What is Marxism ?

  « Marxism is the science of the laws of nature `s and society `s development, the science of the revolution of oppressed and exploited masses, a science of socialism `s victory in all countries, the science of building the communist society» (I.V.Stalin).

132st Anniversary of the Death

of Karl Marx


14th of March 2015

14th of March 1883

Marx was laid to rest in Highgate
Cemetery on Saturday, March 17 1883, in the
same grave as his wife, Jenny, buried 15 months


The Comintern (SH) greets all comrades across the world !

Messages of Solidarity

Message of the Comintern (SH) on occasion

of the 132nd anniversary of comrade Marx’s death day

March 14, 1883 – March 14, 2015



Today, we celebrate the 132nd death day of comrade Marx. Comrade Marx’ legacy is immortal. It will live forever on the minds and in the hearts of every worker and of every true communist. Comrade Marx is the 1st Classic of Marxism-Leninism and, thus, he is one of the major theorisers of communist ideology. Comrade Marx authored many books which are considered to be among the most essential works of scientific socialism and which undoubtedly contribute to the opening of the doors towards the total and definitive emancipation of the oppressed classes from capitalist exploitation. Through them, comrade Marx explained capitalisms’ true innate exploitative and oppressive nature with outstanding scientific accuracy at an epoch when capitalism was still in ascension and its monopolist and imperialist character was still in its initial phase. He proved that socio-economic laws of production utterly demand that socialism and communism are not only mere possibilities but veritable historical necessities. Comrade Marx was also one of the greatest proletarian internationalists of all times, and he played a key role as the founder (together with comrade Engels) of the First International.

During his lifetime, comrade Marx unmasked and condemned all bourgeois-revisionist influences that aimed at detaching world workers from the path of authentic Marxist science and from its genuinely revolutionary and proletarian nature, thus attempting to turn it into a reformist ideology entirely inoffensive to the class dominion of the bourgeoisie. One of the best examples of this is Marx’s “Critique of the Gotha Program”, one of Marx’s major works, which was written exactly 140 years ago and from which we Stalinists-Hoxhaists still nowadays take many valuable teachings. The “Critique of the Gotha Program” is based on a letter elaborated by Marx in early May 1875 to the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP). The reason for the document’s name is the Gotha Program, a proposed platform for a forthcoming party congress that was to take place in the town of Gotha. At that congress, the SDAP planned to unite with the General German Workers' Association (who were influenced by Ferdinand Lassalle) to form a unified party. At this occasion, comrade Marx was asked to comment the referred program.

In the “Critique of the Gotha Program”, Marx stated his correct positions concerning such essential issues like the dictatorship of the proletariat, proletarian internationalism, the working class party, transition from capitalism to socialism and communism, revolutionary strategy and tactics, etc.


Lenin defined the significance of the “Critique of the Gotha Program” in his famous book “the state and revolutin” as follows:

“See what Marx wrote in criticizing the Gotha Program of 1875, when he mercilessly castigated the opportunist character of that program: The necessity of systematically imbuing the masses with this and precisely this view of violent revolution lies at the root of the entire theory of Marx and Engels.” (Lenin, Volume 25, page 405).


In this document, Marx also discussed the differences between the “lower and higher” stages of communist society, making clear that in the “lower stage” (socialism) which directly follows the transition from capitalism, the predominant principle concerning distribution must be "To each according to his contribution", as "the individual receives from society exactly what he gives to it". Only when the “higher stage” (communism stricto sensu) is finally accomplished, the former principle could be replaced by a new, more advanced one: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs”.


Karl Marx explained that all social and political inequalities within the class society will disappear through the abolition of the differences of classes. This lesson was also basis for the Leninist program of the Bolsheviks.

In his “Critique of the Gotha Program” Karl Marx criticized the naming of “Socialdemocracy”, especially that it is scientifically incorrect. This was the main reason why Lenin changed the name of the RSDLP into Communist Party.

Karl Marx felt obliged to critize such an “demoralizing” program and wrote the following famous sentence:

“Every step of the really movement is more important than dozens of programs.”

With this writing, Marx rejected the Gotha Program as being negatively influenced by the opportunism of Lassalle, whose reformist and pro-capitalist positions defended that workers’ demands must be limited in exchange for “concessions” from the bourgeois government. And until today, the “Critique of the Gotha Program” continues to serve as a revolutionary basis for our own world revolutionary program in demarcation-line to the revisionists and neo-revisionists of all kinds.

Today, the Comintern (SH) is the only true defender not only of comrade Marx, but also of all other Classics, as it is impossible to support one of the Classics without equally supporting also all others without exception. Based on the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism, we march resolutely towards world socialist revolution, world proletarian dictatorship, world socialism and world communism.

Long live comrade Marx, the 1st Classic of Marxism-Leninism!

Log live the 140th anniversary of the “Critique of the Gotha Program”!

Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!

Long live world violent socialist revolution and world armed proletarian dictatorship!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH)!






On occasion of the

132st Day of Death of

Karl Marx

the Comintern (SH) publishes the following works in various languages:




Karl Marx

Critique of the Gotha Program


written 140 years ago

and now published by the Comintern (SH)


in 19 (!!) languages



in German language

Kritik des Gothaer Programms


* * *


in English language

Critique of the

Gotha Programme


* * *


in Arabic language

نقد برنامج غوت



* * *

in Catalan language

Crítica del Programa de Gotha




* * *


in Chinese language




* * *



in Danish language

Kritik af Gotha-programmet


* * *


in Dutch language

Kritiek op het programma van Gotha



* * *


in Farsi language

کارل مارکس

نقد برنامه گوتا


 * * *


in Finnish language


Gothan ohjelman arvostelua


 * * *



in French language


Critique du

Programme de Gotha

* * *


in Georgian language

კარლ მარქსი

"გოთას პროგრამის კრიტიკა"



* * *


in Greek language


Κριτική του προγράμματος της Γκότα


* * *


in Italian language





* * *


in Macedonian language




Критика на Готската програма


* * *


in Portuguese language


Crítica do Programa de Gotha





* * *

in Romanian language

Critica Programului de la Gotha



* * *


in Russian language


Критика Готской программы


* * *


in Spanish language





* * *


in Turkish language



Gotha Programının


* * *



The great significance of Marx's explanation is, that here too, he consistently applies materialist dialectics, the theory of development, and regards communism as something which develops out of capitalism. Instead of scholastically invented, 'concocted' definitions and fruitless disputes over words (What is socialism? What is communism?), Marx gives analysis of what might be called the stages of the economic maturity of communism.

(Lenin Collected Works, Volume 25, p. 471)




to our special website

on Karl Marx ...