J. V. Stalin


REPORT TO THE SEVENTEENTH PARTY
CONGRESS ON THE WORK OF THE CENTRAL
COMMITTEE OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.)

Pravda, No. 27,
January 28, 1934


From J. V. Stalin, Problems of Leninism,
Foreign Languages Press, Peking, 1976

pp. 671-765.

Based on J. V. Stalin, Works,
Foreign Languages Publishing House,
Moscow, 1955

Vol. 13, pp. 288-388.





REPORT TO THE SEVENTEENTH PARTY CONGRESS ON THE WORK OF
  THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE C.P.S.U.(B.), January 26, 1934


671

I.
 

The Continuing Crisis of World Capitalism and the External Situation of the Soviet Union


671


1.
2.
3.

The Course of the Economic Crisis in the Capitalist Countries
The Growing Tension in the Political Situation in the Capitalist Countries
The Relations Between the U.S.S.R. and the Capitalist States

673
679
688

II.

The Continuing Progress of the National Economy

694


1.
2.
3.
4.

The Progress of Industry
The Progress of Agriculture
The Rise in the Material and Cultural Standard of the Working People
The Progress of Trade Turnover and Transport

698
705
721
727

III.

The Party

734


1.
2.
 

Questions of Ideological and Political Leadership
Questions of Organizational Leadership
 

735
750
 

NOTES




1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

 U.S.S.R.   .   .   .   .
 
 U.S.A.  .   .   .   .   .
 
 Britain .   .   .   .   .
 
 Germany   .   .   .   .
 
 France .   .   .   .   .

100
 
100
 
100
 
100
 
100

129.7
 
 80.7
 
 92.4
 
 88.3
 
100.7

191.9
 
 68.1
 
 83.8
 
 71.7
 
 89.2

184.7
 
 53.8
 
 83.8
 
 59.8
 
 69.1

201.6
 
 64.9
 
 86.1
 
 66.8
 
 77.4


1913

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

 U.S.S.R.   .   .   .   .
 
 U.S.A.  .   .   .   .   .
 
 Britain .   .   .   .   .
 
 Germany   .   .   .   .
 
 France .   .   .   .   .

100
 
100
 
100
 
100
 
100

194.3
 
170.2
 
 99.1
 
113.0
 
139.0

252.1
 
137.3
 
 91.5
 
 99.8
 
140.0

314.7
 
115.9
 
 83.0
 
 81.0
 
124.0

359.0
 
 91.4
 
 82.5
 
 67.6
 
 96.1

391.9
 
110.2
 
 85.2
 
 75.4
 
107.6


1913

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1. Industry (without
   small industry) .   .

2. Agriculture .   .   .


 42.1
 
 57.9


 54.5
 
 45.5


 61.6
 
 38.4


 66.7
 
 33.3


 70.7
 
 29.3


 70.4
 
 29.6

Total  .   .   .

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0


Gross output
(in thousand million rubles)

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

Total large-scale industry  .
 
          Of which:
Group "A": instruments and
  means of production   .   .
 
Group "B": consumer goods .

21.0
 
 
 
10.2
 
10.8

27.5
 
 
 
14.5
 
13.0

33.9
 
 
 
18.8
 
15.1

38.5
 
 
 
22.0
 
16.5

41.9
 
 
 
24.3
 
17.6


(Per cent of total)

Relative importance

Group "A": instruments and
  means of production   .   .
 
Group "B": consumer goods .


 
 
48.5
 
51.5


 
 
52.6
 
47.4


 
 
55.4
 
44.6


 
 
57.0
 
43.0


 
 
58.0
 
42.0


U. S. S. R.

1913

1929

1932

1933

Coal  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Coke .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
Oil (extraction)   .   .   .   .
Oil (refining) .   .   .   .   .
Iron and steel  .   .   .   .   .
Non-ferrous metals   .   .   .
Machine building  .   .   .   .
Basic chemicals .  .   .   .   .
Cotton textiles .   .   .   .   .
Woolen textiles .   .   .   .   .

 2.9
 0.8
 1.9
 2.3
No data
No data
11.0
 0.8
18.3
 3.1

 2.1
 0.4
 1.8
 2.5
 4.5
 1.5
14.8
 0.6
15.2
 3.1

 1.7
 0.5
 1.5
 2.9
 3.7
 1.3
25.0
 0.8
 7.6
 1.9

 2.0
 0.6
 1.4
 2.6
 4.0
 1.2
26.1
 0.9
 7.3
 1.8


(In million rubles)

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

Total output  .   .   .   .   .
 
        Of which:
I. Socialized industry  .   .
 
        Of which:
 a) State industry .   .   .
 b) Co-operative industry
 
II. Private industry .   .   .

21,025
 
 
20,891
 
 
19,143
1,748
 
134

27,477
 
 
27,402
 
 
24,989
2,413
 
75

33,903
 
 
No data
 
 
"   "  
"   "  
 
"   "  

38,464
 
 
38,436
 
 
35,587
2,849
 
28

41,968
 
 
41,940
 
 
38,932
3,008
 
28


(Per cent of total)

Total output  .   .   .   .   .
 
        Of which:
I. Socialized industry  .   .
 
        Of which:
 a) State industry .   .   .
 b) Co-operative industry
 
II. Private industry .   .   .

100  
 
 
99.4
 
 
91.1
8.3
 
0.6

100  
 
 
99.7
 
 
90.9
8.8
 
0.3

100  
 
 
No data
 
 
"   "  
"   "  
 
"   "  

100  
 
 
99.93
 
 
92.52
7.41
 
0.07

100  
 
 
99.93
 
 
92.76
7.17
 
0.07


(In million hectares)

1913

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

 Total crop area  .   .   .
 
    Of which:
 
 a) Grain crops  .   .   .
 
 b) Industrial crops .   .
 
 c) Vegetables and
    melons .  .   .   .   .
 
 d) Fodder crops .   .   .

105.0
 
 
 
94.4
 
4.5
 
 
3.8
 
2.1

118.0
 
 
 
96.0
 
8.8
 
 
7.6
 
5.0

127.2
 
 
 
101.8
 
10.5
 
 
8.0
 
6.5

136.3
 
 
 
104.4
 
14.0
 
 
9.1
 
8.8

134.4
 
 
 
99.7
 
14.9
 
 
9.2
 
10.6

129.7
 
 
 
101.5
 
12.0
 
 
8.6
 
7.3


(In million hectares)

1913

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

 Cotton  .   .   .   .   .
 
 Flax (long fiber) .   .
 
 Sugar-beet .  .   .   .
 
 Oil seeds   .   .   .   .

0.69
 
1.02
 
0.65
 
2.00

1.06
 
1.63
 
0.77
 
5.20

1.58
 
1.75
 
1.04
 
5.22

2.14
 
2.39
 
1.39
 
7.55

2.17
 
2.51
 
1.54
 
7.98

2.05
 
2.40
 
1.21
 
5.79


(In million centners)

1913

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

 Grain crops .   .   .
 
 Raw cotton   .   .   .
 
 Flax fibre .  .   .   .
 
 Sugar-beet  .   .   .
 
 Oil seeds .   .   .   .

801.0
 
7.4
 
3.3
 
109.0
 
21.5

717.4
 
8.6
 
3.6
 
62.5
 
35.8

835.4
 
11.1
 
4.4
 
140.2
 
36.2

694.8
 
12.9
 
5.5
 
120.5
 
51.0

698.7
 
12.7
 
5.0
 
65.6
 
45.5

898.0
 
13.2
 
5.6
 
90.0
 
46.0


(Million head)

1916

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

a) Horses
 
b) Large cattle
 
c) Sheep and goats
 
d) Pigs

35.1
 
58.9
 
115.2
 
20.3

34.0
 
68.1
 
147.2
 
20.9

30.2
 
52.5
 
108.8
 
13.6

26.2
 
47.9
 
77.7
 
14.4

19.6
 
40.7
 
52.1
 
11.6

16.6
 
38.6
 
50.6
 
12.2


1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

Number of collective farms
  (thousands) .  .   .   .   .
 
Number of households in col-
  lective farms (millions) .
 
Per cent of peasant farms
  collectivized .   .   .   .   .


 1.5
 
 
 3.4
 
 
91.1


 2.9
 
 
29.7
 
 
69.2


 8.1
 
 
61.0
 
 
35.3


 9.3
 
 
69.1
 
 
21.3


10.8
 
 
75.0
 
 
15.7

Sectors

(In million hectares)

Per cent of
total area
in 1913

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1. State farms
 
2. Collective farms
 
3. Individual peasant
   farms

 1.5
 
 3.4
 
 
91.1

2.9
 
29.7
 
 
69.2

8.1
 
61.0
 
 
35.3

 9.3
 
69.1
 
 
21.3

10.8
 
75.0
 
 
15.7

 10.6
 
 73.9
 
 
 15.5

Total grain crop area
   in the U.S.S.R.


96.0


101.8


104.4


99.7


101.5


100.0


Number of tractors
in thousands

Capacity in thousands
of horsepower

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

 Total number
  of tractors
 
   Of which:
a) In machine
   and tractor
   stations
 
b) In state
   farms of
   all systems


34.9
 
 
 
 
2.4
 
 
 
9.7


72.1
 
 
 
 
31.1
 
 
 
27.7


125.3
 
 
 
 
63.3
 
 
 
51.5


148.5
 
 
 
 
74.8
 
 
 
64.0


204.1
 
 
 
 
122.3
 
 
 
81.8


391.4
 
 
 
 
23.9
 
 
 
123.4


1,003.5
 
 
 
 
372.5
 
 
 
483.1


1,850.0
 
 
 
 
848.0
 
 
 
892.0


2,225.0
 
 
 
 
1,077.0
 
 
 
1,043.0


3,100.0
 
 
 
 
1,782.0
 
 
 
1,318.0


1930

1931

1932

1933

Harvester combines (thousands) .
 
Internal-combustion and steam
  engines (thousands) .  .   .   .
 
Complex and semi-complex
  threshers (thousands) .   .   .
 
Electric installations .   .   .   .
 
MTS repair shops  .   .   .   .   .
 
Motor lorries (thousands)  .   .
 
Passenger motor-cars (units)  .

7 (units)
 
 
  0.1
 
 
  2.9
 
168  
 
104  
 
  0.2
 
17

0.1
 
 
4.9
 
 
27.8
 
268  
 
770  
 
1.0
 
191  

2.2
 
 
6.2
 
 
37.0
 
551  
 
1,220  
 
6.0
 
245  

11.5
 
 
17.6
 
 
50.0
 
1,283  
 
1,933  
 
13.5
 
2,800  


1930

1931

1932

1933

Harvester combines (thousands) .
 
Internal-combustion and steam
  engines (thousands) .  .   .   .
 
Complex and semi-complex
  threshers (thousands) .   .   .
 
Electric installations .   .   .   .
 
Repair shops:
  a) For capital repairs    .   .
  b) For medium repairs   .   .
  c) For running repairs   .   .
 
Motor lorries (thousands)  .   .
 
Passenger motor-cars (units)  .

  1.7
 
 
  0.3
 
 
  1.4
 
42
 
 
72
75
205  
 
  2.1
 
118  

  6.3
 
 
  0.7
 
 
  4.2
 
112  
 
 
133  
160  
310  
 
  3.7
 
385  

 11.9
 
 
  1.2
 
 
  7.1
 
164  
 
 
208  
215  
578  
 
  6.2
 
625  

13.5
 
 
2.5
 
 
8.0
 
222  
 
 
302  
476  
1,166  
 
10.9
 
1,890