ENGLISH

2021

13th of February, 1961 - 20th of February, 1961

60 Years

IV Congress

of the Party of Labour of Albania

 

 

ENGLISH

ENVER HOXHA 

Report to the 4th Congress of the PLA

Part I

Part II

part III

 

ALBANIAN

Kongresi i 4-të i Partisë së Punës së Shqipërisë, 1961

 

- Raport në Kongresin IV të PPSH
"Mbi aktivitetin e KQ të Partisë së Punës të Shqipërisë" (I) -
13 shkurt 1961
pdf
- Raport në Kongresin IV të PPSH
"Mbi aktivitetin e KQ të Partisë së Punës të Shqipërisë" (II)
pdf
- Raport në Kongresin IV të PPSH
"Mbi aktivitetin e KQ të Partisë së Punës të Shqipërisë" (III)
pdf
- Raport në Kongresin IV të PPSH
"Mbi aktivitetin e KQ të Partisë së Punës të Shqipërisë" (IV)
pdf
- Raport në Kongresin IV të PPSH
"Mbi aktivitetin e KQ të Partisë së Punës të Shqipërisë" (V)
pdf

 

 

 

  

CHINESE

在阿尔巴尼亚劳动党第四次代表大会上关于中

1961. 2. 13.

第1部分

第2部分

 

 

FRENCH

 

 

RAPPORT D'ACTIVITE

DU COMITE CENTRAL DU PARTI DU TRAVAIL D'ALBANIE

IVe Congrés PTA

 

 

 

PORTUGUESE

Enver Hoxha

O MAIOR DESENVOLVIMENTO DA AGRICULTURA DURANTE O 3º PLANO DE CINCO ANOS

13 de fevereiro de 1961

 

 

 

RUSSIAN

Энвер Ходжа.

«Отчетный доклад о деятельности ЦК Албанской партии труда, представленный IV съезду АПТ 13 февраля 1961г.»

 

 

SPANISH

Enver Hoxha

INFORME ANTE EL IV CONGRESO DEL PTA

 

 

* * *

 

 

HISTORY OF THE PLA

On the 4th Congress

in different languages

 

ENGLISH

On the 4th Congress

 

Excerpt of "History of the PLA"

pages 344 - 354

(Tirana, 2nd edition - 1982)

also available in

Albanian

French

German

Italian

Russian

Spanish

 

 

Lessons for the future of world socialism

written by Wolfgang Eggers

 

Overview

Congresses of the PLA

 

The 1st Congress of the CPA (PLA) took place from 8-22. in November 1948.

2nd Party Congress: 31.3. - 7. 4. 1952

3rd Party Congress: 25. 5. - 3. 6. 1956

4th Party Congress: February 13-20, 1961

5th Congress: 1. 11. - 8. 11. 1966

6th Party Congress: 1. 11. - 7. 11. 1971

7th Party Congress: 1. 11. - 7. 11. 1976

8th Congress: 1. 11. - 7. 11. 1981

9th Party Congress: 3. 11. 8. 11. 1986

* * *

The Ninth Party Congress was the only party congress without Comrade Enver Hoxha and at the same time the last PLA congress.

In June 1991 (so-called "10th Congress"), the party was officially transformed by its traitors and renegades into a bourgeois social-democratic party.

The 1st, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th Party Congress coincided with the celebration of the founding of the Party of Labour of Albania, that is, on November 8, 1941.

The 4th Congress took place on the 20th anniversary of the founding of the PLA, the leader and organizer of all the great historical victories of the Albanian people, the Marxist-Leninist party, which pursued a consistent revolutionary line that embodied the principles of Marxism-Leninism which were creatively applied, and that forged the steely unity with the widest masses.

The historical significance of the PLA's Fourth Congress can not be understood other than by the dialectical method, namely, as a milestone in the historical processes which determine our daily revolutionary actions in present and future. The dialectical conception of the history of the PLA's Fourth congress is not limited to its significance under the conditions prevailing at that time. To narrow the significance of the 4th congress to a nationally limited view is in itself a bourgeois-revisionist point of view that is incompatible with the international character of dialectical materialism. We Stalinists-Hoxhaists therefore try first and foremost to elaborate the significance of the 4th congress of the PLA for the solution of the task before us: - the world socialist revolution.

In the following, the Comintern (SH) draws some important lessons from the Fourth Congress of the PLA, which will be of crucial importance for world communism in general, for the preparation of the world socialist revolution, and for the construction of world socialism, in particular.

The 4th Congress of the PLA took place only three month after the famous speech of comrade Enver Hoxha that he delivered at the meeting of 81 Communist and Worker`s Parties in Moscow on November 16, 1960.

Thus the historical line of open struggle against Soviet revisionism had just be drawn though a Soviet delegation was invited to particpate at the 4th Congress of the PLA. The Soviet Revisionist leaders had just began to exert economic pressure on Albania and the PLA on the eve of the 4th Congress of the PLA. These hostile actions of the Soviet revisionists were incompatible with the relations among Marxist-Leninist parties and socialist countries.

The 4th Congress prepared for an all-out ideological offensive on modern revisionism. With the founding of the Comintern (SH) began the struggle against world revisionism on the basis of the anti-revisionist struggle of the PLA, beginning in time of the Fourth Congress of the PLA.

The first diffence between the beginning of the struggle against modern revisionism and now that is our anti-revisionist struggle against the further development to neo-revisionism, namely against disguised "anti-revisionism" ("Anti-revisionism in words - revisionism in deeds".)

The second difference between the struggle against modern revisionism in time of the 4th Congress of the PLA and now that is the globalized process of amalgation of the branches in different countries (Yugoslav- , Soviet-, Chinese- revisionism and that of other revisionist countries and the branches of Euro-"Communism".) The interaction among all these revisionist branches is what we call the roots of world revisionism. World revisionism cannot be defeated without defeating all its roots - namely without exception !

* * *

The 4th Congress reached the conclusion that in the PR of Albania the economic base of socialism had been built both in city and countryside thus within 20 years after the founding of the PLA. The 4th Congress initiated a new stage in the development of Albania, the stage of the complete construction of the socialist society, the stage of turning Albania from an agrarian-industrial into an industrial-agrarian one.

The transition of Albania from a semi-feudal situation and technical-economic backwardness directly to the building of socialism, leaving out the stage of developed industrial capitalism, was one of its historical merits, namely the creation of industry through the socialist industrialization and electrification accompanied by the steady development of collectivization of agruculture.
And according to this clear perspective the Congress discussed and aproved the directives of the 3rd Five Year - Plan.

What about the stages of the development of world socialism in comparison with the 4th Congress of the PLA ?

Firstly, of course, stages of the construction of world socialism and world communism are necessary and not to be skipped, as well as those of the construction of socialism in Albania.

Secondly, stages of world socialism compared with the stages of socialism in a country like Albania - encircled by the capitalist-revisionist world - must differ essentially. The fourth Congress of the PLA defined the stage from a semi-feudal situation and technical-economic backwardness directly to the foundations of socialism, towards the socialist industrialization and electrification accompanied by the steady development of collectivization of agruculture. This period was thus the period from creating the basis for socialism to the stage of its completion.

The historical peculiarity of socialism in Albania is that it had skipped the stage of capitalist development during its construction, while the reconstruction of socialism in Albania cannot skip the stage of overcoming capitalism. All other theories are opportunistic.

Albania built socialism from one stage to another while encircled by rabid enemies in contrast to the stages of world socialism which will be constructed upon the ruins of the capitalist-revisionist world.

Thirdly, as for the economic basis of the construction of world socialism, the globalization of world capitalism has already created all the conditions for this, while socialism has been built in Albania without he necessity of having completed even a single stage of capitalist development in the country.

Fourth, the reconstruction of socialism in Albania under the conditions of world socialism will, of course, be quite different from what it was then under the conditions of world capitalism.

Fifth, in the construction of world socialism, of course, the respective stage of development of each individual country must be taken into account.
Here, the method of historical and dialectical materialism must be applied to resolve the contradictions of the whole system of world socialism and the development of socialism in each country in such a way that the development of the part and the whole are brought into harmonious agreement.

* * *

According to fight against the encirclement of the capitalist-revisionist world, Comrade Enver Hoxha emphasized in his report:

"In the struggle against the enemies our Party has waxed stronger and its members have been tempered. But the enemies have not ceased their activity, either against our Party and our country, or against the socialist camp and the international communist movement. And there is no doubt that they will continue this struggle as long as they live. Therefore, on this question we must not entertain any opportunist illusions. The protection of the Party from hostile elements is, in the first place, the duty of every communist, just as the struggle
against any enemy of the Republic is the duty of every communist and every patriot of our country. Therefore we must raise the vigilance of the communists and the entire people to a higher level. We are strong and growing stronger from day to day, but this in no way allows us to close our eyes and sleep on our laurels. All the attempts of the enemies, from the founding of our state of people’s democracy to this day, in whatever form they have been made, by all the external or internal enemies, have been discovered in time and have been dealt with and smashed as they deserved ."

* * *
Concerning the ideological tasks of the 4th Congress comrade Enver Hoxha said:

"The successful performance of the tasks of the socialist construction is directly connected with the ideo-political work of the Party, with the Marxist-Leninist education of the communists and the masses, with the creative and faithful application of the principles of our triumphant
ideology, Marxism-Leninism.
Our Party has always been aware that any weakening of the ideology of the Party, any underestimation of it, as the great Lenin says, inevitably brings about the strengthening of bourgeois ideology which constitutes a serious danger to the future of socialism itself. Therefore the Party has always considered ideolo-political work one of the most
important sectors of its activity.

In departing from the class stand the present-day revisionists reject as "obsolete" the principles teachings of Marxism-Leninism about the socialist revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat.

In spite of all the crushing blows and defeats it has received, revisionism has not been routed ideologically, it has not been untterly destroyed. Revisionism as one of the forms of the influence of the bourgeois ideology on the proletariat, as a reflection of bourgeois ideology in theory and practice, remains the main danger to the international communist movement. A resolute and uncompromising struggle must be waged against revisionism unti it is utterly defeated. Any reduction of revolutionary vigilance towards it, any vacillation in the struggle against it under whatever pretext, inevitably leads to the rivival and the activation of revisionist tendencies which seriously demage our great course."

The Comintern (SH) will always follow the ideas of the PLA and Enver Hoxha, and strive for their implementation on a global scale.

Long live the 60th anniversary of the PLA's fourth congress!

Long live the PLA with comrade Enver Hoxha at the top!

Long live the Albanian Section of the Comintern (SH)!

Long live the re-establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat in Albania!

Long live the world dictatorship of the proletariat!

Long live the world socialist revolution!

Long live the world socialism and the world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH)!

Wolfgang Eggers

13th of February, 2021

 

 

 

On the Party of Labour of Albania