ENGLISH

 

To whom does Karl Marx and Fredreick Engels belong ?

Why do we ask this question ?

We have to inform the world proletariat about an unbelievable impudent crime which happened last month in England:

A capitalist-revisionist publishing company is claiming the copyright of the collected works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels !!!!!!!!!!!!!

All the volumes of the whole Collected Works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels - published in English language - are completely deleted from the internet - as for example deleted from the websites of the Trotskyite "MIA" (Marxist Internet Archive).

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/cw/index.htm

As can be seen on the webpage above, Lawrence & Wishart

[ Address: 99a Wallis Road London E9 5LN ] - which is linked with the social-fascist (!!!!!) Britain's "Communist" Party - has directed MIA to delete all texts originating from Marx Engels Collected Works (MECW). 

THE ANSWER OF THE COMINTERN (SH), THE ANSWER OF THE WORLD PROLETARIAT, THE ANSWER OF MANKIND:

The works of Marx and Engels will only be "theft-proof"
if completely implemented by the whole world proletariat !!!!

The Copyright for Marx Engels Collected Works belongs NOT to a capitalist-revisionist profiteer - neither today nor tomorrow !

The works of Marx and Engels are neither private property nor for sale, thus for the purpose of profit making. Marx and Engels belong to the world proletariat , belong to the whole mankind. It is the nature of communism that everything on earth is shared for free. And according to this principle we communists work for communism - for free, for the liberation and prospering of the world's society. The most essential task of us communists is the socialization of private property in the period of socialism and finally the abolishment of property at all - in the period of communism.

The copyright is a bourgeois right - a right to exploit and oppress the workers. Bourgeois rights will be removed together with the class of the bourgeoisie.

The legacy of the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels will be defended forever by us communists all over the world!

And the defense of the works of Marx and Engels does mean nothing else but publishing and implementing their works by means of revolutionary practice - even if it would cost us our life !

"The abolition of private property is the main demand of world communism!"

(Friedrich Engels = OUR OWN TRANSLATION - available free of charge for everyone on earth !!!!)

 

 

KARL MARX

Marx, Karl, was born on May 5, 1818 (New Style), in the city of Trier (Rhenish Prussia). His father was a lawyer, a Jew, who in 1824 adopted Protestantism. The family was well-to-do, cultured, but not revolutionary. After graduating from a Gymnasium in Trier, Marx entered the university, first at Bonn and later in Berlin, where he read law, majoring in history and philosophy. He concluded his university course in 1841, submitting a doctoral thesis on the philosophy of Epicurus. At the time Marx was a Hegelian idealist in his views. In Berlin, he belonged to the circle of “Left Hegelians” (Bruno Bauer and others) who sought to draw atheistic and revolutionary conclusion from Hegel’s philosophy.

After graduating, Marx moved to Bonn, hoping to become a professor. However, the reactionary policy of the government, which deprived Ludwig Feuerbach of his chair in 1832, refused to allow him to return to the university in 1836, and in 1841 forbade young Professor Bruno Bauer to lecture at Bonn, made Marx abandon the idea of an academic career. Left Hegelian views were making rapid headway in Germany at the time. Feuerbach began to criticize theology, particularly after 1836, and turn to materialism, which in 1841 gained ascendancy in his philosophy (The Essence of Christianity). The year 1843 saw the appearance of his Principles of the Philosophy of the Future. “One must oneself have experienced the liberating effect” of these books, Engels subsequently wrote of these works of Feuerbach. “We [i.e., the Left Hegelians, including Marx] all became at once Feuerbachians.” At that time, some radical bourgeois in the Rhineland, who were in touch with the Left Hegelians, founded, in Cologne, an opposition paper calledRheinische Zeitung (The first issue appeared on January 1, 1842). Marx and Bruno Bauer were invited to be the chief contributors, and in October 1842 Marx became editor-in-chief and moved from Bonn to Cologne. The newspaper’s revolutionary-democratic trend became more and more pronounced under Marx’s editorship, and the government first imposed double and triple censorship on the paper, and then on January 1 1843 decided to suppress it. Marx had to resign the editorship before that date, but his resignation did not save the paper, which suspended publication in March 1843. Of the major articles Marx contributed to Rheinische Zeitung, Engels notes, in addition to those indicated below (see Bibliography),[1] an article on the condition of peasant winegrowers in the Moselle Valley.[2] Marx’s journalistic activities convinced him that he was insufficiently acquainted with political economy, and he zealously set out to study it.

In 1843, Marx married, at Kreuznach, a childhood friend he had become engaged to while still a student. His wife came of a reactionary family of the Prussian nobility, her elder brother being Prussia’s Minister of the Interior during a most reactionary period—1850-58. In the autumn of 1843, Marx went to Paris in order to publish a radical journal abroad, together with Arnold Ruge (1802-1880); Left Hegelian; in prison in 1825-30; a political exile following 1848, and a Bismarckian after 1866-70). Only one issue of this journal, Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher, appeared;[3] publication was discontinued owing to the difficulty of secretly distributing it in Germany, and to disagreement with Ruge. Marx’s articles in this journal showed that he was already a revolutionary who advocated “merciless criticism of everything existing”, and in particular the “criticism by weapon”,[13] and appealed to the masses and to the proletariat.

Engels at 19In September 1844, Frederick Engels came to Paris for a few days, and from that time on became Marx’s closest friend. They both took a most active part in the then seething life of the revolutionary groups in Paris (of particular importance at the time was Proudhon’s[4] doctrine), which Marx pulled to pieces in his Poverty of Philosophy, 1847); waging a vigorous struggle against the various doctrines of petty-bourgeois socialism, they worked out the theory and tactics of revolutionary proletarian socialism, or communism Marxism). See Marx’s works of this period, 1844-48 in theBibliography. At the insistent request of the Prussian government, Marx was banished from Paris in 1845, as a dangerous revolutionary. He went to Brussels. In the spring of 1847 Marx and Engels joined a secret propaganda society called the Communist League;[5] they took a prominent part in the League’s Second Congress (London, November 1847), at whose request they drew up the celebrated Communist Manifesto, which appeared in February 1848. With the clarity and brilliance of genius, this work outlines a new world-conception, consistent with materialism, which also embrace the realm of social life; dialectics, as the most comprehensive and profound doctrine of development; the theory of the class struggle and of the world-historic revolutionary role of the proletariat—the creator of a new, communist society.

On the outbreak of the Revolution of February 1848,[6] Marx was banished from Belgium. He returned to Paris, whence, after the March Revolution,[7] he went to Cologne, Germany, where Neue Rheinische Zeitung[8] was published from June 1, 1848, to May 19, 1849, with Marx as editor-in-chief. The new theory was splendidly confirmed by the course of the revolutionary events of 1848-49, just as it has been subsequently confirmed by all proletarian and democratic movements in all countries of the world. The victorious counter-revolution first instigated court proceedings against Marx (he was acquitted on February 9, 1849), and then banished him from Germany (May 16, 1849). First Marx went to Paris, was again banished after the demonstration of June 13, 1849,[9] and then went to London, where he lived until his death.

His life as a political exile was a very hard one, as the correspondence between Marx and Engels (published in 1913) clearly reveals. Poverty weighed heavily on Marx and his family; had it not been for Engels’ constant and selfless financial aid, Marx would not only have been unable to complete Capital but would have inevitably have been crushed by want. Moreover, the prevailing doctrines and trends of petty-bourgeois socialism, and of non-proletarian socialism in general, forced Marx to wage a continuous and merciless struggle and sometime to repel the most savage and monstrous personal attacks (Herr Vogt).[10] Marx, who stood aloof from circles of political exiles, developed his materialist theory in a number of historical works (see Bibliography), devoting himself mainly to a study of political economy. Marx revolutionized science (see “The Marxist Doctrine”, below) in his Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (1859) and Capital (Vol. I, 1867).

The revival of the democratic movements in the late fifties and in the sixties recalled Marx to practical activity. In 1864 (September 28) the International Working Men’s Association—the celebrated First International—was founded in London. Marx was the heart and soul of this organization, and author of its first Address[11] and of a host of resolutions, declaration and manifestoes. In uniting the labor movement of various forms of non-proletarian, pre-Marxist socialism (Mazzini, Proudhon, Bakunin, liberal trade-unionism in Britain, Lassallean vacillations to the right in Germany, etc.), and in combating the theories of all these sects and schools, Marx hammered out a uniform tactic for the proletarian struggle of the working in the various countries. Following the downfall of the Paris Commune (1871)—of which gave such a profound, clear-cut, brilliant effective and revolutionary analysis (The Civil War In France, 1871)—and the Bakunin-caused[12] cleavage in the International, the latter organization could no longer exist in Europe. After the Hague Congress of the International (1872), Marx had the General Council of the International had played its historical part, and now made way for a period of a far greater development of the labor movement in all countries in the world, a period in which the movement grew in scope, and mass socialist working-class parties in individual national states were formed.

Marx’s health was undermined by his strenuous work in the International and his still more strenuous theoretical occupations. He continued work on the refashioning of political economy and on the completion ofCapital, for which he collected a mass of new material and studied a number of languages (Russian, for instance). However, ill-health prevented him from completing Capital.

His wife died on December 2, 1881, and on March 14, 1883, Marx passed away peacefully in his armchair. He lies buried next to his wife at Highgate Cemetery in London. Of Marx’s children some died in childhood in London, when the family were living in destitute circumstances. Three daughters married English and French socialists; Eleanor Aveling, Laura Lafargue and Jenny Longuet. The latters’ son is a member of the French Socialist Party.

 

__________

Notes

[1] This “Bibliography” written by Lenin for the article is not included. —Ed.

[2] The reference is to the article “Justification of the Correspondent from the Mosel” by Karl Marx.—Ed.

[3] The reference is to the Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbucher (German-French Annals), a magazine edited by Karl Marx and Arnold Ruge and published in German in Paris. Only the first issue, a double one, appeared, in February 1844. It included works by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels which marked the final transition of Marx and Engels to materialism and communism. Publication of the magazine was discontinued mainly as a result of basic differences of opinion between Marx and the bourgeois radical Ruge.—Ed.

[4] Proudhonism—An unscientific trend in petty-bourgeois socialism, hostile to Marxism, so called after its ideologist, the French anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon. Proudhon criticized big capitalist property from the petty-bourgeois position and dreamed of perpetuating small private ownership. He proposed the foundation of “people’s” and “exchange” banks, with the aid of which the workers would be able to acquire the means of production, become handicraftsmen and ensure the just marketing of their produce. Proudhon did not understand the historic role of the proletariat and displayed a negative attitude to the class struggle, the proletarian revolution, and the dictatorship of the proletariat; as an anarchist, he denied the need for the state. Marx subjected Proudhonism to ruthless criticism in his work The Poverty of Philosophy.—Ed.

[5] The Communist League—The first international communist organization of the proletariat founded under the guidance of Marx and Engels in London early in June 1847.

Marx and Engels helped to work out the programmatic and organizational principles of the League; they wrote its programme—the Manifesto of the Communist Party, published in February 1848.

The Communist League was the predecessor of the International Working Men’s Association (The First International). It existed until November 1852, its prominent members later playing a leading role in the First International.—Ed.

[6] The reference is to the bourgeois revolutions in Germany and Austria which began in March 1848.—Ed.

[7] The reference is to the bourgeois revolution in France in February 1848.—Ed.

[8] Die Neue Rheinische Zeitung (New Rhenish Gazette)—Published in Cologne from June 1, 1848, to May 19, 1849. Marx and Engels directed the newspaper, Marx being its editor-in-chief. Lenin characterized Die Neue Rheinische Zeitung as “the finest and unsurpassed organ of the revolutionary proletariat”. Despite persecution and the obstacles placed in its way by the police, the newspaper staunchly defended the interests of revolutionary democracy, the interests of the proletariat. Because of Marx’s banishment from Prussia in May 1849 and the persecution of the other editors. Die Neue Rheinische Zeitung had to cease publication.—Ed.

[9] The reference is to the mass demonstration in Paris organized by the Montagne, the party of the petty bourgeoisie, in protest against the infringement by the President and the majority in the Legislative Assembly of the constitutional orders established in the revolution of 1848. The demonstration was dispersed by the government.—Ed.

[10] The reference is to Marx’s pamphlet Herr Vogt, which was written in reply to the slanderous pamphlet by Vogt, a Bonapartist agent provocateur, My Process Against “Allgemeine Zeitung”.—Ed.

[11] The First International Workingmen’s Association was the first international tendency that grouped together all the worlds’ workers parties in one unified international party.—Ed.

[12] Bakuninism—A trend called after its leader Mikhail Bakunin, an ideologist of anarchism and enemy of Marxism and scientific socialism.—Ed.

[13] These words are from Marx’s “Critique of the Hegelian Philosophy of Right: Introduction.” The relevant passage reads: “The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism by weapon, material force must be overthrown by a material force; but theory, too, becomes a material force, as soon as it grips the masses.”—Lenin



 

Karl Marx

A Brief Biographical Sketch With an Exposition of Marxism

(written by Lenin in 1914)

KARL MARX

written by

Frederick Engels


Short biography around July 28, 1869

 

 

The Three Sources and Three Component Parts of Marxism

Prosveshcheniye No 3., March 1913.   

 

 

The Historical Destiny of the Doctrine of Karl Marx

Pravda No. 50, March 1, 1913.

On Karl Marx

A Brief Biographical Sketch With an Exposition of Marxism

(1914) 

 

 

 

KARL MARX

L. Perchik

Moscow - 1934

 

 

Co-founder of the worldwide first Marxist Party

on occasion of the 190th anniversary of

Wilhelm Liebknecht

(father of Karl Liebknecht)

(born on 19th of March 1826)

Karl Marx:

Biographical Memoirs

written by Wilhelm Liebknecht

1896

PDF

 

 

Karl Marx

The Man and his Message

Keir Hardie

 

 

Karl Marx as Labor Defender 1848-1871

1933

 

 

14th of March 1883 - 2013

Special Website on occasion of the

130th Anniversary of the Death of Karl Marx

 

 

14th of March 1883 - 2014

Special Website on occasion of the

131st Anniversary of the Death of Karl Marx

 

 

14th of March 1883 - 2015

Special Website on occasion of the

132st Anniversary of the Death of Karl Marx

 

 

133rd Day of Death of Karl Marx

1983 - celebration of the 100th date of death of Karl Marx

in Tirana

 

 

Special website on occasion of the

195th Birthday of Karl Marx

May 5, 1818 - May 5, 2013

196th Birthday of Karl Marx

May 5, 1818 - May 5, 2014

 

197th Birthday of Karl Marx

May 5, 1818 - May 5, 2015

 

198th Birthday of Karl Marx

May 5, 1818 - May 5, 2016

 

 

In Commemoration of the Marx Centenary

1818 - 1918

Karl Marx
His Life and Teaching.

By ZELDA KAHAN-COATES.

 

 

The Life and work of Karl Marx

Moscow 1933

Meshcheryakov

 

 

 

A Short Biography of

Frederick Engels

 

 

 


Frederick Engels

"What a torch of reason ceased to burn,
What a heart has ceased to beat!"

(written by Lenin in 1895)

in 16 different languages

 

 

Life and teachings of

Friedrich Engels

Olgin

1935

 

 

 

 

 

Frederick Engels

John Keracher

 

1946

 

 

 

 

Long live Frederick Engels !

28 November 1820 - 28 November 2010

On occasion of his 190th birthday:

Commemorative Address of the Comintern (SH)

 

 

 

 

 

 

On occasion of the 193th birthday of Frederick Engels

28. 11. 2013

 

 

 

On occasion of the 194th birthday of Frederick Engels

28. 11. 2014

 

 

On occasion of the 195th birthday of Frederick Engels

28. 11. 2015

 

 

 

 

On occasion of the 196th birthday of Frederick Engels

28. 11. 2016

 

 

 

 

 

August 5, 1895 – August 5, 2013

 

Message of the Comintern (SH) on occasion of the 118th anniversary of comrade Engels’ death day


 


Today, we celebrate the 118th anniversary of comrade Engels’ death day. Comrade Engels’ legacy is immortal. It will live forever on the minds and hearts of every worker and of every true communist. Comrade Engels is the 2nd Classic of Marxism-Leninism and, thus, he is one of the major theorisers of communist ideology. Comrade Engels authored many books like “Anti-Durhing” and “The Origin of Family, Private Property and the State” which are considered to be among the most essential works of scientific socialism and which undoubtedly contribute to the opening of the doors towards the total and definitive emancipation of the oppressed classes from capitalist exploitation.


Comrade Engels was also the closest friend and collaborator of comrade Marx, and both during and after Marx’s death, Engels strived in order to defend, consolidate and develop Marxism. Following the lessons of comrade Marx (the First Classic of Marxism-Leninism), Engels continued to develop them and to explained capitalisms’ true innate exploitative and oppressive nature with outstanding scientific accuracy at an epoch when capitalism was still in ascension and its monopolist and imperialist character was still in an embryonic phase. Moreover, comrade Engels was also one of the greatest proletarian internationalists of all times, and he played a key role as the co-founder (together with comrade Marx) of the First International. In fact, already during his lifetime, comrade Engels had to struggle against the revisionists who wanted to deprive Marxism from its genuinely revolutionary and proletarian character and to turn it into a reformist ideology entirely inoffensive to the bourgeoisie. But he managed to unmask and to condemn them all, never permitting that bourgeois-revisionist influences could deviate world workers from the path of authentic socialist Marxist ideology, even because comrade Engels knew very well that socio-economic laws of production utterly demand that socialism and communism are not only mere possibilities but veritable historical necessities.


Today, the Comintern (SH) is the only true defender not only of comrade Engels, but also of all other Classics, as it is impossible to support one of the Classics without equally supporting also all others without exception. Based on the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism, we march resolutely towards world socialist revolution, world proletarian dictatorship, world socialism and world communism.


Long live comrade Engels, the 2nd Classic of Marxism-Leninism!


Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha!


Long live world socialist revolution and world proletarian dictatorship!


Long live world socialism and world communism!


Long live the Comintern (SH)!

 

 

 

 

 

August 5, 1895 – August 5, 2014

 

Special website

 

on occasion of the 119th Day of Death

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 5, 1895 – August 5, 2016

 

Special website

 

on occasion of the 120th Day of Death

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 5, 1895 – August 5, 2016

 

Special website

 

on occasion of the 121st Day of Death

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

On the significance of the "Communist Manifesto"

(collection of articles on occasion of the 165th anniversary of the Manifesto of the Communist Party)

 

 

History of the Communist Manifesto

 

 

Marx and Engels

on Anarchism

 

Marx and Engels

On Conspiracy

 

 

 

Marx's Theory of Economic Crisis

 

Marx - Collapse of Capitalism

 

 

The Philosophy of Arts of Karl Marx

(1933 - Mikhail Lifshitz )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AFRIKAANS

 

on Marx - Engels