Communist Women 's - International

(Stalinist-Hoxhaists)

 

 

 

2015


Long live the 104rd

International Women's Day !

 

8th of March, 2015

 

Messages of Solidarity

Greeting Message of the Comintern (SH)

on occasion of the 104th International Women’s day

 

On the occasion of the 104th International Women's Day and the 4th Anniversary of the founding of the Communist Women's International, the Comintern (SH) sends militant, world revolutionary greetings to all revolutionary women all over the world and to all those who support their struggle.


All violent treatments of women, their unspeakable exploitation and oppression are caused by capitalist-imperialist wage slavery system. Capitalist private property is ultimately the root of sexual slavery and slavery of classes.
Therefore, the liberation of women is closely linked to the abolition of private ownership of the means of production and their transformation into collective socialized property.

The ruling classes are unable to solve the issue of women, in particular, as they are also incapable of solving the social question, in general.
That’s why it was needed to found a proletarian women's movement which - contrary to the bourgeois and petty bourgeois women's movement - wants to eliminate the inevitability of exploitation and oppression of women, side by side with the exploited and oppressed men - through the overthrow of the bourgeoisie and the establishment of the rule of the proletariat.
The inevitability of oppression and exploitation of women can only be eliminated by means of the removal of the inevitability of capitalism - that is, by the dictatorship of the world proletariat and the establishment of world socialism. Only in the world communism the woman is free.
For the communist women's movement, the world socialist revolution is the only way to liberate all women around the world.
Without world-revolutionary class struggle of the proletariat, there is no liberation of women. And without the participation of women in the destruction of world capitalism, there is no world socialism and world communism.

Let’s recall the words from comrade Enver:

"The Party and the working class should measure the advance toward the complete construction of socialist society with the deepening and progress of the women's revolution within our proletarian revolution. If the women lag behind, then the revolution marks time."


Exploited and oppressed women - rise up!


It is impossible to eliminate sex-slavery without eliminating class slavery!

Long live the 8th March - the International Women's Day!

Long live the proletarian internationalism of women!

Long live the world communist women's movement!

Long live the revolutionary struggle of women against hunger, war and fascism!

Long live the great achievements of socialist women in the Soviet Union and Albania!

Long live the world violent socialist revolution!

Long live global armed proletarian dictatorship!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Communist Women's International (Stalinist-Hoxhaist)!


 

 

NEW PUBLICATIONS OF THE COMINTERN (SH)

ON OCCASION OF THE

104th INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY

 

 

in Albanian language

ENVER HOXHA

EMANCIPATION OF WOMEN

AND SOCIOLOGISTS AND PHILOSPHERS

December 1977

EMANCIPIMI I GRUAS DHE SHKRIMTARET SOCIOLOGE E FILOZOFE TË SHEKUJVE TË KALUAR

 

* * *

in German language

Eine völlig befreite Frau kann nur in einer von jedem Joch und jeder Ausbeutung freien Gesellschaft leben

(A completely liberated woman can only live in a society, free from any yoke and any exploitation)

Vita Kapo

"Zeri i Popullit", March 1975

 

* * *

Das Problem der Emanzipation der Frau

(The problem of the emancipation of women)

Radio Tirana Nr. 5 / 1975

30. 5. 1975 - 26. 6. 1975

 

* * *

 

Nur eine auf den proletarischen Prinzipien beruhende Politik ist imstande, die wirkliche Wege der Befreiung der Frau aufzuzeigen

(Only a policy which is based on proletarian principles, is able to show the real way of women's liberation)

Vito Kapo

Zeri i Popullit - 31. Juli 1975

 

 

in Italian language

Third Congress of the Communist International

Methods and Forms of Work among Communist Party Women

 8 July 1921

Metodi e forme di lavoro fra le donne del partito comunista:

tesi

8 luglio 1921

 

 

 

The only path of the emancipation of women is the participation at the proletarian socialist world revolution !

 

 

 

World communist Program

Excerpt

 

We want to abolish completely the privileges and discrimination of gender .

We are for the emancipated development of the personality of every human being in the world, regardless of the gender.

 

Only the world communism creates the perfect social equality between men and women. The full satisfaction of gender-specific needs presupposes the full emancipation of women towards men. And without social emancipation of women is no development of harmonic social and economic relations possible.

The gender-related freedom presupposes the abolition of mutual economic dependency not only between man and woman, but also between the wife and the whole society.


"The real emancipation of women, real communism, will begin only where and when an all-out struggle begins (led by the proletariat wielding the state power) against this petty housekeeping, or rather when its wholesale transformation into a large-scale socialist economy begins." (Lenin, A Great Beginning, Collected Works, Volume 29, page 429).

Engels:

"What will be the influence of communist society on the family?

It will transform the relations between the sexes into a purely private matter which concerns only the persons involved and into which society has no occasion to intervene. It can do this since it does away with private property and educates children on a communal basis, and in this way removes the two bases of traditional marriage – the dependence rooted in private property, of the women on the man, and of the children on the parents.

And here is the answer to the outcry of the highly moral philistines against the “community of women”. Community of women is a condition which belongs entirely to bourgeois society and which today finds its complete expression in prostitution. But prostitution is based on private property and falls with it. Thus, communist society, instead of introducing community of women, in fact abolishes it." (Engels, Principles of Communism, Answer 21).

World communism can only be achieved through the full emancipation and equality of women. And conversely, the complete emancipation and equal rights for women can be realized only in world communism. In world communism, the exploitation and oppression of woman by man has been abolished forever.

World Communism does not invent the influence of society on gender and education. It only changes its character, namely the fact that the relationship between husband and wife and the education takes place in the classless society.

In a classless society, the unfolding of man and woman, of parents and children will be brought to a higher qualitative level, because the influence of the ruling classes on the relation between men and women and on education will be abolished forever. In world communism, no longer a state will be needed which must guard and enforce the rights of women. Both man and woman respect the opposite sex through voluntary and conscious adherence to the rules of living together.

 



 

 

 


C W I (S H) 

Founding declaration

8 March 2011 

 

Today we celebrate the 100th International Women 's Day together with our foundation ! 



Proletarian, internationalist militant greetings to all exploited and oppressed women of this world!

 
The emancipation of women can only be the collective work of the united women of the world! 


World-proletarian women - unite women of all countries for the socialist world revolution! 

 

On the International Women 's Day the proletarian women all over the world raise their collective voice against their exploitation and oppression! 
On this particular 100th World Women 's Day the proletarian women begin to organize their world-revolutionary global fight for the overthrow of world capitalism with the goal of world communism, and thus the final liberation of women. 
 The common world-revolutionary organization of proletarian women of all countries is the 
COMMUNIST WOMEN'S INTERNATIONAL (SH) 


On 27 August, 1910 - headed by Clara Zetkin and through her initiative - the Second International Conference of Women in Copenhagen declares World Women 's Day on the 8th March, annually - in memory of the brave proletarian women of an New York cotton factory, who were murdered by the police on 8 March 1908 - during their strike for equal pay and for the 10-hour day. 

1917/18, the international socialist women welcome enthusiastically the October Revolution of the Bolsheviks and join Lenin. Not until communist guiding principles and objectives, not until creating a firmly established, Bolshevik-organized unit, the socialist women 's movement could be transformed into the communist women 's world movement - at the initiative of Comrade Lenin. So far the world socialist women 's movement could not organize itself under conditions of the loose structure of the Second International. Under pressure from the socialist women the opportunist leaders of the Second International were forced to support the organized internationalist struggle for the liberation of women. While the leaders of the Second International - with their "homeland-defense" - openly went over to the camp of the bourgeoisie in 1914, the women of the Second International called vehemently for the revolutionary struggle against the imperialist war. On occasion of the Third International Conference on Women - held in Berlin- the Socialist women organized an international anti-war meeting of the women, and they adopted a resolution against the imperialist war. The poster – shown above – is made in 1914 for the purpose of the international anti-war-meeting in Berlin. It expresses and symbolizes not only the struggle of the socialist women against imperialist war.

The socialist women have also fought on the front line against the betrayal of socialism, against opportunism and revisionism. For us Stalinist-Hoxhaist women it is a great honor and commitment, to raise the banner of the World Women 's Day as members of the Communist Women 's International (Stalinist-Hoxhaists) and transform the poster of 1914 as our emblem of the C W I (SH). 

 It is the foundation of the Communist International which was the world-historical starting point of the revolutionary Communist Women 's World Movement: 

"The Communist International can only fulfill its tasks, can only secure the final victory of the world proletariat and the abolition of the capitalist system through the closely related common struggle of women and men of the working class. The dictatorship of the proletariat can only be lively and active, can only be achieved and maintained by the participation of women of the working-class" 
(See Minutes from March 2 to March 19, 1919, Hamburg 1921). 

 

The Communist Women 's International (Stalinist-Hoxhaists) is in the tradition of the glorious Communist International of Lenin and Stalin and in its revolutionary struggle to organize the liberation of women - on a global scale. 

On 8 July 1921 the Comintern unanimously adopted the "Resolution on the forms and methods of communist work among the women."

 It states: 

The Second International Conference of Communist women taking place in Moscow therefore calls upon the Communist Parties everywhere to carry out the resolution and the decision of the III International, take seriously the organisation of the broad masses of working women for revolutionary struggle and revolutionary construction, engage in propaganda and agitation among the female proletariat to spread Communist ideas, and draw these women into the Communist Party, thereby deepening and developing their will and ability to be active and to fight.”

…..

Every Party in the III International must organise sections attached to their Party Committees, sections for work amongst women, which must be headed by a Committee member. Departments for work among women are not special organisations within the Communist Parties; their role is specific – to mobilise and educate the broadest masses of working women to struggle for the dictatorship of the proletariat and for a Communist society. The departments for work among women carry out all their work under the leadership of the Party, but their forms and methods of work have to be sufficiently flexible to adapt themselves to the specificities of the position of women in the family and in society. The work of these departments is described in detail in the theses passed by the conference.

The departments for work among women must always be conscious of their dual task which is:

1 to inspire in the female proletarian masses a high level of class consciousness and a firm commitment to engage in the revolutionary class struggle, the struggle of all humiliated and oppressed people against the bourgeoisie, and the struggle for communism;

2 after the victory of the proletarian revolution, to involve them in a conscious and dedicated way in the joint work needed to build a Communist society.

Departments for work among women must remember that their job involves more than just verbal and written agitation and propaganda. Their main concern is to carry out agitation through action – the most effective method at their disposal – and, in all the capitalist countries, to encourage working women to take an active part in all the actions and struggles of the revolutionary proletariat, in strikes, street demonstrations and armed uprisings, while in Soviet countries they must give working women an active part to play in all spheres of Communist construction.”


The C W I (SH) is not a "Communist International of the Women", which is opposed to the Comintern (SH) as the "Communist International of the Men".
The C W I (SH) is no special organization which would separate women from the world proletariat. In the contrary, it is an organization which helps women to join the revolutionary struggle as a strong detachment of the gigantic army of the international proletariat. The Comintern (SH) facilitates the self-organization of the communist women in the world and support them in the same way as the Communist parties in the individual countries support their own women 's sections. 

The C W I (SH) is therefore an integral detachment and self-organized part of the Comintern (SH).

In words and deeds the C W I (SH) participates leading work of the Comintern (SH), directly and immediately ( see: Clara Zetkin – the leader of the communist women – was elected member of the leading ECCI). 

The C W I (SH) cooperates with the women 's sections of the Communist parties of individual countries.


Furthermore, the C W I (SH) instructs all mass organizations concerning all matters of the women, as – for example – within the Red International of the Labour Unions



On this solid, organizational and global basis, women all over the world unfold their consciousness of proletarian internationalism and to create their full force in support of the socialist world revolution and thus for the purpose of their own liberation. 

The C W I (SH) will meet its duties under the dictatorship of the world-proletariat and make a valuable contribution to the development of world socialism. 

The C W I (SH) has played its role only when the goal of a classless world society is achieved, only then the woman is truly and finally liberated. 


The 5 key-principles of the C W I (SH)  concerning
global gender equality, are: 

1.


In all its social, political, economic and cultural position, Men and Women are globally equal.
Any discrimination or privilege of gender is contrary to the equality of Men and Women. 


2. 

 Equal pay for equal work - all over the world - without exception. 
Any discrimination or any privilege of gender in the workplace, no matter in sections of production or service-sectors etc., … in the whole economic life of society - the principle of equality between Men and Women is valid and applies mutatis mutandis. 


3. 


 The global economic subjugation of wage-labor of women by the world capital – this is the main cause of most forms of social misery, physical and mental exploitation and political oppression of the working women, around the world. The economic emancipation of working women is therefore essential basis of the political movement of working women 's liberation. Without the abolition of private ownership of the means of production – there is no abolition of wage-slavery of women, and without abolition of wage-slavery there is no social and political liberation of the female world-proletariat. 


4. 

The gendered slavery, the contradiction and competition between “him” and “her”, especially the division of women and men in the world labor market, must be fought and overcome – finally through the removal of the inevitability of the contradiction between global wage-labour and capital . 

“He” and “She” belong to the same proletarian class, and together they form the army of the world proletariat against the world bourgeoisie. We fight, therefore, for the proletarian unity of women and men , for their mutual solidarity and support in their commonly organized class-struggle against the capitalists. The victory of the proletariat is based on the unity of proletarian women and men. Neither the proletarian women nor the proletarian men are capable to abolish capitalist wage slavery and gendered slavery on their own initiative. 

The matter of communism is a common matter of both, women and men.


5. 


 The division of the world proletariat by the capitalist countries, the division of the proletarian women and the proletarian men by national barriers, by national chauvinism, racism, etc. must also be fought and overcome on the one hand and such as the misogynistic world-imperialistic cosmopolitanism on the other hand. 




The C W I (SH) must turn its attention to the women of the working emigrants because they are at most underprivileged in relation to the male emigrants and moreover to the local proletarian workers. In the spirit of proletarian internationalism, the emigrant proletarians and the local proletariat must unite and organize themselves commonly to fight and overcome their division. 


 For the equality of women-emigrants ! 

The emancipation of women is neither a local nor a national problem but an international social problem and therefore, this problem can be solved only by the world socialist revolution:

 

Workers of the world - unite

 World-proletariat - unite all countries !

 

These two slogans of the Comintern (SH) belong together and they are also valid in the global struggle for the liberation of women. 


 

The exploitation and oppression of men and women through men and women can be finally abolished not before the era of world communism. The full equality between men and women can be reached only in world communism. 



Just as the equivalence of physical and intellectual labor, between city and country, etc., the equality of men and women is still not fully realizable in the period of world socialism. 
But the world socialism is the necessary transition-period of the liberation struggle of women from oppression and exploitation, in the period of the transition of the capitalist class society to a classless society of world communism. 

 

The struggle for the emancipation of women - as opposed to bourgeois and petty-bourgeois "feminist movement" - is inseparable part of the world proletarian movement. Proletarian class struggle and fight for the liberation of women are inextricably linked in the struggle for the socialist world revolution, in national liberation struggles, in anti-imperialist struggles, or even in daily struggles for better living-conditions, in all forms of class-struggle – the struggle for the liberation of the women is always indispensable part of it.
The path of reformism is a bourgeois illusion. Only by violent revolution, the “women 's question” is solved. The solution of women 's question is part of the solution of the whole social question, is subordinated and serving the socialist world-revolution. The question of reforms is subordinated under the question of revolution. 
The world-revolutionary women 's movement develops its own charactaristic forms of class-struggle and it is an indispensable lever for the overthrow of world capitalism, for the victory of the socialist world revolution and the establishment of the dictatorship of the world proletariat. 
The victory of the world-proletarian revolution is only possible on an equal footing female leadership of the world-proletariat. 
In the era of world socialism the proletarian men and women share commonly their role of their world 's class-hegemony. 

The world-hegemony of the proletariat is based on the unity and solidarity, on the equal rights and duties of proletarian men and women. 
The world-dictatorship of the proletariat is established, consolidated and defended by both the proletarian women and men. 

The women of the Paris Commune of 1871, the women of the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia, the socialist women of the Soviet Union and Albania, they have all made the greatest sacrifices and contribution to the liberation of women in the world. They have realized world-historical achievements of their equality with men by means of the dictatorship of the proletariat. 

On this solid ground the world-proletarian will achieve equality with men by means of the world-dictatorship of the proletariat – on a global scale.

 

We base our world-Bolshevist work on the experience of socialist countries in which there was the dictatorship of the proletariat, on the experience of the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin and the experience of socialist Albania's Enver Hoxha. There, the equality of men and women was not only well established in the Constitution. There were practically achieved all the facilities and measures for the free development of women in all fields, there was a secured and comprehensive social welfare for mother and child. 

 

Through the restoration of capitalism the great achievements of the socialist women were destroyed, but they can never be eternized. The Stalinist-Hoxhaist women shall always care about the propagation of these historical achievements of the liberated socialist women and their heroic role in the history of socialism in their country. With the era of world-socialism we shall raise higher and higher the banner of women 's achievements in the best interest of the world 's society.

 

It is necessary to combat revisionism and neo-revisionism and all its hues and shades.

We struggle against bourgeois and petty-bourgeois women 's politics – even in the bourgeois and petty-bourgeois women 's organizations as Lenin told us . We struggle against reformist, revisionist, anarchist, syndicalist, Trotzkyite, Maoist and all kinds of alleged „communists“ who like to throw us Communist women off the course of the socialist world revolution. However, this does not mean to be sectarian. Bearing in mind the 12 Stalinist rules of Bolshevization we do not deny action-unities with class-foreign elements, if this will be beneficial for our aims and goals.

 

Basis of the world revolutionary gender politics of the C W I (SH) are the teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism. 

We fight for the collection, education and organization of the female world proletariat under the red banner of the world socialist revolution! 



LONG LIVE THE

COMMUNIST WOMEN 'S - INTERNATIONAL 
(Stalinist-Hoxhaists) 


 

 

 


HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS

 

 

The Communist Women's International

1920 - 1930

( 17th of April 2014, published by the Comintern (SH) on occasion of the 94th anniversary of its foundation)


    World Communist

    Movement of Women:

    Documents

     

     

     

    The 5 Classics

    ON WOMEN

     

 

 

 

 

Selections from the writings of

Marx - Engels - Lenin - Stalin

 

 

Congress of the Peoples of the East
Baku
September 1920

Seventh Session, September 7, 1920

Stenographic Report

 

Shabanova:

 

Comrades,

Comrade Nadzhiya, said: The women’s movement beginning in the East must not be looked at from the standpoint of those frivolous feminists who are content to see woman’s place in social life as that of a delicate plant or an elegant doll. This movement must be seen as a serious and necessary consequence of the revolutionary movement which is taking place throughout the world. The women of the East are not merely fighting for the right to walk in the street without wearing the chadra, as many people suppose. For the women of the East, with their high moral ideals, the question of the chadra, it can be said, is of the least importance. If the women who form half of every community are opposed to the men and do not have the same rights as they have, then it is obviously impossible for society to progress: the backwardness of Eastern societies is irrefutable proof of this.

Comrades, you can be sure that all our efforts and labours to realize new forms of social life, however sincere and however vigorous our endeavours may be, will remain without result if you do not summon the women to become real helpers in your work.

Owing to the conditions caused by the war, in Turkey women have been obliged to quit the home and the household and take on the performance of a variety of social duties. The fact that women have had to take over the responsibilities of the men who have been called up for military service, and especially the fact that women in the roadless localities of Anatolia which are inaccessible even to pack-animals have been themselves dragging artillery equipment and munitions to where the troops need them cannot, of course, be called a step forward in the conquest of equal rights for women: people who see the fact that women are making up with their labour for the shortage of beasts of burden as contributing to the cause of equal rights for women are unworthy of our attention. We do not deny that at the beginning of the 1908 revolution some measures were introduced for women’s benefit. In view, however, of the ineffectiveness and inadequacy of these measures we do not regard them as highly significant.

The opening of one or two lower and higher schools for women in the capital and in the provinces, and even the opening of a university for women, does not accomplish one thousandth part of what still needs to be done. From the Turkish Government, whose actions are based on the oppression and exploitation of the weaker by the stronger, one cannot, of course, expect more fundamental or serious measures on behalf of women held in bondage.

But we know, too, that the position of our sisters in Persia, Bukhara, Khiva, Turkestan, India and other Moslem countries is even worse. However, the injustice done to us and to our sisters has not remained unpunished. Proof of this is to be. seen in the backwardness and decline of all the countries of the East. Comrades, you must know that the evil done to women has never passed and will never pass without retribution.

Because the session of the Congress of the Peoples of the East is drawing to its close we are obliged through lack of time to refrain from discussing the position of women in the various countries of the East. But let the comrade delegates who are entrusted with the great mission of taking back to their homelands the great principles of the revolution not forget that all the efforts they devote to winning happiness for the peoples will remain fruitless unless there is real help from the women. The Communists consider it necessary, in order to get rid of all misfortunes, to create a classless society, and to this end they declare relentless war against all the bourgeois and privileged elements. The women Communists of the East have an even harder battle to wage because, in addition, they have to fight against the despotism of their menfolk. If you, men of the East, continue now, as in the past, to be indifferent to the fate of women, you can be sure that our countries will perish, and you and us together with them: the alternative is for us to begin, together with all the oppressed, a bloody life-and-death struggle to win our rights by force. I win briefly set forth the women’s demands. If you want to bring about your own emancipation, listen to our demands and render us real help and co-operation.

1) Complete equality of rights.

2) Ensuring for women unconditional opportunity to make use of the educational and vocational-training institutions established for men.

3) Equality of rights of both parties to marriage. Unconditional abolition of polygamy.

4) Unconditional admission of women to employment in legislative and administrative institutions.

5) Everywhere, in cities, towns and villages, committees for the rights and protection of women to be established.

Undoubtedly we can ask for all of this. The Communists, recognising that we have equal rights, have reached out their hand to us, and we women will prove their most loyal comrades. True, we may be stumbling in pathless darkness, we may be standing on the brink of yawning chasms, but we are not afraid, because we know that in order to see the dawn one has to pass through the dark night.

 

 

 

The Communist International

and the

Communist Women's International

 

 

 

 

Third Congress of the Communist International

Methods and Forms of Work among Communist Party Women

 

8 July 1921

 

 

 

Fourth Congress of the Communist International

27 November 1922

Resolution on the Work of the International Communist Women ’s Secretariat

 

 

Second International Conference

of Socialist Women

Copenhagen 1910

 

 

 

ROSA LUXEMBURG

Women’s Suffrage and Class Struggle

Speech on May 12, 1912

(at the Second Social Democratic Women’s Rally, Stuttgart, Germany).

 

On the Fallen Women of Liberalism

1912

 

 

 

Clara Zetkin

 

Clara Zetkin was celebrated in both Germany and the Soviet Union before World War II because of her active involvement in the communist movement. She wrote prolifically and preached the virtues of socialism. She concerned herself particularly with women’s needs, arguing that women would respond best to a different form of agitation than that used among men. Zetkin asserted that communism was the only way to respond to women’s concerns as mothers and that only state involvement in domestic life would allow women to be fully emancipated. Women needed freedom from household work and increased training and support to aid them as workers, and Zetkin’s writings centered on these principles.

The Bolshevik Revolution proved to Zetkin that communism rescued women from the oppression of capitalism. The Soviet model showed that women could find protection for themselves and their children through state intervention. In addition, communism provided a female proletariat with increased employment opportunities and training. While bourgeois women’s movements spread through Europe, Zetkin emphasized that true liberation came only through communism. For Zetkin, communism as found in Soviet Russia in the 1920s brought women equality not just in theory but also in practice.

Zetkin’s periodical Die Kommunistische Fraueninternationale (1921-1925) included articles that emphasized the Soviet system for aiding women. These articles supported Zetkin’s belief that communism would benefit women by lightening their burdens. Die Kommunistische Fraueninternationale established a forum in which communist women throughout the world could hear news from movements in countries other than their own. By including discussion of the Soviet model in her periodical, Zetkin sought to convince women of the virtues of joining Soviet Russia in worldwide revolution rather than succumbing to the empty promises of capitalist nations.

 

 

Organising Working Women

Speech- held on the Fourth Congress of the Communist International

November 1922

 

 

Clara Zetkin

Only with the proletarian woman will socialism be victorious !

 Speech to the Gotha Congress

1896

 

 

 

 

August Bebel

WOMAN UNDER SOCIALISM

 

In Bebel's lifetime Women and Socialism appeared in fifty-three German-language print editions, was translated into twenty languages, and sold almost a million and a half copies.

People came to be attracted to socialism through this book

 

 

 

 

 

Larrissa Reissner

"Hamburg at the Barricades"

1923

 

 

 

 

 

 

The revolutionary Struggle of the Women against the Islamic Republic of Iran

 

The Spread of A Misogynist Culture, The Means to Further Serve The Exploitation of Workers

 

On the occasion of March 8th

International Day of working and toiling women

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Women of the Soviet Union

 

 

Selected Works of

Nadezhna Krupskaya

 

 

 

 

How Soviet Russia Liberated Women

by Liberty Sproat

 

Clara Zetkin was celebrated in both Germany and the Soviet Union before World War II because of her active involvement in the communist movement as the founder of the Communist Womens' International

 

 

The Story of Zoya and Shura

 

 

 

20 Years in Underground Russia

Cecilia Bobrovskaya

1934

 

Women of Albania

 

 

 


 

The Albanian women

- a great force of the revolution

1978

 

 

 

 

Problems of the struggle for the complete emancipation of women

Tirana 1973

 

 

 

 

The 9th Congress of the Women's Union of Albania

Durres, June 1983

 

 

 

 

 

 

The family in the PSR of Albania

Ksanthipi Begeja

Tirana - 1984

 

 

 

 

ENVER HOXHA

"The family is the basis of our society. The old backard and reactionary concepts on the family cannot be the basis of our family. A sound family must be built on entirely new bases. These are real equality between husband and wife, equal treatment of ligitimate and illegitimate children, protection of the mother and the child, strengthening of the the position of woman in society and her complete emancipation, control of the parents and tutors so that they accomplish their duty of raising and educating the children entrusted ro rheir care."

(Enver Hoxha, Works, Vol. 4, pp. 482 - 483, Alb. ed.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Women of the Paris Commune 1871

 

Appeal to Workingwomen

 

First Published: May 17 1871;
The Central Committee of the Union of Women for the Defense of Paris and the Care of the Wounded, charged by the Commune’s Labor Commission with the organization of the labor of the women of Paris and with the constituting of federal and union chambers of united working women;

Given the identity of the union and federal chambers of workingmen, of the grouping of workingwomen in professional sections forming free and federated productive associations among themselves,

Consequently, it invites all workingwomen to meet today Wednesday, May 17 at the Bourse at 7:00 p.m. in order to name delegates from each corporation for the constituting of union chambers that will, in turn, each send two delegates for the formation of a federal chamber of workingwomen.

For all information contact the Committee of the Union of Women, instituted and functioning in all arrondisements.

Seat of the Central Committee of the Union: Rue du Faubourg-Saint-Martin, at the town hall of the Xth arrondisement.

 

Seen and approved

The Delegate for the Department of Labor and Exchange
Leo Frankel

The Executive Committee of the Central Committee
Nathalie le Mel
Aline Jacquier
Leloup
Blanche Lefevre
Collin
Jarry
Elisabeth Dmitrieff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDIAN

COMINTERN (SH)

 

Excerpt of the World-Communist Programme

concerning emancipation of women

 

 

11

We want to abolish completely the privileges and discrimination of gender .

We are for the emancipated development of the personality of every human being in the world, regardless of the gender.

 

Only the world communism creates the perfect social equality between men and women. The full satisfaction of gender-specific needs presupposes the full emancipation of women towards men. And without social emancipation of women is no development of harmonic social and economic relations possible.

The gender-related freedom presupposes the abolition of mutual economic dependency not only between man and woman, but also between the wife and the whole society.


"The real emancipation of women, real communism, will begin only where and when an all-out struggle begins (led by the proletariat wielding the state power) against this petty housekeeping, or rather when its wholesale transformation into a large-scale socialist economy begins." (Lenin, A Great Beginning, Collected Works, Volume 29, page 429).

Engels:

"What will be the influence of communist society on the family?

It will transform the relations between the sexes into a purely private matter which concerns only the persons involved and into which society has no occasion to intervene. It can do this since it does away with private property and educates children on a communal basis, and in this way removes the two bases of traditional marriage – the dependence rooted in private property, of the women on the man, and of the children on the parents.

And here is the answer to the outcry of the highly moral philistines against the “community of women”. Community of women is a condition which belongs entirely to bourgeois society and which today finds its complete expression in prostitution. But prostitution is based on private property and falls with it. Thus, communist society, instead of introducing community of women, in fact abolishes it." (Engels, Principles of Communism, Answer 21).

World communism can only be achieved through the full emancipation and equality of women. And conversely, the complete emancipation and equal rights for women can be realized only in world communism. In world communism, the exploitation and oppression of woman by man has been abolished forever.

World Communism does not invent the influence of society on gender and education. It only changes its character, namely the fact that the relationship between husband and wife and the education takes place in the classless society.

In a classless society, the unfolding of man and woman, of parents and children will be brought to a higher qualitative level, because the influence of the ruling classes on the relation between men and women and on education will be abolished forever. In world communism, no longer a state will be needed which must guard and enforce the rights of women. Both man and woman respect the opposite sex through voluntary and conscious adherence to the rules of living together.

 


 


 

Marx and Engels,

Communist Manifesto, 1848:

"Abolition of the family! Even the most radical flare up at this infamous proposal of the Communists . . . The bourgeois sees in his wife a mere instrument of production. He hears that the instruments of production are to be exploited in common, and, naturally, can come to no other conclusion than that the lot of being common to all will likewise fall to the women. He has not even a suspicion that the real point is to do away with the status of women as mere instruments of production."

 

 

Frederik Engels

Origins of the Family, Private Property and the State, 1884:

"With regard to the juridical equality of man and woman in marriage: the inequality of the two before the law, which is a legacy of previous social conditions, is not the cause but the effect of the economic oppression ofwomen . . . The necessity, as well as themanner, of establishing real social equality between the two will be brought out into full relief only when both are completely equal before the law."

 

 

Communist International, Resolution on the Role of Working Women.

March 6, 1919


The Congress of the Communist International recognizes that the realization of all the tasks it sets by itself, as well as the ultimate victory of the world proletariat and the complete abolishment of the capitalistic system, can be attained only by the closely united common effort of the men and women of the working class.

The enormously growing employment of female labor in all branches of economy, the fact that no less than half of all existing values are produced by women's' hand, the recognition of the important part proletarian women play in the construction of the new Communist social order, particularly in the transition to communistic domestic relations, in the reform of the family as an institution, and the realization of a socialistic education of children destined to produce able and common-spirited citizens for the Soviet Republics-all these considerations cause the following to be the urgent task of all parties adhering to the Communist International: to exert all their energy towards the winning of proletarian women for those parties, and towards the education of working women in the spirit of the new society and of communistic ethics in society and the family.

The dictatorship of the proletariat can be realized and kept up only through the active and energetic participation of the women of the working class.