"Storming of the Bastille"





July 14, 1789 - July 14, 2014

Today, 225 years ago, the Bastille was seized by the popular masses during the famous French Revolution that put an end to the feudal dominance of aristocracy. Although this occurred in France, this revolutionary fire rapidly spread across the entire European continent and it became clear that aristocratic rule and its feudalist socio-economic basis and production forces were perishing.

The Bastille was a well-known prison in Paris where the opponents of feudal-monarcho-aristocratic tyranny were imprisoned under unspeakable conditions. When the king Louis XVI was overthrown, the infuriated masses, tired of centuries of feudal oppression, invaded the prison, liberating all prisoners in an episode that is remembered until nowadays.

Stalin said in his interview with H. G. Wells in 1934:

"Take France at the end of the eighteenth century. Long before 1789 it was clear to many how rotten the royal power, the feudal system, was. But a popular insurrection, a clash of classes was not, could not be avoided. Why? Because the classes which must abandon the stage of history are the last to become convinced that their role is ended. It is impossible to convince them of this. They think that the fissures in the decaying edifice of the old order can be repaired and saved.

That is why dying classes take to arms and resort to every means to save their existence as a ruling class.

Was the great French Revolution a lawyers’ revolution and not a popular revolution, which achieved victory by rousing vast masses of the people against feudalism and championed the interests of the Third Estate? And did the lawyers among the leaders of the great French Revolution act in accordance with the laws of the old order? Did they not introduce new, bourgeois-revolutionary law?

The rich experience of history teaches that up to now not a single class has voluntarily made way for another class. There is no such precedent in history. The Communists have learned this lesson of history. Communists would welcome the voluntary departure of the bourgeoisie. But such a turn of affairs is improbable, that is what experience teaches. That is why the Communists want to be prepared for the worst and call upon the working class to be vigilant, to be prepared for battle."

The French Revolution of 1789 had very positive features: it represented an enormous step forward in the necessary evolution of productive relations from feudalism to capitalism, it was the beginning of the end of aristocratic class dominance, it ensured certain formal “rights” that popular masses had never enjoyed until then. However, this cannot make us forgetting its many and profound limitations. It is true that French Revolution decisively contributed to the annihilation of feudal-aristocratic order, but only to replace it by another kind of exploitation and oppression – that of capitalist-bourgeois wage slavagist order. At the same time, those formal “rights” were denied in practice to the popular masses, remaining a privilege of the new bourgeois dominators as much as feudal prerogatives had been of the aristocratic lords. The 1789 French Revolution was of bourgeois nature, the total and definitive liberation of labourers was still not at issue in it. Only almost a century after, with the emergence of Marxist scientific materialism and later with the 1917 October Revolution, the door for its accomplishment was opened.

We also take this opportunity to denounce the arrogance and presumption of French revisionists, who try to substitute the irreplaceable and glorious legacy of the Bolshevist 1917 Great October Revolution in Russia by the bourgeois 1789 French Revolution. Their objectives with this is to keep proletarians, workers and other exploited and oppressed classes under the influence of bourgeois-capitalist ideology, so wage slavagist bondage is able to survive. French revisionists like Thorez even use 1789 Revolution as a justification for their defence of a supposed “superiority” of France over the other European countries and peoples:

And, once more, it is France, (…) the France of 1789, the France of Popular Front, that will lead the other European peoples towards the path of well-being, of progress, of freedom and of peace.” (Maurice Thorez, Oeuvres, Paris, 1950-1965, translated from French language)

Even without further analysing the fact that Thorez openly praises Dimitrov’s ultra-revisionist “popular front” theories and opportunistically replaces classes by nations, this is indeed proof of the great “internationalism” of French revisionists, which were always specialists in exacerbating chauvinist and nationalist feelings among French workers against the exploited and oppressed classes of other countries.

We Stalinists-Hoxhaists learn from the lessons of the Classics of Marxism-Leninism:

In 1852, Marx wrote in his "18th Brumaire":

"Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already, given and transmitted from the past !

Bourgeois revolutions like those of the eighteenth century storm more swiftly from success to success, their dramatic effects outdo each other, men and things seem set in sparkling diamonds, ecstasy is the order of the day- but they are short-lived, soon they have reached their zenith, and a long Katzenjammer [crapulence] takes hold of society before it learns to assimilate the results of its storm-and-stress period soberly. On the other hand, proletarian revolutions, like those of the nineteenth century, constantly criticize themselves, constantly interrupt themselves in their own course, return to the apparently accomplished, in order to begin anew; they deride with cruel thoroughness the half-measures, weaknesses, and paltriness of their first attempts, seem to throw down their opponents only so the latter may draw new strength from the earth and rise before them again more gigantic than ever, recoil constantly from the indefinite colossalness of their own goals -- until a situation is created which makes all turning back impossible

The social revolution of the nineteenth century cannot take its poetry from the past but only from the future. It cannot begin with itself before it has stripped away all superstition about the past. The former revolutions required recollections of past world history in order to smother their own content. The revolution of the nineteenth century must let the dead bury their dead in order to arrive at its own content."

The 20th century was the epoch of imperialism and proletarian revolution, the victory of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the first period of socialism.

Lenin said on May 19, 1919:

"Take the great French Revolution. It is with good reason that it is called a great revolution. It did so much for the class that it served, for the bourgeoisie, that it left its imprint on the entire nineteenth century, the century which gave civilisation and culture to the whole of mankind. The great French revolutionaries served the interests of the bourgeoisie although they did not realise it for their vision was obscured by the words “liberty, equality and fraternity”; in the nineteenth century, however, what they had begun was continued, carried out piecemeal and finished in all parts of the world.

In a matter of eighteen months our revolution has done ever so much more for our class, the class we serve, the proletariat, than the great French revolutionaries did.

They held out in their own country for two years, and then perished under the blows of united European reaction, under the blows of the united hordes of the whole world, who crushed the French revolutionaries, reinstated the legitimate monarch in France, the Romanov of the period, reinstated the landowners, and for many decades later crushed every revolutionary movement in France. Nevertheless, the great French Revolution triumphed.

Everybody who studies history seriously will admit that although it was crushed, the French Revolution was nevertheless triumphant, because it laid down for the whole world such firm foundations of bourgeois democracy, of bourgeois freedom, that they could never be uprooted.

In a matter of eighteen months our revolution has done ever so much more for the proletariat, for the class which we serve, for the goal towards which we are striving—the overthrow of the rule of capital—than the French Revolution did for its class. Even if the Bolsheviks would be exterminated to the last man, the revolution would still be invincible."

The 20th Century was the epoch of the struggle between the capitalist and socialist world camp.

The 21st Century is the Century of world-revolutionary transformation of globalized capitalism to globalized socialism.

Thus, we directly take steps to the second period of socialism, the period of globalized socialism. The time of the Comintern (SH) is the time for preparing the victory of the socialist revolution, of the proletarian dictatorship and of socialism on a world scale.

Therefore, the socialist world revolution is neither a continuation nor completion of the French Revolution. The aim of the French Revolution was the abolition of feudalism for paving the way towards the capitalist world society. In contrast, the aim of the socialist world revolution is the abolution of world capitalism for paving the way towards the socialist and then transformed communist world society.

Long live the 225th Anniversary of the



World workers – just like the prisoners from the Bastille, you too will be liberated from your chains!

Don’t be deceived by bourgeois-revisionist lies – only armed proletarian socialist revolution can truly emancipate you!

Down with all kinds of exploitation and oppression – slavagist, feudalist and capitalist-imperialist!

Long live Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism!

Long live world socialist revolution!

Long live proletarian dictatorship all over the world!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the Comintern (SH), the only truly communist organization in the world, the only vanguard party of the world proletariat!





On the French Revolution 1789


collected and arranged

by Wolfgang Eggers


The Great French Revolution

study course