What is Marxism ?

  « Marxism is the science of the laws of nature `s and society `s development, the science of the revolution of oppressed and exploited masses, a science of socialism `s victory in all countries, the science of building the communist society» (I.V.Stalin).

The Comintern (SH) has declared the next year, the 200th birthday, the

"Karl Marx Year - 2018".


5th of May 1818

Long live the 199th birthday of Karl Marx !





Messages of Solidarity




Message of the Comintern (SH)

on occasion of

Karl Marx’s 199th anniversary

May 5, 1818 – May 5, 2017


We greet all the Marxists throughout the world, because today we celebrate the 199th birthday of Karl Marx, the birthday of our first Classic of Marxism-Leninism.

Today is the birthday of one of the greatest revolutionaries of human history. Let us begin to prepare the 200th birthday in the next year 2018. The Comintern (SH) decided to celebrate the year 2018 as the "YEAR OF KARL MARX".

As the leader of the proletarians of all countries, Karl Marx has put all his revolutionary thinking and his selfless revolutionary activities in the service of the liberation of the international working class.

Karl Marx was the founder of scientific communism. He created the ideology of the proletariat and became the great leader and teacher of the world proletariat.


How did Karl Marx influence Russia before, during and after the October Revolution?


We would like to answer this question in only three brief points:

Firstly, Karl Marx proved that the existence of classes is tied to certain historical developmental struggles of production;

Secondly, Karl Marx taught that class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat;

Thirdly, Karl Marx discovered that this dictatorship itself is only the transition to the abolition of all classes and to a classless society. (From a letter of Marx to Kugelmann, published only 10 years before the October Revolution, by Franz Mehring on March 5, 1852. Lenin's work on "State and Revolution", which he had written a month before the October Revolution, relates to this letter.)

1. Even before the first Russian revolution of 1905, Lenin had, with the aid of Marxism, analyzed the classes in Russia and linked them to the development struggles of production in capitalist Russia [Lenin:"The Development of Capitalism in Russia"]. It was then Stalin, who proved that the development of socialist classes is determined by the development of the socialist economy. It was also Stalin who discovered that the creation of the classless society is based on the conformation of the property of the collective farms to the level of general popular property. And it was again Enver Hoxha, who showed that, after Stalin's death, the restoration of bourgeois class society was based on the restoration of the capitalist mode of production in the Soviet Union.

2. The October Revolution, the highest form of class struggle in Russia, necessarily led to the dictatorship of the Russian proletariat. The October revolution was the first socialist revolution in the world and is considered victorious because it led to the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The October Revolution was the beginning of the world revolution, the highest form of globalized class struggle. The victory of the world socialist revolution is expressed by the establishment of the dictatorship of the world proletariat.

3. The dictatorship of the proletariat in the Soviet Union formed the transition to the abolition of all classes, to classless society, but was restricted by the still existing capitalist encirclement of the Soviet Union, which made the maintenance and further strengthening of the dictatorship of the proletariat unavoidable. On the basis of the fatal experience with the restoration of capitalism in the Soviet Union, Stalinism-Hoxhaism teaches that only the dictatorship of the world proletariat will remove the inevitability of the restoration of the antagonistic class society, thus assuring the transition to the classless society in the sense of Karl Marx.

According to the teachings of Karl Marx, the existence of the classless world society is tied to the world-communist mode of production. The free association of the producers is based on the development struggles of the communist production - namely increasing level of production up to the optimum coverage of the social needs by means of the progressive elimination of all forms of ownership of the means of production - that is, the classless world society is based on the conformity of the development of communist productive forces with the development of communist relations of production. The transformation of private ownership at the means of production into socialized world property is itself only the transition to the abolition of any kind of property in the world.

* * *

Frederick Engels, in his preface to the second Russian edition of the "Communist Manifesto" in 1882 - that is, 35 years before the October Revolution - wrote in remarkable foresight:

"Russia forms the vanguard of revolutionary action in Europe. If the Russian Revolution becomes the signal for a proletarian revolution in the West, so that both complement each other, the present Russian common ownership of land may serve as the starting point for a communist development."

In a certain manner, Friedrich Engels thus had forseen the road from the October revolution to the construction of communism "in one country".


Before the Communist Revolution, the Russian Empire was a monarchy, ruled by a tsar. Russia was largely an agricultural country and was in the very early stages of industrialization during Marx's lifetime, namely in contrast to the developed industrial countries in the West. Because of this, the Russian government didn't consider Marx's writings to pose a serious threat. Marx's writings were allowed to be distributed in Russia even though they were banned in many other countries.It was therefore no wonder that Marxism threatened to become a hollow phrase by Russian legalism. But Lenin was the victor in the implacable struggle against these falsifiers of Marxism in Russia, against the so-called "legalist Marxists" (Struvists) who concealed their bourgeois liberalism behind Marxist phrases.

Marx's writings had a profound impact on Vladimir Lenin. As early as 1886 the student Lenin put his hands on Karl Marx's "Capital" (today, we are celebrating its 150th anniversary). For Lenin this book became the starting point for the victory of the revolution of 1917. With Marx's writings Lenin entered the path of the revolution, who was arrested for the first time as a 17 years old boy. In banishment, he took part in various student circles, who studied the works of Karl Marx. It was Lenin, who raised the Marxist revolutionary banner, when the capitalist world entered the epoch of imperialism at the end of the nineteenth century. Lenin became not only the greatest Marxist of Russia but the greatest Marxist in the world, the third Classic of Marxism-Leninism. Lenin was the first to confirm the correctness of Marxism by practice, namely by the victory of the October revolution. Through Lenin, the leader of the October Revolution, the teachings of Marx influenced decisively the victory of the October revolution. Lenin's doctrine that there is no revolutionary movement without revolutionary theory also applies to 1917, for without revolutionary Marxism there would be no October revolution.

As Lenin wrote in his book, Left-Wing Communism, an infantile disorder:

"Bolshevism arose in 1903 on the very firm foundation of the Marxist theory." (Lenin, vol. 31)

And the correctness of this - and only this revolutionary theory has been proved by the victory of the October Revolution and will be proved by the socialist world revolution, too.

In his letter to the Central Committee of the R.S.D.L.P.(B.), Lenin wrote on September 13, 1917 ["Marxism and Insurrection"]:

"Marxists are accused of Blanquism for treating 'insurrection as an art' (quotation from Marx)!

To be successful, insurrection must rely not upon conspiracy and not upon a party, but upon the advanced class. That is the first point. Insurrection must rely upon a revolutionary upsurge of the people. That is the second point. Insurrection must rely upon that turning-point in the history of the growing revolution when the activity of the advanced ranks of the people is at its height, and when the vacillations in the ranks of the enemy and in the ranks of the weak, half-hearted and irresolute friends of the revolution are strongest. That is the third point. And these three conditions for raising the question of insurrection distinguish Marxism from Blanquism.

Once these conditions exist, however, to refuse to treat insurrection as an art is a betrayal of Marxism and a betrayal of the revolution." (Lenin, Collected Works, Volume 26, pp. 22-27)

What are the Marxist rules about the art of insurrection that Lenin implemented so successfully in the October revolution?

"Now, insurrection is an art quite as much as war or any other, and subject to certain rules of proceeding, which, when neglected, will produce the ruin of the party neglecting them.

Firstly, never play with insurrection unless you are fully prepared to face the consequences of your play.

Insurrection is a calculus with very indefinite magnitudes, the value of which may change every day;

the forces opposed to you have all the advantage of organization, discipline, and habitual authority: unless you bring strong odds against them you are defeated and ruined.

Secondly, the insurrectionary career once entered upon, act with the greatest determination, and on the offensive.

The defensive is the death of every armed rising;

it is lost before it measures itself with its enemies. Surprise your antagonists while their forces are scattering, prepare new successes, however small, but daily;

keep up the moral ascendancy which the first successful rising has given to you; rally those vacillating elements to your side which always follow the strongest impulse, and which always look out for the safer side;

force your enemies to a retreat before they can collect their strength against you; in the words of Danton, the greatest master of revolutionary policy yet known, de l'audace, de l'audace, encore de l'audace! (Karl Marx/Friedrich Engels, Collected Works, VOLUME 11, page 86 - Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany - 1852)

The genius teachings of Marx and Engels on the uprising generalized Lenin in October 1917 to a closed system. The art of insurrection was brought by him into the form of concrete, clear rules, which were the concentrated expression of the experiences of all armed uprisings since known to history.

Lenin drew up the following plan of the insurrection:

"Surround and cut off Petrograd; take it by means of a combined attack by the fleet, the workers and the army;" combine these three main forces in such a way "as to make certain of occupying and holding at no matter what it costs:

(a) the telephone exchange; (b) the chief telegraph office; (c) the railroad station; (d) above all the bridges". For the most important operations special shock units should be formed of the "most resolute" elements - the best workers, and the young workers; the best of the sailors, the most daring men, whose motto should be: "We shall die to a man, but the enemy shall not pass". Success in the Surrection demands art and triple daring.

"The success of both the Russian and the World Revolution depends upon two or three days of fighting." (Lenin, Collected Works, English edition, Book II, pp 98-99)

Marx died in 1884 but it needed 33 years until his prophecy of the inevitable victory of the communist revolution accomplished in 1917. Marxism was central to Lenin's Bolsheviks and played a key role, especially in the founding of the R.S.D.L.P.(B.), the October Revolution, and the Soviet Union until the death of Stalin. Afterwards, Marxism, without which there would have been no October revolution and no Soviet Union, was betrayed by modern revisionists. There is no ideology in the world that has been betrayed and distorted more than Marxism.

In particular, the world bourgeoisie will take the opportunity of Karl Marx's coming 200th birthday to rekindle the fire of bourgeois anti-Marxism. On today's birthday, but especially on the 200th birthday of Karl Marx, we like to repeat the truth that Lenin described exactly 100 years ago in "State and Revolution":

"What is now happening to Marx's theory has, in the course of history, happened repeatedly to the theories of revolutionary thinkers and leaders of oppressed classes fighting for emancipation. During the lifetime of great revolutionaries, the oppressing classes constantly hounded them, received their theories with the most savage malice, the most furious hatred and the most unscrupulous campaigns of lies and slander. After their death, attempts are made to convert them into harmless icons, to canonize them, so to say, and to hallow their names to a certain extent for the “consolation” of the oppressed classes and with the object of duping the latter, while at the same time robbing the revolutionary theory of its substance, blunting its revolutionary edge and vulgarizing it. Today, the bourgeoisie and the opportunists within the labor movement concur in this doctoring of Marxism. They omit, obscure, or distort the revolutionary side of this theory, its revolutionary soul. They push to the foreground and extol what is or seems acceptable to the bourgeoisie. All the social-chauvinists are now “Marxists” (don't laugh!). And more and more frequently German bourgeois scholars, only yesterday specialists in the annihilation of Marxism, are speaking of the “national-German” Marx, who, they claim, educated the labor unions which are so splendidly organized for the purpose of waging a predatory war! " (Lenin, Collected Works, Volume 15, first paragraph of chapter 1)

Today, on the occasion of the 199th birthday, we are preparing ourselves for the ideological battle in the coming year 2018 against the Marx falsifiers of all directions. Let us concentrate on the struggle against the neo-revisionists. They withhold the truth, namely that the modern revisionists masked the restoration of capitalism with Marxism. The neo-revisionists try this, just for the purpose to prevent the restoration of socialism by means of the re-establishment of the power of the revisionists.

Let us learn from Lenin, who , exactly in October 1917, had unmasked those criminal "Marxists" who dared to "warn" of an alleged "military conspiracy" ( Blanquism) in a situation when the insurrection was already placed on the agenda:

"Marxism is an extremely profound and many-sided doctrine. It is, therefore, no wonder that scraps of quotations from Marx—especially when the quotations are made inappropriately—can always be found among the "arguments" of those who break with Marxism." (Lenin’s Collected Works, Volume 26, pp.214-215)

In vain attempts, the bourgeoisie defined the revisionist betrayal, the restoration of capitalism, an alleged "failure of Marxism". That is a lie. The correctness of Marxism will be proved by the restoration of socialism on a world scale.

Marxism is indelible.
Today the Comintern (SH) is the only true defender of Karl Marx and all other 4 Classics. We emphasize again, and we will continue to stress, namely that it is impossible even to defend a single Classic, without defending simultaneously all the other four classics.

Guided by the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism we are marching resolutely towards world socialist revolution, towards the dictatorship of the world proletariat towards world socialism and world communism.

We swear to fulfill the great legacy that Karl Marx has left us.


Long live Karl Marx' 199th birthday!

Let us commonly prepare the necessary activities for the "Karl-Marx-Year in 2018 !

Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!

Proletarians of all countries - unite!

World proletariat - unite all countries!

Down with the open, reactionary anti-Marxism!

Down with the betrayal of the revisionists and neo-revisionists of Marxism!

Long live the Stalinist-Hoxhaism that enhanced teaching of Marxism-Leninism in the world today!

Long live the proletarian internationalism!

Long live the proletarian, socialist world revolution!

Long live the dictatorship of the world proletariat!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH) - the only authentic defender of Karl Marx and his revolutionary, proletarian heritage!



May 5, 2017

Wolfgang Eggers

Comintern (SH)



Lenin inaugurated the first monument of Marx and Engels - in memory of their merits for the victory of the October Revolution



The last, still existing Marx monument in Moscow (nearby Kremlin)



Karl Marx - 18 years old student


birth place in Trier



Karl Marx - pictures


125th Birthday in 1943

(Russian stamps)



Today we publish the following works of Karl Marx


in English


A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy




in German


Karl Marx

Zur Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie

August 1858 bis Januar 1859.



in Czech


Karel Marks


Ke kritice politické ekonomie






On Karl Marx