Historical events

 of the

international revolutionary movement









This website was created to remember

Nicola Sacco


Bartolomeo Vanzetti

August 22, 1927




On the 90th Anniversary of their Execution

22 August of 1927 - 22 August of 2017


- USA -




Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917,

there was widespread fear that revolutionary unrest would sweep across Europe and threaten the United States. This climate of fear was also an opportune time for the government to undermine leftist organizations. Allied with these fears of disorder and revolution were concerns regarding the rising tide of immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe. Anti-immigrant attitudes coupled with anti-radicalism promote an environment of xenophobia which cost Sacco and Vanzetti their lives.

This struggle against discromination of migrants goes on until today - in America and all over the world !

Therefore this website is not limitted in a historical review to honor the legacy and sacrifice of Sacco and Vanzetti - but an appeal of global class struggle for the emancipation of the migrants.







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6 August 1927 Inprekorr, vii, 80, p. 1726, 9 August 1927




Once again, at the twelfth hour, the Communist International appeals to the workers of the entire world. Once again it raises its voice to summon all vvorkers to stay the arm of the executioners who are about to execute the sentence of American class justice. In tremendous demonstrations the workers of all countries have protested against the torture of the two revolutionaries, Sacco and Vanzetti, who for seven years have languished in gaol in constant danger of death. The sentence passed on them is a challenge to the world proletariat. It is an overture to, an announcement of new, ferocious reprisals, against not only the American but the international working class. The sentence shows that in 'civilized America' proletarian revolutionaries share the benefits of only one technical invention, the electric chair.

We appeal to all workers and to all revolutionary organizations:

Protest against the execution of the sentence; organize mass demonstrations against those responsible for this crime; organize protest strikes.

Only the united efforts of the world proletariat can save Sacco and Vanzetti from the electric chair.

Fight to the utmost against the bloodthirsty American bourgeoisie.

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The ILD defended Sacco and Vanzetti



Sacco and Vanzetti - LD - "Labor Defender" - March 1927



Labor Defender

August 1927


Immediately after midnight on 23 August 1927 Nichola Sacco a ‘good shoemaker’ and Bartolomeo Vanzetti a ‘poor fish peddler’ were executed in the State prison of Charlestown, Massachusetts. They had been convicted, seven years earlier, of the murder of two guards of the weekly payroll of a shoe factory. A crime they did not commit.

A long succession of disclosures, following their trial, aroused interest in their plight far beyond the boundaries of Massachusetts and even the United States, until the case became one of those rare cause celebres which are of international concern. The case of Sacco and Vanzetti is arguably the greatest miscarriage of justice the last century.





THE names of the “good shoe-maker and poor fish-peddler” have ceased to represent merely two Italian workingmen. Throughout the civilised world Sacco and Vanzetti have become a symbol, the shibboleth of Justice crushed by Might. That is the great historic significance of this twentieth century crucifixion, and truly prophetic, were the words of Vanzetti when he declared, “The last moment belongs to us–that agony is our triumph.”





We recommend:


Comintern (SH)


Programmatic Declaration


the question of migrants and refugees

- and its world-revolutionary solution -



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Viva Sacco and Vanzetti !

Woody Guthrie's

"Ballads of Sacco and Vanzetti"




Ballad of Sacco and Vanzetti Ennio Morricone and Joan Baez


"Marche de Sacco et Vanzetti" Georges Moustaki en live à la Philharmonie de Berlin


Nana Mouskouri and Joan Baez - Here's To You



Protest demonstration of laborers in defense of Sacco and Vanzetti, Wall Street



Sacco and Vanzetti funeral footage in chronological


Sacco & Vanzetti


Sacco and Vanzetti executed



Sacco e Vanzetti - Escenas finales de la pelìcula.



Sacco y Vanzzeti Monólogo final


Justice Denied In Massachusetts - Short film adaptation in YouTube


In 1947 modern dancer Judy Job composed and performed a dance to mark the 20th anniversary of the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti. Danced to the music of Ernest Bloch (here performed by Marian Conti, but in 1947 for Judy Job by the late pianist Naomi Sparrow) combined with a reading of Edna St Vincent Millay's poem, "Justice Denied in Massachusetts." With only two still photos from the 1947 performance surviving, this montage uses those two photos.








NICOLA SACCO (1891–1927) was born in Torremaggiorre, in southern Italy. As a youth he worked in his father’s vineyard, and emigrated to the U.S. in 1908 and eventually found work in a shoe factory in Milford, MA. He married in 1912 and had children. Soon after he became a devoted anarchist and a comrade of Bartolomeo Vanzetti. In May 1920, Sacco was arrested and charged with taking part in a robbery and murder in South Braintree, MA. In 1921, he was found guilty. After all appeals failed, he was executed on August 23, 1927.

BARTOLOMEO VANZETTI (1888–1927) was born in northern Italy and emigrated to the U.S. in 1908, after the death of his mother. He settled first in New York City, then worked as a laborer in various cities in eastern Massachusetes, eventually settling in Plymouth. By 1912 he had become an anarchist, and was arrested along with Sacco, not only for the Braintree crime but also with an attempted hold-up in Bridgewater, MA. Like Sacco, he was found guilty and was executed a few months after his friend.




















































































































































































































































































































































"What I wish more than all in this last hour of agony is that our case and our fate may be understood in their real being and serve as a tremendous lesson to the forces of freedom, that our suffering and death will not have been in vain."



Let us abandon then our gardens and go home
And sit in the sitting room.
Shall the larkspur blossom or the corn grow under this cloud?
Sour to the fruitful seed
Is the cold earth under this cloud,
Fostering quack and weed, we have marched upon but cannot conquer;
We have bent the blades of our hoes against the stalks of them.

Let us go home, and sit in the sitting room.
Not in our day
Shall the cloud go over and the sun rise as before,
Beneficent upon us
Out of the glittering bay,
And the warm winds be blown inward from the sea
Moving the blades of corn
With a peaceful sound.
Forlorn, forlorn,
Stands the blue hay-rack by the empty mow.
And the petals drop to the ground,
Leaving the tree unfruited.
The sun that warmed our stooping backs and withered the weed uprooted
We shall not feel it again.
We shall die in darkness, and be buried in the rain.

What from the splendid dead
We have inherited —
Furrows sweet to the grain, and the weed subdued —
See now the slug and the mildew plunder.
Evil does overwhelm
The larkspur and the corn;
We have seen them go under.

Let us sit here, sit still,
Here is the sitting-room until we die;
At the step of Death on the walk, rise and go;
Leaving to our children`s children this beautiful doorway,
And this elm,
And a blighted earth to till
With a broken hoe.

-Edna St. Vincent Millay



Well, the dying time came, the legal midnight hour,
The moment set by law for the Chair to be at work,
To substantiate the majesty of the State of Massachusetts
That hour was at hand, had arrived, was struck by the clocks,
The time for two men to be carried cool on a cooling board
Beyond the immeasurably thin walls between day and night,
Beyond the reach of airmail, telegrams, radiophones,
Beyond the brotherhoods of blood into the fraternities
Of mist and foggy dew, of stars and ice.
The time was on for two men
To march beyond blood into dust —
A time that comes to all men,
Some with a few loved ones at a bedside,
Some alone in the wilderness or the wide sea,
Some before a vast audience of all manking.

 Now Sacco saw the witnesses
As the straps were fitted on
Tying him down in the Chair —
And seeing the witnesses were
Respectable men and responsible citizens
And even though there had been no introductions,
Sacco said, “Good-evening, gentlemen.”
And before the last of the straps was fastened so to hold
Sacco murmured, “Farewell, mother.”

Then came Vanzetti.
He wished the vast audience of all mankind
To know something he carried in his breast.
This was the time to tell it.
He had to speak now or hold his peace forever.
The headgear was being clamped on.
The straps muffling his mouth were going on.
He shouted, “I wish to forgive some people
for what they are now doing.”
And so now
the dead are dead????

-Carl Sandburg, “Legal Midnight Hour”




Sacco and Vanzetti Yesterday and Today's Immigrants


Dorotea Manuela, activist for workers rights:

"Today we commemorate the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti, two immigrant working men whose lives were taken by the state because they were radicals and foreigners. Sacco and Vanzetti are part of a long list of working class martyrs who died in the struggle against corporate greed and for workers rights. That struggle in various forms continues today, and we are animated by the spirit of Sacco and Vanzetti and must dedicate ourselves to a continuation of that struggle."

"(...) How strangely reminiscent are today's events. Arabs, Latin@s, Haitians and Caribbeans are kidnapped from their streets and confined in secret prisons where they rot without hearing or trial. We do not even need the sham trials of Sacco and Vanzetti.

In addition, our xenophobes in Congress and the press announce that yesterday's Italians are today's Latino, Haitian and Caribbean immigrants. They come here, we are told, to draw our resources, to burden our schools, to overwhelm our services and to collect welfare. Paradoxically these "lazy immigrants" are taking all of our jobs."


The question we must answer is what are we doing to stop the reoccurrence of such governmental injustice today, whether lives are being physically ended or destroyed through incarceration. What good does it do to call attention to the tragedy that occurred to Sacco and Vanzetti, if we do not organize to stop the present day governmental victimization of our brothers and sisters."


The history of the struggles of working men and women here and around the world is one that the capitalist class hopes we will forget, and their hired hands work overtime to cover it up and "educate" us that their history is our history.


Brothers and Sisters, the immigrants in this country aren't the enemy. The reality is, from my perspective, immigrants are the victims. Why are the immigrants here? The immigrants are here in this day and age, the immigrants are coming into this country, because our country, our military forces are enabling the business community of this country - of this country and other countries - to go throughout the world raping and pillaging the economies of those countries. We have to understand that the immigrant "problem" is not an immigrant problem. It is a problem of imperialism. It's a problem of the unjust use of force to control the economies of other countries