What is Marxism ?

  « Marxism is the science of the laws of nature `s and society `s development, the science of the revolution of oppressed and exploited masses, a science of socialism `s victory in all countries, the science of building the communist society» (I.V.Stalin).

136th Anniversary of the Death

of Karl Marx

 

14th of March 2019

14th of March 1883

Marx was laid to rest in Highgate
Cemetery on Saturday, March 17 1883, in the
same grave as his wife, Jenny, buried 15 months
earlier.

 

The Comintern (SH) greets all comrades across the world !

Messages of Solidarity

Message of the Comintern (SH) on occasion


of the 136th anniversary of Marx’s death day




March 14, 1883 – March 14, 2019

 

 

Today we commemorate the 136th anniversary of Karl Marx's death.

The legacy of Karl Marx is immortal.

He will live forever in the minds and hearts of every worker and every true communist.

Marx is the first classic of Marxism-Leninism and with Engels founder of scientific communism, founder and leader of the First International.

 

 

Founding of the First International in London 1864
Inaugural address of Karl Marx

 

Our greeting address is therefore dedicated to the proletarian International of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, which had been the historical model of the Comintern. Many documents of the Comintern refer actually to the First International of Marx and Engels. The Comintern was founded by Lenin in the spirit of Marx and Engels.

This year we celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Comintern. We take this as an occasion to draw a short outline of the main features of the development from the First International to the Komintern (SH).

 

 

 

Main features of the historical development of the proletarian International

- from the First International to the Comintern (SH)

 

 

Marx was the first leader of the international proletariat and developed the ideological and organizational principles of a centrally governed world party.

After the death of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels contributed significantly to the founding of the Second International. Until his death, Engels remained the undisputed authorized and leading Marxist in the Second International.

Marx and Engels themselves had not joined any party at the national level, while Lenin and Stalin were at the same time the leaders of the CPSU (B).

And at the time of Enver Hoxha, after the dissolution of the Comintern, the proletarian International could not yet be rebuilt by means of of the leading Party of Labor of Albania.

But later on, after the death of Comrade Enver Hoxha, the degenerated Marxist-Leninist world movement could be overcome, and that inevitably led to the founding of the Comintern (SH), the proletarian International of today.

 

1.

The theoretical features of the proletarian International

The theoretical foundations and principles of the Proletarian International were created and further developed by the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism.

The First International was founded on the theoretical foundations of Marxism and for the first time the banner of world communism was raised.

The Comintern of Lenin and Stalin was founded on the theoretical foundations of Marxism-Leninism and further developed by Stalinism. The Comintern raised the world Communist banner of the First International, which the Second International had betrayed.

The Comintern (SH) was founded on the theoretical foundations of Stalinism-Hoxhaism and raised the world Communist banner of the Comintern, which had been liquidated by its revisionist leaders.

 

2.

The development of the world proletariat

- a basic feature of the development of the Proletarian International

The class basis of the proletarian international is the hegemony of the international proletariat as the only revolutionary class.

The First International united the international proletariat, which at first confined itself to Europe and America. The slogan of the First International therefore referred to the first capitalist countries and thus reads:

Proletarians of all countries - unite!

The Comintern united the proletarians of the West with the peoples of the East (colonial peoples), where the proletariat had not yet grown into the leading position of a revolutionary class. The slogan of the Comintern was therefore:

Proletarians of all countries and oppressed peoples - unite!

The Comintern (SH) relies on the globalized world proletariat, for in all countries the proletariat has already become the leading revolutionary class. The slogan of the Comintern (SH) is therefore:

World proletariat - unite all countries!

 

 

3.

The political features of the proletarian international

 

The political basis of the proletarian international is the struggle for the dictatorship of the proletariat as a prerequisite for the creation of the classless world society.

The First International raised the international banner of the dictatorship of the proletariat, which was first realized in a city with the Paris Commune.

The Comintern took up its fight for the dictatorship of the proletariat in the capitalist countries, based on the dictatorship of the proletariat, which had already become reality in the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin, and secondly on the national liberation movement of the colonial peoples.

The Comintern (SH) fights for the globalized type of the dictatorship of the world proletariat - based on the dictatorship of the proletariat in every country in the world.

 

 

4.

The tactical features of the proletarian International

 

The internationalist tactics of the proletarian International is to bring about the highest degree of all united forces of the international proletariat in the spirit of proletarian internationalism.

The internationalist tactics of the First International brought about the highest degree of what was feasible for the unification of the international labor movement to develop, support and foment the proletarian revolution in Europe and America. In the Second International, this tactical goal was achieved with the creation of mass socialist parties on the basis of individual nation states.

The internationalist tactics of the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin made the maximum of what was possible in one country for the development, support and instigation of the revolution in all countries. Model was the Bolshevik tactics of Lenin and Stalin. At that time the Russian proletariat was the leader of the world proletariat.

The internationalist tactic of the Comintern (SH) is defined as giving the maximum of what the world proletariat can accomplish for the development, support and development of the revolution in every country. Today the world proletariat is the leader of its proletarian detachments in every country in the world.

* * *

The internationally united and coordinated proletarian action paves the way to the world socialist revolution for the overthrow of the world bourgeoisie.

The First International united and coordinated the international proletarian actions in Europe and America. The prerequisites for the proletarian world revolution were not fulfilled at the beginning.

The Comintern united and coordinated the international proletarian actions with the national liberation movements of the peoples of the East (colonial peoples) at the beginning of the world proletarian revolution.

The Comintern (SH) unites and coordinates proletarian actions on a world scale to complete and defend the world proletarian revolution.

 

 

5.

The organizational featers of the Proletarian International

 

The organizational basis of the proletarian international is a world party of the revolutionary world proletariat built on democratic centralism.
The teachings of all 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism are based on the indispensability of the proletarian world party.

Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, Enver Hoxha, they all were all firmly convinced that the emancipation of the working class without a proletarian world party is impossible.

They were also convinced that the proletarian international will not perish, but will continue as long as the world proletariat exists, first as a exploited and then as the ruling class. This distinguishes us Stalinist-Hoxhaists from all opportunists who have always opposed the proletarian international, betrayed it, liquidated it, or attempted to transform it into a bourgeois world party- namely in their capacity as agents of the world bourgeoisie within the camp of the world proletariat.

Lenin continued the fight against the opportunism which Marx and Engels had already led at the time of the First International:

"The Second International is dead, decomposed by opportunism." - "Down with opportunism, long live the Third International! "

The 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism teach that the proletarian international is developing in the fight against opportunism. These teachings of the further development of the proletarian International are still valid today in the struggle of the Comintern (SH) against neo-revisionism: "Dimitrov's opportunism of Comintern is dead, long live the Comintern (SH) !" That's what Lenin would have said today.

Lenin relied on Marx, who defined the developmental law of the proletarian International as a dialectical process that always continues in stepping forward at a higher stage of development. Thus ended the First International with the founding of the Second International. The Second International ended with the founding of the III. International, and the Comintern ended with the founding of the Comintern (SH).

On the founding day of the First International there was still no Marxist parties on a national level. Consequently, there could not yet be an international association of Marxist parties of different countries.
And when the Comintern was founded, the process of the founding of communist parties had just begun.
In the statutes, which was written by Marx, it was said:

"This Association is established to afford a central medium of communication and co-operation between workingmen's societies existing in different countries and aiming at the same end; viz., the protection, advancement, and complete emancipation of the working classes.

While united in a perpetual bond of fraternal co-operation, the workingmen's societies joining the International Association will preserve their existent organizations intact".

The unification of Marxist parties in different countries did not take place until the founding of the Second International in Paris in 1889. The Second International was founded as a loose coalition of Marxist mass parties without centrally binding decisions. The experiences of the II. International was of great organizational importance for the transition from the First International to the Communist International.

The Comintern emerged from the separation from the Second International and united as an umbrella organization the newly emerging Communist parties, which developed into Bolshevik mass parties. The Sections of the Comintern were based on Bolshevik principles and led by the Bolshevik party of the Soviet Union.

The Statute of the Comintern of 1928 stated:

"The Communist International - the International Workers’ Association - is a union of Communist Parties in various countries; it is a World Communist Party."

As can be seen, the name of the First International, which was founded by Marx, was taken up in the Statutes of the Comintern.

The Comintern (SH) is not an association of communist parties of different countries - for the simple reason that at the time of the founding of the Comintern (SH) there were no true communist parties that could have been united. It is the Comintern (SH) that has to build her own Sections for the first time in the history of the proletarian International. Therefore, the Comintern (SH) does not recognize any "communist" organizations outside the Comintern (SH) or take any organizations and groupings from outside.

The Comintern (SH) emerged from the Marxist-Leninist world movement of comrade Enver Hoxha. In the struggle against modern revisionism, the proletarians were already creating new Bolshevik parties in their own countries, but not yet their common Bolshevik world party. It was not until the 21st century, when the working class saw through the revisionist falsification of the history of the Comintern.
The Stalinist-Hoxhaists overcame the influence of Dimitrovism, who had prevented them from rebuilding the Communist International. The influence of the modern revisionists even went so far that any propaganda for organizing the proletarian world revolution by a re-founded Comintern was plainly decried as "anti-Marxist-Leninist" and "Trotskyist". On this revisionist wave still ride the neo-revisionists in their fight against the Comintern (SH).

The international working class has had to learn and go through this long-standing process of rebuilding the proletarian international after each of her dissolution, but no transition of the proletarian international from a lower to a higher stage of development has been more protracted and more complicated than that of the Comintern to the Comintern (SH). This was mainly due to the influence of the modern revisionists and their neo-revisionist followers. Nothing is more dangerous to the world bourgeoisie than the proletarian international, especially at the height of the Stalin era. Hence the tireless efforts of the world bourgeoisie to prevent the world proletariat from re-establishing the Comintern.

With the globalization of world capitalism, the proletarians of all countries merged into a single globalized class. And the globalized working class also produced its globalized avant-garde, the proletarian world party of a new global type.

This new global type of Bolshevist world party is the decisive factor in overthrowing the global rule of the world bourgeoisie and establishing the world dictatorship of the proletariat. The relationship between the world proletariat in its entirety and its detachments in each country has changed considerably since the Comintern. Accordingly, the old relationship between the Comintern and her Sections had to be modified according to the changing conditions of globalization.

The enemy in each country has become a global enemy. Therefore, the world proletariat must organize itself globally. The victory over globalized capitalism and the transition to world socialism can not be guaranteed by a single national party. This victory can only be guaranteed by the global leadership of a Communist International.

The Stalinism-Hoxhaism teaches that the Communist International can no longer be just an umbrella organization of communist parties in different countries. The Communist International (SH) is the only Communist Party in the world that is globally centralized and has its own Sections in every country in the world. The following principles correspond to the organizational structure of the new type of Stalinist-Hoxhaist World Party:


One world proletariat - one world proletarian party, the Comintern (SH).


One proletariat in every single country - one Section of the Comintern (SH) in every single country.


The sections, in their countries, struggle in first line for the interests of the global proletarian class.

 

 

6.

Lenin summarized the historical significance of the proletarian International as follows:

 

The First International (1864-72) laid the foundation of an international organisation of the workers for the preparation of their revolutionary attack on capital. The Second International (1889-1914) was an international organisation of the proletarian movement whose growth proceeded in breadth, at the cost of a temporary drop in the revolutionary level, a temporary strengthening of opportunism, which in the end led to the disgraceful collapse of this International.

The Third International actually emerged in 1918, when the long years of struggle against opportunism and social-chauvinism, especially during the war, led to the formation of Communist Parties in a number of countries. Officially, the Third International was founded at its First Congress, in March 1919, in Moscow. And the most characteristic feature of this International, its mission of fulfilling, of implementing the precepts of Marxism, and of achieving the age-old ideals of socialism and the working-class movement—this most characteristic feature of the Third International has manifested itself immediately in the fact that the new, third, “International Working Men’s Association” has already begun to develop, to a certain extent, into a union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

The First International laid the foundation of the proletarian, international struggle for socialism.

The Second International marked a period in which the soil was prepared for the broad, mass spread of the movement in a number of countries.

The Third International has gathered the fruits of the work of the Second International, discarded its opportunist, social-chauvinist, bourgeois and petty-bourgeois dross, and has begun to implement the dictatorship of the proletariat.

The international alliance of the parties which are leading the most revolutionary movement in the world, the movement of the proletariat for the overthrow of the yoke of capital, now rests on an unprecedentedly firm base, in the shape of several Soviet republics, which are implementing the dictatorship of the proletariat and are the embodiment of victory over capitalism on an international scale.

The epoch-making significance of the Third, Communist International lies in its having begun to give effect to Marx’s cardinal slogan, the slogan which sums up the centuries-old development of socialism and the working-class movement, the slogan which is expressed in the concept of the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Anyone who has read Marx and failed to understand that in capitalist society, at every acute moment, in every serious class conflict, the alternative is either the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie or the dictatorship of the proletariat, has understood nothing of either the economic or the political doctrines of Marx.

(Lenin: The Third International and its place in history)

 

 

 

 

7.

What are the stages of the proletarian international in its historical development?

 

The First International was the international party of the world proletariat in the pre-imperialist stage of capitalism.

The Second International was the party of the world proletariat at the beginning of the imperialist era, before the First World War and before the establishment of the first proletarian state.

The Comintern was the party of the world proletariat in the time of socialism in "one" country.

The Cominform was the association of representatives within the Stalinist world camp (thus not a typical form of a proletarian International, thus not a re-foundation of the Comintern)

The Comintern (SH) is the party of the world proletariat in the period of the revolutionary transition from world capitalism to world socialism and from world socialism to world communism.

These are the basic features of the historical development of the proletarian International from the First International to the Comintern (SH).

 

Long live Marx, the 1st Classic of Marxism-Leninism!


Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!


Long live world violent socialist revolution and armed world-proletarian dictatorship!


Long live world socialism and world communism!


Long live the Comintern (SH)!

 

Comintern (SH)

Wolfgang Eggers

14th of March, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On occasion of the

136th Day of Death of

Karl Marx

the Comintern (SH) publishes the following works in various languages:

 

 

in English

 

Karl Marx
and

the world socialist revolution

10 Theses

in honor of the 130th Anniversary of the Death of Karl Marx

Comintern (SH) - March 14, 2013

written by Wolfgang Eggers

 

in Danish

Karl Marx

Inauguraladresse for Den Internationale Arbejderassociation

(1864)

 

Karl Marx

Almindelige statutter for Den Internationale Arbejderassociation

(1864/71)

 

 

 

in Greek

Κ. Μαρξ

1871

 

in French

K. Marx

Statuts de l'Association Internationale des Travailleurs

1864

 

 

in Hindi

फ़्रेडरिक एँगेल्स

Speech at the graveside of Karl Marx

(1883)

 

in Indonesian

 

Karl Marx

Tentang Kongres Den Haag

Pidato La Liberte, 8 September 1872

 

in Swedish

Karl Marx

 

Inauguraladress för Internationella Arbetarassociationen

grundad den 28 september 1864

 

Karl Marx

 

Allmänna stadgar för
Den Internationella Arbetarassociationen

1871

 

Friedrich Engels

Tal vid Karl Marx grav

Highgate kyrkogården, London 17 mars

1883

 

 

in Norwegian

Karl Marx

Resolusjoner vedtatt av Den internasjonale arbeiderassosiasjon

1870

 

in Finnish

Karl Marx

Kansainvälisen työväenliiton perustamismanifesti

1864

Karl Marx

Kansainvälisen työväenliiton pääneuvostolta Venäjän
jaoston komitean jäsenille Genèveen

1870

 

 

 

to our special website

on Karl Marx ...