ENGLISH

 

collection of quotations
by Wolfgang Eggers

 

"At these important moments for the destinies of revolution, none of the Marxist-Leninists and the world proletariat can remain silent and idle in the face of what is happening in the revisionist countries. Proletarian internationalism demands that all the revolutionaries raise their voices and wage a principled struggle through to the end for the destruction of the revisionist cliques in power and give a l l support to the w orking class and to the peoples that are today under the revisionist rule, to overthrow these treacherous cliques and to raise again the banner of revolution and socialism."

 

"The revival and fanning of the flames of the proletarian revolution in the revisionist countries is the «sine qua non» of the road of salvation."

 

[ Enver Hoxha: THE WORKING CLASS IN REVISIONIST COUNTRIES MUST TAKE THE FIELD AND RE-ESTABLISH THE DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT

«Zëri i P o p u l l i t », M a r c h 24, 1968 ]

 



 

"Many communist and workers' parties of the world deviated from Marxism-Leninism and betrayed it. They became social-chauvinist and even social-fascist parties."

 

[Enver Hoxha, "Report to the 7th Party Congress of the PLA2, page 245, translation from the German edition, Dortmund, KPD / ML, 1977]

 

ENVER HOXHA

 

On Korea


 

 

Kim Il Sung is a pseudo-Marxist

- vacillant, megalomaniac revisionist

 

"They have adopted an equivocal, centrist, opportunist line."

[ ENVER HOXHA ]

 

 


 

1956

 

“On September 7 (of 1956) we arrived in Pyongyang. They put on a splendid welcome, with people, with gongs, with flowers, and with portraits of Kim Il Sung everywhere. You had to look hard to find some portrait of Lenin, tucked away in some obscure corner. (…) the revisionist wasp had begun to implant its poisonous sting there, too.”

 

 (Enver Hoxha, The Khrushchevists, Tirana, 1980, edition in English).

 

 

 

 

1964

 

THURSDAY

NOVEMBER 5, 1964

THE NEW COURSE OF THE CHINESE COMRADES IS HARMFUL TO THE COMMUNIST MOVEMENT

Chou En-lai went to Moscow full of enthusiasm. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China acted brutally on this matter, rejecting even the simplest norms of relations with people, not to speak of the Marxist- Leninist norms and principles which link comrades and friends with one another in the struggle. Meanwhile Kim Il Sung did not go to Moscow for the celebration, contrary to Chou En-lai's orders (Kim Il Sung, up to a point, is for this conciliatory line); and his failure to go to Moscow demonstrates at least a certain independence and dignity on the part of the Korean Workers' Party.

 (Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 149, November 7, 1964, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 



WEDNESDAY

NOVEMBER 18, 1964

 

CHOU EN-LAI'S IDEA OF SETTING UP ANOTHER UNO WILL NOT SUCCEED


Likewise, the policy of international gendarme of the United States of America, for its interests of war and the enslavement of other peoples, is not only preventing the unification of Korea, Vietnam, Germany, etc., but is also preventing their admission to the United Nations Organization.


To destroy the United Nations Organization which, regardless of what it is doing, has a great tradition, is not

so easy as the Chinese think. Not all the states which are in the UNO conceive the United Nations Organization as the Chinese and we do.

Then how have the Chinese comrades reckoned this question? Do they have in mind to create an international organization with China, Korea, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Laos? But then this would not be an international organization.

The Chinese comrades may say, «We shall wait till others walk out, as Indonesia did, and then join us one after the other». This is not serious; you will have to wait a long time, and the idea will fall through, and you will be discredited.

The newly liberated countries, which are members of the UNO, are very unstable in their policy. Most of the leaders of these countries are under the influence of imperialists, some under the influence of revisionists, hence, to underrate the present influence of their policy and economic backing, means to display shortsightedness.

Another international organization cannot be created in this situation.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 174, November 7, 1964, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 

 

 

SATURDAY

NOVEMBER 21, 1964


THE DEFEAT OF CHOU EN-LAI IN MOSCOW


From a number of reliable sources, we are hearing what occurred in Moscow with the delegations of China, Korea and Vietnam, which had gone «to celebrate» the great anniversary of the Revolution with the «Soviet brothers» and «to assist the Soviet comrades». It is said that these delegations were humiliated by the Soviet revisionists.


The same arrogant and humiliating behaviour with the Korean delegation, too, indeed with it he cut down the time of the meeting, because the Vietnamese had taken up fifteen minutes more than Mr. Kosygin had deigned to reserve for them.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 177 and 178, November 7, 1964, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 

 

1965

 

 

TUESDAY

FEBRUARY 2, 1965


A RIGID POLICY OF ISOLATION OF THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT



However, without going any further on this, we can dwell on the question of the China-Korea-Vietnam- Albania meetings. We can say without reservation that, not only on ideological questions, but also on political stands towards events and concrete attitudes towards the actions of imperialists and revisionists, there is no joint consultation. Each maintains the stand he wants, when he wants and how he wants. The question here is not that one should take orders from the other, or that the policy of one should be subject to that of the other, but that such uncoordinated activity does not seem to me to be good.

The Chinese comrades avoid multilateral confrontations with us friends, do not want to hold meetings, even just to exchange opinions. Why? Of course they have their reasons, but it seems to me that in the final analysis they are not correct. They ought to carefully re-examine these stands, because they have repercussions in the international

communist movement and will have in the future. Perhaps I am wrong in these judgements. Perhaps, being insufficiently informed, I am looking at these stands of the Chinese comrades from too narrow an angle, but I hope I am wrong, because this is less dangerous and less harmful.


(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 198, November 7, 1964, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 



SATURDAY

FEBRUARY 13, 1965


MAO TSETUNG TAKES A FIRM AND CORRECT STAND TOWARDS THE REVISIONIST KOSYGIN


In Korea, likewise, we believe that the Soviet revisionists' results will not be fundamental, will be only superficial. In this direction, judging from the reports of the Korean News Agency, I think there were paeans of praise for the Soviets from the Korean comrades, even more than from the Vietnamese comrades.

But in the final analysis, Kosygin went especially to Vietnam, the situation in Vietnam is very different from that in Korea. Whereas the Koreans might have lowered their tone somewhat, although they may claim that what they said was directed to the Soviet Union, etc., etc. Well and good, we have said these things, too, and the Chinese as well, but we have said and say the other things, too. The Korean comrades have hesitated to say the other things, that is, to attack the Soviet revisionists, and therefore Kosygin is taking advantage of this, he is trying to find breaches, to give the Koreans aid in order to use it as a «gob-stopper», etc. In my opinion the Korean comrades should be more determined.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 207, November 7, 1964, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 


 

1966

 


WEDNESDAY MARCH 30, 1966

 

ON BREZHNEYS REPORT TO THE 23rd CONGRESS OF THE CPSU

 

7) With the Vietnamese, the Koreans, and the Rumanians the Soviet revisionists seem to be behaving with caution, to avoid breaking the cracked cup completely. They are behaving as towards a patient who has reached the stage of convalescence and they are waiting till they cast the dice and cross the "Rubicon" completely.

 

[ Enver Hoxha: "The Super powers", page 186, English edition, Tirana 1986 ]

 

 

 

 

FRIDAY
OCTOBER 28, 1966


IT IS UP TO OUR PARTIES TO CONCRETIZE OUR LINKS WITH THE MARXIST-LENINIST MOVEMENT

 

In regard to the Korean Workers' Party, we have had scarcely any party contacts with it. We have not been in agreement with its equivocal stand towards Khrushchev and Khrushchevite revisionism, and our doubts have not been without foundation. The recent stands of the Korean comrades confirm that they are in contradiction with us over principles on many questions. They have adopted an equivocal, centrist, opportunist line.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 306-307, October 28, 1966, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 


1970

 




MONDAY

JUNE 22, 1970


THE CHINESE TALK ABOUT «THE RUMANIAN PLANS IN THE BALKANS»


No political assessment was given by the Chinese on a number of main problems in their activity:

1) Nothing about their visit to Korea and their assessment of this question.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).







DURRËS, TUESDAY

JULY 7, 1970


WE DO NOT LEAD OUR HOMELAND INTO REVISIONIST TRAPS


For the Chinese, K im Il Sung has now become the «great leader». The Chinese are easily enthused. At present, Kim Il Sung might have some contradictions with the Soviets, which, of course, must be utilized, but he is still maintaining normal relations with the Soviet revisionists, and we must not be surprised that he is exploiting this rapprochement with the Chinese towards the Soviets.

All these things, of course, compel us to be very vigilant and to carefully consider the steps we take because, in the situations which the revisionists and the Chinese comrades are creating, our correct stands appear sectarian to them. How can they fail to appear as such to those who see them through liberal and revisionist spectacles, and those who change tactics into wrong strategy, and in one way or another, demand that others, too, act as they do? No, we shall not fall into errors, whether some like it or not. We shall go straight ahead on the Marxist-Leninist road.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).





1971



WEDNESDAY

JUNE 2, 1971

THE CHINESE AND CEAUSESCU


Ceausescu is going about his business, pursuing and defending his revisionist line, continuing his tour of China amidst the cheering, and will certainly get fat credits «in order to build socialism». From China he will go on to his friend, Kim Il Sung. After Korea he is

to go to Vietnam, and then to Mongolia, where Tsedenbal, «set up» by Brezhnev like those Mongolian puppets, awaits him, and from there it will not be surprising if he goes to Moscow allegedly since his road takes him that way, but making concessions to and receiving concessions from the Soviets, with whom he «is in contradiction», as he himself so loudly proclaims. Certainly, Ceausescu will inform Brezhnev about the results achieved in China, without failing to boast of his own role, and will tell him about his impressions of China and the great «hopes» he is nurturing.

Knowing some of the weaknesses in line of the Chinese comrades, Ceausescu, Tito, and their patrons are directing their strategy to create the impression in the world, through various tactics, that a bloc (which is not a bloc) with certain definite principles has been created around China, and implying that since China is with Rumania, Yugoslavia, North Korea, and North Vietnam, Albania is, too. To this so-called grouping, which they are attempting to create, they are gradually giving the colour of a Marxist-Leninist communist grouping, with party relations between one another, which are developing with some internal contradictions, but unimportant ones.

We must unmask and destroy this anti-Marxist and pro-imperialist strategy and tactics.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, page 537, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).





SATURDAY

JUNE 12, 1971


THE TITOITE FOREIGN MINISTER IS WELCOMED TO CHINA


At present China considers Albania and the Party of Labour of Albania its «first friend and comrade», Vietnam and Korea in second place, and in third place Rumania and Yugoslavia, and here its star begins to rise in Europe.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).


 





DURRËS, WEDNESDAY

JULY 28, 1971


CHINA, VIETNAM, KOREA, AND NIXON'S VISIT TO PEKING


The North Koreans, with K im Il Sung at the head, as the centrists they are, are pleased with these political somersaults of the Chinese in many directions, but in some other directions they are not in agreement with them. After the information which Chou gave them, they, too, published an article in which they put the stress on opposition to American imperialism and Japanese militarism, etc. But what has pleased the Koreans? They have been pleased with the turn to the right of the Chinese, which will bring them to the centrist position of the Koreans. But Kim Il Sung does not like China's great-state chauvinist position. He judges this from his own nationalist position, equidistant between the Soviet Union and China. Kim Il Sung likes the support of China against the Japanese danger and indirectly is pleased with the friendship which is developing between China and the United States of America, but he is afraid of the growing tension between China and the Soviet Union. Therefore, he will manoeuvre and will work to serve as a bridge between China and the Soviet Union, to bring these two revisionist states closer together. Kim Il Sung is in a better position than Ceausescu to play the card of the Soviets with the Chinese, while Ceausescu is the card of the Americans with the Chinese. The love and «sound» unity of views which was manifested between Korea and Rumania on the occasion of Ceausescu's visit to Korea were not accidental.

The Chinese have begun to praise Korea a great deal.

They have begun to call Kim Il Sung a great leader, while yesterday they told us officially, «He has no value at all; he has been a corporal in the Chinese army», etc. O tempora, o mores! What will our ears hear and our eyes see!! This is only the beginning, but a very ominous beginning.

Mao Tsetung must abandon this road immediately. This road cannot be defended as the Chinese propagandists are doing by saying, «Lenin, too, held talks with the Mensheviks», «Lenin, too, talked with the Germans at Brest». Tomorrow these propagandists will certainly be saying, «Stalin, too, signed the non-aggression pact with Hitler». The bourgeoisie has constantly used these «arguments», but has broken its head on them, because neither Lenin nor Stalin ever fell into mistakes of principle, they never violated principles. Their actions were clear, time and the unerring theory of Marxism-Leninism have made them completely clear.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume I, paqge 578 - 579, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).




 

 

 

 

 

1975


“Kim Il Sung, (…) is a pseudo-Marxist... - vacillant, megalomaniac revisionist” 

 

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, August 21, 1975, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 



 


“The leadership of the Communist Party of China has betrayed (socialism). In Korea, too, we can say that the leadership of the Korean Workers' Party is wallowing in the same waters.”

 

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, June 7, 1977, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 




“(…) Tito is going to Korea to carry out negotiations on behalf of American imperialism with Kim Il Sung and not to get credits, because there are no strong-rooms in Korea from which Tito can get them. Korea is so deeply in debt itself that it is unable to meet its repayments.”

 (Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, June 7, 1977, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

1976

 

[ North-Korea belongs to the so called non-aligned" states ]

 

The terms «third world», «non-aligned states» or «developing countries», create the illusion among the broad masses fighting for national and social liberation that a roof has allegedly been found under which to shelter from the threat of the superpowers. These terms conceal the real situation in the majority of these countries, which, in this or that manner, politically, ideologically, and economically, are bound to, and depend on, the two superpowers and the former colonial metropolises.

The Yugoslav revisionists champion the idea of «nonaligned countries». According to them, falling within this group are those countries which have not aligned themselves through military treaties with the big imperialist and revisionist powers, mainly with NATO and the Warsaw Treaty. But without formally participating in these two military blocs, many of these countries are so completely aligned with the superpowers and the big capitalist countries through a series of treaties and agreements, that the word «non-aligned» has a very hollow sound to it.


This situation of the «non-aligned» movement was borne out by the Colombo Conference. With difficulty it managed to cover up the divergencies and the opposing political aims which individual countries and groups of participating states are pursuing. This time nobody spoke out against or openly attacked the United States of America and the Soviet Union by name and opposed their aggressive and war-mongering policy and activity. However, they did find it opportune and advantageous to attack France!

Many states which pretend to be non-aligned have concluded among themselves defensive and aggressive military treaties in which imperialist powers take part, too.

None of the participants have denounced these treaties. Soviet social-imperialism is trying to set up the «Asian Security Treaty», tomorrow a similiar treaty on «African Security», etc. All these are different forms of organization intended to turn an allegedly non-aligned country into a country enslaved from every viewpoint.

The slogan of «non-aligned countries» gives the false impression that a group of states which have the possibility of «opposing» the superpower blocs is being created.

It gives the impression that these countries, all of them, without exception, are anti-imperialist, opposed to war, opposed to the dictate of others, that they are «democratic » and even «socialist». This helps to strengthen the pseudo-democratic and anti-popular positions of the leading groups of some states which participate among the «non-aligned», and creates the impression among the peoples of these countries that when their chiefs establish or dissolve relations of any kind and nature with the imperialists and the social-imperialists, openly or in secret, they do this not only in the capacity of «popular governments», but also in the capacity of a group of states «with which even the superpowers must reckon».


Our Party is of the opinion that the peoples must be told openly about the situations, because it is only thus that their true unity, the unity of the truly anti-imperialist and progressive states and governments is aided. In order to unite the peoples in the fight for freedom, independence and social progress, against any oppression and exploitation by whomsoever, first, it is necessary to establish the dividing line, to make clear who is their chief enemy, against whom they must fight, and with whom they must unite.

 

[ Enver Hoxha: REPORT TO THE 7th CONGRESS OF THE PLA, November 1976, pages 102-104, English edition,

Tirana 1977 ]

 

1977

 


THURSDAY

DECEMBER 16, 1976

THE AGENTS OF CHINA ARE BEGINNING

TO SHOW UP


Hill says that the participation of other parties in the congresses of fraternal parties compromises them. This is a bluff.

Such a practice does not compromise them at all. Were the parties of Vietnam, Korea or Laos, for example, compromised at all at the Congress of our Party? No! Their delegations expressed the views they had quite freely at the Congress, and we think that if they had opposition to our Party they could quite easily have sought meetings even with our leaders, where the opposing opinions which they might have had with us, could be explained. This they did not do. If they had something to say and did not say it, the blame for this does not fall on us.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, page 349, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).




FRIDAY

JUNE 3, 1977


KOREA AND CHINA ARE PREPARING TO WELCOME TITO


Our embassies in Pyongyang and Peking inform us that the press and news agencies in Korea and China are every day carrying out propaganda exalting revisionist Yugoslavia and its president, the renegade Tito. The objective of all these agencies is to propagate openly that Yugoslavia is allegedly a country which is «successfully» building socialism on the basis of «selfreliance», that it is allegedly a progressive country, etc. This is a big fraud on a world scale but from one aspect we think it is good that this is happening because the genuine Marxist- Leninists, honest people who have followed all the many aspects of the development of the Yugoslav state, will understand what ideology is guiding the Korean Workers' Party and the Communist Party of China and will reach the conclusion for themselves that the ideology guiding both these countries is revisionist.

As it seems, these two countries are preparing their internal opinion for an eventual visit of Tito to Korea and Peking. According to the Yugoslav ambassadors, Tito has promised that he will go to Korea, but first has to prepare his visit to Peking. Apparently, with the visit of the Chinese parliamentary delegation, which expressed such enthusiasm about the Tito

regime, the Chinese and the Titoites reached agreement that Tito is to visit Peking, but the date of this visit has not yet been announced. Nevertheless, the preparations in this direction are being made, and this w i l l be very good for us because we have done everything to prove both to China and Korea as well as to the whole world, that Titoite Yugoslavia is a capitalist country, as we have said all along.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, page 516, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 

THURSDAY
DECEMBER 8, 1977


GLOOMY CHINESE PANORAMA

 


China is not in agreement with Korea, because Korea wants to have two strings to its bow, the Soviet Union and China.
It wants to get big credits from the Soviet Union, but also from China, which is not in a position to provide them. The Korean People's Democratic Republic is demanding that China intercedes on its behalf with the United States of America over the reunification of the country, but China is not doing this, because it cannot place itself in opposition to its great friend
— the United States of America. That is why Korea is not on good terms with China.

(Enver Hoxha, Reflections on China, Volume II, page 724, Tirana, 1979, edition in English).

 

 

 

1978

 

Anti-Marxist capitalist ideology prevails in the "non-aligned" states. [ North-Korea belongs to the non-alihned states - remark of the Comintern (SH) ]

The non-aligned world ...

... is the aim and activity to quell the revolution, to stop the proletariat and peoples from rising in insurrection to overthrow the old capitalist society and establish the new society, socialism.

 

Everybody goes his own way on the road that brings hini the greatest and most immediate gains.

 

[ Enver Hoxha: "Imperialism and Revolution", English edition, chapter: The Chinese Theory of the "Third World" and the Yugoslav Theory of the "Non-aligned world" Sabotage the Revolutionary Struggle of the Peoples, Tirana 1979 ]

 

There are two Germanies, one of the East and one of the West, just as there are two Koreas, one of the North and one of the South. However, nobody doubts that there is a single German people and nation, just as there is a single Korean people and nation.

Excerpt of the article:

"THE STATUS OF A REPUBLIC FOR KOSOVA IS A JUST DEMAND"

May 17, 1981

 

 

 

The Korean people fought for the liberation and reunification of their country, for their independence and socialism, but they were deceived
by their social-fascist leadership, with the Dynasty of Kim Il Sung at the head, and were not led on the genuine road to socialism.

 

Enver Hoxha on Korea