- Clara Zetkin -

Special Website on occasion of

her 80th Day of Death

on the 20th of June, 2013

[ including archive of her works ]




Clara Zetkin

July 5, 1857 - June 20, 1933


"We, your sisters and brothers across the borders, tread the path on which you storm ahead.
the red banner of the Communist International is blowing above us.
The Soviets' star of Socialist creativeness enlightens the way and shows us the goal.
The proletarian world revolution is coming!
The world belongs to Communism !
This is an iron law of history. "

(Clara Zetkin)




of the Presidium of the Executive Committee of the Communist International:

"The great revolutionary Clara Zetkin died ...
Up to the last moment of her life she held high the banner of communism.
The German working class, which is fighting heroically against the bloodthirsty fascist dictatorship, honors Clara Zetkin as its proven, courageous and beloved leader.
The working class of the country of the victorious proletarian revolution honors her as a faithful companion and friend in the struggle for building a socialist society.
The Communist International and the workers of all countries, who are fighting for their liberation, they all honor their revolutionary heroine. "




Clara Zetkin and her comrade and companion Rosa Luxemburg, are famous female leaders of the labor movement. On the second International of the Socialist Women's Conference, it was Clara Zetkin, who submitted an application for declaring an annual international and socialist holiday in honor of the woman. Since then, at the 8th of March the International Women's Day is celebrated around the world since over 100 years.




Clara Zetkin was celebrated in both Germany and the Soviet Union before World War II because of her active involvement in the communist movement. She concerned herself particularly with women’s needs, arguing that women would respond best to a different form of agitation than that used among men. Clara Zetkin asserted that communism was the only way to respond to women’s concerns as mothers and that only socialist state involvement in domestic life would allow women to be fully emancipated. Women needed freedom from household work and increased training and support to aid them as workers, and Clara Zetkin’s writings centered on these principles.

The Bolshevik Revolution proved to Clara Zetkin that communism rescued women from the oppression of capitalism. The Soviet model showed that women could find protection for themselves and their children through socialist state intervention. In addition, communism provided a female proletariat with increased employment opportunities and training. While bourgeois women’s movements spread through Europe, Clara Zetkin emphasized that true liberation came only through communism. For Clara Zetkin, communism as found in Soviet Russia in the 1920s brought women equality not just in theory but also in practice.

Clara Zetkin’s periodical "Die Kommunistische Fraueninternationale" (1921-1925) included articles that emphasized the Soviet system for aiding women. These articles supported Clara Zetkin’s belief that communism benefits women by lightening their burdens. "Die Kommunistische Fraueninternationale" established a forum in which communist women throughout the world could hear news from movements in countries other than their own. By including discussion of the Soviet model in her periodical, Clara Zetkin sought to convince women of the virtues of joining Soviet Russia in worldwide revolution rather than succumbing to the empty promises of capitalist nations.


Clara Zetkin's appeal to the women of the world has lost none of its relevance today:

"Until now you have tolerated for your loved ones, now we need to act for your husbands, for your sons. (...) Down with capitalism, that sacrifices hecatombs of people for the wealth and power of the haves! Down with the war! Long live socialism!"

( " Appeal of Bern", in 1915)







Clara Zetkin warned early before the renegade Walter Ulbricht:
"May the fate prevent that once this man comes to the top of the party. One must only look into his eyes, to get to know how sneaky and dishonest he is."





Clara Zetkin was co-founder and long-time president of the International Red Aid, which stood on the side of those who were violated by justice of classes and repression. In the last article which she wrote, Clara Zetkin called for an international auxiliary week for the victims of fascist terror in Germany. She died on June 1933 in the vicinity of Moscow.



Remark of the Comintern (SH):

From 1921 to 1933, Clara Zetkin was member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI), where she was in her last years in the minority opposition to Stalin and against the thesis of social fascism . She also criticized Ernst Thalmann. However, Ernst Thalmann was defended by Stalin and is also defended by the Comintern (SH).
Lenin criticized the mistakes and weaknesses of Clara Zetkin, who herself has admitted her mistakes. Stalin criticized her, too.
Despite everything - Stalin honored Clara Zetkin at the burial by carrying her coffin from the House of Unions in Moscow to the walls of the Kremlin ( that day, 400,000 people said goodbye to comrade Clara Zetkin).




Praise and criticism on Clara Zetkin

(collection of letters and quotations)









Archive - Clara Zetkin



Only with the proletarian woman will socialism be victorious !

 Speech to the Gotha Congress - 1896


The Workers’ International Festival

1 May 1899



Clara Zetkin with social democrats from Württemberg - 1900



and Woman Suffrage






For Adult Suffrage

(1 May 1909)





German Socialist Women’s Movement

(9 October 1909)





A Greeting from Abroad

(May 1913)



German Women

to Their Sisters in Great Britain




“August Bebel”


August 1913




The Duty of Working Women in War-Time

19th November 1914




The Women of Germany
to the Women of Great Britain

January 1915




Intro to the

"Junius Pamphlet"

of Rosa Luxemburg

[The Crisis of Social Democracy]

(May 1919)





Clara Zetkin

Karl Liebknecht

(September 1919)



Clara Zetkin

Rosa Luxemburg

(September 1919)



Hail to the Third Socialist International!





In Defence of Rosa Luxemburg




"Democracy versus Dictatorship"




The Situation in Germany




A May-Day Message from Germany

"The Call", April 29, 1920




Fraternal Greetings from Clara Zetkin

September 1920




Clara Zetkin in Moscow

"The Communist", 4 November 1920




Clara Zetkin and other Communist women leaders at the Third Congress of the Comintern

July 1921




Clara Zetkin

Third Congress of the Communist International

Report on Communist Women’s Movement
July 8, 1921

Proceedings of the Third Congress of the Communist International, 1921





The Struggle Against New Imperialistic Wars

"The Communist Review", July 1922




Clara Zetkin

Report on Communist Work among Women

27. November 1922





Organising Working Women

Speech- held on the Fourth Congress of the Communist International

November 1922



The Worker's Government


December 1922

Kommunistische Frauen-Internationale



The Russian Revolution and the Fourth Congress of the Comintern

(November 1922)


Resolution on Fascism

3rd enlarged Plenum of the ECCI

1923 - Clara Zetkin



(August 1923)

Lenin on the Women’s Question

(An Interview with Lenin on the Woman Question)





Lenin on the

Women’s Question



Reminiscences of Lenin

(January 1924)




From the International of Word to the International of Deed



World Wide Field of Activity of the Comintern



To the Congress of the German Communist Party






Zur Geschichte der proletarischen Frauenbewegung

(English translation)