Long live the 198th Birthday of Frederick Engels !

 


Messages of Solidarity

 

Greeting Message of the Comintern (SH)

on occasion of the 198th anniversary

of Frederick Engels


Today we celebrate the 198th birthday of Friedrich Engels.

We send our militant greetings to the comrades all over the world.

In this greeting address, we want to link the 198th birthday of Friedrich Engels with the 200th birthday of Karl Marx and thus recognize the joint great work of the creators of scientific communism and the first two outstanding leaders of the world proletariat. Marxism is based on the common work and friendship of Marx and Engels.

 

On the Friendship of

Frederick Engels and Karl Marx

 

Lenin wrote:

"After his friend Karl Marx (who died in 1883), Engels was the finest scholar and teacher of the modern proletariat in the whole civilised world. From the time that fate brought Karl Marx and Frederick Engels together, the two friends devoted their life’s work to a common cause.

The services rendered by Marx and Engels to the working class may be expressed in a few words thus: they taught the working class to know itself and be conscious of itself, and they substituted science for dreams. "

There was a time when the bourgeoisie swarmed for the communimus - that was especially in the end of the 1840s. Engels wrote Marx about this. But when Marxism entered the stage of world history, it was the bourgeoisie who turned away from communism while the workers turned to communism.

Engels was only 26 (!) years old when he defined communism as follows:

"1. to assert the interests of the proletarians, as opposed to those of the bourgeoisie; 2. to do so by abolishing private property and replacing it by the socialization of property; 3. to recognize no other means to carry out these intentions than the violent democratic revolution." (Written one and a half years before the 1848 Revolution.)

Engels and Marx made contact between 1845 and 1847, in Brussels and Paris. Here they created together the "League of Communists", on whose behalf they elaborated the basic principles of communism. Thus was born in 1848 the famous "Manifesto of the Communist Party" by Marx and Engels about which Lenin wrote:

"This little booklet is worth whole volumes: to this day its spirit inspires and guides the entire organised and fighting proletariat of the civilised world."

Until 1870 Engels lived in Manchester and Marx in London, while they were in correspondence almost daily, to exchange their views and knowledge and to work together on the development of scientific socialism.

The correspondence between Marx and Engels covers nearly four decades, from 1844 until shortly before Marx's death in 1883. It may confidently be described as one of the most tremendous historical and human documents of the nineteenth century, testimony to a friendship of rare intensity. The correspondence, which takes up nine volumes of 400 to 500 pages each in the collected edition of Marx's and Engels's Works (MEW), has been preserved almost in its entirety.

The letters reveal the most extraordinary details -- such as Marx's incessant financial difficulties which gave rise to his almost peremptory demands to Engels -- who supported him throughout his life -- to send him money. There exists no better biographical document of the two men than their letters.

On the occasion of the 198th birthday we include the correspondence between Marx and Engels in different languages in our Marx-Engels-Archive.

Lenin wrote in: The Marx-Engels Correspondence:

"If one were to attempt to define in a single word the focus, so to speak, of the whole correspondence, the central point at which the whole body of ideas expressed and discussed converges—that word would be dialectics. The application of materialist dialectics to the reshaping of all political economy from its foundations up, its application to history, natural science, philosophy and to the policy and tactics of the working class—that was what interested Marx and Engels most of all, that was where they contributed what was most essential and new, and that was what constituted the masterly advance they made in the history of revolutionary thought."

The friendship of Marx and Engels is described by Lenin as follows:

"Old legends contain various moving instances of friendship. The European proletariat may say that its science was created by two scholars and fighters, whose relationship to each other surpasses the most moving stories of the ancients about human friendship. Engels always – and, on the whole, quite justly – placed himself after Marx."

“I played second fiddle.” (Engels)

Karl Marx,in return, wrote about Friedrich Engels:

"Engels really has too m u c h work, bu t being a veritable walking encyclopaedia, he's capable, d r u n k or sober, of working at any h o u r of th e day or night, is a fast writer an d devilish QUICK in the uptake." (MEW, Vol 39, page 391)

In 1870, Engels moved to London, where he cared for his friend Marx, namely until Marx died in 1883.

The names Marx and Engels stand for the names of the founders of proletarian world ideology.
For more than 40 years, Marx and Engels have been as inseparable as their revolutionary ideas that survive the centuries.

The perfect unity of ideas was the basis of the boundless and combative friendship that linked Engels to Marx. Engels has never expressed in any of his works a view that would be in conflict with Marx's point of view, or with the spirit of Marxism in general.

In spite of the originality of his conceptions, conditioned by the division of labor between Marx and Engels [e.g.: Marx = political economy/ Engels = natural sciences], Engels has basically expressed and elaborated the same revolutionary principles as Marx. Both fought together for the same ideas.

It is only the bourgeois revisionist historians who continue to try to divide Marx and Engels apart and to construct opposites between Marx and Engels. Some claim that Engels only made Marxism "popular," while others go so far as to claim that Engels "revised" and "vulgarized" Marxism. This tactic of the bourgeois ideologists is not new: "Hitting Marxism by means of pummelling Engels."

Attempts are made to set Marx and Engels against each other, in order to attack the inner unity of the doctrine of Marxism with the aim of adapting proletarian ideology to bourgeois ideology, to undermine the Marxist influence in the working class.

Using the same tactics, the bourgeoisie then tried to contrast Leninism with Marxism as a "deviant" ideology, to condemn Stalinism as a "deviation" from Leninism, and today to declare Stalinism-Hoxhaism "incompatible" with Marxism-Leninism, respectively to equate them.

All these attempts by the open and hidden enemies of proletarian ideology were and are doomed to failure. For, just as Engels defended Marxism victoriously after the death of Marx, so did Lenin after the death of Engels. Stalin victoriously defended Leninism after Lenin's death and Enver Hoxha, after Stalin's death, had victoriously defended Stalinism. And so we Stalinists-Hoxhaists today defend Stalinism-Hoxhaism.

The further development of proletarian ideology will continue to live in the minds and hearts of the revolutionary world proletariat and serve as a guide to the world socialist revolution. Just as the 5 Classics of Marxism-Lenism have faithfully served world communism to the last breath, so we Stalinists-Hoxhaists must also be faithful to world communism to the last breath. In this sense, we keep the revolutionary banner of Friedrich Engels high and higher.

We are celebrating the 198th birthday of Friedrich Engels in anticipation of the "Friedrich Engels Year 2020", thus in preparation for his 200th birthday, which we want to celebrate just like we have done this during the current year with the 200th anniversary of Karl Marx.


Long live the 198th Birthday of Frederick Engels, the 2nd Classic of Marxism-Leninism!

Long live the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!

Long live the armed world socialist revolution and armed dictatorship of world proletariat!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH)!

Wolfgang Eggers

November 28, 2018

 

Friedrich Engels - Gallerie

 

 

 

NEW PUBLICATIONS

of

Frederick Engels

on occasion of his

198th Birthday

28. 11. 2018

in different languages

 

 

English

 

new:

Selected Correspondence between Marx and Engels

(Selection)

 

The Marx-Engels Correspondence (PDF)

Lenin 1913

The Marx-Engels Correspondence (HTML)


 

 

GERMAN

Briefwechsel

Marx - Engels

1844 - 1883

 

 

DER BRIEFWECHSEL
ZWISCHEN

MARX UND ENGELS

(von Lenin geschrieben Ende 1913)

 

RUSSIAN

 

Переписка Маркса с Энгельсом

 

 

DANISH

Marx til Engels

16. april 1856

Marx til Engels

25. september 1857

 

SPANISH

Correspondencia entre Marx y Engels

1847 - 1882

 

LA CORRESPONDENCIA ENTRE
MARX Y ENGELS

LENIN - A fines de 1913.

 

ARABIC

مراسلات ماركس وإنجلز

 

 


 

Frederick Engels

- 198th birthday - 28. 11. 2018