition and formation. The rotting, parasitizing process of imperialism is characteristic for social-imperialism. The degeneration and destruction of socialist organized production-forces and their loss of control, the extremely increasing contradictions with state-capitalist production-relations burst out not by chance but consequentially in Russia and after the death of Enver Hoxha also rapidly in Albania. You only need to have a look on suffer, harm, injury, poverty, destitution and chaotic »living« conditions of the Russian and Albanian people of today! And we, as proletarian internationalists, are not allowed to ignore their situation without consequences of putting our solidarity in question. Nobody can feel with socialist workers who lost the dictatorship of the proletariat, condemned to vegetate under capitalist conditions! Solidarity with the former socialist countries is not finished with the end of their socialist times. In the contrary, the true and earnest solidarity of proletarian internationalism can be seen and proved, if it is continued and increased AFTER the downfall of the dictatorship of the proletariat on the bases of the lessons of Enver Hoxha! This is not only duty but thankfulness to those socialist people who were then victimized by their revisionist traitors. Proletarian Internationalism will die off, if the world `s proletariat forgets the proletariat in Russia and Albania. The lessons of Proletarian Internationalism consist of stiffening the back of the proletariat in Russia and Albania and not to stab them in the back after the revisionists re-conquered the power of capitalism. With their World-Congress in Toronto in September 2001 the revisionists all over the world unite in the name of the Soviet people, in the name of Marxism-Leninism, in the name of the Soviet Union, in the name of socialism, in the name of the October Revolution, AGAINST the Soviet people, AGAINST Marxism-Leninism, AGAINST the Soviet Union, AGAINST socialism, AGAINST continuation of October Revolution with the only aim to re-conquest Russian revisionism in power, with the aim to continue the revisionist path of the degenerated III. Comintern and to smash the new foundation of the COMINTERN [ML] ! The Russian Mafia was NOT imported by Western imperialism, but the consequent development and product of the restoration of capitalism by the soviet-revisionists themselves, the consequent development of Russian social-imperialism by the Russian new bourgeoisie in collaboration WITH world-imperialism. There is generally no difference between the old social-imperialists and the Russian Mafia of today. Only revisionists can make such differences. So we have to draw a demarcation-line of proletarian internationalism and the betrayal of the World-Congress in Toronto - tolerated by world-imperialism, because revisionists cannot overcome revisionism and unity with revisionists leads to revisionism, means getting out of the frying-pan into the fire. Proletarian Internationalism means solidarity with the Russian people AGAINST all branches of revisionism, otherwise it would be revisionist internationalism, revisionist solidarity, solidarity with the bourgeoisie against the people. Solidarity with the Soviet people can never be organized under the leadership of the enemies of the Soviet people. Solidarity with the Soviet people can only be organized by Marxist-Leninists who apply to the lessons of Stalin AND Enver Hoxha. There is nothing to say against solidarity with the Soviet people, however we as proletarian internationalists, we as Marxist-Leninists, are not friends of separated solidarity, because both of the two former socialist countries need our support in the same way. We cannot exclude the solidarity with the Albanian people. Only revisionists do ignore this necessity that you cannot speak about Stalin without Enver Hoxha, and not about solidarity with the Soviet people without solidarity with the Albanian people.
World - Revolution will never be victorious, if these lessons of Proletarian Internationalism will rest on a revisionist foundation. This would also mean to ignore the important, revolutionary, future role of the proletariat in the former socialist countries. To neglect the support of their renewed anti-revisionist, socialist revolution in detail would mean to neglect the world revolution in general, because both are dialectically and historically combined. If the proletariat does not base on the first generation of socialism there will be no advanced next generation of socialism!
Enver Hoxha laid down the foundation to step towards a new socialism in power by his work »Imperialism and Revolution«. The socialist economy of the Soviet-Union of Lenin an Stalin and of Enver Hoxha`s Albania were the material basis of flourishing socialist society, the bulwark against imperialist interference, was the germ - cell of future communism, exemplary for the world proletariat. So what is the present conclusion of the famous call of Marx and Engels »Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!« applied to the lessons of Enver Hoxha?
Proletarians of all countries, unite in your socialist world revolution, establish, respectively re-establish the dictatorship of the proletariat - not restricted in only two countries or as much as possible countries, but in a l l countries over the world.
The myth of the »end of the era of communism« has been broken down. Social-imperialism did n o t protect imperialism from downfall, but forced the pace of rotting, accelerated the coming end of imperialism. Look at the detrimental and depth effect of Stalin`s victory in his Great Patriotic War against world-imperialism. Last not least the former dictatorship of the proletariat still effects positively universal history though it ended to exist in reality. Also the victory of Marxism-Leninism over revisionism and social-imperialism is indeed still a defeat of the whole imperialist world. If you consider the catastrophic remainders of social-imperialism you can imagine how difficult it would be for world-imperialism to have the knack of the revolutionary proletarian movements in Russia and Albania.
Enver Hoxha unmasked Mao-ism
Enver Hoxha emphasized that imperialism cannot hinder revolution ultimately, and even not a social-imperialist country like China. In his works Enver Hoxha unmasked revisionist Maoism irrefutably as the ideological roots-effect of Chinese social-imperialism. So, Chinese capitalist development is not an appearance of turning away from Mao Tsetung Thought, but in the contrary the result of applying to it in different ways. Therefore it is very important to build up a true Marxist-Leninist Party on the base of the lessons of Enver Hoxha to start the illegal struggle against social-fascism and social-imperialism within the heart of social-imperialist China - because it is incendiary dangerous and in strong power.
Enver Hoxha verified that Mao is - under no circumstances and to no time an Architect of Marxism-Leninism, not even a Marxist-Leninist. Confessing he operates with Marxism-Leninism but only with pieces and elements which he combined and collected as an eclectic amalgamation of anti-Marxist-Leninist philosophies he gathered from traditional roots of the old China.
In his report on the 6th Congress of the P L A comrade Enver Hoxha emphasized:
Without pillory and reject Mao Tsetung Thought, without struggling and eradicate their influences on the revolutionary movement you neither can talk about the struggle against Chinese revisionism nor about the struggle against revisionism in general, the Marxist-Leninist Movement will not be consolidated and developed in the necessary proportion, the matter of revolution cannot make headway successfully.«
The decision of Enver Hoxha against Mao helped us Marxist-Leninist, not to deviate from the Marxist-Leninist path, not to disorientate, not to make decisive mistakes. His decision was not only a victory over Chinese revisionism, but over revisionism in general, especially over the most dangerous casting of the skin after Krushchev came to power. The present decision for Enver Hoxha as the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism against Mao is a further victory, because the Neo-Revisionists tried to proclaim Mao as the follower of Stalin, to allure us to an impasse. In times of stagnation, weakness and deceleration, in times of revisionism came to power, especially younger comrades do not only feel enthusiastic about old powerful times of Stalin but were as well influenced by revisionist flowers of Mao Tsetung Thought as »creative developments« of Marxism-Leninism. The personal-cult of Mao influenced many young comrades in the end of the 60th and in the beginning of the 70th. To overcome revisionism there were sectarian deviations, and me, I know what I talk about. There were - besides of Enver Hoxha - single comrades all over the world, who criticised Mao Tsetung Thought as anti-Marxist-Leninist and they were punished for saying the truth. If we refuse to appreciate Mao, this will not mean simultaneously that we generally refuse to appreciate a 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism. We have obviously done away with this accusation.
The classical theory of Enver Hoxha is the revolutionary struggle against social-imperialism and social-fascism, and so we have to say that the murder-bandits of Pol Pot in Cambodia are the monstrous product of Chinese social-imperialism and that the Chinese social-imperialists planned the same with Albania. Only the vigilance of the P L A and comrade Enver Hoxha at the top did prevent this crime. Both the Russian and the Chinese social-imperialists had their finger in the pie to subjugate Albania, but both again burnt their fingers. Enver Hoxha uncovered, that the C P of China led the struggle against soviet-revisionism and soviet-social-imperialism not from the base of Marxism-Leninism, but to avert their own Chinese revisionism to bring in power and to expand their own social-imperialism as their striving after world-hegemony can be seen nowadays.This is the reason, why Maoism was spread all over the world. So, consequently it was a matter of fact that the armed skirmish of these two social-imperialist countries was a sign of struggling for world-imperialist hegemony in competition with Western imperialism.
And again it is a matter of fact that the peoples of Afghanistan were victorious with their heroic armed revolutionary liberation struggle against the Russian aggressors and occupants and that they became the first in the world who let social-imperialism go to the devil!
The Overthrow of Enver Hoxha and the
Finally after the death of Enver Hoxha the Albanian social-fascists themselves arose their rat-heads under the leadership of the traitor Ramiz Alia and they destroyed the Albanian proletarian dictatorship from inside with support and with collaboration with the imperialists and social-imperialists from outside who planned this - step by step - long time ago when Enver Hoxha was still alive. Within shortest time the imperialists were plundering Albania. It was the same person named Ramiz Alia who once appeared against Modern Revisionism and who arranged and commanded the fall of Enver Hoxha`s and Stalin`s monuments in Tirana. Ramiz Alia talked big about Enver Hoxha in public, holding his knife behind his garment. But Enver Hoxha and the P L A are immortal. The people`s blood and misery was not Enver Hoxha`s guilt, he was neither a mass-murderer nor a cruel dictator. They took over Krushchev`s hidden and then wildly open attack against Stalin and did it with Enver Hoxha in the same way. We know, that the real comrades who follow Stalin and Enver Hoxha, are persecuted not only by the social-fascists in Russia and Albania, but also by the Secret Services of Western imperialism with the CIA on the top. Class-struggle goes on and the revolutionary guns have not yet spoken their last words. And we certainly shall continue to analyze the reasons of the overthrow of Enver Hoxha, to learn from our faults how to differ »Anti-Revisionism« in words from Anti-Revisionism in deeds.
We Marxist-Leninists are adversaries of
personal cult on Enver Hoxha
Defeats were always the »guilt« and the »responsibility« of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism but never their traitor`s, who were over and above rehabilitated by our enemies. Deficiencies of personalities were equated with revolutionary politics and played off against each other. If the enemies` political arguments run short, they snatch at personal attacks. The bourgeoisie makes always a point of the proletarian`s self-guiltiness, if they trust in the »heridoxy« of the Architects of Marxism-Leninism. Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha are no religious idols we had to adore. We are not will-less and blind followers. We love and we revere to them, but we are adversaries of personal cult. The proletariat never indulged in their leaders in a manner of personal cult. We are not the »sectarians« or »Ultra-lefties«, that our adversaries like to make us believe. We are not the »Holy Grails Guardians« of the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism, as we are named. Personal cult is part of the ideological armoury of the bourgeoisie`s agency within the revolutionary movement, the holy alliance of intellectual petty bourgeoisie and labour-aristocracy. The revisionists bow to the leaders of the proletariat to smash them down, look atKhrushchev and Ramiz Alia. Don`t forget that even remarkable representatives of the bourgeoisie are openly »enthusiastic« about the one or the other Architect of Marxism-Leninism only to abuse them for their purpose of great-power-chauvinism, imperialism, nationalism and reaction. We Marxist-Leninists have never measured the seriousness of the oath of allegiance to our leaders only by words, but by standing the test of their lessons in the fire of the daily class-struggle.
For us Marxist-Leninists there exists no so-called »Hoxha-Question« !
This question is only posed by our adversaries, because - on principle - they disown Enver Hoxha even as a Marxist. We remember this at one time, when the so-called »Stalin-Question« was posed. Therefore we ourselves draw the necessary demarcation-line against right AND »left« opportunism in this question that both together do attack our principled attitude to the irrefutable lessons of Enver Hoxha:
In accordance with all Marxist-Leninists all over the world, in accordance with all the future representatives and members of the COMINTERN [ML], exists basically completely clearness and unity about the fact, that Enver Hoxha is the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism.
We have to explain the importance of Enver Hoxha to the proletariat. We have to spread, to teach, to learn, and to apply to his lessons and to defend attacks and reproaches against him. We have to educate the revolutionaries and the proletariat in the spirit of Enver Hoxha and last not least we have to develop his lessons creatively under changing political conditions.
The admission of a new comrade as member of a Marxist-Leninist Party, his activities as a party-member in the daily class-struggle, depends not on entirely clearness about the so-called »Hoxha-Question«. You cannot expel him because of unclearness. In consideration that we ourselves needed 16 years to ask and answer this question, we had to be expelled as well. We are not allowed to blur principled steadiness with sectarianism.
We do stress this so instantly, because of the common attack of the right opportunists (»Koch-faction«) AND simultaneously the »left« opportunists (»Möller-faction«) on the 5th Congress of the C P Germany [ML], against the Marxist-Leninists and our former chairman Ernst Aust - we defended Stalin within Germany like no others - in the so-called »Stalin-Question« in the middle of the 80th . This led to a deep split, to the nearly liquidation of our party. We have to take care that this will not happen to us a second time in the so-called »Hoxha-Question«.
There is no use to initiate the so-called »Stalin-Question«, or the so-called »Hoxha-Question«. Out of this ideological sharp struggle the Marxist-Leninists come off as winners and our adversaries will be discredited. Always and to any time the critics to "disprove" the Architects of Marxism-Leninism, are beginning with the last one and ending with the first one, to "disprove" finally Marxism-Leninism as a whole. They attack Enver Hoxha and they really mean Stalin, they "disprove" Stalin and really mean Lenin, they neglect Marx and Engels and reject the whole communist idea. This is the way and direction of revisionism beginning with "ultra-leftism"and ends in open anti-communist bourgeois ideology, ends upon the dung-hill of history as to be seen in Russia and Albania. At least it was Enver Hoxha who excellently disproved the "Stalin-Questioneers". As experienced communist fighters we don`t expect thankfulness from our adversaries putting Enver on the podium that Marxism-Leninism can survive. Insults of »pro-Hoxhaites« do not offend us and the insults of »Stalinists« (»Enver Hoxha=Stalinist«), the hobby-horse of the Trotkyites cannot disgrace us either. Let the adversaries turn the table on us when they occupy the position of »true defenders and followers of Enver Hoxha« to name us »charlatans«. Nothing and nobody can deny or stop the lessons of Enver Hoxha, not even with »left« tricks. As communists we don`t fear physical and mental annihilation and fascist persecutes, we did n`t fear the prisons of the fascists and social-fascists in our country and nowhere else in the world.
Enver Hoxha unmasked Modern Revisionism,
what came next?
The crop up of Neo-Revisionism and how
Modern Revisionism casts it`s skin
It is the nature of revisionism to imitate Marxism-Leninism to mislead the Marxist-Leninists and to argue us out of our revolutionary way. Revisionism tries to beat Marxism-Leninism with its own weapons. The revisionists claim to be »Marxist-Leninists«, to creep into the top of the party by enmeshing the leaders, owing to »unmask« the true Marxist-Leninist leaders as »party-enemies« to run them down and then out with them to take over the power. Revisionism is the ideology of the bourgeoisie in the communist and workers movement, when in power - or not in power, nationally or internationally. Revisionism is as old as Marxism-Leninism itself and the instrument to hinder the loss of bourgeois`power, to bring it back to power or to recruit a new bourgeoisie for the re-conquest of power after its assumption by the proletariat. History showed us: revisionism strives for, comes into, establishes and re-conquests power of the bourgeoisie with the mask of Marxism-Leninism. Remember, how Enver Hoxha struggled simultaneously against all the branches of Modern Revisionism who all aimed together against Marxism-Leninism, though they struggled against each other, just in the general way the bourgeoisie acts also under open capitalist conditions. The main class-base of the agents within the communist movement is the petty bourgeoisie with the intelligentsia and the labor-aristocracy especially their collaboration against the revolutionary proletariat and its allies. Whereby the labour-aristocracy mainly represents the right opportunism and the intelligentsia, the petty bourgeoisie, represents the »left« opportunism.
Communism is shot down and goes slow, if we don`t analyse the nature of revisionism and it`s changing forms in the developing process of class-struggle, if we don`t smash it up, if we come too late or if we need too much time, if we are not able to foresee and look through revisionism - then we cannot struggle against the revisionist germ-cell from the very start. The more we let it grow and spread, the more efforts is needed to cope with revisionism or revisionism will cope with Marxism-Leninism in the end as to be seen in Russia and Albania. We don`t put on kid-gloves, revisionists don`t do it either. Revisionism is forever dangerous, but not an imperative insoluble appendage, or part, or element of Marxism-Leninism ( in the sense of the Maoist theory that revisionism is needed as a counter-part, as a »necessary« condition of the development of Marxism-Leninism). If the revisionists rise their heads, we have to knock them down again and again. Only in case of neglecting of cleaning and vigilance, in case of dirt heaps up, in case of carelessness and blind confidence, in case of abandon class-struggle, in case of receding our revolutionary way, in case of slackening principles or - in the contrary, if we overdo everything, in case of sectarianism and »left« doctrinairism, the danger of revisionism crops up not e l s e !
The working people create their riches and prosperity by hard work, however the parasites will only profit by exploitation. Revisionism is the well known slogan and definition: »Socialism in words, capitalism in deeds!« Adaptability, cast it skin, disguise, parasitized attitude, magic hoods, feints and attempted deceptions, establishment of barriers at all fronts of class-struggle, aggravation and hindrance of our communist work, the efforts of splits and deviations, dispersion of our forces, reconciliation of classes, opportunist unity -making and compact-making without principles, to force us upon the revisionist course and to degenerate and liquidate our organisations, to wear down our comrades and to hinder them to uphold their principles and to break their conscious discipline or to soften it, to capitulate, to influence them with bourgeois ideology, to back-mail, persecute and kill them in case of need, deprivation of our life`s base, to isolate us from the masses, from the working class, from the revolutionary movement, from our majority, to call us »sectarians« and »dogmaticians«, to paste up the truth, to play us off against each other, to allure us on the wrong track - all this and more is part of the enlargement of the armoury of the revisionists. And we should not endanger ourselves, if we neglect to practice earnestly and solidly the principle of critics and self-critics. If we refuse to uncover our faults and if we don`t rectify them we get into the revisionist track or we are at the mercy of revisionist waves. The hardened revisionist tactic is, however, to simulate »self-critics« to creep into our confidence. This simulation of »anti-revisionism« is a phenomenon of present time and has to be unmasked. It is meanwhile the fashion to call oneself »anti-revisionist« - this sounds »revolutionary« and everybody likes to be so. No revisionist would like to be called »revisionist«. Only block-heads would fall for the same old arguments of the traditional modern revisionists. Under these circumstances the demarcation-line against former modern revisionism makes no sense anymore, is very dangerous, because the modern revisionists call themselves »anti-revisionists«. They `ve learnt a little bit from history.
By this dilemma revisionism again becomes dangerous in general, if it is once more MASKED. So what differs anti-revisionism from »anti-revisionism«? To be or not to be - that is here the question! We need to know what we are speaking about and what we mean. To struggle against modern revisionism in words and to practice revisionism in deeds - that is a new variety of modern revisionism, disguised or »verkappter« revisionism (as Lenin formulated in original German language). This variety of revisionism under conditions of today is still » a nobody«. So we enter a new term into the terminology of Marxism-Leninism ( and we worked it out after nearly ten years of research):
NEO - REVISIONISM
To be precisely, we add the definition of the meaning of Neo-Revisionism. So what do we understand by Neo-Revisionism?
WE UNDERSTAND BY NEO-REVISIONISM ALL VARIETIES OF BOURGEOIS IDEOLOGY, THAT ARE HIDDEN BEHIND MODERN REVISIONISM, THAT STRUGGLE AGAINST MODERN REVISIONISM ONLY BY MARXIST-LENINIST WORDS, THAT TRY TO ACHIEVE RECONCILIATION WITH MODERN REVISIONISM, AND THAT CAST THEIR SKIN RESPECTIVELY WILL CAST THEIR SKIN IN FUTURE.
Without making difference between Modern Revisionism and Neo-Revisionism, without taking note of the fact, that Neo-Revisionism developed independently out of Modern Revisionism, that Neo-Revisionism is a new branch of Modern Revisionism, with new quality and a world wide movement of it`s own that developed from the Marxist-Leninist Movement in their struggle against Modern Revisionism, without the new anti-neorevisionist struggle, we can not any more speak about anti-revisionist struggle, the struggle against revisionism becomes a hollow phraseology, the anti-revisionist struggle will then change from a proletarian struggle into a bourgeois struggle, the anti-revisionist struggle is t h e n harmless for the bourgeoisie.
Who lowers demarcation-line on the level of the old political conditions of Modern Revisionism in times of Enver Hoxha and who will not rise the demarcation-line on the new level of Neo-Revisionism, is a revisionist objectively, but not a true Marxist-Leninist, who is able to analyse the developments and changes of revisionism, who understands the rules of the nature of revisionism in the times of changing society and not only rest in historical dimensions of former times. What will be the consequences, if we ignore to rise the level of demarcation-line against revisionism? With this sin of omission we would allow, that the revisionist succeed to pass over the old demarcation-line without harm. We kick the revisionists out of the front door, but we let them in through the back door. By this it is impossible to struggle successfully against revisionism - and that is what the situation is like - worldwide. Revisionism grows, though we struggle against it - because we struggle with old useless and harmless weapons! Under these circumstances we cannot earnestly maintain that we defend the lessons of Enver Hoxha not to mention the development of the lessons of Enver Hoxha. All this ends with fruitless running after the revisionists, ends with running after the worker`s movement and the demarcation-line is led to ad absurdum, is only a fig-leaf for the revisionists to fulfill their mission without hindrances, to confuse the proletariat and its vanguard. We have to learn the lessons of Enver Hoxha, that we have to struggle against ALL branches of revisionism especially those that come up by new forms. So did Enver Hoxha as well, when Modern Revisionism came up.
The general process of casting one`s skin - the
dialectically processing rule of revisionism
We have already specified some important and usual phenomena of revisionism, but with quantitative growths we cannot be contented. Marxist-Leninists consider phenomena not as severed, independent and incoherent. Before we have an explanation with neo-revisionism it is easier to understand the nature, the theory and rules of revisionism. To make it clearer we have to apply to the method of the dialectical and historical materialism. We have to discover the recurrent process of super-session from one variety or form of revisionism to the next, to another, we have to consider the formation, the birth and the dying off, transistorises of revisionism. We need to uncover the immanent struggles of contradictions, the transition from quantity into quality. The casting from the old into the new skin, the process of sloughing, is not anything new and can be recognized in the following example:
Let`s take the Krushchev - Revisionism. It is not so up-to-date as in times of Enver Hoxha and so to speak it is a variety of modern revisionism that came out of fashion.
Besides, some comrades speak about the »end and uselessness« of Krushchev-Revisionism in present time, because it was needed in times of socialism to restore capitalism. Today, no revisionist needs to restore capitalism because it is already restored. But this is only half the truth, because Krushchev-Revisionism was not only a phenomenon of the Soviet-Union. It was also used against socialist Albania and as well internationally as agency of the imperialist and capitalist world. Krushchev-Revisionism lamed and strangled the Marxist-Leninist World Movement and had social-fascist character, extinguished the proletarian world revolution and liberation struggle of the peoples. Therefore the Krushchev-Revisionism is still dangerous especially with its hidden, masked appearance, if it casts its old skin and develops as Neo-Krushchev-Revisionism. When the traditional forms of Krushchev-Revisionism were already unmasked, this does not mean, that Krushchev-Revisionism is defeated forever. We may not underestimate Modern Revisionism when we concentrate our struggle against its branch Neo-Revisionism. Connections between Modern Revisionism and Neo-Revisionism still exist and are flowing into one another. In case of working out necessary distinctive marks we have to be aware neither to equalize nor to separate them not dialectically.
Nevertheless we can demonstrate the dialectical process of the revisionism`s cast of skin. The qualitative starting-point in our example is the point, when it was pretended by the revisionists - that class-struggle »dies off« in the same way socialism develops ( to the higher, advanced stage towards communism).
Instead of this, Lenin and Stalin spoke about growing and sharpening class-struggle in the prospering process of socialism and to carry on with class-struggle until the victory over the outside and inside bourgeois class-enemies - without any hesitation, stagnation or interruption, considered that the revolutionary course is not always going straight ways. This was the situation between the 19th and 20th Congress. The appearances of these bureaucratic forms of deviations were discovered and set in the pillory on the 19th Congress - the last Congress with Stalin. So the continuation of revisionism depended on the successful ability to disappear from the surface to survive and to grow and increase under hidden conditions. Revisionism inheres in getting masked to power, that`s the only impulsion within socialism. The task of the revisionists then was to find a method for transition from the so called »bureaucratic socialism« to Modern Revisionism, to revised socialism. This method was the Krushchev-Revisionism. First Krushchev masked his intentions behind applauding Stalin and so he installed personal cult on Stalin to get everywhere confidence. So, nobody would cast suspicion on him as the traitor. Krushchev arranged a perfect congruency between his and Stalin`s position. Only under this conditions the new revisionist skin could grow under the old one. After sufficient time of growing that passed by - by the formation of his followers - Krushchev criticized Stalin`s steadiness of principles as not to be »sufficient« to cope with the »pragmatic« problems of socialism, first he criticized hidden and then more and more openly. On the next stage criticizm was increased as »dogmatic faults«, »stricklings for principles«, »dogmatism« etc. Then he turned the tables after Stalin`s death and pretended Stalin`s »dogmatism« as the reason for coming up fossilized bureaucratic socialism caused by the symptoms of »old age of Stalin and his Bolshevist contemporaries«. Principles of building up socialism under the dictatorship of the proletariat were rejected as »obsolete« and » gone out of date«. Socialism in the Soviet Union reach a stage which needed new revolutionary impulses, however instead of applying to Stalin`s foundations of economical development of socialism in the beginning 50th, Krushchev turned the ship towards capitalism. Mainly after Stalin`s death Krushchev took advantage of this harmful situation and it came to the point to cast the old skin. The old skin was used to put it as a »right deviation«. So Krushchev did this not as Marxist-Leninist, but as a manoeuvre to place his new line of modern revisionism as the so called "continuation of Marxism-Leninism under new socialist developments". Time became ripe to get rid of Stalin and his lessons and to "defend" Lenin "against" Stalin and not only the Trotzkyites applauded when Krushchev accused Stalin first hidden and then openly as a "mass-murderer" and "dictator". He accused Stalin having installed his own personal cult, that was in reality created by Krushchev as a tactic to overthrow Stalin. Not only Stalin`s lessons were swept off the left edge of the revisionist table , but the whole dictatorship of the proletariat, the whole Soviet Union as the first and strongest and biggest socialist country that mankind has ever seen. This was the way, when the first time revisionism got the power. Under-estimations of revisionism had to be paid dearly in Albania later on. These are lessons we never forget.
To avoid misunderstandings, revisionism`s process of coming to power took not place steadily as a quantitative slow matter, as figures are moved on the chess-board, However, there was a bitter and enormous class-struggle, huge contradictions colliding and clashing between bourgeoisie and proletariat within socialism, within the party. The whole old revolutionary Bolshevist guard was not simply kicked off. The Marxist-Leninists struggled bravely for a fight dead or alive. We have to remember this, because the revisionists hid the ongoing process behind a "Leninist socialism" , that would develop automatically and would be durable as an »imperturbable«, solid permanency. These revisionist lies were needed to hide the ongoing increasing process of capitalist restoration. So we can summarize that in the end Krushchev was not really struggling »against« bureaucratic deviations but he installed state-capitalism. The socialist order was replaceable by the capitalist order in new particular formations and the capitalist order replaceable by a new socialist order.
The process of casting its skin is NOT unavoidable or necessary, if we are vigilant and resolute communists who learnt their lessons of the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism. We always have to stir up the revolutionary flame of the proletariat ( however not in a sectarian habit!) , so that the proletariat can use the sledge-hammer against the bourgeoisie. The conclusion is: never let the revolutionary heat extinguish!
The new skin always begins at first to grow, when the old skin is discovered and earnestly injured by the Marxist-Leninists to be endangered not to survive. So this is the reason why the old skin is further needed, so far it is necessary. We have to understand this dialectical process in the historical context. The skin is lively connected with an organic, bourgeois and capitalist kernel in a society at times. The skin is needed to feed the remainders of the bourgeois class and its germ- cell of new labour-aristocracy that developed within socialist society, so that the kernel can steadily grow up. And the more we scare at the sloughing snake, the faster the snake will devour or strangle us before we have cut off the head. Krushchev was cool enough to abuse the glory reputation of Lenin`s and Stalin`s Soviet Union shamelessly with the intention to block all anti-revisionist critics as attacks against »socialism« and used his social-fascist instruments against all the brave comrades and parties who began to struggle against Krushchev - with comrade Enver Hoxha on the top. So, in this spirit he applied to the lessons of Stalin, we have to apply to the lessons of the P L A with comrade Enver Hoxha on the top, otherwise we would fail to finish the struggle against revisionism.
Let`s take the revisionist attack against the proletarian dictatorship in general, the heart-piece of socialism. The dictatorship of the proletariat is the starting - point that the revisionists make us believe to »defend« and »strengthen« in words, but in deeds they paralyse it to let the new skin grow beneath, step by step until they have collected their followers, strong enough and ready to establish the dictatorship of the new bourgeoisie pretended to be the »dictatorship of the proletariat« - and this is the establishment of social-fascism in power! When the new ruling class has ensured power and disarmed the proletariat and its allies, then they cast their old skin that is not any longer needed to oppress and exploit the proletariat openly and lead the counter-revolution brutally against the resistance of the workers, peasants and soldiers. This is a closed process in Russia and Albania. Whereas in China and other former people`s republics never existed any real dictatorship of the proletariat. In Cuba as well the bourgeoisie does not need the revisionist skin of the »dictatorship of the proletariat« - the process of degeneration is far developed as social-fascist countries. And the »Euro«communists, who were unmasked by Enver Hoxha, never again talk big about communism, at best they talk about »democratic socialism«. They have thrown over board the whole Marxist-Leninist terminology to receive once confidence by the native bourgeoisie and by the international capital. Today they are already a factor of order and totally integrated within the capitalist system of their countries.
So as well as Krushchev a l l revisionists impersonate themselves as »Anti-revisionists«, to hide their own revisionism: »Anti-revisionism in words, revisionism in deeds!« This concerns also to the remaining revisionist countries that call themselves »socialist«.
Krushchev abused the well known principled Bolshevist simultaneous ideological party-struggle against right wing and »left«wing opportunism. In principle »Möller/KPD« abuses this also against us Marxist-Leninists in Germany. This phenomenon occurs mainly in slack times and revolutionary situations calm down.
Neo-Revisionism and Neo-Sectarianism
- » a Pair of Twins »
- socially based on the alliance between petty bourgeois intelligentsia and labour-aristocracy !
In the opposite case of »left«wing opportunism the Marxist-Leninists are arbitrarily accused to be the »right deviation«. So the »left«-wing opportunists present themselves as »Marxist-Leninists« and get to power by pushing the Marxist-Leninists off the right edge of the »left« opportunist table whereas other openly acting branches of »sectarians« are pushed off the left edge of that table. This happens mostly in times of revolutionary impetus, in times when the revolution reaches its highest stage. In times of Marxist-Leninist regeneration, in times of sharpened contradictions of world imperialism, in times of laying new foundations of Marxist-Leninist principles, in times of symptoms of revolution when the preparation of the subjective factor is getting more and more important, the Marxist-Leninists are not only accused as »sectarians« by the labor-aristocracy, but also by the petty bourgeois intelligentsia. This is the crux to overcome unjustified accusations of »sectarianism«. We have to analyse that not only revisionism casts its skin, but also »left« sectarianism runs through this developing process. So, we ask: What is »sectarianism« and what is sectarianism? How can we differ »left« accusations against Marxist-Leninists from real sectarianism? To find a term to differ both phenomena we call the new branch of hidden and masked sectarianism NEO-SECTARIANISM, conscious about the two facts, that firstly the nature of sectarianism is always and in general opportunism hidden behind revolutionary phraseology and that secondly the situation of every Marxist-Leninist organization is always to some degree unavoidably comparable with the situation of a sect - as Stalin emphasized, because the connection to the spontaneous workers movement cannot be managed by debating clubs but only by hard class-struggle that needs patience and some time to recruit the vanguard of the proletarians. However the character of sectarianism is impatience. The Neo- Sectarians abuse the Marxist-Leninists coping with this normal germ-cell-situation - that can presently be seen as an organisational problem of the world proletariat, as a weak international revolutionary subjective factor etc. - to be »sectarian« and hinder the parties to develop on national and international principled ground by recruiting the vanguard of the PROLETARIANS. This is one of the reasons why the Marxist-Leninist World Movement is split, because Sectarianism is hidden behind an non-principled, non-centralist loose, inorganisational organisation that is suited for the so called »period of the communist united front« open for everybody who calls himself »Marxist-Leninist«, hidden behind a sectarian demarcation-line claimed to build up the »Marxist-Leninist Party«, but hinder it in practice to organize revolutionary class-struggle in reality.
WE UNDERSTAND BY NEO-SECTARIANISM ALL PRESENT VARIETIES OF PETTY BOURGEOIS IDEOLOGY WITHIN THE MARXIST-LENINIST MOVEMENT TO HINDER THE RECRUITMENT OF THE PROLETARIAN VANGUARD, ISOLATE ITS CONNECTION WITH THE WORKER`S MOVEMENT AND ITS ALLIES, WITH THE MASSES, THAT ARE HIDDEN BEHIND TRADITIONAL SECTARIANISM; THAT STRUGGLE AGAINST SECTARIANISM ONLY BY MARXIST- LENINIST WORDS THAT TRY TO REACH RECONCILIATION WITH SECTARIANISM AND THAT CAST THEIR SKIN RESPECTIVELY WILL CONTINUE TO CAST THEIR SKIN.
Anti-Sectarianism in words, but Sectarianism in deeds that is the new line of the representatives of the petty bourgeoisie within the proletarian revolutionary movement. That`s the ideology of the »revolutionary«, »Marxist-Leninist« movement of the petty bourgeoisie acting on national and international fields against the true Marxist-Leninist World Movement, against the Comintern [ML], which is based on the lessons of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin AND Enver Hoxha. To rely on the lessons of Enver Hoxha is neither a »left«, nor a »right deviation« of Marxism-Leninism! The Lessons of Enver Hoxha are the Marxism-Leninism of today ! Both the »left« as well as the right deviation of Marxism-Leninism lead in consequence to the same results, although from opposite sides : Betrayal of the interests of the proletariat, withdraw from the struggle for the socialist revolution, from the dictatorship of the proletariat, from communism and stepping on the path of capitalism. To avoid sectarian faults and to repudiate unjustified accusations of »sectarianism«, - this is what the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism always taught us to bear in mind. We cannot struggle successfully against neo-revisionism based on sectarianism or the other way round. Both cannot be defeated on centrist ground, but only on the base of Marxism-Leninism. If you cut the one appearing wing of deviation you have to sharpen your weapon simultaneously against the other wings of deviation to cut them off as well. Never let the enemy come in through the back door when you closed the front door and the other way round!
Those Marxist-Leninist Parties who were found in demarcation to Modern Revisionism - and this is a historical experience- had all the time to struggle against appearances of »left« deviations represented by the petty bourgeois intelligentsia. In the process of the ideological struggle of avoidance of »left« faults, there arose sometimes such situations where sectarianism became the chief character of liquidating tendencies in case of its underestimate. The main sectarian influences were enlarged upon Maoism that very often led to splits and factions within the parties and the world movement. Sectarianism was hidden behind »struggle against revisionism«, but directed against Marxism-Leninism in reality.
If the new Marxist-Leninist Party or the new Comintern [ML] have to struggle to leave their nursery, they can be confronted by all these situations mentioned above. It can be possible that these young parties and the Comintern [ML] have to cope with isolation, with many splits, factions, rivalries, they have to stand up again in case of falling down and to learn walking until they ripen as strong parties and a strong Communist International connected with the worker`s movement. It is very important to study Stalin`s »Short course of instructions« (History of the Bolshevist Party). Deviations are preparations for the bourgeois ideology to cast their skin, they are flexible and Stalin answered on the question, what is more dangerous - »left« or right deviation?: »Both are more dangerous!«. All varieties of revisionism and sectarianism are pairs of twins.
The international appearance of Neo-
Revisionism after Enver Hoxha
Now we understand the nature of revisionism, now we are ready to understand the nature of Neo-Revisionism, we do understand the process of casting one`s skin . To transfer this to Enver Hoxha - the greatest defender of the struggle against modern revisionism - Neo-Revisionism means:
»Defence of Enver Hoxha in words, and betrayal and denial in deeds!«
Today there is only one true Anti-revisionist, namely that Anti-revisionist who struggles uncompromisingly and decidedly against all branches of revisionism inclusively and in the first line the Neo-Revisionism.
Today, only those comrades can be recognized as true Anti-Revisionists, who prove by deeds the combat against neo-revisionist betrayal of Enver Hoxha. To develop new forms of revisionism hidden behind the lessons of Enver Hoxha, that is the newest and most dangerous variety of Neo-Revisionism. This sounds abstract and so we try to enlighten the process of neo-revisionist cast of skin a little bit more concretely:
After our last bastion fell down in Albania, the work of the revisionists were not finished. Why? The simple reason is, that the anti-revisionist struggle did not only consist of the struggle of Enver Hoxha and his brave Albanian followers of the P L A after his death, but also of the anti-revisionist, anti-socialfascist struggle of many Marxist-Leninists all over the world, who - in the first line - condemned Ramiz Alia especially after he smashed up the last dictatorship of the proletariat. There were also Marxist-Leninists, who condemned the allies of Ramiz Alia who paralyzed the Marxist-Leninist World Movement such as Hardial Bain with his neo-revisionist CPC [ML] in Canada. Under these comrades were also critics who »appeal« to Enver Hoxha, but they criticised Ramiz Alia not on the fundament of Marxism-Leninism but on neo-revisionist positions. To criticize Ramiz Alia in words, but support him objectively in deeds, that is a dangerous variety of Neo-Revisionism and this line was developed by many parties of the international group of »Unity & Struggle« and also by some other organisations.
But there were also some »Marxist-Leninists« who criticized Enver Hoxha from »left«-sectarian positions and who accused Enver Hoxha - some did it openly and some others hidden - to be »responsible« for the increasing revisionism not only in Albania. They »proved« this by the position of Stalin. They call themselves »Anti-Revisionists« and name Enver Hoxha a »revisionist«, because he is said to be the »holder of Ramiz Alia`s stirrup«, because of his former »reconciliation« with Maoism, because he is said to be »unable« to apply to the lessons of Stalin. By all this he »hindered« and »aggravated« and »damaged« the Marxist-Leninist World Movement.
The hidden, masked sectarians accuse us Marxist-Leninists on the one hand by »sectarian distortions and misinterpretations« of the lessons of Enver Hoxha, and on the other hand they accuse us, that we do not consequently apply to his lessons, that we do this halfheartedly and that we do it with Maoist background, in reconciliation with Maoism. Some of the sectarians propagate to liquidate the Marxist-Leninist Parties and to found new Enver Hoxha-Parties instead of them, because they would be »degenerated« and »not able« to follow the line of Enver Hoxha. To say it clear, those sectarians mean the correct Marxist-Leninist Parties and NOT the degenerated parties. The Neo-Revisionists ignore this important difference intentionally. We as Marxist-Leninists struggle against neo-revisionist parties who are not willing or able to overcome their faults and to return to Marxist-Leninist positions by true self-critics. Only under these conditions we propagate to found new Bolshevist parties who apply to the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism. Against all these anti-Marxist-Leninist positions we struggled consequently and without hesitation and slandering to defend comrade Enver Hoxha in Germany from the base of Marxism-Leninism. Revisionism spread out not by chance after the fall of Albania . In the result there were factions and liquidation of Marxist-Leninist Parties, because the revisionists knew for sure by historical experiences, that the Marxist-Leninists would be able to regenerate after some time. Earlier or later they would realize to step on forward by applying to the lessons of Enver Hoxha. With the fall of Albania, with the death of Enver Hoxha, there was no reason to capitulate - in the contrary, the Marxist-Leninists perceived to strengthen their force and to begin at the beginning to continue the road to socialism. This was a great victory over revisionism and we cannot enough mention honorably laud this brave, historical, decisive revolutionary step. This demonstrates impressively that Marxism-Leninism is still alive. Though the brave comrades of Enver Hoxha were murdered, put into prison and punished, their sacrifices were not in vain, because there was no any reason for the revolutionaries to resign - in the contrary ! The revisionists did not stop to observe what was going on. They noticed that the comrades all over the world tried to re-find and to re-assemble in a new Marxist-Leninist reservoir without the former leadership of the P L A . So the revisionists responded to this development by spreading confusion and mistrust and they had their finger in the pie to influence the regeneration-process of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement and to get it in their hands finally. It is to be seen that they succeeded to mix up Marxism-Leninism with thousands of anti-Marxist-Leninist thoughts to such extend that the clear general line of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement should be missed and lost. Confusion was always the character of opportunism, but today it is put on a ennobled and refined theory. Everybody who refuse to subordinate under unprincipled unification is accused as »sectarian«. So we need unity against revisionism, against opportunism. Ideological clearness can only be proved in revolutionary practice. Revisionists are unable to unite, because they follow their bourgeois ideology; only Marxism-Leninism is the ideology of the unity of the proletariat. We follow only the unity of the party and with the party, never outside or against the party. We follow the unity of iron-willing, thought and action of the party. We follow the unity between the vanguard and the class of the proletariat. We follow the unity of the party and allies, the unity with the masses, the unity with the peoples of the world , the unity of the world-proletariat, the unity of the Communist International. And this unity grows in the fire of class-struggle against capitalism. We need not unity as lips-service. Unity is in principle and in deed only possible on the base of Marxism-Leninism.
At least the Marxist-Leninists had time to spend for clarification and for finding out of the mess. So the revisionists made the most of their time to organize groupings all over the world to prepare new attacks against us Marxist-Leninists. They proceeded to take advantage at different fronts of class-struggle. They made use of the rest of the revisionist countries to take their part to organize »solidarity« and »unity« on an international scale , for example in North Korea, China, Cuba and Yugoslavia (Milosevich). Reservation was to collect comrades all over the world who would be ready to defend and save everything which sounds or which was called »socialist«. To »mobilize the masses« they took a very low ideological level of »unity-agreements« and collected all opportunists whoever and whatever it was. The necessary re- unification of the revolutionary proletariat was abused to opportunist unification and rendered more difficult by this manoeuvres. For that the "anti-imperialist" struggle was reactivated by the social-fascist and social-imperialist countries to get their head out of the strangle. The North Korean social-fascists promoted the Conference of Pyöngyang with a declaration signed by a lot of revisionist parties and organisations all over the world. The social-fascist Milosevich appealed to the »Left« to support Yugoslavian »socialism« against the imperialist aggressors of the NATO. Social-fascist Fidel Castro/ Che Guevara-World Movement continued to organize international solidarity to defend »socialist« Cuba against US-Imperialism. The camp of the Maoists is non-uniform and heterogeneous. Some groups support openly, others hidden the social-imperialist and social-fascist China. Sectarian and Neo-Revisionist Groups support Mao and the »Culture-Revolution« more or less, and again some other groups try to reconcile Neo-Revisionism with Marxism-Leninism which means critics at Mao to some extend. Within the countries of the Spanish and Portuguese language, there are some groups who defend Enver Hoxha but there are also mixed up groups. Some of them belong to the neo-revisionist international grouping around the »Unity&Struggle« - who lean their Neo-Revisionism on Enver Hoxha ( Enver with lips and Neo-Revisionism in deeds). The declaration of »Quito« is without principles pure revisionist and opportunist.
In Sofia representatives of the former social-fascist East- European countries falled with their attempt to build up » something internationally«.
One of the most active and best paid leaders of the new international revisionist movement is Ludo Martens from Belgium (WPB). He succeeded to unify many international branches of revisionism. He did not shrink from counter-revolutionary acting all over the world, not alone in the Congo. The former social-imperialist Russia and the social-imperialist China and many other influential revisionist organisations prepare their international organisation to liquidate the renewal of the Marxist-Leninist Movement in the world and to liquidate the just founded Comintern/ML Within this movement Nina Andrejewa from Leningrad operates with varieties of Neo-Revisionism. She reconciles Maoism with the lessons of Enver Hoxha, spreading the declaration of the C P Germany [ML] to free Kosova with support of Red Interbrigades and to build up the Comintern[ML] ! (critics on Modern Revisionism AND Neo-Revisionism (!) in words, but revisionism in deeds = re-installation of social-imperialism and social-fascism in Russia under the flag of the October-Revolution , Stalin, Mao and Enver Hoxha!!) . This demonstrates the present symptom of ideological confusion that is spread by the revisionists all over the world - and this has grave influences if we do not stop this development, if we do not smash this development!
Last not least the neo-sectarian ISML that propose to be »non-sectarian«: The truth is, that they are non-sectarian towards the united front of neo-revisionist opportunism, but cruel to the Marxist-Leninists that ISML accuses as »sectarians«, because we criticized their opportunism. So we call them Neo-Sectarians because they mask their sectarianism behind the lessons of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin AND Enver Hoxha! Their »non-sectarianism« includes not only collaboration - attempts with »Unity&Struggle«, but everybody who calls himself »Marxist-Leninist« included liberalist publications of open social-imperialist and social-fascist contents on their ISML-List which they call »tactic of the communist united front«. Their hidden sectarianism behind »unity« of Marxist-Leninists on an international sale was in the beginning hard to detect and to reveal, but after some time it was obviously that their debating club aimed to divide Marxism-Leninism from the revolutionary proletarian movement by sectarian, liquidating phraseology. Those Marxist-Leninists who would not follow the new revisionist line were attacked as »sectarians« by the ultra-lefties(!) to isolate us as »outsiders«. We unmasked the collaboration between the new present right and »left« opportunism all over the world, and by this polarisation we worked out excellent ideological conditions to continue the path of Marxism-Leninism on principled foundation!
All these international opportunist appearances have reached dangerous dimensions, and the principled struggle for the foundation of the Comintern[ML] was a necessary and important step to cope with this worldwide line of revisionism, to develop a principled general line of the Marxist-Leninists all over the world without the danger to be wiped out to death between both the fronts of »left« and right deviations. We learnt to keep both feet on the ground and to follow our own way using our elbows to get free hand, let the curs cry: »sectarians«
The Lessons of Enver Hoxha
- demarcation-line and principled base
to build up/ rebuild the Marxist-Leninist
Parties and the foundation of the
We could - unfortunately - recognize that the Marxist-Leninist World Movement in times of Enver Hoxha lost its quality and quantity as well. It cannot be compared with the present situation. All the present revisionist movements of the world go on paralysing the up-building and rebuilding of the Marxist-Leninist Parties and their unification within the COMINTERN [ML]. So we have to put an end with this laming und resigning conditions. We have to go forward on the path of the Marxist-Leninist Parties in times of Enver Hoxha, the path of the P L A. Only on this way allows us to stand to our principles and that`s what is urgently needed in these times of ideological confusion. We know, that our adversaries cover our initiative with filth and rubbish, when we call for raising the flag for the old P L A with comrade Enver Hoxha on the top. The P L A and comrade Enver Hoxha had been in the same situation when they raised the flag of Stalin after the betrayal of the modern revisionists. We believe in Marxism-Leninism and we are sure, that there are many others all over the world ho feel like us in this moment and who suffer under the pressure between the fronts of the new »left« and right opportunism. We all can do without those former »comrades«, who relax upon their bearskin tanned with the portraits of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and who degenerated to remain as Neo-Revisionists. If we really want to purify our rows, we have to do it! That is not only our duty but also the only chance to survive and to begin a new beginning. In those countries, where Marxist-Leninist Parties still remained it is necessary to reach the top of the party to give the Neo-Revisionists the push, or if these attempts of ideological clarification fails, there is no other way out to build a new Marxist-Leninist Party based on the lessons of the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism. This is not only important for the proletarian revolution in single countries but also urgent necessary to reach unification within the Comintern [ML] to march forward with proletarian internationalism in the spirit of the world revolution. Why is this international dimension of building up new Marxist-Leninist Parties so important?
Why is the Comintern [ML ] of today such an important and decisive prior condition to organize the practical international revolutionary class-struggle against »globalized« World-Imperialism?
The rule of the inequality and irregularity of the economical and political development of capitalism in all the different countries exists ( what the Trotzkyites deny!) now as before ( not to be changed by mistake of the leveling rule), moreover this rule has reached such dimensions that cannot be compared with former economical and political conditions and that objective factor is not to be underestimated as a necessary condition of the imminent revolutions. In the course of the »globalization« of world imperialism , the increasing worldwide network of financial battle of attrition and the military conflicts and imperialist wars and interventions lead to the aftermath of the collapse of the world-front of globalized imperialism. This development weakens imperialism and makes it vulnerable, so that this imperialist front can be run by a large front of single countries. This development is very real in all probability. This means »globalization« of the world proletariat, a »globalization« of international class-struggle and in so far the best starting-point for the world revolution, which is impelled just because of the inequality and irregularity of the economical and political development of capitalism in all the different countries. This gives the proletariat the opportunity to break through the rotten, corroded »globalization«-front of imperialism ( as a sign of weakness, not as its growing!) to ease the proletarian revolution not only in this or that country but enables a victory in all countries beginning at the weakest end of the chain. But let us be aware that the proletarian revolution is victorious only in single countries not simultaneously in a whole as the Trotzkyites preach. And here we finally arrive at Neo-Revisionism, because Trotzkyism is only its spearhead. We are not block headed enough to believe that the Neo-Revisionists rest upon their oars waiting for our actions. It is there aim to prepare our failure and to paralyze our intentions already BEFORE our actions. This is the reason why it is very dangerous to follow all the neo-revisionist international groupings, organisations and alliances. We have to stand on our own legs and there is not plenty of time to do so. The danger of Neo-Revisionism appears more intensive when it leaves the ideological battle-field to destroy revolutionary class-struggle in its continued success to attack the substance of capitalist tyranny. Neo-Revisionism appears the more as the process of unification of the Marxist-Leninists will grow and the Comintern [ML] will be built up on the one hand and the international class-struggle will not only increase but unite with Marxism-Leninism as a new quality on the other hand. If all these subjective factors come into accordance with the objective factors, then it is an earnest matter of the final fall down and destruction of world imperialism - social-imperialism included. So now we can imagine why the revisionists and opportunists and their centrist lackeys are so busy to hinder us to unite and the class-enemies know what it is at stake. We would fall back to run after the spontaneous movement, if we ignore this developing facts as our historical chance to combine globalized international class-struggle with »globalized« Marxist-Leninist theory. World-revolution, this word is not occupied by the Trotzkyites, world-revolution is the original aim of Marxism-Leninism from the very beginning of Marx and Engels until today. If the imperialist front is full of cracks it would be a big mistake to call only for class-struggle in your own country. This will only be successful, if you are combined as a closed revolutionary front not only with this or that country, but as a a chain reaction of ALL countries starting at the weakest end of the imperialist chain. To prepare and organize the world-proletariat needs not only strong Marxist-Leninists Parties but their strong unification as sections within the Bolshevist World-party, the Comintern [ML]. To be a section means, that class-struggle in single countries is subordinated under international class-struggle. We have to struggle against the theory of Bucharin who distorted the theory of world revolution. It would be also a repeat of the ultra-imperialist theory of Kautsky, if we ignore the difference of the revolutionary conditions of the historical beginning imperialism and the present end of the imperialist period. The effect of the rule of the inequality and irregularity of all the capitalist countries in the situation of today is not only a better opportunity to break through the weakest chain of world-imperialism and the growing signification of international class-struggle, of the immanent world-revolution, but in the end the possibility to defeat world-imperialism forever and to start with the second period of socialism which is characterized by WORLD-socialism and not necessarily bound to one and then two single countries of socialism in the first period. At least a growing socialist camp would be possible as a second step to reach in the end world-socialism that the Modern Revisionists prevented the first time. Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha created the lessons to build up a single socialist country against Trotzkyism. We Marxist-Leninists have to defend AND to develop these lessons of building up worldwide socialism against Trotzkysm under the present conditions of globalized imperialism, of dying imperialism. We cannot wait until the first socialist country is ready to found the Comintern [ML] as in times of the Soviet Union. The objective factors are ripe, the international formation of the society of imperialism goes down, after its productive forces have now been developed to nearly complete extend. The Marxist-Leninists in the world have to prepare and initiate the Comintern [ML] unfortunately without those internationalist leaders like Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha. We have no other way out to try do this by our one, by applying to the lessons of these comrades and by creating new international leaders skilled by the coming up international class-struggle ! On the one hand this means more difficulties building up the Comintern [ML] without a socialist hinterland compared with the former Soviet Union, on the other hand the counter-revolution has today difficulties to concentrate their liquidating attacks on an fixed international revolutionary center, so that we can create many flexible legal and illegal fronts and a modern international strategy and tactic suited to the given situation with all its needed resources: attacking and withdrawing our forces in the center as well as in the hinterland of world-imperialism. This coordination is first a question how to organize globalized class-struggle of the proletariat between single countries in which international imperialist companies are involved and second a question how to build up internationally operating proletarian troops, flexible acting politically educated Red Interbrigades with their military operating missions in decisive civil war areas all over the world. This means to recruit professional revolutionaries in this or that country to build up Bolshevist Parties, this means to recruit professional revolutionaries to build up the Comintern [ML], this means not only to send its delegates as international advisers and instructors to the focus of international class-struggle as in former times of the 3rd Comintern, but to send professional revolutionaries organized in combat-units who build close combinations with the organized proletarian fighters living and located with their allies at the scene of action. All these tasks can be put into practice if the Marxist-Leninists all over the world stop to be contented with their struggle of their internal problems and turn towards the world-proletariat. We take over all the needed instruments and materials from the imperialists themselves for our special duties. A special and all-round coordination between workers, peasants and soldiers has to be organized to prepare the decisive class-combats. In consideration of these concrete perspectives the Marxist-Leninists and the world-proletariat can solve the task of world-revolution in spite of the estates of revisionism that can be summarized with the failed advancement of continuing socialism. They forced a period of restored capitalism upon us, but we can tackle with this situation. As Lenin defined, we are still living in the period of the victory of socialism and not in the period of the fall of socialism! How could we forget this? We are the strongest power of the world and we have to use this power! Objectively we draw nearer to transform this truth to reality, but our weak point is the condition of the subjective factor. This has to be improve by regarding the rich experiences of former socialism. With this treasury we can cope with those enemies who interrupted socialism in power - the revisionists! After the Second World War they were supported by the regeneration of world imperialism. But now times changed and the power of imperialism changed. Revisionists are nothing more then part of the rotted parasitising imperialism and in the same bad condition as imperialism itself isolated from former potentials of the socialist hinterland from whom they sucked out their power! With this we have to be aware not to overestimate revisionism strategically and not to underestimate revisionism tactically. We have to bear in mind that the Soviet Union fall, but Chinese social-imperialism is still alive! So this is why we have to focus on Maoism and its attempts to reconcile to Soviet Revisionism to cast its skin once again!
The victory of socialism in Russia and Albania was , is and will be forever the base of the victory of developing world-socialism. With this Enver Hoxha is not only the last Architect of Marxism-Leninism of socialism of the 20th century but also the pioneer of socialism of the 21st century, the pioneer of world-socialism. We cannot take a walk to world-socialism as an October-revolution that started with the Russian proletariat and will be finished by the whole world-proletariat. If the objective factor is developed this will not mean to win the world-revolution automatically, in the contrary. International class-struggle will reach a culmination of struggle between world-proletariat and world-bourgeoisie in dimensions that we cannot yet imagine, that burst open our imaginations, that will cause victims of the world-proletariat. The last battle described in the song of the »International« is approaching in reality and we have to be prepared or we shall squander our historical hour. We have to overcome the laming situation, we have to offer bright perspectives, self-confidence, belief in the own power of the proletariat, we have to create INTERNATIONAL class-consciousness within the worker`s movement, so that the proletarians don`t feel as a colleagues within his company, but also as a colleagues of an international company/combine/concern, as a part of the world-proletariat, so that the world-proletariat can consciously act as world-proletariat in a coordinated worldwide class-struggle, so that every proletarian all the same where he struggles has concrete influence on the whole general struggle against globalized world-imperialism and that he learns to experience that HE himself can change and create history. This is the present meaning of the call for »Proletarians of all countries - unite!« To struggle against predominant influence of bourgeois ideology within the workers means develop influence of socialist ideology on a new internationalist level that suits to the working and living conditions of the present world-proletariat. There is an actual meaning of Stalin`s estimation of the character of the October-revolution:
» The international significance of the October-revolution is not only the fact that it is the initiative of a single country to break through the system of imperialism and that it can be compared with the first island of socialism within the imperialist ocean, but also the fact that it represents the first stage of world-revolution and a powerful base for its further development.«
We Marxist-Leninists are inclined to add to Stalin`s vision that we shall change the ocean of the imperialist camp into the ocean of the socialist camp and that the completion of the October-revolution will be the second stage of world-revolution, a powerful base of world-socialism and its further development towards world-communism. That`s it how we understand the completion of the October-revolution : the power of the world-proletariat the power of the dictatorship of the world proletariat, the creation of the Soviet World Republic. It is ridiculous that just the Revisionists swear to the red colour of the October-revolution.
First of all it is clear, that we have to avoid the Trotzkyite mistake, that by the globalization of world situation the lessons of the development of socialism in a single country have to be revised. The inequality and irregularity of the economical and political development in all the indifferent capitalist countries stipulate logically corresponding differences in the development of revolutionary class-struggle in each country and the point of time of the revolution as well. So this is the reason why revolutions cannot be exported or imported at random or simultaneously unless you wait for eternity as preached by the Trotzkyites. Resting on the slogan »Class-struggle in the own country« leads to the same result: world-revolution does not come automatically. The sum of all socialist revolutions in the single countries makes not the quality of world revolution as an arithmetical result. However we would make another mistake, if we presume that we have to repeat exactly the formal way which the Soviet Union was going as the first socialist country when imperialism was in the beginning of its development and in those times more flexible to cope with crises and defeats by regeneration-processes. So Stalin mastered the problem of the encirclement of world imperialism by the theory of socialism in one country. There were no other possibility to make the best of this difficult situation - and he made the very best of it! Stalin count upon the German revolution, but the proletariat did not rely on the alliance with the peasants as successfully shown in Russia (workers, peasants, soldiers) to transform the bourgeois revolution into the proletarian revolution and to install the soviet system also in Germany. In the final of the imperialist epoch it is very difficult and nearly impossible to solve capitalist crises and regeneration processes are very slow, complicated and also nearly impossible, in any case more difficult than under conditions and times of building up the Soviet Union. So Stalin`s hope of the internationally spreading October-revolution could be better fulfilled under present objective factors. The chance to overcome the difficult situation for a single ( and first!) socialist country and to build up a socialist camp has a better economical fertile soil nowadays. The subjective revolutionary consciousness of the proletariat after the First World War was suited for revolutionary chain reactions, but imperialism - as had been proved - was able to hinder world revolution and restore capitalism in single socialist countries after decades. Today imperialism became breakable but we suffer under the weakness of the revolutionary movement of the proletariat that aggravates revolutionary chain reactions to develop the world-revolution and to start with new single socialist countries. But in the whole the conditions of socialist revolutions improved, the meaning of international class-struggle becomes more important, so that the dream of the world-revolution becomes more and more a real face. The situation of world-imperialism was very earnest after World War II, after the victory of the Red Army. The possibility of building a strong socialist camp was highly dangerous to life of imperialism - and so the Modern Revisionism beginning with Tito appeared on the historical stage. Isolation of the Soviet Union from the allies was the rescue of imperialism. Today we have neither a strong Soviet Union nor Albania as a fundament to build up a socialist camp what makes it more difficult. So the missing socialist hinterland is the reason why we urgently have to build up our own strong Comintern/ML that supports and organises the international class-struggle, that strengthen the Marxist-Leninist World Movement. The Communist International was never more important than today - and we cannot wait for another 50 years - otherwise this could only be a declaration of bankruptcy to the world proletariat, the Marxist-Leninist World Movement would be a lip-service, would be pure sectarianism far away from the needs and demands of the world-revolution. Now everyone can understand the reason why the Neo-Revisionists attack the Comintern [ML].
Centrist reconciliation with Enver Hoxha is class-
reconciliation with the Bourgeoisie
Neo-Revisionism is - as we know now - not an international phenomenon, that firstly appeared after the death of Enver Hoxha, but began in fact with that day, when Modern Revisionism was born, because this bourgeois ideology was objectively condemned to fall down from the very beginning and only able to survive if it is re-masked ( a new mask upon the old mask), if it would be able to cast its skin after the skin was hurt, if it would be unmasked and exposed by the Marxist-Leninists. The first branch of Neo-Revisionism was developed by Mao, when he needed to hide his own Chinese revisionism behind the struggle against Modern Revisionism, And this was not only a national phenomenon, because Neo-Revisionism was spread all over the world still influencing the Marxist-Leninist World Movement. Neo-Revisionism began to spread worldwide at that time, when Modern Revisionism finally was not yet exposed and finished off completely. Neo-Revisionism was and is still a thorn in the flesh of Marxism-Leninism in the struggle against Modern Revisionism., in the struggle for building up and rebuild the Marxist-Leninist Parties and the Marxist-Leninist World Movement, that developed in demarcation to Modern Revisionism. The demolishing consequences are occasion enough to draw a clear demarcation-line between Enver Hoxha and the Neo-Revisionism of Mao Tsetung Thought as a matter of principle. Definitely we have to make a clean sweep with the legend, that »BOTH TOGETHER« - Enver Hoxha AND Mao - would be the greatest Marxist-Leninist leaders in the struggle against Modern Revisionism..
Confessing that the Chinese Neo-Revisionism appeared very fast after the betrayal of Krushchev, it could kick up an anti-revisionist dust. Mao Tsetung Thought was in so far dangerous, because it wanted to make us believe that Marxism-Leninism was defended against Revisionism, to defend Marxist-Leninist principles, to defend the revolutionary red flag, Chinese Neo-Revisionism was palliated by »left« opportunism and revolutionary phraseology and hard to find out. But this can be explained by the former historical development of relations between the Soviet Union and China that still exist from the very start, long before the times of Krushchev. It is a rather long existing matter of insolvable contradictions between Mao and Stalin. In times of Stalin the C P China was opposed to the Soviet Union, to socialism in general, but in the course of time of Krushchev it was also opposed to the rivalry of Soviet-Revisionism. The »defence« of Stalin was only a manoeuvre to cover the own revisionism. In the result Mao rendered service to the Soviet Revisionism though this seems to be unbelievable at the first glance. In so far it is not astonishing that the German revisionist Ulbricht ( a close lackey of the New Czars, but also a rival of them) openly condemned Enver Hoxha and the ALBANIAN comrades on the Conference of Bucharest, but NOT the CHINESE! The revisionists ( the Chinese included!) knew very well to isolate Enver Hoxha and to crack the unity on the base of Marxism-Leninism and to obtrude all their braches of revisionism. With this the Chinese revisionists tried themselves to throw a bridge to Albania and to Europe to surround the USSR as their social-imperialist rivals - just in the same manner as usual among imperialists in general. And just before the follower of Ulbricht, Honecker, died in Chile, he said: »Long live Chairman Mao and the Culture-Revolution!« He confessed that Modern Revisionism passed by. As shown above, revisionism has only a chance to survive when it continues to hide, and this succeeded in creating the Mao Tsetung Thought as » creative development of Marxism-Leninism«, as »Marxism-Leninism of today« etc. This was also the reason why the German social-fascists initiated and supported to spread Mao Tsetung Thought illegaly whilst they condemned China openly. Especially they supported the spread Mao Tsetung Thought undercover to hold a new front against imperialist Western Germany in their hands (their rivals in the neighbourhood). Besides the German social-fascists from the GDR had the finger in the pie of all the Maoist split organisations in West Germany - the so called »K«-Groups. With this tactic they gained a footstep in the door of the Marxist-Leninists who struggled against Modern Revisionism and Social-fascism in Germany. Within our Party they tried to control and paralyze the anti-social-fascist struggle by spreading the poison of Neo-Revisionism. This proves that the Modern Revisionists in power used also neo-revisionist instruments to save their system of exploitation and oppression, to defend their social-fascist system against the Marxist-Leninists who struggled for the socialist revolution in West and East Germany, who struggle for a »united, independent and socialist Germany« . The social-fascist line is continued by »Möller/KPD« . They spread works of Enver Hoxha and simultaneously they spread works of the revisionist Ulbricht by hyperlinks on their own Internet-website. In principle they don`t differ from the open Modern Revisionists in Germany who still exist as an appendix of the former GDR in West Germany. After all we can state that there are enough reasons, why we never can allow reconciliation between Mao and Enver Hoxha. In such case we would leave the principles of Marxism-Leninism. Centrism leads to open revisionism, leads to capitalism from the very beginning. So we have to draw an irrevocable demarcation-line to Mao. The attempts of reconciliation did not stop, in the contrary, they can be bought on the market-place as a poisoned medicinal herb to »overcome the split« of the Marxist-Leninist Movement. Neither Modern Revisionism nor Neo-Revisionism can be attacked by reconciliation between Mao and Enver Hoxha. And again neither a »rejuvenated« Krushchev nor a »rejuvenated« Mao are an earnest alternative for us Marxist-Leninists. In Germany we say to this : »old vine in new bags«. So it is clear: You cannot rely on one branch of Neo-Revisionism to get rid of the other branch of Neo-Revisionism. You can never come to terms in reconciliation with bourgeois ideology without betrayal on the proletariat.. All branches of revisionism have to be attacked simultaneously exclusively from the position of Marxism-Leninism, otherwise you will be captured in the spider-net of revisionism. Modern Revisionism was the doctor at the sick-bed of capitalism - Neo-Revisionism finally the doctor at the death-bed of capitalism; illness will never be curable. The languishing state of capitalism depends on the last word of the world-proletariat. And we have now also everything said what it was t be said. We need ideological clearness on the base of the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism, who are the leading symbol of the Comintern [ML]. The lessons of Enver Hoxha became the demarcation line with the foundation of the Comintern[ML]. This demarcation-line is not static; however this does not mean to draw it up and down high-handed in as compared with opportunism directed from where the wind blows. One thing is very sure: we shall never lower our demarcation-line. Flexibility can only mean, to draw the demarcation-line on a higher level, in that moment when the revisionists believe, that we are not anymore able to differ friends from enemies.
Each single or smallest deviation of the lessons of Enver Hoxha, each centrism, each conciliation or mixture with bourgeois ideology means violation of Marxist-Leninist principles, poisons or dilutes Marxism-Leninism. And one of the most important principles is: between revisionism and Marxism-Leninism neither unity nor collaboration is allowed or tolerated.
Coming from Germany, the native place of communism, founded by Marx and Engels, we Marxist-Leninists founded the C P Germany [ML] in the fire of revisionism foremost 16 years after the death of Stalin in the tradition of the old honorable KPD - founded 1918/19 in the fire of the November-Revolution against social-democracy. Decades after Stalin wrote his 12 Thesis of Bolshevisation of the KPD they became our foundation document in 1968/69. The first 16 years were years when comrade Enver Hoxha became the best friend of our party. And finally 16 years after the death of Enver Hoxha we decided to call him the 5th Architect of Marxism-Leninism. This large time shows our weakness and inexperience, but also our deep love to comrade Enver Hoxha. And with our last breath and last beating of our heart we are true and honest fighters for comrade Enver Hoxha and the P L A. From now on our Party, the C P Germany [ML] stands to the ideological general line of the 5 Architects of Marxism-Leninism and we are convinced that other will follow to strengthen the Sections of the Comintern [ML].
To learn from Enver Hoxha - means learning to be
Long live comrade Enver Hoxha - the 5th Architect of
Long live Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver
Long live Marxism-Leninism!
Long live the Marxist-Leninist Parties all over the
Long live the Communist International [Marxist-
Leninists] - Comintern [ML]!
Long live the world-revolution, world-socialism and
Long live the socialist revolution and the dictatorship
of the proletariat!
Proletarians of all countries - unite!
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"PATH OF THE WORLD PARTY"
- Theoretical Organ -
Communist International (Stalinist - Hoxhaists)