Short Comment on the Book:
„Imperialism and Revolution“ - written by Enver Hoxha
This document was first published in „Albania Today“- No 2 (38), 1979
and in February, 2010, re- published in co-production of
ciml.250x.com and www.enverhoxha.ru
OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTION TO THE
EXPOSURE OF THE STRATEGY
OF IMPERIALISM AND MODERN REVISIONISM
by AGIM POPA
(AGIM POPA — Professor, Editor-in-chief of «Zeri i popullit»,
organ of the CC of the Party of Labor of Albania.)
The Marxist-Leninists oppose the regressive and counter-revolutionary strategy of imperialism, social-imperialism and revisionism, which try to stop and turn back the wheel of history, with their victorious Marxist-Leninist strategy of the revolution
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA'S BOOK «IMPERIALISM AND THE REVOLUTION» IS A CLEAR REFLECTION OF THE REVOLUTIONARY MARXIST-LENINIST LINE INVARIABLY PURSUED WITH THE GREATEST CONSISTENCY BY THE PARTY OF LABOUR OF ALBANIA BOTH IN REGARD TO THE QUESTIONS OF THE STRATEGY AND TACTIC OF THE REVOLUTION IN OUR COUNTRY AND THE PROBLEMS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REVOLUTIONARY AND LIBERATION MOVEMENT IN THE WORLD.
THE WORLD TODAY IS AT A PHASE WHEN THE CAPITALIST AND IMPERIALIST SYSTEM IS IN DECAY, IN DEEP AND ALL-ROUND CRISIS AND DECLINE, WHEN ALL ITS CONTRADICTIONS ARE BEING SHARPENED TO THE LIMIT, WHEN THE REVOLUTION AND THE LIBERATION WAR OF THE PEOPLES FOR THE OVERTHROW OF THE BOURGEOISIE AND THE IMPERIALIST ENSLAVEMENT ARE ON THE ORDER OF THE DAY AND DEMANDING SOLUTION.
Confronted with the «spectre» of the revolution, which scares them to death, imperialism and the world capitalist bourgeoisie, social-imperialism, the modern revisionists of all trends and the social-democrats, all the currents of regression and reaction, are resorting to all the weapons of their arsenal in an effort to halt and stamp out the revolution, to disorientate and bemuse the workers and the peoples, to estrange them from any genuine revolutionary and liberation movement, to preserve and perpetuate capitalism and neo-colonialist positions, or to wrest them from others. Such is the essence of the global strategy of imperialism and social-imperialism of our time, in whose service the modern revisionists have placed themselves with their undermining and disruptive preachings and activity. Comrade Enver Hoxha's work «Imperialism and the Revolution» constitutes an outstanding contribution to the exposure of this dangerous counterrevolutionary strategy.
The Party of Labor of Albania has long ago rejected the misleading preachings of the revisionists, especially of the Chinese revisionists, who, with the aim of justifying their counter-revolutionary alliance with American imperialism, are spreading the dangerous illusion that the latter has lost its expansionist, aggressive and enslaving nature, that it is in the decline and on the defensive, and, as a consequence, no longer poses any serious threat to the peoples, but has supposedly become their ally in the struggle against Soviet social-imperialism, in which the Chinese revisionists see the only threat. But facts prove that American imperialism remains the great and sworn enemy of socialism, the revolution and of the freedom-loving peoples, the biggest international exploiter, the chief bulwark of imperialism and world reaction, the savage gendarme and suppressor of any revolutionary and liberation movement, that it continues to be on the offensive.
In his exposure of the so-called «new policy» of the USA, proclaimed by President Carter in order to cover up the true aims of the strategy of American imperialism, Comrade Enver Hoxha points out that, despite the efforts of American imperialism to give it a new coat of varnish, today, it is by no way a new policy, but the old. predatory imperialist, neo-colonialist policy of enslaving the peoples and exploiting them and their assets, a policy aimed at extinguishing the revolutions and the liberation wars. The foundations of this policy, just as before, lie on the crazy dream of American imperialism for the establishment of its domination in the entire world.
Therefore the attitude towards American imperialism, the uncompromising struggle against its enslaving, hegemonic and aggressive policy and strategy, has been and remains a vital necessity for all the peoples, and a demarcation line between the genuine revolutionaries and the revisionist renegades.
Along with its unyielding and consistent struggle against American imperialism, the Party of Labour of Albania has also been waging a principled and uncompromising struggle against the other dangerous enemy of the revolution, socialism and the peoples of the whole world — Soviet social-imperialism. It has boldly and mercilessly exposed the regressive counter-revolutionary turn that occurred in the Soviet Union after Stalin's death with the usurpation of power by the Krushchevite revisionist clique. Our Party has waged and continues to wage a ceaseless struggle especially for the exposure of the dangerous, misleading, pseudo-socialist, pseudo-anti-imperialist, pseudo-internationalist and pseudo-peace-loving demagogy of Soviet social-imperialism. For, as the 7th Congress of the PLA emphasized, any illusion or vacillation, however slight, in the stand towards the present-day Soviet Union is fraught with catastrophic consequences for those political forces and movements that continue to believe in the demagogy and lies of Moscow.
This unshakeable stand of the Party of Labor of Albania is also thoroughly reflected in Comrade Enver Hoxha's book «Imperialism and the Revolution», which makes a deep-going analysis of the general strategy of Soviet social-imperialism. «Just like American imperialism», Comrade Enver Hoxha points out, «Soviet social-imperialism, too, has placed expansion and hege-monism, achieved through the armaments race, pressure and blackmail, military, economic and ideological aggression, at the basis of its foreign policy. The aim of this policy is the establishment of social-imperialist domination over the entire world». These aims and this imperialist policy are clearly seen in the economic, political and ideological subjugation, enslavement and exploitation of the countries of the «socialist community» by Soviet social-imperialism, which goes as far as their military occupation, as the case of the social-fascist aggression against Czechoslovakia showed. At the same time, Soviet social-imperialism, just as the other imperialist states, is now fighting for new markets, spheres of influence, capital investments in various countries, the monopolization of the sources of primary materials, the extension of its neo-colonialism to Africa, Asia, Latin America, and other countries. Resorting to unrestrained demagogy about their «internationalist aid» to the revolutionary and liberation movements of the various peoples, the Soviet social-imperialists strive to undermine them, to put them under their control and exploit them in order to extend their neo-colonialist domination to various regions and countries.
From the analysis of the counterrevolutionary, enslaving and hegemonic strategy of the superpowers made by Comrade Enver Hoxha in his work «Imperialism and the Revolution», in complete opposition to the anti-Marxist policy of the Chinese revisionists bent on compromise and alliance with American imperialism against Soviet social-imperialism, the genuine revolutionaries and Marxist-Leninists draw the conclusion that, the struggle against all superpowers, against any imperialism, is absolutely necessary, because one cannot rely on one superpower in order to fight the other superpower.
Comrade Enver Hoxha attaches special importance to the analysis and exposure, with convincing facts and compelling argument, of the counterrevolutionary, expansionist, warmongering strategy of the Chinese social-imperialist revisionists, of their hegemonic and racist aims of transforming China into a superpower to dominate the world, to the exposure of their anti-Marxist capitalizing on the struggle against Soviet social-imperialism alone. Chinese revisionism, Comrade Enver Hoxha says, «has become the close ally of American imperialism and the international big bourgeoisie in order to throttle and sabotage the revolutionary struggles of the proletariat and the peoples».
The racist dreams of the Chinese revisionists about world hegemony and domination are of long standing, and now they have found their complete embodiment in their ambitious plan for the transformation of China into a capitalist and imperialist superpower by the end of this century. In the present conditions, the essence of their social-imperialist strategy for the achievement of these objectives consists in their alliance with the USA, in the first place and above all, as well as with Japan and the West-European powers in order to get credits and economic, technological and military aid from them, and thus to be able to counter Soviet social-imperialism; in the domination of the countries of the so-called «third world» and «non-alligned world», their transformation into spheres of influence of Chinese social-imperialism; in the sabotage and undermining of any revolutionary and liberation struggle, and the preservation of the status quo of the bourgeois and imperialist rule for the sake of China's alliances with imperialism, the bourgeoisie and the reactionary regimes, as well as the opening of the road to Chinese expansionism; in the instigation of war and armed conflicts between the USA and the other western powers, on the one hand, and Soviet social-imperialism, on the other, so that its present and future rivals should destroy each other and leave revisionist China the only powerful ruler.
Comrade Enver Hoxha's all-round analysis of the American, Soviet and Chinese imperialist and social-imperialist strategy, in his book «Imperialism and the Revolution», clearly shows that:
First, it is absolutely necessary to fight and reject any illusion about the character of the relations, alliances and collaboration among the big powers as being allegedly to the advantage of the peoples and peace, as well as about the contradictions among them as being allegedly contradictions among socialist and imperialist countries, among the supporters of the peoples and their enslavers. Instead, this is a case of the clash of interests of the imperialists in their struggle for the redivision of the world. As life and facts prove, both when the superpowers work together and enter into alliances, both when they quarrel and rival with each other, it is the peoples who pay the bill. Any illusion about each of them is fraught with dangerous consequences for those who fall into the trap of the demagogy of the superpowers and lose their vigilance towards the activity of any of them.
Second, the strategy of the big imperialist and social-imperialist powers, their alliances and rivalry, the policy they pursue and the objectives they strive to achieve, are fraught with great dangers of inter-imperialist wars. «Therefore, the peoples who will shed their blood in this war,» Comrade Enver Hoxha writes, «must exert all their strength so that they are not caught unawares, so that they sabotage the inter-imperialist predatory war and stop it from assuming world proportions, and, if they fail to achieve this, they turn it into a liberation war and win.»
Modern revisionism plays a dangerous counterrevolutionary role in the service of the global strategy of imperialism and social-imperialism. Comrade Enver Hoxha, in his book «Imperialism and the Revolution», attaches special importance to the exposure of the strategy of the modern revisionists.
The fact is that in their efforts to liquidate socialism, to undermine the socialist camp and to disrupt and destroy the international communist movement, the bourgeoisie and imperialism, especially American imperialism, in the years following the Second World War, relied strongly on revisionism for the achievement of its aims. The revisionist betrayal of the Yugoslavs, the Soviets, and recently, of the Chinese constitutes the greatest and most dangerous counterrevolutionary turn the history of the world workers' revolutionary movement ever knows.
The book «Imperialism and the Revolution» subjects to a stern analysis not only the Khrushchevite and Chinese revisionism, but also the Yugoslav revisionism, as the weapon in the hands of the imperialist bourgeoisie, and the extinguisher of the revolution and the liberation struggle of the peoples, without sparing the revisionist trend of the so-called «Eurocommunists», who, together with social-democracy and the reformist trade-unions, have become the most assiduous advocates of the western monopoly bourgeoisie against the threat of the revolution. Comrade Enver Hoxha exposes the anti-Marxist and anti-socialist preachings and practices of the Yugoslav «self-administration». «The theory and practice of the Yugoslav 'self-administration', he writes, «are an open negation of the teachings of Marxism-Leninism and of the general laws of the construction of socialism. The 'self-administrative' economic and political system is an anarchic-syndicalist form of the bourgeois dictatorship which rules in a Yugoslavia dependent on international capital.» It is by no means fortuitous that world capitalism gives unreserved political support and has given billions of dollars in subsidies to this allegedly socialist system, which serves world capitalism, in various circumstances and in various countries, as a reserve system to give a new lease of life to capitalism. Similarly, the Yugoslav policy of «non-alignment», which serves imperialism and social-imperialism to divert the freedom-loving peoples from the road of national liberation and the revolution, to preserve the status quo of imperialist domination unaffected, or to open the doors to the neo-colonialist penetration of the superpowers into the «non-aligned countries», is also subjected to stern criticism.
The Marxist-Leninists oppose the regressive and counterrevolutionary strategy of imperialism, social-imperialism and revisionism, which try to stop and turn back the wheel of history, with their victorious Marxist-Leninist strategy of the revolution, which sooner or later will lead to the complete overthrow of the hated capitalist and imperialist order of oppression and exploitation. As Comrade Enver Hoxha writes in «Imperialism and the Revolution», «time is working for the revolution, for socialism and not for the bourgeoisie and imperialism, not for modern revisionism and world reaction».