J. V. Stalin

REPORT TO THE EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS
OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.) ON THE WORK
OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE

March 10, 1939

From J. V. Stalin, Problems of Leninism,
Foreign Languages Press, Peking, 1976

pp. 874-942.





REPORT TO THE EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.) ON
  THE WORK OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, March 10, 1939


874

I.

The International Position of the Soviet Union

874

  

1.
 
 
2.
 
 
3.

New Economic Crisis in the Capitalist Countries. Intensification of
the Struggle for Markets and Sources of Raw Material, and for a
New Redivision of the World
Increasing Acuteness of the International Political Situation. Collapse
of the Post-War System of Peace Treaties. Beginning of a New Imper-
ialist War
The Soviet Union and the Capitalist Countries


 
875
 
 
880
887

II.

Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union

890


1.
2.
3.

Further Progress of Industry and Agriculture
Further Rise in the Material and Cultural Standard of the People
Further Consolidation of the Soviet Power

891
906
908

III.

Further Strengthening of the C.P.S.U.(B.)

915


1.
 
 
2.
3.
 
4.
 

Measures to Improve the Composition of the Party. Division of
Organizations. Closer Contact Between the Leading Bodies and the
Work of the Lower Bodies
Selection, Promotion and Allocation of Cadres
Party Propagand. Marxist-Leninist Training of Party Members and
Party Cadre
Some Questions of Theory
 


 
 916
919
 
923
927
 



End of 1936

September 1938

Total .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
U.S.A.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Britain  .   .   .   .   .   .   .
France   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Holland  .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Belgium .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Switzerland .   .   .   .   .   .
Germany .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Italy .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Japan .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

12,980
 6,649
 2,029
 1,769
   289
   373
   387
    16
   123
   273

14,301
 8,126
 2,396
 1,435
   595
   318
   407
    17
   124
    97


1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

U.S.A.   .   .   .   .
 
Britain  .   .   .   .
 
France   .   .   .   .
 
Italy .   .   .   .   .
 
Germany .   .   .   .
 
Japan .   .   .   .   .
 
U.S.S.R.  .   .   .   .

66.4
 
98.8
 
71.0
 
80.0
 
79.8
 
128.7
 
238.3

75.6
 
105.8
 
67.4
 
93.8
 
94.0
 
141.8
 
293.4

88.1
 
115.9
 
79.3
 
87.5
 
106.3
 
151.1
 
382.3

92.2
 
123.7
 
82.8
 
99.6
 
117.2
 
170.8
 
424.0

72.0
 
112.0
 
70.0
 
96.0
 
125.0
 
165.0
 
477.0

INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS OF THE U.S.S.R. IN 1934-38


1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

Per cent of previous year

1938
com-
pared
with
1933
(%)

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938


In millions of rubles at 1926-27 prices

120.1
 
 
 
 
120.1
 
121.4


 
 
 
 
 
 

123.1
 
 
 
 
123.1
 
67.6


 
 
 
 
 
 

130.2
 
 
 
 
130.2
 
134.8


 
 
 
 
 
 

111.4
 
 
 
 
111.4
 
90.3


 
 
 
 
 
 

111.3
 
 
 
 
111.3
 
92.9


 
 
 
 
 
 

238.8
 
 
 
 
238.9
 
92.9


 
 
 
 
 
 

Total output
 
 Of which:
 
1. Socialist
   industry
2. Private
   industry

42,030
 
 
 
 
42,002
 
28

50,477
 
 
 
 
50,443
 
34

62,137
 
 
 
 
62,114
 
23

80,929
 
 
 
 
80,898
 
31

90,166
 
 
 
 
90,138
 
28

100,375
 
 
 
 
100,349
 
26


Per cent

Total output
 
 Of which:
 
1. Socialist
   industry
2. Private
   industry

100.00
 
 
 
 
99.93
 
0.07

100.00
 
 
 
 
99.93
 
0.07

100.00
 
 
 
 
99.96
 
0.04

100.00
 
 
 
 
99.96
 
0.04

100.00
 
 
 
 
99.97
 
0.03

100.00
 
 
 
 
99.97
 
0.03


1913

1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

U.S.S.R.   .   .   .
 
U.S.A. .   .   .   .
 
Britain .   .   .   .
 
Germany  .   .   .
 
France .   .   .   .

100.0
 
100.0
 
100.0
 
100.0
 
100.0

380.5
 
108.7
 
87.0
 
75.4
 
107.0

457.0
 
112.9
 
97.1
 
90.4
 
99.0

562.6
 
128.6
 
104.0
 
105.9
 
94.0

732.7
 
149.8
 
114.2
 
118.1
 
98.0

816.4
 
156.9
 
121.9
 
129.3
 
101.0

908.8
 
120.0
 
113.3
 
131.6
 
93.2


Millions of hectares

1938
compared
with
1913 (%)

1913

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938


Total crop area
 
    Of which:
 
a) Grain
 
b) Industrial
 
c) Vegetable
 
d) Fodder
 


105.0
 
 
 
94.4
 
4.5
 
3.8
 
2.1
 


131.5
 
 
 
104.7
 
10.7
 
8.8
 
7.1
 


132.8
 
 
 
103.4
 
10.6
 
9.9
 
8.6
 


133.8
 
 
 
102.4
 
10.8
 
9.8
 
10.6
 


135.3
 
 
 
104.4
 
11.2
 
9.0
 
10.6
 


136.9
 
 
 
102.4
 
11.0
 
9.4
 
14.1
 


130.4
 
 
 
108.5
 
244.4
 
247.4
 
671.4
 


1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

1938
compared
with 1933
(per cent)


a) Number of tractors (thousands)

Total .   .   .   .   .
 
     Of which:
a) In machine and
   tractor stations .
b) In state farms
   and auxiliary
   agricultural
   undertakings .   .

210.9
 
 
 
123.2
 
 
 
83.2

276.4
 
 
 
177.3
 
 
 
95.5

360.3
 
 
 
254.7
 
 
 
102.1

422.7
 
 
 
328.5
 
 
 
88.5

454.5
 
 
 
365.8
 
 
 
84.5

483.5
 
 
 
394.0
 
 
 
85.0

229.3
 
 
 
319.8
 
 
 
102.2


b) Capacity (thous. hp)

All tractors .   .   .
 
     Of which:
a) In machine and
   tractor stations .
b) In state farms
   and auxiliary
   agricultural
   undertakings .   .

3,209.2
 
 
 
1,758.1
 
 
 
1,401.7

4,462.8
 
 
 
2,753.9
 
 
 
1,669.5

6,184.0
 
 
 
4,281.6
 
 
 
1,861.4

7,672.4
 
 
 
5,856.0
 
 
 
1,730.7

8,385.0
 
 
 
6,679.2
 
 
 
1,647.5

9,256.2
 
 
 
7,437.0
 
 
 
1,751.8

288.4
 
 
 
423.0
 
 
 
125.0


1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

1938
compared
with 1933
(per cent)

Harvester combines
Internal-combustion
  and steam engines
Complex and semi-
  complex grain
  threshers .   .   .
Motor lorries  .   .
Passenger autocars
  (units) .   .   .   .

25.4
 
48.0
 
 
120.3
26.6
 
3,991

32.3
 
60.9
 
 
121.9
40.3
 
5,533

50.3
 
69.1
 
 
120.1
63.7
 
7,553

87.8
 
72.4
 
 
123.7
96.2
 
7,630

128.8
 
77.9
 
 
126.1
144.5
 
8,156

153.5
 
83.8
 
 
130.8
195.8
 
9,594

604.3
 
174.6
 
 
108.7
736.1
 
240.4


In millions of centners

1938
compared
with
1913

1913

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938


 Grain .   .   .   .   .
 
 Raw cotton .   .   .
 
 Flax fibre   .   .   .
 
 Sugar-beet .   .   .
 
 Oil seeds .  .   .   .
 


801.0
 
  7.4
 
  3.3
 
109.0
 
 21.5
 


894.0
 
 11.8
 
  5.3
 
113.6
 
 36.9
 


901.0
 
 17.2
 
  5.5
 
162.1
 
 42.7
 


827.3
 
 23.9
 
  5.8
 
168.3
 
 42.3
 


1,202.9
 
   25.8
 
    5.7
 
  218.6
 
   51.1
 


949.9 
 
 26.9 
 
  5.46
 
166.8 
 
 46.6 
 


118.6
 
363.5
 
165.5
 
153.0
 
216.7
 


J u l y

1938
compared with

1916
according
to census

1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

1916
according
to census
(per cent)

1933
(per cent)


 Horses .   .   .
 
 Cattle .   .   .
 
 Sheep and goats
 
 Hogs   .   .   .
 


 35.8
 
 60.6
 
121.2
 
 20.9
 


16.6
 
38.4
 
50.2
 
12.1
 


15.7
 
42.4
 
51.9
 
17.4
 


15.9
 
49.2
 
61.1
 
22.5
 


16.6
 
56.7
 
73.7
 
30.5
 


16.7
 
57.0
 
81.3
 
22.8
 


 17.5
 
 63.2
 
102.5
 
 30.6
 


 48.9
 
104.3
 
 84.6
 
146.4
 


105.4
 
164.6
 
204.2
 
252.9
 


TRADE TURNOVER


1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

1938
compared
with
1933
(per cent)

1. State and co-op-
erative retail stores
and boothes -- at end
of year   .   .   .   .
 
2. State and co-op-
erative retail trade,
including public ca-
tering (in millions of
rubles)   .   .   .   .
 
3. Trade in collect-
ive-farm markets (in
millions of rubles)  .
 
4. Regional whole-
sale departments of
the People's Commis-
sariats of the Food
Industry, Light Indus-
try, Heavy Industry,
Timber Industry, and
and Local Industry of
the Union Republics
-- at end of year .   .


 
 
285,355  
 
 
 
 
 
49,789.2
 
 
 
11,500.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
718  


 
 
286,236  
 
 
 
 
 
61,814.7
 
 
 
14,000.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
836  


 
 
268,713  
 
 
 
 
 
81,712.1
 
 
 
14,500.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,141  


 
 
289,473  
 
 
 
 
 
106,760.9
 
 
 
15,607.2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,798  


 
 
327,361  
 
 
 
 
 
125,943.2
 
 
 
17,799.7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,912  


 
 
356,930  
 
 
 
 
 
138,574.3
 
 
 
24,399.2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,994  


 
 
125.1
 
 
 
 
 
278.3
 
 
 
212.2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
277.7


1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

1938
compared
with
1933
(per cent)

Railways
 (in millions of
 tons-kilometres)
River and mari-
 tine transport
 (in millions of
 tons-kilometres)
Civil air fleet
 (in thousands of
 tons-kilometres)


 
169,500
 
 
 
 50,200
 
 
  3,100


 
205,700
 
 
 
 56,500
 
 
  6,400


 
258,100
 
 
 
 68,300
 
 
  9,800


 
323,400
 
 
 
 72,300
 
 
 21,900


 
354,800
 
 
 
 70,100
 
 
 24,900


 
369,100
 
 
 
 66,000
 
 
 31,700


 
  217.7
 
 
 
  131.5
 
 
1,022.6


Unit of
measure-
ment

1933-34

1938-39

1938-39
compared
with
1933-34

Number of pupils and students of all grades  .
                Of which:
  In elementary schools .   .   .   .   .   .   .
  In secondary schools (general and special) .
  In higher educational institutions .  .   .   .
Number of persons engaged in all forms of
  study in the U.S.S.R.  .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Number of public libraries  .   .   .   .   .   .
Number of books in public libraries .  .   .   .
Number of clubs  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Number of theatres  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Number of cinima installations (excluding
  narrow-film)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
                Of which:
  With sound equipment .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Number of cinima installations (excluding
  narrow-film) in rural districts  .   .   .   .
                Of which:
  With sound equipment .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Annual newspaper circulation  .   .   .   .   .

thousands
 
"
"
"
 
"
"
millions
thousands
units
 
"
 
"
 
"
 
"
millions

23,814  
 
17,873.5
5,482.2
458.3
 
--   
40.3
86.0
61.1
587  
 
27,467  
 
498  
 
17,470  
 
24  
4,984.6

33,965.4
 
21,288.4
12,076.0
601.0
 
47,442.1
70.0
126.6
95.6
790  
 
30,461  
 
15,202  
 
18,991  
 
6,670  
7,092.4

142.6%
 
119.1%
220.3%
131.1%
 
--
173.7%
147.2%
156.5%
134.6%
 
110.9%
 
31 times
 
108.7%
 
278 times
142.3%



In cities and
country towns
 


In rural
localities
 


Total
 


1933  .   .   .   .   .
 
1934  .   .   .   .   .
 
1935  .   .   .   .   .
 
1936  .   .   .   .   .
 
1937  .   .   .   .   .
 
1938  .   .   .   .   .
 


  326
 
  577
 
  533
 
1,505
 
  730
 
  583
 


 3,261
 
 3,488
 
 2,829
 
 4,206
 
 1,323
 
 1,246
 


 3,587
 
 4,065
 
 3,362
 
 5,711
 
 2,053
 
 1,829
 


Total (1933-38)
 


4,254
 


16,353
 


20,607
 


1933

1934

1935

1936

1937

1938

Total for U.S.S.R. (exclusive
  of military specialists)  .
 
1. Engineers for industry
   and building  .   .   .   .
 
2. Engineers for transport
   and communications .   .
 
3. Agricultural engineers,
   agronomists, veterinar-
   ians and zootechnicians .
 
4. Economists and jurists .
 
5. Teachers of secondary
   schools, workers' facul-
   ties, technical schools,
   and other educational
   workers, including art
   workers   .   .   .   .   .
 
6. Physicians, pharmacists,
   and physical culture in-
   structors .   .   .   .   .
 
7. Other specialists .   .   .


34.6
 
 
  6.1 
 
 
 1.8
 
 
 
 4.8
 
 2.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.5
 
 
 
 4.6
 
 4.3


42.9
 
 
14.9
 
 
  4.0 
 
 
 
 6.3
 
 2.5
 
 
 
 
 
 
 7.9
 
 
 
 2.5
 
11.1


83.7
 
 
29.6
 
 
  7.6 
 
 
 
 8.8
 
 5.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
12.5
 
 
 
 7.5
 
12.7


97.6
 
 
29.2
 
 
  6.6 
 
 
 
10.4
 
 6.4
 
 
 
 
 
 
21.6
 
 
 
 9.2
 
14.2


104.8
 
 
  27.6
 
 
  7.0
 
 
 
 11.3
 
  5.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 31.7
 
 
 
 12.3
 
  9.9


106.7
 
 
  25.2
 
 
  6.1
 
 
 
 10.6
 
  5.7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 35.7
 
 
 
 13.6
 
  9.8