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website published on occasion of the 75th anniversary of the foundation of the Party of Labour of Albania,

8th of November 2016

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Enveri ne kongresin e I

Enver Hoxha Kongresi II

Enver Hoxha Kongresi III

Enver Hoxha Kongresi V

Enver Hoxha Kongresi VI

Enver Hoxha Kongresi VII

Enver Hoxha Kongresi VIII

 

 

1st of November 2016

50th anniversary

1st of November 1966

5th Congress of the PLA

(in German language)

- written by Wolfgang Eggers -

 

 

 

Report submitted to the 5th Congress of the PLA

November 1, 1966

 

also available in

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Albanian

Spanish

French

Russian

Chinese

 

 

The 5th Congress of the PLA

The 5th Congress of the PLA held its proceedings in Tirana from November 1-7, 1966. In the report which he delivered at the Congress, Enver Hoxha presented a series of important conclusions about the causes of the degeneration of the Soviet party and state. Enver Hoxha pointed out that is was the strategical aim of modern revisionism to degenerate the Marxist-Leninist parties and to liquidate them, to transform them into social-democratic parties for supporting the counter-revolution, for paralyzing socialism, for defending capitalism and for it`s restoration. He stressed the role which such phenomena as bureaucracy and technocracy, the creation of privileged castes and strata, the loss of revolutionary vigilance and sclerosis of the party of the working class, payed in the Soviet tragedy. Comrade Hoxha`s analyses and conclusions had decisive importance for preventing such a process in Albania, too. On his intitiative and under his direction, the Party had begun to take important practical measures to avoid and eliminate manifestations of bereaucracy and the underestimation of the working masses. The 5th Congress stressed the necessity of the deepening the ideological revolution as a fundamental link for the further development of the socialist revolution and the further strenthening of the dictatorship of the proletariat. This was to raise the transforming role of the whole Marxist-Leninist revolutionary ideas about the development of the whole society to a higher level. The decisions of the 5th Congress of the Party gave a great impulse to powerful revolutionary movements in our country and in the whole Marxist-Leninist world movement. After this Congress the activity of working masses in all walks of life of the country was raised to a higher level. A series of revolutionary initiatives emerged which were inspired by the ideas and decisions of the 5th Congress of the Party. In his report, Enver Hoxha stresses the struggle of the Party against modern revisionism to defend the purity of Marxism-Leninism; he emphasized that modern revisionism is product and ally of the bourgeoisie and imperialism. He unmasked the strategical aims of Krushchevite revisionism and directed the struggle of the PLA and the Marxist-Leninists all over the world, called for the strengthening of the struggle against Khrushchevite and Titoite revisionism:

„The present world communism must be characterized by such militant revolutionary spirit of the heroic times of Lenin and Stalin.“

„The modern revisionists use every means to split us, because for them and the American imperialists, their patrons, the unity of the Marxist-Leninists means their death. The Marxist-Leninists must destroy all attempts of the revisionists, must overcome all hindrances and must strengthen their unity on the base of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism. They must strengthen their cooperation and collaboration, they must work out a common general line and act with common attitudes concerning all the important questions, especially cerning the struggle against imperialism and modern revisionism“ (Enver Hoxha, report on the 5th Congress of the PLA).

In his report Enver Hoxha defined the character of this epoch:

Every day the elements of our epoche deepen and appear more and more distinctly as the epoche of the transferation from capitalism to socialism, the struggle of both the systems of society, as the epocje of the proletarian and national liberation revolutions, the fall of imperialism and the liquidation of the colonial system, as the epoche of the triumph of socialism and communism on a world scale.“

At the end of the 1960s, after the 5th Congress of the Party, Enver Hoxha was the initiator of measures which were taken for the deepening of the ideological revolution, for the strengthening of the Party and the state and for the further perfecting of the base and the superstructure of our society. These were fruits of profound reflection on the results which had been achieved in Albania in the material and spiritual development, as well as on the ecperience and causes of the degeneration of parties and states of the working class in the Soviet Union and other countries.

 

 

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 1

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 2

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 3

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 4

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 5

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 6

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 7

Kongresi i luftetareve revolucionare. Pjesa 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40th anniversary

1st of November 1976

- 7th Congress of the PLA

 

Enver Hoxha - report to the 7th Congress of the PLA

November 1 - 7, 1976

 

The year 1976 was the year of the 7th Congress of the Party (November 1 – 7), of the new socialist constitution, of the 35th anniversary of the foundation of the CPA on November 8, 1941, and of the beginning of the 6th Five-year-Plan – the key of the economic fundament of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the economic fundament of the victory over the capitalist-revisionist world. The Party set great tasks and opened up brilliant perspectives for the all-round progress of the country. The increased role of the masses in the socialist construction, the steel unity of the people round the Party, the fulfilment of the greatest tasks of the time, these were some of the themes which were trashed out in Enver Hoxha`s meetings with the people, with the working masses, at this period.

The report which Enver Hoxha delivered in November 1976 on behalf of the Central Committee, a very important document in the life of the Party and the country and a contribution of the PLA to the creative development of Marxism-Leninism, summed up the experience of the Party and the working masses in this period. The 7th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania approved the ideological and political activity of the Central Committee against opportunist trends and theories. It set the task for the further deepening of this struggle in defence of the scientific theory of the proletariat. While re-emphasizing the great danger of the Soviet, Titoite, Eurocommunist and other variants of modern revisionism, Enver Hoxha dwelt especially on analysis of the anti-Marxist Chinese theory of „three worlds“ and the concepts which fostered it. With the 7th Congress of the PLA comrade Enver Hoxha began the open class struggle against Chinese revisionism.

The report which Enver Hoxha delivered at this Congress included the fundamental directions of the economic, cultural and social development of the country during the 6th Five-year-Plan. He stressed once again the determination of the Party and the Albanian people to press ahead ceaselessly on the course of the construction of socialism by applying the Marxist-Leninist theory and relying on their own forces, on the material and spiritual resources of the Homeland and the energies, talent and revolutionary enthusiasm of the masses.

The great results and victories obtained by the people under the leadership of the Party in the struggle for the continuation of the revolution and the establishment of socialism“, comrade Enver Hoxha said in his report, „are connected with the Party`s line of class struggle as well to the outer as the inner enemies, among the people and within its own party ranks.“

The establishment of socialism is a process of mighty class struggle between two ways, the socialist and the capitalist one.“

The essence of class struggle, the key-problem was and is until the victory of communism, the question of state power, the dictatorship of the proletariat.“

One of the main factors which made it possible for our Party to ensure the leading role and the hegemony of the working class as firm as a rock, is her steely ideological and organizational unity during her whole life.“

The 7th Congress itself was a bright manifestation of such unity. From the very beginning until the death of comrade Enver Hoxha one heart was beating, one brain was working, one line was developed, the consequent line of Marxism-Leninism, based on the generalization of revolutionary experience during the establishment of socialism and the defence of the Albanian Homeland.

Class struggle can only be successful, difficulties can only be managed, mistakes can only be corrected by the Marxist-Leninist unity of the Party. And the 7th Congress was charactarized by this unity:

A Marxist-Leninist Party, which considers to be a genuine one, cannot allow the existence of two lines within the Party, cannot allow one or more fractions. Even their came up some appearances, the Party cannot and may not allow that they exists even for a short time.“

With this comrade Enver Hoxha defended the Bolshevist line of Lenin and Stalin against the revisionist theory of the „struggle of two lines.“ With the 7th Congress the PLA began carefully to sever Chinese revisionist influence. Until the 8th Congress the PLA got down with the problem of Chinese revisionism and dissociated completely from Mao Tsetung Ideas, annulled totaly the cooperation with the Chinese leaders. This was a long lasting, difficult and complicated process of defending Marxism-Leninism against revisionism. Enver Hoxha could not support Chinese revisionism in the struggle against the most dangerous revisionist enemy – the Soviet revisionists. Who is more dangerous? Stalin taught, that those anti-Marxist streaming is most dangerous which the working class ignored and failed to defeat right in time. The revolutionalization of the struggle against Chinese revisionism was epoch making. The present-day struggle against Maoism and Neo-Maoism is mainly based on the teachings of Enver Hoxha especially in his creative period between 1975 and 1985.

All previous Marxist-Leninist parties who degenerated and who became revisionist departed from Marxist-Leninist principles and allowed contrary lines and anti-Marxist, factional streaming to do mischief or they were not able to combate and liquidate them. Within the PLA – during the life time of Enver Hoxha – the revisionists could not openly put down roots, could not come to power, could not liquidate the PLA - although there were many enemies traitors and dangerous hostile groups and elements. They were liquidated before they could organize a factional center within the Party - just as F. Paçrami and T. Lubonja, B. Balluku, P. Dume and H. Çako, A. Këllezi, K. Theodhosie und K. Ngjela . So their subservice activities were organized illegally.

The Party did never neglected patiently conviction and enlightenment towards those who betrayed the Party and those who followed an hostile path against Party and people. However, if the cup were filled to the brim and if the facts were clear then the Party purified herself from these elements without any hezitation. Undercover groups had to surrender to the court., and this cost some of them their head.“

This was a deep Marxist-Leninist attitude, namely to practice the dictatorship of the proletariat by force against the class enemies. The 7th Congress protected the Party and the country from subordination under this or that international revisionist influence. The PLA prevented socialism in Albania from any revisionist interference. The 7th Congress stated once more:

The first question which was discussed on the 7th Congress of the PLA was the new constitution of the Socialist Albania. Measures were taken on the base of the decisions of the 6th Congress by the Central Committee, by the guide-lines of its 8th plenary meeting and by the instructions of comrade Enver Hoxha to prepare the draft of this basic law. The commission who worked out the draft of the constitution was led by comrade Enver Hoxha. The whole Albanian people participated the discussion on the draft of the constituation. Comrade Enver Hoxha pointed out that the constitution would be a juridical, political and ideological document which shall express completely the heroic way and heroic experience that fills us with enthusiasm, with optimism and that spurs us on new battles and victories.

Until today the socialist constitution of Albania - which was based on the Marxist-Leninist principles of Stalin`s constitution of 1936 – is still the most progressive, most revolutionary, the best constitution of the world in the history of mankind.To defend Enver Hoxha that means: to defend the Albanian socialist constitution which was adopted on December 28, 1976 by the People`s Assembly. In the compiling of the historic document, Enver Hoxha, who was chairman of the commission for drafting and editing the project of the Constitution, had made an outstanding contribution. All the work for the drafting, discussion and final formulation of it was carried out directly under the leadership of comrade Enver Hoxha. In the new Constitution the Albanian state was called the People`s Socialist Republic of Albania, accurately reflecting the qualitative socialist changes accomplished in Albania, in the base and the superstructure. The new Constitution of the Albanian state embodied the living reality and the trends of the historical development of socialist Albania. This fundamental document of the dtate of the Albanian people os pervaded by the Marxist-Leninist principles, embodies the revolutionary experience of our country, and is the work of the revolutionary thinking and activity of our Party and its leader, Enver Hoxha.

The commission under the leadership of comrade Enver Hoxha had to solve five main questions:

1. The complete revolutionary practice and its concretion by the the revolutionary line of the PLA has to be reflected by new constituation. The new constitution has to reflect the lesson of comrade Enver Hoxha:

The key problem of the revolution was and will always be the question of state power, the dictatorship of the proletariat until the victory of communism.“

2. The new constituation should demonstrate the genuine features of socialism in demarcation line to the distortions and falsifications of the modern revisionists.

3. The new constitution of our state should be adapted to the present-day stage of the socialist development of the country.

4. The new constitution should completely express the real democratic character of the socialist society`s order.

5. The new constitution must be clear and understandable for the broad working masses.

The historical experience has shown that the ingenious ideas of the classics of Marxism-Leninism and of the indivisible leading role of the party of the working class, of the state of the dictatorship of the proletariat, and of class-struggle are all main principles for the ubbuilding of the socialist society. Theay have to be recognized strictly, until all inner and outer, all objective and subjective roots of the development of revisionism are completely removed, until the final victory of communism om an international scale. Led by these fundamental lessons the draft of the constitution was anchored...“

The draft of the new constitution contents also the important idea, that Marxism-Leninism – the ideology of the working class and the party – is the prevailed ideology of the People`s Socialist Republic og Albania. This constitution`s norm, which expresses our realy great historical victory,strengthens the upbuilding of socialism by Marxism-Leninism and prevents us from several theories of the modern revisionists as `ideological pluralism`, `free transfer` of reactionary ideaas and culturs, weapons of the political counterrevolution followed by armed military aggression.“

Our constitution establishes firmly – clearly and distinctly - that nobody has the right to exert the souvereignity and „assistance“ for the legalization of any interference in Albania by imperialist, revisionist or other reactionary enemies (...) From the constitutional view point all actings will be canceled which legalizes the capitulation of the country.“

The stationing of foreign military bases and foreign troops are inadmissable“ (Enver Hoxha , Report on the 5th Meeting of the People`s Assembly in the name of the commission for the preparation of the draft of the new constituation of the People`s Socialist Republic of Albania). In his report Enver Hoxha quoted some voices of the people related to the draft of the constitution: „And if we would come to the age of hundred years, if the party is calling us, we shall – without feeling the years – stand upright like our rifles, and we shall defend our home ground with the weapon in our hand.“

1. 500 000 people took part in the meetings discussing the constitution`s draft. 300 000 rose to speak – a clear mirror of really socialist democracy:

At our home the whole socialist, state and social mechanism functions bny the principle of the democratic centralism, which is charactarized by the fact that the working class and the party of the proletarian state lead the whole life of the country centralized an which is comnined by the vreative initiative of the regional organs and the working people“ (Enver Hoxha, report on the 7th Congress of the PLA). This marxist-leninist principle is contrary to the anti-Marxist concepts which disown the proletarian centralism on the one hand and which replace the proletarian centralism by bureaucratic centralism to exclude the working people to govern the country.

Most of the constitutions of the capitalist countries in which the terrorist dictatorship of the bourgeoisie rules, as well as the constitutions of the revisionist countries, are characterized by democratic phrases. But behind beautiful words and lame promises of `freedom``, `egality`, `justice` etc. is hidden the violence of the exploiter classes and the ruling Cliques..“(Enver Hoxha , Report on the 5th Meeting of the People`s Assembly in the name of the commission for the preparation of the draft of the new constituation of the People`s Socialist Republic of Albania).

The many basic laws guaranteed by the state are as well duties of the citizens as they are simultaneously an honour. It is the duty of the citizens to respect the constituation of the country and all the other laws; to strengthen and to save the socialist order; to keep the rules of the socialist community; to protect and to enlarge the socialist property; to keep a conscious attitude towards socialist labour; to defend the socialist home land (...)“

Because all the socialist means of production are unimpeachable base of the socialist economic order, the draft of the constitution anquors the responsibility of the state in protecting this property as a norm of the constitution.“

We swim against the imperialist-revisionist tide. Our tide is the revolution and the smashing of the the capitalist order, whose place will be fulled by socialism and communism, the classless society. This order of society is the future of mankind created by class-struggle with blood and victims – but it will be created. Imperialism and social-imperialism are in a rotting process. Socialism will win. The world and mankind will be released from the imperialist and social-imperialist pestilence“ (Enver Hoxha , Report on the 5th Meeting of the People`s Assembly in the name of the commission for the preparation of the draft of the new constituation of the People`s Socialist Republic of Albania).

In his report of the CC of the PLA held on the 7th Congress of the Party Enver Hoxha entered at first in the question of the constitution:

The old constitution was that constitution to create the base of socialism while the new constitution will be the constitution of the complete upbuilding of the socialist society.“

The new constitution is the qualitative further development of the former constitution according to the present stage of the revolution in which our country is in. (...) The aim of the constitution is to pave the way of the development of the productive forces and the production means towards genuine socialism on a most possible wide fundament; to pave the way for the emancipation and the revolutionary education of our new people; to guard and to strengthen the socialist order and the dictatorship of the proletariat and to create zhe best possible conditions for the onward march of communism. (...) The new constitution makes no sectret of its pure class character. (...) The new constitution is the mirror of the true socialist society which is build up on the base of the teachings of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and which are realized and confirmed in the revolutionary practice of our country“(Enver Hoxha, report on the 7th Congress of the PLA).

The solidarity with the efforts of our Party to build up socialism, shared by the Marxist-Leninist brother parties, the high estimation with which they deign our Parties struggle against imperialism and social-imperialism with the Soviet at the top, against the modern revisionism and reaction, are very valuable for us and a a great revolutionary encouragement. We declare to all our combatants, to all Marxist-Leninists all over the world, that their brother party, the PLA, the Albanian communists and the Albanian people shall step forward on their way of revolution and socialism, that they will not be thrown down ny any threats, no matter how horrible they would be. Our Party shall fight unyieldingly and appear on the class battle field shoulder to shoulder with the Marxist-Leninist parties and genuine revolutionaries. Together we shall silence our enemies and defeat them, because all of us are led by the proletarian internationalism and Marxism-Leninism.

In his report comrade Enver Hoxha pointed out the situation in different countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The oppressed peoples in the different countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America have risen in struggle against imperialist and social imperialist neocolonialism and against internal reaction the pro imperialist bourgeoisie, the landlords and ,the fascist regimes, for liberation and national sovereignty, for the implementation of democratic transformations on the revolutionary road, for social progress. At the 7th Congress of the PLA Comrade Enver Hoxha pointed out that if this struggle is led by the world proletariat and its vanguard, the communist party, which is guided by the unerring theory of Marxism Leninism, it will be more resolute, unceasing and the PLA has backed up and supported with all its strength the just struggles of the peoples and revolutionary forces in these countries, because they contribute to the common cause of the revolution.

The unity of struggle and the international proletarian solidarity of the Marxist-Leninists were and are still very valuable. We shall spare no pains to strengthen it permanently, and we are sure of the fuklfilment of our internationalist duties. Our Party will never cease the fire against the plots and aggressive plans of both of the superpowers, of the bourgeoisie and revisionism, will never give up the resolute struggle for the defence of Marxism-Leninism, for the victory of communism.“

With these words comrade Enver Hoxha closured the 7th Congress of the PLA. The 7th Congress of the PLA was an internationalist impulse for several multilateral meetings and large demonstrations which strengthened the unity of the Marxist-Leninist Parties all over the world. The report of Enver Hoxha improved the unity of the Marxist-Leninist Parties and this was very important for the struggle against Maoism that were soon coming after the Congress.

Enver Hoxha emphasized:The cooperation among our Marxist-Leninist Parties should be universal on their really revolutionary way.“

The Marxist-Leninist Parties who participated the 7th Congress got on with it and declared their cooperation - for example the delegations of the Latin American Parties:

The CP of Argentina /ML, the CP of Bolivia ML, the CP of Brasilia, the CP of Columbia / ML, the Revolutionary CP of Chile, The Marxist-Leninist CP of Equador, and the Revolutionary CP of Uruguay.

These Parties declared that the 7th Congress of the PLA has a decisive meaning for the Marxist-Leninist World Movement, that the PLA leads the banner of Marxism-Leninism in defence of revisionism, that the PLA leads the revolutionary struggle for liberation from world capitalism and for the establishment of socialism. The anti-revisionist struggle of the PLA was the best example for all Marxist-Leninist Parties in Latin America. However, the struggle against Chinese revisionism was not yet topic of that declaration. With the 7th Congress of the PLA the Marxist Leninist World Movement began to unite and to strengthen under the revolutionary anti-Maoist banner of comrade Enver Hoxha.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Report 7th Congress PLA

1976 (Summary)

 

"Selected Works"

VOLUME V

 

 

also available in

 

ALBANIAN

GERMAN

(also in PDF-Format)

CHINESE

FRENCH

RUSSIAN

DUTCH

GREEK

PUNJABI

 

 

 

In the light of the 7th Congress of the PLA

TORONTO 1977

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75th anniversary

8th of November 1941

Foundation of the PLA

 

 

 

8th of November 2015

74th anniversary

8th of November 1941

Foundation of the PLA

 

 

 

8th of November 2014

73rd anniversary

8th of November 1941  

foundation of the Party of Labour of Albania

on this day, the Comintern (SH) published the following documents: 

 

WHEN THE PARTY WAS BORN

Reminiscences

(Excerpts)

Tirana 1983

 

Laying the foundation of the new Albania

thanks to : www.enverhoxha.ru

 

also: html-format

 

THE PLA WAS FORMED IN CIRCUMSTANCES DIFFERENT FROM THOSE OF THE OTHER COMMUNIST PARTIES

Thursday, January 26, 1978

 

 

 

8th of November 2013

72nd Anniversary

8th of November 1941  

foundation of the Party of Labour of Albania

 

 

 

 

8th of November 2012

71nd Anniversary

8th of November 1941  

foundation of the Party of Labour of Albania

 

 

 

 

8th of November 2011

70th Anniversary

8th of November 1941  

foundation of the Party of Labour of Albania

 

 

 

 

 

 

On the Party of Labour of Albania