Comintern (SH)








Proletarians of all countries – unite!

World proletariat – unite all countries !

The Strategy and Tactics

of the


World Revolution


General - Line



The proletarian socialist world revolution



World revolution

and international counter-revolution

The violent action of maintaining the contradiction between capital and labour comes from the bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie cannot do without international counter-revolution if the exploited and oppressed classes rise up and revolt. However, the violent counter-action of the destruction of the capitalist private property comes from the armed class struggle of the proletariat. World-revolutionary violence is necessary to free the productive forces from the ties of capitalist relations of production and to resolve this antagonism.

Today, in the course of globalization of capital and labour, the victory of the revolution over the counter-revolution will be decided on a world scale.

The world proletariat is an international class. The proletarian politics is an international policy, namely to conquer the world power.

Consequently, this global class will be able and determined to carry on its international politics with international arming, if the international counter-revolution tries to prevent this by violence. The world proletariat creates internationally armed struggle organs to fulfil its historical mission and to overcome the resistance of the international counter-revolution. For this, the world proletariat needs the Communist International guided by this general-line against the international counter-revolution.

Marx and Engels, “Manifesto of the Communist Party”:

Oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.”

The weapons with which the bourgeoisie felled feudalism to the ground are now turned against the bourgeoisie itself.

But not only has the bourgeoisie forged the weapons that bring death to itself; it has also called into existence the men who are to wield those weapons — the modern working class — the proletarians.

Political power, properly so called, is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another. If the proletariat during its contest with the bourgeoisie is compelled, by the force of circumstances, to organize itself as a class; if, by means of a revolution, it makes itself the ruling class, and, as such, sweeps away by force the old conditions of production, then it will, along with these conditions, have swept away the conditions for the existence of class antagonisms and of classes generally, and will thereby have abolished its own supremacy as a class.”

(Marx,Engels: “Manifesto of the Communist Party”).


Every revolutionary uprising, however remote from the class struggle its object might appear, must of necessity fail until the revolutionary working class shall have conquered; … until the proletarian revolution and the … counter-revolution have been pitted against each other in a world-wide war (Marx, Engels, Wage Labour and Capital” [Preliminary], 1848).


Unless force is used against tyrants armed with weapons and instruments of power, the people cannot be liberated from tyrants” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 31, page 352, English edition).


The nearer we approached the world workers' revolution, the more the counter-revolutionary bourgeoisie rallied together”.

They are rallying together to ward off the collapse of world imperialism” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 28, page 119 and 120, English edition).


We have many enemies, but they are disunited, or do not know their own minds (…). But we are united – directly among ourselves and indirectly with thze proletarians of all countries; we know just what we want. That is why we are invincible on a world scale, although this does not in the least preclude the possibility of defeat for individual proletarian revolutions for longer or shorter periods” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 32, “The Tax in Kind”, page 361, English version).


Victory fell to ... bourgeois reaction not because their enemy was destroyed, but because its forces were split, because the proletariat does not mature simultaneously in all countries. The victory fell to the united enemies of the working class at the cost of postponing the decisive battle, at the cost of widening and deepening the source which – more slowly perhaps than we would wish, but nonetheless surely – is multiplying the numbers of the proletarians, increasing their solidarity, steeling them in struggle, schooling them in operations against the united enemy. This source is capitalism. 'We shall overthrow you all together', replies the revolution like an echo, through the lips of the leaders of the class-conscious proletariat of all countries.” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 15, page 462, English version).


»Great revolutions even when they commence peacefully, as was the case with the great French Revolution, end in furious wars which are instigated by the counter-revolutionary bourgeoisie. Nor can it be otherwise, if we look at it from the point of view of the class-struggle and not from the point of view of philistine phrase-mongering about liberty, equality, labour democracy and the will of the majority, of all the dullwitted, philistine phrase-mongering to which the Mensheviks, Socialist-Revolutionaries and all these 'democratics' treat us. There can be no peaceful evolution towards socialism(Lenin, collected works, Volume 29, page 363, English version). And this is also true on a global scale.


We shall not lay down our arms in face of the onslaught of world counter-revolution!” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 28, page 53, English edition).

And, comrades, I am confident that if you muster all your military forces and set up a mighty international Red Army, and hurl these iron battalions against the exploiters and oppressors against the reactionary thugs of the whole world, making your battle cry: 'Victory or Death!' - no imperialist force will be able to hold us !” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 28, page 40, English version).


The 'crowned heads' of Europe united in a common alliance, but the peoples of Europe also extended their hands to one another. By uniting with the European counter-revolution the Russian counter-revolution is steadily expanding the revolution, uniting the proletarians of all countries, and laying the foundations for the international revolution. International counter-revolution will only strengthen and deepen, intensify and firmly establish, international revolution. The slogan 'Workers of all countries, unite!' will find its true expression. . . and then the last hour will strike not only for the survivals of serfdom, but also for your beloved capitalism” (Stalin, works, Volume 1, International Counter-Revolution”, July 14, 1906, English edition).

The struggle of the international counter-revolution against revolutionary national liberation movements has also the effect, not only to accelerate the national liberation movements in other countries, but also their development towards the socialist revolution continues, or can trigger socialist revolutions in other countries. The international counter-revolution contributes unwillingly to the strengthening of the process of unification between the world proletariat and the oppressed peoples.


The Russian government has its international reserve. But we too have our powerful international reserve. We welcome the appeal of our government to the international reserve of reaction. Such an appeal will better than anything else extend the basis and field of action of the Russian revolution by converting it into a world revolution. (…) All right. Open fire! Call on your Austrian and German regiments against the Russian peasants and workers ! We are for an extension of the struggle, we are for an international revolution” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 11, page 107, English edition).

Enver Hoxha:

So far, no people, no proletariat and no communist or workers' party has assumed power without bloodshed and without violence”

The bourgeoisie may allow you to sing psalms, but then it deals you a fascist blow to the head and crushes you because you have not trained the necessary cadres to attack, nor done illegal work, you have not prepared a place where you can be protected and still work, nor the means with which to fight We should forestall this tragic eventuality” (Enver Hoxha, Speech delivered at the Meeting of 81 Communist and Workers' Parties in Moscow on November 16, 1960, Tirana 1972, English edition).

In the beginning of the XX. Century the leaders of the international counter-revolution, especially in Russia, celebrated the suppression of the revolution and the revolutionaries gave them the right answer with the victory of socialism in a single country. The centre of the international counter-revolution, represented by the German fascists, celebrated the allegedly “strangulation of Bolshevism” in the beginning of the Second World War - with the result of the victory of the Soviet people and the establishment of the socialist world camp of comrade Stalin. In the end of the XX. Century the international counter-revolution, under the leadership of US-imperialism, celebrated the fall of the last socialist country – Albania. However, in the course of the history of the struggle between revolution and counter-revolution, the proletarian, socialist world-revolution will give the right answer and celebrate the establishment of world socialism in the XXI. century. The history proved more than once: Every victory of the international counter-revolution caused an even greater victory of the proletarian, socialist world revolution.

The struggles between revolutions and counter-revolutions have a long history. The Comintern (ML) bases its general-line on the teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism concerning the generalization of the experiences of the relationship between revolution and counter-revolution. There was a time when both the bourgeoisie and the proletariat struggled against the feudalistic counter-revolution. From that time on, we like to differ 7 historical periods of stages (phases or periods) in the development of the struggle between the proletarian revolution and the bourgeois counter-revolution:


Pre-monopolistic stage - pre-monopolistic stage of counter-revolution;

Civil war in France, crushing the bourgeois counter-revolution successfully, workers' power for a few days by the heroic Paris Commune in 1871 - from the counter-revolution drowned in blood, which received support from the whole European counter-revolution.


Imperialism the Highest Stage of Capitalism - the highest stage of counter-revolution;

victory over the monarchistic and bourgeois counter-revolution in Russia; victory of the October Revolution and civil war in Russia, defeat of the international counter-revolution;

counter-insurgency warfare in capitalist countries; preventing the spread of the socialist world revolution, international counter-revolution supported the Russian counter-revolutionary elements within and outside of Soviet Russia; counter-revolutionary encirclement, blockades and interventions against the dictatorship of the proletariat; attempts of preventing Soviet Russia from establishing the first proletarian state and from the first construction of socialism in “a single” country:


first stage of socialism (socialism "in one” country) - class-struggle against restoration of the counter-revolution under special conditions of socialism "in one" country;

world capitalism is still dominant and thus the international counter-revolution;

therefore: victory over the counter-revolution under conditions of socialism "in one" country could not yet be guaranteed;

the victory of restored counter-revolution in the Soviet Union caused by revisionists' betrayal who formed an alliance with the international counter-revolution;


socialism' s advanced stage – socialist world-camp;

in the course of the formation of the Stalinist world-camp - formation of the capitalist-revisionist counter-revolutionary world-camp;

revisionist counter-revolution - decisive factor of the international counter-revolution against the proletarian socialist world revolution and world-hegemony of socialism; destruction of the Soviet-Union in the course of the struggle between the socialist world and the capitalist world – between revolution and counter-revolution on a global scale;


present stage: autarchy of the world-reaction; world of fascism;

globalised formation of the international counter-revolution after its victory against the last socialist world-bastion – the Socialist Albania of comrade Enver Hoxha;

crises of capitalist globalisation – crises of the international counter-revolution;

global formation of the revolutionary forces; the world proletariat leads the oppressed peoples in the decisive struggles against capitalist world-barbarism;

The international counter-revolution creates a bloodbath against onslaught of the world revolution; first Civil World War;

this struggle ends with the victory of the world revolution over the international counter-revolution;


armed world dictatorship of the proletariat; era of world socialism;

defeat of the global counter-revolution; counter-revolution is no longer an international power;

counter-revolution tries to break through the weakest link of the world socialist chain; inevitability of the struggle against revisionist counter-revolution as long as classes exist; chances of counter-revolution and capitalist restoration therefore still possible, but aggravating circumstances due to world domination of the proletariat; revisionist counter-revolution must continue to be fought;

7. world communism;

abolition of the inevitability of class-struggle and counter-revolution; struggle between progressive and regressive forces continues, however, this struggle has completely lost its class-character;

The historical development of the spreading and growing of the proletarian struggle against the international counter-revolution began in a single town, went one step further to a single country and then to a world-camp, and finally, the struggle against the international capitalist-revisionist counter-revolution was maintained under the leadership of one single country. The passed first period of socialism ended with the fall of the socialist world and the victory of the international counter-revolution on a global scale. The period of globalisation renders possible the re-formation of the world-revolutionary forces on a global scale and thus is the pre-condition of the final destruction of the international counter-revolution.

The proletariat destroys the counter-revolution, but it can not be abolished at a stroke, because the classes can not be abolished at a stroke. Even on a global scale, the classes can not disappear all at once. The world imperialists are defeated, but the classes and its leftovers will still exist. The international counter-revolution is defeated, but not completely destroyed. Increased class-struggle under conditions of international socialism is still continued. What distinguishes the international counter-revolution in the first period of socialism from the one in the second period of socialism? The decisive factor is: blasting the global chain of finance combined with the gradual withdrawal of all international capital up to the point of its total removal, thus the basis of international counter-revolution. To smash the socialist chain, the counter-revolution will try to break through the weakest link of the socialist chain . The dictatorship of the world proletariat is commanding the global forces and finds a way to strike down the counter-revolution - wherever it tries to make an appearance.

The fight against world revolution is the fundamental principle of international counter-revolution. Everything is subordinated to this basic principle. All reactionary forces are united against the common enemy - against the revolutionary world proletariat. But the international counter-revolution ultimately fails in itself, because its unification inevitably provokes and causes the unification of the proletarians of all countries and oppressed peoples against the common enemy. The world proletariat is the gravedigger of the international counter-revolution.

The world proletariat gets to feel the wrath and blows of the global counter-revolution at the hardest:


In spite of this, the proletariat in comparison with other classes preserves the greatest unity and the greatest loyalty to its class party, with which it is fused by the revolution” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 15, page 322, English version).

The victory of the proletariat over the international counter-revolution is therefore unchallengeable.

The world proletariat and its struggle against the international counter-revolution differs from all other revolutionary classes of previous class societies that this will be waged with the goal of abolishing the inevitability of any counter-revolution in the world. World communism is the abolition of any counter-revolution and hence the need for any revolution, which are both based on class antagonisms.

Marx prophesized:

That the class rule of the workers over the strata of the old world whom they have been fighting can only exist as long as the economic basis of class existence is not destroyed” (Karl Marx, 1874: Conspectus of Bakunin’s “Statism and Anarchy”).

World communism is not to conquer, without snatching the tools of domination and exploitation completely and globally out of the hands of the exploiting and oppressing classes. The world proletariat can not defeat the counter-revolution, without violently conquer the political power, without establishing the armed socialist world-state. The Comintern (ML) aims for:

the international liberation and emancipation of the working class,

the armament of the world proletariat and of all the exploited and oppressed classes all over the world,

the establishment of the dictatorship of the world proletariat through armed overthrow of the rule of the world bourgeoisie and its disarmament,

the complete destruction of the international counter-revolution in every country,

the armed defence of the dictatorship of the world proletariat in every country, the armed defence of world-socialism,

confiscation, expropriation and socialization of the means of production and the abolition of capitalist private property, including all the instruments of suppression of the capitalists in every country. Without global expropriation of private weapons - no socialization of the weapons, and without the socialization of weapons - no global abolition of weapons.

The international counter-revolution can only be destroyed by the weapons of the world revolution. The whole world proletariat and its central leadership, the Bolshevist world party, unites all its weapons, which will be used collectively by the proletariat of all countries and its Marxist-Leninist leadership.

We derive the relationship between the global and local struggle against the counter-revolution from the definition of the relationship between the world revolution and the various revolutions of the single countries.

The final defeat of the counter-revolution is unavoidable in every capitalist country – without exception. This truth is unchallengeable. However, this defeat is not yet guaranteed without the destruction of the counter-revolution of the whole global class of the bourgeoisie. It is not yet ensured without the disarmament of all the national counter-revolutionary forces and global forces which support the counter-revolution of the world bourgeoisie. Our own necessary globalisation of armament is the crucial point of the guaranteed victory of the struggle against the counter-revolution. The counter-revolution has to be completely destroyed both on the national and global scale. The victorious struggle against the counter-revolution within a single country depends on that within all the other countries, depends on the victory over the counter-revolution all over the world. The indivisible dialectical coherence and dependence between the struggle against the counter-revolution in an individual country and on the world scale is unchallengeable. Every victory of the counter-revolution is only temporary, is a setback or delay of the victory of the world revolution. The counter-revolution can interrupt and hold back the world revolution, however, ultimately the world revolution seals the fate of the counter-revolution.

The imperialist counter-revolution exerts three basic forms of terrorism:

economical terror, political terror ( including military terror as the continuation of political terror by means of weapons) and ideological - psychological terror (anti-communism). For our general-line is important that the world proletariat organises its own fight-front against all three forms of globalized terror of capital. Whereby all three forms of resistance form an inseparable, merged unit . These are the three different sides of the unified and united struggle of the proletarians of all countries against the international counter-revolution.

The imperialist counter-revolution has a globalized character, today. Particularly, it is characterized by mustering and mobilizing its international reactionary forces to prevent or to strike down the outbreak of revolution in a country or in any region of the world. It restores the old, lost power, or replaces this, if necessary, by new power relations. The capitalists have a variety of counter-revolutionary connections in every country which are centralised and co-ordinated by a global network.

The imperialist counter-revolution is a counter-revolution of the annexations, occupations and interventions, the encirclement and blockade, of infiltration from outside, the bribery and extortion with foreign capital support for the counter-revolutionary forces within a country where the counter-revolution is on the rocks, where the revolution breaks out or is already broken out. The counter-revolution is not only trying to split the revolutionary forces, to foment discord and enmity among them, to prevent globalization 's effects and centralization of the solidarity of the revolutionary movements of the individual countries in a united anti-imperialist front. The international counter-revolution shrinks from nothing. The counter-revolution sheds streams of blood and tears, just to keep the rule of the bourgeoisie and to ensure the maximization of profits.


The purposeless massacres perpetrated ..., the tedious offering of sacrifices ..., the very cannibalism of the counter-revolution will convince the nations that there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is revolutionary terror” (Marx: Neue Rheinische Zeitung: The Victory of the Counter-Revolution in Vienna”, Cologne November 6, 1848).

The U.S. imperialism still acts as the leader of the international counter-revolution (see documents of the Cominform and the decisions of the Moscow Conference). Since the Second World War, the U.S. imperialists are international policeman and are still the main force of the response throughout the "civilized" capitalist world.

Enver Hoxha:

To conquer socialism, to put down the revolutionary liberation movements, to combat the great influence of the Marxist - Leninist theory and establish its hegemony in the world, American imperialism went about it in two ways.

The first was that of aggression and armed intervention. In order to crush and stamp out the revolution, they undertook military intervention...

The other way was that of ideological aggression and subversion... and of efforts to bring about the bourgeois degeneration... In this direction, American imperialism and world capital as a whole employed powerful means of propaganda and ideological diversion.”

The enemies of the revolution and the peoples want to create the impression that, because of the changes that have occurred in the world and the losses that socialism has suffered, circumstances entirely different from those of the past have been created.”

Imperialism and capitalism have come to understand that now they can no longer exploit the peoples of the world with the previous methods, therefore, provided their system is not threatened, they have to concede something, which will cause them no harm, in order to keep the masses in bondage. This they want to do with the investments and credits they distribute to those states and cliques in which they have established their influence or by means of arms, i.e., local wars, either by taking a direct part ir them or by inciting one state against another. Local wars serve to make those countries which fall into its trap more deeply subject to the hegemony of world capital.”

It is clear to us that this is by no means a new policy, but an old predatory imperialist, neo-colonialist, enslaving policy of ruthlessly exploiting the peoples and their wealth, a policy of putting down revolutions and national liberation wars. US imperialism now wants to give this old, permanent policy an allegedly new, fresh coat of paint, to arm counter-revolutionary elements, whether in power or not, with weapons to fight communism which raises the peoples and the proletariat in liberation wars and revolution.

(Enver Hoxha, »Imperialism and Revolution«, English edition).

Meanwhile US-imperialism has formed the “alliance of the civil world against terrorism”. The international counter-revolution is on the increase. The international counter-revolution prepares the civil world war.

However, the more this enemy is weakened by its own crisis – last not least, as a result of the intensifying competition with other imperialist and social-imperialist powers -, the weaker it is in the role as the main enemy of the world revolution. The period of the world revolution is a period of armed struggle against the international counter-revolution. Thus a situation of global “war communism” cannot be excluded in face of the further development of the present “anti-terror-war” of the world imperialists. Stalin estimated war communism more or less probable” according to certain circumstances:


Can it be said that war communism is an inevitable phase of the proletarian revolution? No, it cannot. War communism is a policy forced upon the proletarian dictatorship by a situation of war and intervention; it is designed for the establishment of direct products-exchange between town and country, not through the market but apart from the market, chiefly by measures of an extra-economic and partially military character, and aims at organising such a distribution of products as can ensure the supply of the revolutionary armies at the front and of the workers in the rear. Obviously, if there had not been a situation of war and intervention, there would have been no war communism. Consequently, it cannot be asserted that war communism is an economically inevitable phase of development of the proletarian revolution.

Sometimes war communism is confused with the civil war, and the two are identified. That, of course, is incorrect. The seizure of power by the proletariat in October 1917 was undoubtedly a form of civil war. But it would be wrong to say that we began to apply war communism in October 1917. It is quite possible to conceive a state of civil war in which the methods of war communism are not applied, in which the principles of the New Economic Policy are not abandoned, as was the case in our country in the early part of 1918, before the intervention.

Some say that the proletarian revolutions will take place in isolation from one another, and that therefore not a single proletarian revolution will be able to escape intervention, and hence war communism. That is not true. Now that we have succeeded in consolidating Soviet power in the U.S.S.R., now that the Communist Parties in the principal capitalist countries have grown and the Comintern has increased in strength, there cannot and should not be isolated proletarian revolutions. We must not overlook such factors as the increasing acuteness of the crisis of world capitalism, the existence of the Soviet Union, and the growth of communism in all countries.

I do agree ... that the formula in the draft programme which speaks of the possibility, in definite international conditions, of war communism in countries where a proletarian revolution has taken place, might be replaced by a formula saying that intervention and war communism are more or less probable(Stalin: Works, Vol. 11, January, 1928 to March, 1929 , “Plenum of the C.C., C.P.S.U.[B.], July 4 - 12, 1928, English edition).

This is of extremely important significance for the coming global civil world war.

In particular, the world-revolutionary soldier (who turns his back with his rifle against the counter-revolution) is the negation of the negation of the soldiers of the international counter-revolution. And in general, the negation of the negation of the international counter-revolution is the world-proletarian armed violence, rebellion, revolution, civil war, the intervention against the counter-revolution, its encirclement, blockade and occupation of counter-revolutionary pockets of resistance , the infiltration by the world-proletarian Security Service within the counter-revolutionary ranks, the granting of proletarian, internationalist assistance and support against the counter-revolution in every single country.

The leading and only revolutionary class in the struggle against the international counter-revolution is the world proletariat. The poor peasants who were cheated by the counter-revolution are the closest allies of the world proletariat. And finally there are the revolutionary soldiers who turn their guns against the counter-revolution, and who ally with the workers and peasants. With them, the military units against the counter-revolution are formed ( armament of the soldiers, workers and poor peasants). Everything that is not struggling under the leadership of the revolutionary world proletariat has to be neutralized. And those who neither support the struggle against the counter-revolution nor behaving neutrally, come under the influence of the counter-revolution - whether they like it or not.


The Mensheviks and Socialist-Revolutionaries had abandoned the path of revolution, hence they were inevitably bound to fall under the sway of the (...) counter-revolutionaries.” (Stalin, works, Volume 3, The Victory of the Cadets”, July 24, 1917, English edition).

Lenin drew the following conclusion from the time the rampant counter-revolution:

The period of rampant counter-revolution has left us a heritage of ideological disorder and disruption, organisational disintegration in many centres of the working-class movement, primitive methods and forced isolation from the Party on the part of some, and a scornful, or even malicious, attitude to the 'underground' that preserves the behests of the revolution and elaborates revolutionary tactics, on the part of the others.

The period of disintegration is passing. The time has come to gather our forces. Let us, then, rally in the illegal organisations of the R.S.D.L.P. The R.S.D.L.P., in organising the foremost contingents of this proletariat into an integral whole, must lead it into revolutionary battle in the name of our old revolutionary demands” ( Lenin, collected works, Volume 18, page 453, 454 and 455, English edition).

The mainstay and forerunner of the imperialist counter-revolution is the petty-bourgeois counter-revolution. It's the petty-bourgeois class elements who fall helplessly under the pressure of counter-revolution. They sway to and fro. They betray the revolution. They step in the back of the revolution. They weaken the revolution to such degree that it can be throttled more easily by the imperialist counter-revolution. The general-line of the Comintern (ML) is based on the principle that the imperialist counter-revolution can not be defeated, without defeating the petty-bourgeois counter-revolution. So, Lenin spoke about:

the lessons of preceding revolutions, in which the counter-revolution made a point of supporting the opposition to the extreme revolutionary party which stood closest to the latter, in order to undermine and overthrow the revolutionary dictatorship and thus pave the way for the subsequent complete victory of the counter-revolution, of the capitalists and landowners” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 32, page 242 – 243, English edition).

This way, also Enver Hoxha unmasked the counter-revolutionary character of the “Mao Tsetung thought” which “stand closest” to Marxism-Leninism:

The theory of Mao Tsetung, “Mao Tsetung thought”, which emerged in these new conditions, was bound to cloak itself with the most revolutionary and most scientific theory of the time – Marxism-Leninism, but in essence it remained an anti-Marxist theory, because it is opposed to proletarian revolution and goes to the aid of imperialism in decay” (Enver Hoxha, “Reflections on China”, Volume II, page 795, English edition).

The Chinese revisionists call on the international proletariat to unite with the blackest reaction !” (Enver Hoxha: “Reflections on China”, Volume II, page 680, English edition).

Communists are being killed in the world – the Chinese revisionists couldn't care less” (Enver Hoxha: “Reflections on China”, Volume II, page 716, English edition).

The policy of China must be combated mercilessly, must be exposed, because it is causing great damage to the world revolution, the peoples and socialism and is an opportunist policy which brings grist to the mill of imperialism and revisionism. This is criminal and the criminals, be they political ones, must be unmasked and knocked on the head” (Enver Hoxha: “Reflections on China”, Volume II, page 756, English edition).

The so-called "Chinese Proletarian Cultural Revolution" under the leadership of Mao Zedong was counter-revolutionary: Cultural Revolution in words and counter-revolution in deeds – the type of a revisionist counter-revolution. Under the guise of alleged "anti-revisionist" fighting the "old, obsolete power relations" -in truth the renewal and strengthening of bourgeois power - was modified, which is the essence of each refined tactic of counter-revolution. Through this tactic, one leadership clique of the bourgeoisie was replaced by another one, thus in a pseudo-revolutionary way, which facilitated the path to a more open capitalism. By means of revolutionary slogans Mao abused the student youth, the peasantry and the army as a base against the proletariat. In truth, Mao's "Cultural Revolution" was a petit-bourgeois-anarchist coup against the proletarian class - precisely what characterised the Cultural Revolution as counter-revolutionary:

Enver Hoxha:

The Chinese comrades think that aid for the international communist movement and the world revolution consists of recommending that they carry out the great proletarian cultural revolution as China did. According to them, from now on, it is not necessary to be inspired by the Great October Socialist Revolution (perhaps by the Paris Commune, yes), but by the Cultural Revolution, because, just as Marxism-Leninism has been replaced with «Mao Tsetung thought», so the Cultural Revolution contains the October Socialist Revolution! This is a disgraceful anti-Marxist stand” (Enver Hoxha, “Reflections on China, Volume I, page 373, English, edition).

In China, the proletariat had never established its dictatorship. And even, if ...

If the socialist revolution has triumphed and the dictatorship of the proletariat is established, then - logically - every so called "revolution" which aims to smash the socialist power of the proletariat, is just the opposite - it is actually a counter-revolution.

Especially for the masses - who were either just before the victory of their revolution, or even had won, who already possessed revolutionary socialist consciousness to some degree and who gained experience with the tactics of the counter-revolution - the international counter-revolution was forced to complete its brutal force through refined new tactics of deception and sham manoeuvres. This tactic of the counter-revolution is to pose itself as the "revolution". The world bourgeoisie is hiding its international counter-revolution behind empty phrases of "liberation" and “protection”, as presently it is practised as "liberation from or security against terrorism". The history of counter-revolution is therefore also necessarily a history of its disguise with a "progressive" or even "revolutionary" image.

The hardest international counter-revolution in the history of socialism was the destruction of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the grievous loss of socialism by the revisionists, the labour aristocracy in power, the new social-bourgeoisie, the bourgeoisie of the restored capitalism. It is a special type of counter-revolution that has evolved under the conditions of socialism in “one” country and will always exist, as long as this counter-revolution is fueled and nourished by the world bourgeoisie.

Socialism and restoration of capitalism contradict each other as restoration of the counter-revolution and the revolution. That what the counter-revolution failed to accomplish from within the socialist country , was completed successfully by the support of the international counter-revolution, whereas the external factor was determined by the internal factor of the counter-revolution. Just as the revisionists have restored capitalism in a socialist country by means of the restoration of the counter-revolution, the revisionists shall also try to restore capitalism through the restoration of counter-revolution in an "individual" country and then on an international scale. However, Marxism-Leninism teaches that the abolition of the inevitability of every counter-revolution is finally unavoidable, inclusively its global restoration. And anyone who pretends to fight against the international revisionist counter-revolution on the "basis" of Marxism-Leninism, but who, in truth, proves as to be its prolonged arm, the "5th Column", who stabs the world revolution in the back - is a neo-revisionist traitor. The neo-revisionists are the successors of the old modern revisionists, who had once eliminated socialism in a "single" country. Neo-revisionists are counter-revolutionaries, enemies of the socialist, proletarian world revolution. The neo-revisionists are the revisionists of today who try to prevent us not only from the preparation, implementation, and the victory of world revolution, however later on, they will also try to restore the world capitalism. The victory over the neo-revisionism is therefore a victory of the world revolution over the international counter-revolution. Whether in the capitalist countries, whether in the revisionist countries or the countries of the oppressed peoples, the revisionists shed blood of the Marxist-Leninists, blood of the revolutionary workers and working people in the world - and they have not ceased and will not stop to do this ! The revisionists provoke coups, essentially not different from the CIA. They wage wars and they exercise (military) fascist violence, as the U.S. imperialists. Social-fascism in each revisionist country was and still is the worst prison for the workers and toilers, meant and means death of hundreds of thousands of revolutionary workers and toilers. The world social-fascism would be a disaster for the whole world proletariat and the toilers all over the world.

What lesson draws the world revolution from the victory of the counter-revolution which was operating under the guise of "anti-revisionism" in Albania? It is imperative that the world revolution smashes the link between overt and covert counter-revolution - both internal and external counter-revolution, through disempowerment of the whole world bourgeoisie, who establishes close ties between the counter-revolutions in all countries of the world.

Nobody can prohibit Communism - nowhere all over the world. The international counter-revolution is powerless against the social world development, by which the heads of the counter-revolution gets run over. You can push the world-revolutionaries into the underground, but not the world revolution itself - it will move forward inexorably, and will remove all hindrances. The Comintern (ML) may be forced to give up the one or the other tactics, or replace it with another. We may be forced into the greatest victims. But we will never - whatsoever the conditions of the struggle are - give up our principles. We stick faithfully to the program and the ideological and political principles of the five classics of Marxism-Leninism. We shall implement their revolutionary general-line into action, even in the most difficult crisis. The communist party is never allowed to renounce both its revolutionary spirit and methods in the course of the attacks of the international counter-revolution. The international class struggle against counter-revolution may never be neglected, paralysed or even abandoned.

The solution to the issue of illegal revolutionary work, for the protection against the international counter-revolution, is the task of the proletarians of all countries. It is a global priority, which is explicitly defined in the general-line of the Comintern (ML). If it is the goal of world bourgeoisie to separate the Marxist-Leninists in the world from each other, and to isolate them, then we must, in turn, create our shared international illegal organization. The individual Marxist-Leninist party in this or that country is powerless against the international counter-revolution. To cope with the international counter-revolution, the Marxist-Leninist parties must unite themselves in an international revolutionary community. The victory of the proletarian world revolution and the victory of the world dictatorship of the proletariat is impossible without a revolutionary, illegally constructed Communist International. It must be free from opportunism and “pact-making”. It must never capitulate in face of the bourgeoisie. It must revolutionarily oppose to the state power and its oppressive apparatus.

The armed proletarian world revolution can never be done without illegal international organizational structures. The world bourgeoisie will never cede its own political power to the world proletariat on a voluntary legal way. If we want to burst the reactionary chains of illegality, we need an illegal Communist International with revolutionary tactics. Whoever gives up the illegal struggle, negates the Communist International and its revolutionary tactics! As long as the Comintern (ML) is fighting for the power of the world proletariat, we are exposed to the international counter-revolution and we must master the tactics of the globalized illegality. We fight as legal as possible and as illegal as necessary. The tactics of illegality is thus indispensable for the whole period of history of the Communist International. Legalism, in contrast, is the road of revisionism - the peaceful path and peaceful coexistence - the road to capitulation to the bourgeoisie, the road of liquidation of the Bolshevik Party and the disarming of the working class, the path of class-reconciliation and submission of the working class under the bourgeoisie. To deny the illegal preparation and implementation of the proletarian world revolution, is abandon the world-proletarian revolution. We fight only for such a legality which helps us to bring the masses closer to the world socialist revolution. Only a legality under conditions of the world dictatorship of the proletariat can ensure a real and lasting legality of the Communists. Ultimately, we have to remove the inevitability of illegality by abolishing its causes - namely through smashing the bourgeois world of exploitation and oppression.

A world-revolutionary is not the one who is only revolutionary from the moment of the outbreak of world revolution. A genuine world-revolutionary is the one who defends the principles and slogans of world revolution under the harshest illegal conditions, in times of fascism and reaction, in times when the war is raging in the world at its worst. A world-revolutionary is the one who teaches the masses precisely in these difficult conditions to fight for the liberation of the world proletariat in a revolutionary way. The world-revolutionary is the one who never loses the connection with the world masses - not even under the toughest, illegal conditions.

Finally, the Comintern (ML) summarizes the general-line against the international counter-revolution as follows:

To do the utmost possible of solidarity in one country for the resistance against the counter-revolution, for the disarmament and destruction of the counter-revolution in all countries.

And to do the utmost possible of solidarity in all countries for the resistance against the counter-revolution, disarmament and destruction of the counter-revolution in every single country .

Lenin taught:

The guns should be directed, not against our brothers, the wage slaves of other countries, but against the reactionary and bourgeois governments and parties of all countries” (Lenin, collected works, Volume 21, page 176).

The international counter-revolution is interested in isolating and beating the revolutionary proletariat in its own country, early enough before the proletarians of all the other countries are united. The international revolution, however, is interested in preparing the unification of the proletarian troops of all countries as a great international Red Army, before the international counter-revolution has isolated and disarmed its detachments in the single countries.



- break-through of the weakest chain-link of the imperialist chain