75 Years ago ...

German-Soviet non-aggression treaty

August 23, 1939



August 23, 2014


75 years ago, the German-Soviet non-aggression pact was signed. The main content of the contract consisted in the following:


Text of the

German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

The Government of the German Reich and The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics desirous of strengthening the cause of peace between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and proceeding from the fundamental provisions of the Neutrality Agreement concluded in April, 1926 between Germany and the U.S.S.R., have reached the following Agreement:

Article I. Both High Contracting Parties obligate themselves to desist from any act of violence, any aggressive action, and any attack on each other, either individually or jointly with other Powers.

Article II. Should one of the High Contracting Parties become the object of belligerent action by a third Power, the other High Contracting Party shall in no manner lend its support to this third Power.

Article III. The Governments of the two High Contracting Parties shall in the future maintain continual contact with one another for the purpose of consultation in order to exchange information on problems affecting their common interests.

Article IV. Should disputes or conflicts arise between the High Contracting Parties shall participate in any grouping of Powers whatsoever that is directly or indirectly aimed at the other party.

Article V. Should disputes or conflicts arise between the High Contracting Parties over problems of one kind or another, both parties shall settle these disputes or conflicts exclusively through friendly exchange of opinion or, if necessary, through the establishment of arbitration commissions.


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The German-Soviet non-aggression pact was signed for ten years and supplemented on 11 February 1940 by a commercial treaty between the Soviet Union and Germany.

The ratification of the Soviet-German Treaty of August 23 messed up the plans of those reactionary diplomats of England and France who had speculated on it to isolate the Soviet Union and its refusal of the reciprocity of aid commitments with the intention of setting the Soviet Union against the German aggression . That was a great diplomatic success of the Government of the USSR.

On the other hand, Hitler Germany demonstrated in face of the whole world, how much it assessed the power of the USSR, and how much it feared the possible participation of the Soviet state in the struggle against Germany on the part of the Anglo-French block. Of course, the agreement with Germany witnessed by no means excessive confidence in fascist Germany. Not in the least, the Soviet Union weakened its vigilance and its incessant concern for the strengthening of the military forces of the USSR.





Comrade Molotov said:


"This treaty is underpinned by firm confidence in our real forces in full operational readiness in case of any aggression against the USSR." (Molotov, "On ratification of the Soviet-German non-aggression treaty", Moscow, 1939, page 15, in Russian).

Comrade Stalin taught that it is necessary, in every moment, to keep the whole USSR on alert and all forces in a state of mobilization. Faced with the threat of a military attack the USSR should never fall for any sneaky tricks of the enemy and should never be taken by surprise by the war.


The non-aggression pact between the USSR and Germany provoked a stormy new campaign against the Soviet Union. The reactionary press in England and France ranted about the unnatural alliance between communism and fascism. The Reuter Agency informed by radio, that the Soviet Union would be responsable for the breakdown in negotiations with England and France as a consequence of the treaty with Germany.

In an interview with the "Izvestia", published on 27 August 1939, Comrade Voroshilov rejected all these false claims. He explained:


"The military negotiations with England and France were canceled not because the USSR ratified a non-aggression treaty with Germany, but vice versa, the USSR signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany among others also due to the fact that the military negotiations with France and England were at an impasse because of insuperable disagreements. "




Falsificators of History

An Historical Note

Soviet Information Bureau, Moscow
February, 1948




The allegation that the Soviet Government refused to take part in preparing the publication of German archive materials is false.

Simultaneously with the publication of the above-mentioned collection, a fresh campaign of unrestrained baiting and slander, as if at the wave of a magic wand, swept the United States and countries dependent on it, in connection with the non-aggression pact concluded between the USSR and Germany in 1939, and allegedly directed against the Western Powers.

Thus the true purpose for which the collection of documents on relations between the USSR and Germany in the period of 1939-1941 was published in the United States of America evokes no doubt whatever. This was not done for the purpose of giving an objective exposition of historical developments, but in order to present a distorted picture of events, to heap lies on the Soviet Union, to slander it, and to undermine the international influence of the Soviet Union as a truly democratic and staunch fighter against aggressive and anti-democratic forces.

This treacherous attitude is in conformity with the views on the character of inter-allied relations which are typical of the ruling circles of the Anglo-American countries, and the substance of which is that, instead of honest and sincere relations between allies, instead of mutual confidence and support, there is being pursued a policy of using every means, including even slander, for the purpose of weakening one's ally, of exploiting him in one's own narrow interests, and of strengthening one's own position at the expense of that ally.

One should not, moreover, lose sight of the efforts being made by the ruling circles of the United States of America to undermine, by means of their campaign of slander against the USSR, the influence of progressive elements in their own country, who advocate better relations with the USSR.

The collection is full of documents concocted by Hitlerite diplomatic officials in the depths of the German diplomatic offices. This fact alone should have served as a warning against unilateral use and publication of documents which are one-sided and tendentious, giving an account of events from the standpoint of the Hitler Government, and which are intended to present these events in a light which would be favorable to the Hitlerites. The American, British, and French Governments have unilaterally published the German documents without hesitating to falsify history in their efforts to slander the Soviet Union, which bore the brunt of the struggle against Hitlerite aggression.

In view of this, the Soviet Government on its part feels itself entitled to make public the secret documents concerning relations between Hitler Germany and the Governments of Great Britain, the United States of America and France which fell into the hands of the Soviet Government, and which the above-mentioned three Governments concealed from public opinion.

They concealed these documents; they do not want to make them public. But we believe that after all which has taken place these documents must be made public, so that historical truths can be re-established.

The Soviet Government possesses important documents which were captured by Soviet troops during the smashup of Hitler Germany; publication of these documents will help to present a true picture of how Hitler's aggression and the Second World War were in reality prepared and developed.

The same purpose is also served by the historical note, "Falsificators of History", now being published by the Soviet Information Bureau under the Council of Ministers of the USSR.




Hitlerite aggression became possible, firstly because the United States of America helped the Germans to establish within a short time a war economic base for German aggression and thus provided this aggression with arms;

and secondly, because the rejection of collective security by the ruling Anglo-French circles disorganized the ranks of the peace-loving countries, disrupted the united front of these countries against aggression, paved the road for German aggression and helped Hitler to unleash the Second World War.

What would have happened if the United States had not financed Hitler Germany's heavy industry, and England and France bad not rejected collective security, but on the contrary had organized jointly with the Soviet Union collective resistance to German aggression? The result would have been that Hitlerite aggression would lack armament, Hitler's annexationist policy would have been caught in the vise of a system of collective security, the Hitlerites' chance of success in unleashing the Second World War would have been reduced to the minimum.

And if in spite of unfavorable conditions, the Hitlerites had still ventured to unleash the Second World War, they would have been defeated in the very first year of war. Unfortunately, this did not happen because of the ruinous policy which was pursued by the United States of America, England and France during the course of the whole prewar period.

It is they who are guilty of allowing the Hitlerites to unleash with some measure of success the Second World War, which lasted nearly six years and took millions of human lives.


Falsificators of History



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J. V. Stalin

Radio Broadcast

July 3, 1941


13,6 Mb


It may be asked,

how could the Soviet Government have consented to conclude a non-aggression pact with such perfidious people, such fiends as Hitler and Ribbentrop?


Was this not an error on the part of the Soviet Government? Of course not! Non-aggression pacts are pacts of peace between two states. It was such a pact that Germany proposed to us in 1939. Could the Soviet Government have declined such a proposal? I think that not a single peace-loving state could decline a peace treaty with a neighbouring state even though the latter were headed by such monsters and cannibals as Hitler and Ribbentrop. But that, of course, only on the one indispensable condition-that this peace treaty did not jeopardize, either directly or indirectly, the territorial integrity, independence and honour of the peace-loving state. As is well known, the non-aggression pact between Germany and the U.S.S.R. was precisely such a pact.


What did we gain by concluding the non-aggression pact with Germany?

We secured our country peace for a year and a half and the opportunity of preparing our forces to repulse fascist Germany should she risk an attack on our country despite the pact. This was a definite advantage for us and a disadvantage for fascist Germany. What has fascist Germany gained and what has she lost by perfidiously tearing up the pact and attacking the U.S.S.R.? She has gained a certain advantageous position for her troops for a short period of time, but she has lost politically by exposing herself in the eyes of the entire world as a bloodthirsty aggressor. There can be no doubt that this short-lived military gain for Germany is only an episode, while the tremendous political gain of the U.S.S.R. is a weighty and lasting factor that is bound to forth the basis for the development of outstanding military successes of the Red Army in the war with fascist Germany.

That is why the whole of our valiant Red Army, the whole of our valiant Navy, all the falcons of our Air Force, all the peoples of our country, all the finest men and women of Europe, America and Asia, and, finally, all the finest men and women of Germany—denounce the treacherous acts of the German-fascists, sympathize with the Soviet Government, approve its conduct, and see that ours is a just cause, that the enemy will be defeated, and that we are bound to win.


"In August 1939, trade and economic agreements have been made and a non-aggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union was signed. The party and government is clear on the fact that such steps could not eliminate the inevitability of Hitler's invasion. But this non-aggression pact gave us the opportunity to gain valuable time and to push up our borders farer westwards. And the trade and economic agreements allowed us to produce new military equipment. "

(Stalin, 14th of July, 1941)


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In his Report to the Eighteenth Congress of the C.P.S.U.(B.) on the Work of the Central Committee - delivered on March 10, 1939 - comrade Stalin defined the peace policy of the USSR which was later implemented in the non-aggression pact with Germany:

"The war has created a new situation with regard to the relations between countries. It has enveloped them in an atmosphere of alarm and uncertainty. By undermining the post-war peace regime and overriding the elementary principles of international law, it has cast doubt on the value of international treaties and obligations. Pacifism and disarmament schemes are dead and buried. Feverish arming has taken their place.

Everybody is arming, small states and big states, including primarily those which practise the policy of non-intervention. Nobody believes any longer in the unctuous speeches which claim that the Munich concessions to the aggressors and the Munich agreement opened a new era of "appeasement." They are disbelieved even by the signatories to the Munich agreement, Britain and France, who are increasing their armaments no less than other countries.

Naturally, the U.S.S.R. could not ignore these ominous events.

At the end of 1934 our country joined the League of Nations, considering that despite its weakness the League might nevertheless serve as a place where aggressors can be exposed, and as a certain instrument of peace, however feeble, that might hinder the outbreak of war. The Soviet Union considers that in alarming times like these even so weak an international organization as the League of Nations should not be ignored. In May 1935 a treaty of mutual assistance against possible attack by aggressors was signed between France and the Soviet Union. A similar treaty was simultaneously concluded with Czechoslovakia. In March 1936 the Soviet Union concluded a treaty of mutual assistance with the Mongolian People's Republic. In August 1937 the Soviet Union concluded a pact of non-aggression with the Chinese Republic.

It was in such difficult international conditions that the Soviet Union pursued its foreign policy of upholding the cause of peace.

The foreign policy of the Soviet Union is clear and explicit.

1. We stand for peace and the strengthening of business relations with all countries. That is our position; and we shall adhere to this position as long as these countries maintain like relations with the Soviet Union, and as long as they make no attempt to trespass on the interests of our country.

2. We stand for peaceful, close and friendly relations with all the neighbouring countries which have common frontiers with the U.S.S.R. That is our position; and we shall adhere to this position as long as these countries maintain like relations with the Soviet Union, and as long as they make no attempt to trespass, directly or indirectly, on the integrity and inviolability of the frontiers of the Soviet state.

3. We stand for the support of nations which are the victims of aggression and are fighting for the independence of their country.

4. We are not afraid of the threats of aggressors, and are ready to deal two blows for every blow delivered by instigators of war who attempt to violate the Soviet borders.

Such is the foreign policy of the Soviet Union.     (Loud and prolonged applause.)

In its foreign policy the Soviet Union relies upon :

1. Its growing economic, political and cultural might;

2. The moral and political unity of our Soviet society;

3. The mutual friendship of the nations of our country;

4. Its Red Army and Red Navy;

5. Its policy of peace;

6. The moral support of the working people of all countries, who are vitally concerned in the preservation of peace;

7. The good sense of the countries which for one reason or another have no interest in the violation of peace. "




With the ratification of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Treaty, the Soviet Union has remained true to the principles of Lenin and Stalin.

The Soviet Union did not withdraw from the Leninist conception of coexistence between the two worlds - the socialist and the capitalist world.

The Soviet Union had carried out constantly the policy of peace and substantive cooperation with all peoples, irrespective of its different forms of government.

The Soviet Union was motivated by the desire to create a united front of peace-loving nations against the instigators of a new butchery in the world.

The Soviet Union had in mind the interests of all progressive mankind, and from the very first day this was the basic position - undeterred, firm and bold.

Lenin was the one who laid the foundations of Soviet foreign policy.

Stalin has extended and deepened these basics by his brilliant leadership of the foreign policy of the Soviet state.

The peoples of the USSR owe it to Stalin that they, for over 20 years, could build their socialist government peacefully, and strengthen its economic and military power. The Soviet Union could always secure greater authority in the world.

It is thanks to the Stalinist leadership that the Soviet country - at the moment of the treacherous attack of Nazi Germany - was not only able to
resistthe German fascist hordes which were equipped with the most advanced military technology of the world , but also able to deal them crushing blows.

The Soviet Union had thrown them out of the homeland and killed the fascist beast in its own territory where the Stalinist flag of victory was hoisted over Berlin.

Thanks to the Stalinist leadership - in the moment of bitter struggle against the enemy - the Soviet Union was not alone.

Stalin's policy was the application and creative development of the internationalist policy of Lenin - namely to establish and consolidate the USSR as a basis and lever for the transition to the second phase of socialism - socialism on a world scale - , and for the transition to communism in "one" country.

Stalin mastered the tactics to move both the Western Allies and the oppressed peoples at the side of the Soviet Union against Hitler fascism.

How could imperialist countries fight on the side of the Communists? This was only possible by the great foreign policy of comrade Stalin !

In contrast, the foreign policy of the Soviet revisionists - who had murdered comrade Stalin - was characterized by capitulation and co-operation with theWestern Allied imperialists. Theses traitors were supporting the imperialists against socialism, against Stalinism. This demonstrates the grave difference between the foreign policy of Stalin and the Soviet revisionists!

Under the leadership of Stalin the Soviet Union proved to be a great victorious military basis and a huge military lever of the world revolution.

The foreign policy of Lenin and Stalin was the foreign policy of the dictatorship of the proletariat - directed against the capitalist nations and states. This policy was not only directed against individual capitalist states, but against the whole world capitalism. This is intended to express that the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin represented the interests of the entire world proletariat. The USSR was not some nationalistic state, but the first internationalist state, ie a state of the world proletariat, the homeland of the world proletariat.

The foreign policy of Lenin and Stalin was determined by the balance of power in international relations, arising from the coexistence of two world camps.

The basis of the Stalinist foreign policy was the proletarian internationalism.

Stalin followed the famous slogan: "Workers of the world - unite!" and implemented the slogan:"Proletarians of all countries - unite in the fight against Hitler fascism". Unselfishly he supported the struggle of the workers of all countries for socialism and the struggle of the peoples for their liberation from the yoke of imperialist exploitation and oppression.

Stalin turned the defensive war of the Soviet Union into a war of aggression to destroy German imperialism, and thus breaking out the most aggressive link of the chain of world imperialism.

Stalinism teaches that communism can not destroy world imperialism by peaceful means, but only by military force. At first Communism must win the toiling masses before it can be defended by the toiling masses.The defense of communism serves no other purpose than the conquest of world domination of the world proletariat - ultimately using military means.

With the Great Patriotic War, Stalin joined the perspective of the victory of the world revolution.

With the victory in the Great Patriotic War, Stalin created the world socialist camp. The Great Patriotic War was a special international form of the Bolshevik Revolution - with the goal and result of the victory of the world socialist camp.

The Great Patriotic War was a specific form in the advanced process of world revolution. Under the specific historical conditions Stalin turned the second imperialist world war into an anti-imperialist world war.

The Great Patriotic War was a special form of the struggle for the transformation of the first period of socialism to the second period of socialism.

The Great Patriotic War was a world revolutionary war that opened the door to world socialism.

Stalinism has impressively proven in theory and practice that world imperialism was unable to defeat the socialist proletariat and its allies on the open battlefield. The proletarian arms triumphed over the weapons of the bourgeoisie.

However, it was the modern revisionists, the agents of the world bourgeosie within the socialist world camp, who destroyed the dictatorship of the proletariat and thus deprived the world proletariat from its basis and lever of the socialist worldrevolution. The rightist leaders of the Comintern paved the wy for this crime by means of the turn of the VII. World Congress.

The enemies of the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin did not only criticize the Soviet non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany.

They condemned also Stalin's anti-Hitler coalition with the Anglo-American imperialists. This will be commented by us as follows:

firstly, this was not a coalition in the sense of "association of like-minded", but a deal with enemies of communism, which was based on the 5 correct Marxist-Leninist principles of peaceful coexistence;

secondly, it is well-known that this agreement was ratified not before but during the Second World War ;

thirdly, this was a fair agreement for uniting and strengthening the forces in war against Hitler's fascism;

fourthly, Stalin did never appeal for unification with the bourgeoisie, neither towards the workers nor towards the oppressed peoples;

fifthly, Stalin supported the peoples against the fascist occupiers and against traitors who sabotaged the national and social liberation struggle;

sixthly: neither Stalin nor any Communist Party cherished illusions about the true goals of the United States and Britain, who were urged by the Soviet Union to fight against fascism.

Who can now continue the Stalinist policy of peace victorious and defend it against the betrayal of revisionism?

This can only be the world proletariat under the leadership of the Comintern (SH)!

The only correct solution to take advantage of the contradictions between the capitalist countries to overthrowworld capitalism, to eliminate the inevitability of war, is the slogan of the Comintern (SH):

"World proletariat - unite all countries to overthrow the domination of world imperialism and thus to eliminate the inevitability of imperialist wars!"

This is today the Stalinist solution to the struggle of world peace under the conditions of globalization. This is the modified globalization of the Stalinist policy of peace under the present conditions.


Long live the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin!

Long live the victory in the Great Patriotic War!

Long live the Stalinist world camp!

Long Live Enver Hoxha!

Long live the victory of the Albanian people against Hitler fascism!

Long live the socialist People's Republic of Albania!

* * *

War against the imperialist war!

For the revolutionary overthrow of

world imperialism and world fascism!

Long live the world socialist revolution

- the only guarantee of preventing a third world war and world fascism!

Long live the world socialist

- the only guarantee for the elimination of the inevitability of imperialist wars and world fascism!

Long liveworld communism

- the only guarantee of a classless society in a peaceful world!

Long live the Communist International




Sowjetunion Lenins und Stalins (UdSSR)