Message of the Comintern (SH)

on occasion of the 122nd anniversary

of Frederick Engels’ death day

August 5, 1895 – August 5, 2017

 

122 years ago, Friedrich Engels died.

"Let us always honour the memory of Frederick Engels, a great fighter and teacher of the proletariat!"

Lenin wrote this 122 years ago in his famous eulogy, which the Comintern (SH) has published in 16 languages ​​of the world.

On the occasion of the 122nd anniversary of the death of Friedrich Engels, we like to point to his extraordinary contribution to the publication of the most important work of Karl Marx, "The Capital", which was published 150 years ago.

Lenin wrote:

"In 1870 Engels moved to London, and their joint intellectual life, of the most strenuous nature, continued until 1883, when Marx died. Its fruit was, on Marx’s side, Capital, the greatest work on political economy of our age, and on Engels’ side, a number of works both large and small. Marx worked on the analysis of the complex phenomena of capitalist economy. Engels, in simply written works, often of a polemical character, dealt with more general scientific problems and with diverse phenomena of the past and present in the spirit of the materialist conception of history and Marx’s economic theory. Marx died before he could put the final touches to his vast work on capital. The draft, however, was already finished, and after the death of his friend, Engels undertook the onerous task of preparing and publishing the second and the third volumes of Capital. He published Volume II in 1885 and Volume III in 1894 (his death prevented the preparation of Volume IV). These two volumes entailed a vast amount of labour. Adler, the Austrian Social-Democrat, has rightly remarked that by publishing volumes II and III of Capital Engels erected a majestic monument to the genius who had been his friend, a monument on which, without intending it, he indelibly carved his own name. Indeed these two volumes of Capital are the work of two men: Marx and Engels." (Lenin)

After the death of Karl Marx, all the work rested all alone with Friedrich Engels. As the first and most important task, Friedrich Engels considered the completion of the written legacy of Karl Marx. At first he cared about the third edition of the first volume of the "Capital," which appeared as a revised version in 1883, which contained some additions of Marx's notes. The first volume examines how value and surplus value are produced.

In 1885, followed the second volume of the "Capital" followed, which deals with the circulation process of the capital.

Between the second and third volume a longer pause occurred. All the numerous fragmentary manuscripts had to be collected, and the comprehensive material had to be laboriously sifted, in order to create the third volume as a uniform whole. No one in the world could have mastered this difficult, extremely complex task - except Friedrich Engels. It must be conscious to every Communist: without Friedrich Engels there would be no second and third Volume of the "Capital".

It was not until 1894, one year before Engels's death, that the third volume could be published, which deals with the whole process of capitalist production, and the transformation of surplus value into profit. Furthermore, the third volume examines the distribution of the surplus value among the various exploiters.

Not only did the complexity of the subject delay the publication of the third volume. After Marx's death, Friedrich Engels devoted himself to the Communist movement which was greatly growing. Not least, this was due to Marx and Engels.

With the spread of the international labor movement in more and more countries, workers all over the world wanted to study the writings of Marx and Engels in their native language. It began the time of translations. And who has looked through all these translations and who corrected them conscientiously? This was no less a figure than Frederick Engels himself. It is admirable how Friedrich Engels carried all this enormous workload on his shoulders even at his advanced age. Particularly laborious was the revision of the English translation of the first volume of "Kapital," which was published in 1894. Friedrich Engels had also written all the prefaces of the translations during his lifetime.

Concerning the study of "Capital", most of the people read secondary publications on the "Capital", rather than the difficult text of the "Capital" itself. Above all, Friedrich Engels played a major role in making the "Capital" accessible to a broad readership. But if it comes to study Marx' theories on surplus-value, many a reader find this a hard nut to crack. Therefore, we recommend to study the writings of Friedrich Engels as an introduction. This makes it easier to understand the writings of Karl Marx.

Moreover, as far as political economy is concerned, it is not known to many comrades that the 10th Chapter of "Anti-Duhring" was written by Karl Marx. We have added this particular Chapter to our collection of documents, which we have issued on occasion of the 150th anniversary of the "Capital". In this documentary collection we have mainly published the texts of Friedrich Engels dealing with the "Capital". It is amazing how great the share of Engels really was. And it is most important for us, that Friedrich Engels had prevented any possible falsification of Marx' greatest work - namely the "Capital" of which Engels said: “the Bible of the working class."

Throughout his life, until the last breath, Friedrich Engels was imbued with revolutionary optimism. He was full of zest for action, pugnacity and confidence of victory. Even in the darkest times of reaction and persecutions, Friedrich Engels got never discouraged. On the contrary, with his rock-solid conviction and enthusiasm, he had always encouraged even the most pessimistic comrade.

When Frederick Engels died in 1895, the Second International and the entire international proletariat mourned with the same deep sympathy as Friedrich Engels was cheered at the World Congress two years before. At his own wish, Friedrich Engels' corpse was burnt and the ash strewn into the sea.

Long live comrade Engels, the 2nd Classic of Marxism-Leninism!

Long live the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!

Long live violent world socialist proletarian revolution and world armed proletarian dictatorship!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH)!

 

Wolfgang Eggers

Comintern (SH)

August 5, 2017

 

* * *

1895 

LENIN

Let us always honour the memory of Frederick Engels,

a great fighter and teacher of the proletariat!

(1895) 

[ in 16 different languages ]

 

* * *

 

Friedrich Engels -

Gallery

 

 

* * *

 

MARX-ENGELS ARCHIVE

now in 48 languages !!!

(Communist Manifesto in over 80 languages)

 

 

 

NEW PUBLICATIONS

of

Frederick Engels

on occasion of his

122nd Day of Death

05. 08. 2017

in different languages

 

in English language


Frederick Engels

Synopsis of Capital

1868

 

Frederick Engels

Letter from Engels to Victor Adler

In Vienna - 1895

(how to study "Capital" Volume II and III)

 

Frederick Engels

"ANTI-DÜHRING"
Chapter X

On Political Economy

this Chapter was written

by Karl Marx

(special edition)

 

Frederick Engels

The Wages System

(Article in: "Labour Standard")


in French language

 

Friedrich Engels

"Le Capital"

1868

 

FREDERICH ENGELS

ETUDES SUR LE CAPITAL

Suivi de deux études de Franz MEHRING et Rosa LUXEMBURG

 

K. Marx: Le Capital LIVRE III

Préface de Friedrich Engels

le 4 Octobre 1894.

 

K. Marx: Le Capital LIVRE III

Friedrich Engels

Complément et supplément au livre III du

mai-juin 1895

 

 

in German language

 

1867 - 2017

150 Jahre

"Das Kapital"

In dieser Dokumentensammlung sind hauptäschlich die Schriften von Friedrich Engels veröffentlicht, die sich mit dem "Kapital" beschäftigen.

 

Friedrich Engels

ANTI-DÜHRING

Über politische Ökonomie

Dieses 10. Kapitel wurde von

Karl Marx (!) geschrieben

 

 

Friedrich Engels

Umrisse zu einer Kritik der Nationalökonomie

Geschrieben Januar 1844.

MEW Band 1, 499 - 524

 

 

Friedrich Engels

Artikel aus:

"The Labour Standard"

1881

 

Friedrich Engels

Soziales aus Russland

1875

 

 

in Spanish language

 

 


F. Engels

Reseña del primer tomo de
El Capital de Carlos Marx para
el "Demokratisches Wochenblatt"

Escrito entre el 2 y el 13 de marzo de 1868.

 


F. Engels

Del prólogo al segundo tomo de El Capital de Marx

1875

 

K. Marx

Prólogo a la primera edición alemana del primer tomo de El Capital

 

special website

On Marx and Engels

 

Frederick Engels

- 122nd Day of Death - 05. 08. 2017