CAMBODIA

 

 

 

 

INDOCHINA

CAMBODIA

ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា

Population: 15,205,539

Area: 181,035 km2

 

 

2015

 

Comintern (SH)

Programmatic Declaration

on

the question of migrants and refugees


- and its world-revolutionary solution -

Cambodian Refugee Camp in Thailand

 

2013

 

 

 

 

A Cambodian protester falls down to the ground after being hit by a water cannon during clashes at a demonstration in Phnom Penh on September 15, 2013. Police fired smoke grenades, tear gas and water cannon

 

 

 

 

Garment workers confront police officers during a protest in front of a factory owned by Sabrina (Cambodia) Garment Manufacturing in Kampong Speu province, west of the capital Phnom Penh June 3. 2013

4,000 workers are on strike, demanding a pay increase from about $74 to $88 dollars per month.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cambodian protesters killed as police crack down on garment workers' rally

 

20,000 Cambodian garment workers strike

 

 

 

2014

class struggle of garment workers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Four dead in Cambodia as police fire on protesters

 

 

 

 

People protest against land grab in Cambodia, 2012

 

 

 

Young scavengers fight for a piece of plastic they have found while working between tons of rubbish in the Anlong Pi landfill in Siem Reap, Cambodia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinese imperialists

- get out of Cambodia !

 

 

 

Chinese companies last year pledged to invest $8 billion in 360 projects in the impoverished Southeast Asian country in the first seven months of this year, almost as much as the country's annual gross domestic product.

The richest capitalists in Cambodia are Chinese.

 

 

 

China to lend Cambodia US$195 mln to buy its helicopters

 

 

 

China gives 46 cars to Cambodia for ASEAN Defense Ministers’ meeting

 

 

Thousands of cubic meters of luxury wood is being shipped from Cambodia to China each year

 

 

 

 

 

 

The War in Cambodia 1945-53

 

HISTORY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hail the historic victories which the valiant Cambodian

people are achieving under the leadership of the

National United Front in their struggle against the

American imperialist aggressors and the puppet regime of

Lon Nol.

 

LON NOL - PUPPET OF US-IMPERIALISM

 

 

 

Pol Pot and Deng Xhiao-ping

the 2 social-fascists

and enemies of the Cambodian and Chinese people!

 

Social-fascists are called social-fascists because they commit crimes on oppressed and exploited classes in the name of communism !

 

They are guilty for crimes on the peoples.

Communism is not guilty for crimes at the peoples!

This is all anti-communist propaganda.

The Criminals are the imperialists who invaded, exploited and oppressed the peoples of Indochina !

Criminals are all the lackeys of the imperialists - inclusively the Indochinese lackeys of the Chinese social-imperialists!

* * *

 

Prince Sihanouk, who was incarcerated for nearly four years in Pnom Pen, has spoken publicly at UNO about the crimes of the Pol Pot government and its extermination of the Cambodian people.

The Cambodian people were treated inhumanly by the clique of Pol Pot and Yeng Sari. Pnom Pen was turned into a deserted city, empty of people, where food was difficult to secure even for the diplomats, where no doctors or even aspirins could be found. We think that the people and patriots of Cambodia waited too long before overthrowing this clique which was completely linked with Beijing and in its service.

(Enver Hoxha)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April 17, 1975

Liberation Day of Cambodia

 

8 khmer-rouge-soldiers-3 Sihanouk5-231dd8dcc9a4f39982722301c04da993d3b6914f-s6-c30 khmer-rouge

 

 

 

 

We remember the victims and keep them in our hearts forever.

We honor the brave Cambodian freedom fighters who spent their live for the defeat of all the imperialist invaders and who defended heroically the national self-determination, independence and sovereignty of the Cambodian people. We honor those Cambodian freedom fighters who struggled for the social and national liberation of the Cambodian people from all inner and outer enemies.

 

 

The fight goes on:

 

We fight for a socialist Cambodia in a socialist world !

 

 

Prince Norodom Sihanouk visited Albania in 1972, 1974, 1975, 1978 and 1985

On occasion of this great victory of the heroic Cambodian people we publish a collection of quotations of

 

Enver Hoxha

ON INDOCHINA

 

also available in

German language

 

in German language

Radio Tirana 1975

On the complete liberation of Cambodia

 

 

in German language

Declaration of the government of the People's Republic of Albania

Sharp condemnation of the armed aggression of the US-imperialists against Cambodia

Tirana, May 4, 1979

 

 

 

 

THE CHINESE AGGRESSION AGAINST VIETNAM

ZERI I POPULLIT

February 21, 1979

 

* * *

POEM

40 Years ago

17. April 1975

complete liberation of Cambodia


Cambodian working class are proud
Cambodian farmers are strong
Cambodian people stay class-conscious, stay rebel
that was the proletarian way
Cambodian  revolutionary never give up
don`t let the struggle of independence down
workers of the world fight back
that`s your revolutionary way

Cambodian working class never give up
Cambodian farmers don`t fear  oi! oi! oi!

US-Imperialism don`t accept what you are
US-imperialism don`t accept what you do
Yankee-fascsim don`t want to see you - cased in the war
Cambodian struggle of independence keep on fighting, it`s up to you

Cambodian working class never give up
Cambodian farmers don`t fear  oi! oi! oi!

Fuck you US-imperialist crew!
Fuck you social imperialis too!
Richard Nixon you  are a fascist!
Leonid Brechnew you are a dumb!
Indochina imperialist bloody politicans
Cambodian working class make you fucking run!
world capital- rich fat coward
lazing in their luxus suite
world proletariat chase you down on the street

Cambodian working class never give up
Cambodian farmers don`t fear  oi! oi! oi!

 

* * *

Long live the friendship and unity of the Indochinese Peoples !

 

The Indochinese Communist Party

 

The Indochinese Communist Party was founded in October 1930

 

 

It was the Comintern which decided on the formation of the Indochinese Communist party.

 

The Indochinese Communist party was dissolved in 1945.

 

The program of the Indochinese Communist party was formed by communists of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos:

 


  1. To overthrow French imperialism and Vietnamese feudalism and reactionary bourgeoisie;

  2. To make Indochina completely independent;

  3. To establish a worker-peasant-soldier government;

  4. To confiscate the banks and other enterprises belonging to the imperialists and put them under the control of the worker-peasant-soldier government;

  5. To confiscate all the plantations and property belonging to the imperialists and the Vietnamese reactionary bourgeoisie and distribute them to the poor peasants;

  6. To implement the 8-hour working day;

  7. To abolish the forced buying of government bonds, the poll-tax and all unjust taxes hitting the poor;

  8. To bring democratic freedoms to the masses;

  9. To dispense education to all the people;

  10. To realize equality between man and woman.

 

LONG LIVE COMMUNISM IN INDOCHINA !

 

     

     

     

     

    Long live the communist

    Cambodia in a communist

    world !

     

     

     

    Cambodia

    is ripe for a

    Socialist revolution !

     

Create a strong Section

of the Communist International

(Stalinist-Hoxhaists)

in Cambodia !

Long live the Stalinist-Hoxhaist World Movement !

 

 

 

 

 

Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism !

 

 

 

 

One of the most flagrant and impressive examples of the immense damages caused by Mao’s reactionary ideas and by chinese social-imperialism was that of Cambodia under Pol Pot.

We choose to develop the Cambodia example not only because it represents one of the most brutal attempts made by the chinese revisionists to create a sphere of influence of their own, but also because the “Pol Pot question” is one of the most important arguments used by the world bourgeoisie to discredit communist ideology.

The Pol Pot regime was a direct product of the Maoist pro-capitalist revisionism and of the social-imperialist interests it fostered.

After the American defeat, Vietnam started to be governed by a revisionist clique which served soviet interests. It was already in this epoch that the Cambodian nationalist-bourgeois “resistance” against the pro-American regime of Lon Lol was intensifying and Pol Pot and his “Red” Khmers were part of that “resistance”. Seeing all this, the Maoist imperialists, which were very irritated about Soviet influence in Southeast Asia, supported Pol Pot’s struggle for power with the purpose of transforming Cambodia into a Chinese satellite which would counterbalance Vietnam’s pro-Sovietism.

Pol Pot, whose real name was Saloth Sar, was born in a bourgeois family. Thanks to his family’s wealth, he was able to study in France, where he supposedly took contact with communist ideology. This is nothing astonishing, since the great majority of the sons of the native bourgeoisies which studied in colonialist metropolis during the second half of the Xxth Century took contact with communist ideology at a determined moment. Therefore, just because the young Pol Pot read some communist books does not mean that, because of that, he had become a communist. Indeed, there are many bourgeois which know a lot about communist ideology, which even read the works of the Classics. But does that mean that they ceased to be bourgeois and can be considered genuine communists? Of course not. They are not communists because they don’t accept Marxism-Leninism, because they are unable to understand the grandiosity of that ideology. Even if they pretend to be communists, their true bourgeois nature will always appear in the way they distort and corrupt Marxism-Leninism. This was what happened with Pol Pot. In reality, in Pol Pot’s case, we cannot merely say that he was not a communist. In fact, we must affirm without fear that Pol Pot was a veritable anticommunist, because more than a simple rejection of Marxism-Leninism, he would launch a brutal war in order to avoid the Cambodian people from taking the socialist revolutionary path.

The best proof of Pol Pot’s reactionary character was his embracement of Maoism. In fact, what most attracted Pol Pot towards Maoism was precisely Mao’s negation of the leading role of the proletariat in the revolution and its replacement by the peasantry. One of the main thesis which would be used by Pol Pot to justify the reign of terror that the “Red” Khmers imposed on the Cambodian people was precisely the famous Maoist conception about “the encirclement of the city by the countryside”.

In his works against Maoism, Comrade Enver Hoxha openly exposed the anti-Marxist character of this idea:

In his writings, Mao has expressed and continues to express that «the peasantry is the most revolutionary force on which the revolution must be based».

Another expression of this anti-Marxist line of Mao's is the concept that «the countryside must encircle the city». This means that the poor peasantry must lead the revolution, that «the proletariat of the city has lost its revolutionary spirit, has become conservative and has adapted itself to capitalist oppression and exploitation».

Of course, this theory is anti-Marxist and cannot lead to revolution, cannot establish and give the role that belongs to it to the dictatorship of the proletariat, or to its leadership — the Marxist-Leninist proletarian party. Anything can be covered up with words and propaganda, but not the essence of the question, and consequently, if not today, tomorrow, the time will come when the roof and the walls will fall in, because, without the leadership of the Marxist-Leninist communist party and without resolutely implementing the immortal theses of the Marxist-Leninist theory in the correct way, socialism cannot be built.” (Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, January 1, 1976, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

Mao’s anti-Marxist thesis about the “encirclement of the city by the countryside” means that, accordingly with Mao, it is the peasantry which should lead the revolution, it is the peasantry which should be the main revolutionary force. Nonetheless, Pol Pot understood this idea in a totally literal manner. He interpreted this “encirclement” as a de facto encirclement, and as if the countryside should not only encircle the city, but also destroy the city and everything related with urban culture. This constitutes the main aspect of Pol Pot’s “ideology”.

Maoism deformed Marxism-Leninism by adapting it to bourgeois anti-colonialist nationalism, while Pol Pot deformed Maoism by adapting it to his individualist greed for absolute power over an entire people. Pol Pot’s ideology can be considered an extremist form of revisionism.

But let’s return to historical events. In 1975, after overthrowing Lon Lol pro-western despotic government, Pol Pot reached power and became an instrument of chinese socialimperialism.

Pol Pot occupied power from 1975 to 1979, and during those 4 years he took Cambodian people back to the stone age. Cambodia never had heavy industry and was very far from having an independent economy. After all, we must not forget that after being subjected to French imperialism, Cambodia was governed by pro-American puppets which sold the country to foreign capital. However, during Pol Pot’s rule, the few industries that existed in Cambodia were reduced to nothing. And it was not only the industries. The Cambodian proletariat also almost disappeared under Pol Pot. These effects were due to the policy followed by the “Red” Khmers which consisted in forcibly dislocating the urban people to the countryside with the alleged purpose of “making them learn from the peasants, which are the only revolutionary force”. Therefore, all that was linked with the urban proletariat (factories, schools, roads, electricity systems, etc…) was simply smashed. During Pol Pot’s rule, the Cambodian cities were deserts where nobody lived.

It is interesting to note that, as every genuine Marxist-Leninist knows, it is the existence of the urban proletariat and the development of the heavy industry that permits that even a backward country can edificate socialism in a correct and independent manner. The examples of Soviet Union of Comrades Lenin and Stalin and of Socialist Albania of Comrade Enver Hoxha are living proofs of the scientific character of this theory. In both countries, after the socialist revolution, the urban proletariat increased exponentially and the main economic efforts were directed towards heavy industry; and this because, without wanting to diminish the great importance that socialist agriculture and the peasantry had in Socialist Albania and in Soviet Union, the truth is that the socialist edification is unconceivable without a strong and well organized urban proletariat in order to lead the revolution, and without a firm and diversified industry of means of production in order to assure the material base of the proletarian

dictatorship and to grant its independence from world capitalism. But we observe that the strategy followed by Pol Pot was in total and irreconcilable opposition with that defended and applied by the Classics of Marxism-Leninism. The actions of the Pol Pot clique turned socialist edification in Cambodia completely impossible and, by leaving the country in ruins, Pol Pot gave a precious help to world capitalism which wanted to steal and to exploit the Cambodian people

(a totally desolated and miserable country whose people is dying of hunger and malaria is a much easier prey to the capitalist multinationals looking for huge profits).

The terrorist actions which the “Red” Khmers perpetrated against the Cambodian people were also incompatible with the essence of the communist ideology. In Pol Pot’s Cambodia, the workers and even the peasants (the two main productive forces which should construct socialism) lived in total terror. They did not think about how to build a classless and stateless society based on the teachings of the Classics of Marxism-Leninism. Instead of that, they spent their time thinking if they would live to see another day or not (even the anti-religious struggle of the “Red” Khmers was conducted in a wrong and counter-revolutionary manner, because it was launched rightly after Pol Pot reached power, at a time when Cambodian people was still not ready to embrace atheism, and thus instead of removing religion in an efficient manner, the Pol Pot regime strengthened religious feelings because Cambodian people saw religion as a factor of unity against the rulers which were repressing them in such a harsh way. The anti-religious struggle which Mao launched in China was also inconsistent and ineffective, although that was due to reasons linked with the incoherence of that struggle, because on one side Mao affirmed he wanted to combat Buddhism, but on the other side, his own ideology was strongly influenced by that religion. The wrong anti-religious strategies followed by Mao in China and by Pol Pot in Cambodia are an antithesis of the revolutionary and Marxist-Leninist struggle against religion as it was conducted in Soviet Union of Comrades Lenin and Stalin and in Socialist Albania of Comrade Enver Hoxha).

In such conditions, it is impossible to speak about dictatorship of the proletariat. Under a genuine proletarian dictatorship, the workers and the peasants must enjoy the greatest liberty, they should be free to expand and develop their Marxist-Leninist ideology in order to achieve socialist and later communist society. This happened in Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin and in Socialist Albania of Comrade Enver. These two states were by far the most democratic that ever existed, rightly because they were authentic proletarian dictatorships.

And as if that was not enough, the Pol Pot regime even provided the world reaction with another “anti-communist weapon”. If we observe the disgusting books about the so-called “communist crimes” which are largely published in the repugnant bourgeois media, we will conclude that nearly all of them refer to “the Cambodian genocide”, to the “Cambodian killing fields” or to the “the mass killings perpetrated by the communists in Cambodia”, etc…Those false qualifications of the Cambodian genocide which try to paint it as a “communist atrocity” are nothing more than evidence of how desperate the international reaction is in trying to justify the tyrannical imperialist-capitalist system which oppresses humanity today more than ever. Of course, this is not to deny that mass killings happened in Cambodia under Pol Pot.

Undoubtedly, there were horrible killings. But, contrary to the desires of the bourgeois ideologues, it was not a “communist crime”, even because the so-called “communist crimes” never existed, they are nothing more than a fabrication by the bourgeoisie. Communism is the highest of all ideals, it is the most noble of all ideologies, and the bourgeois concept of “crime” is totally incompatible not only with communist ideology in itself, but also with the process of edification of a socialist and communist society. In socialist edification, the proletariat and its revolutionary party commit no crimes, but only acts of justice against the awful oppressors.

On the contrary, the course and the outcome of the Pol Pot regime clearly indicate that the killings which occurred in Cambodian were actions of an anti-Marxist and counterrevolutionary nature, because they precluded the Cambodian people from establishing the proletarian dictatorship and from edificating socialism. The fact that Pol Pot qualified himself as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Cambodia does not change anything:

History does not know any case of a country which has engaged or has achieved socialism under the direction of a non-Marxist-Leninist party or political organization. (…) It is true that nowadays there are a lot of people who talk about socialism, there are also a lot of parties which are pretending to be authentic socialist parties and which are pretending to lead the struggle for socialism. However, we can never judge things simply according with the words and the names that those people and those parties attribute to themselves. On the contrary, it is necessary to judge their actions, their concrete attitudes and the policies

followed by them, all this with the objective of observing to whom are those people and parties serving and who profits from their views and actions.” (PLA, A propos des thèses concernant le Xe Congrès du Parti communiste Italien, article published in the newspaper Zëri I Popullit, on 17-18 November of 1962, in Les idées du marxisme-léninisme triompheront du révisionnisme, Tirana, 1964, translated from french language).

Concluding, the regime imposed in Cambodia by Pol Pot can be qualified as a reactionary anti-communist bloodthirsty dictatorship whose objective was to paralyze the socialist revolutionary aspirations of the oppressed Cambodian people in order to facilitate Cambodia’s exploitation by foreign imperialisms, especially by Chinese socialimperialism.

Comrade Enver Hoxha and the PLA severely criticized the Pol Pot regime and understood that it was a result of chinese social-imperialism and of Maoist anti-Marxist

ideological deviationism:

In regard to Cambodia, our Party and state have condemned the bloodthirsty activities of the Pol Pot clique, a tool of the Chinese social-imperialists. We hope that the Cambodian people will surmount the difficulties they are encountering as soon as possible and decide their own fate and future in complete freedom without any «guardian».” (Enver Hoxha, Report to the VIII Congress of the PLA, Tirana, 1981).

In 1979, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and Pol Pot was finally overthrew, in what represented a dispute between two exploitative and anti-Marxist cliques which symbolized pro-Soviet revisionism (Vietnam’s ruling clique) and pro-Chinese revisionism (Pol Pot’s ruling clique). It’s important to note that, throughout his rule, Pol Pot was also supported by American Imperialism, which provided his “government” with diplomatic recognition (even after knowing about the atrocities committed by it). The Americans also supported the “Red” Khmers in their disputes against pro-Soviet Vietnam. If Pol Pot was a true communist, would the Americans give him this kind of help? Obviously not. They supported Pol Pot because his ideology entirely coincided with their own.