中国

 


 

5月1日-国际工人阶级斗争日

2020

伟大的中国工人阶级万岁!

伟大的中国社会主义革命万岁!

打倒中国资产阶级和中国社会帝国主义!

国际劳动名人节-五一节万岁!

Long live Great Chinese Working Class!

Long live Great Chinese Socialism Revolution!

Down with the Chinese bourgeoisie and Chinese social imperialism!

Long live the international celebrity day of workers - May Day!


194951

May 1, 1949


我们决定与我们的中国同志们一起,代替代表中国工人阶级的通常祝贺,回顾一下伟大的中国工人阶级为摆脱1949年资本主义和殖民主义的锁而进行的斗争的历史。 伟大的中国社会主义革命的前几个月,写下这些伟大成就的清单,在1949年革命斗争的高峰期,中国工人阶级的时机恰逢国际工人日-五一劳动节。 19495月一个遥远的日子发生的事件表明,中国工人的斗争广度,历史推翻的规模和宏大。 这是全世界无产阶级的革命斗争的明显例子。

Together with our Chinese comrades, we decided, instead of the usual congratulations on behalf of the Chinese working class, to recall the history of the struggle of the great Chinese working class for their liberation from the yoke of capitalism and colonialism in 1949, a few months before the Great Chinese Socialist Revolution, and write a list of those great achievements, which in 1949, at the height of the revolutionary struggle, the Chinese working class timed to coincide with the international workers' day - May Day.

This short list of events on that distant May day of 1949 shows the breadth of the struggle of the Chinese workers, the scale and grandeur of historical overthrow. This is a clear example of the revolutionary struggle for the entire world proletariat.


194951日是阳历年的第121天(闰年是122天),离一年的结束还有244天。51日也是五一国际劳动节。

May 1, 1949 is the 121st day of the lunar year (leap year is 122 days), 244 days before the end of the year. May 1 is also may 1 International Labor Day.



简介

brief introduction

194951日,中共中央华东局、第二野战军、第三野战军领导人邓小平、刘伯承、陈毅、饶漱石等与与南京的地下党员在人民大会堂举行了会师大典。同日,东北电影制片厂完成新中国第一部故事片《桥》的摄制;关东邮电总局更名为旅大邮电管理局,并在当天发行了一套纪念五一劳动节的邮票,邮票上的文字为“纪念国际五一劳动节”;韦国清签发军管会(经)字第一号布告,宣布国民党政府发行的金元券立即作废,苏州开始使用人民币。

On May 1, 1949, Deng Xiaoping, Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi, and Rao Shushi, leaders of the East China Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Second Field Army, and the Third Field Army, and the underground party members in Nanjing held a ceremony for the teachers in the Great Hall of the People. On the same day, the Northeast Film Studio completed the filming of the first feature film "Bridge" in New China; the Kanto Post and Telecommunications Administration changed its name to the Luda Posts and Telecommunications Administration, and issued a set of stamps to commemorate the Labor Day on the same day. In order to "commemorate the International May 1st Labor Day"; Wei Guoqing issued the No. 1 notice of the Military Management Committee (Jing), announcing that the gold dollar vouchers issued by the Kuomintang government were immediately invalidated and Suzhou began to use Renminbi.



大事记

Memorabilia

(图)1949年5月1日,罗瑞卿等与太原前线总前委扩大会与会人员合影

(photo) on May 1, 1949, Luo Ruiqing and others took a group photo with the participants of the enlarged Front Committee of Taiyuan front line general committee


194951日,中央军委命令内蒙古人民解放军改为中国人民解放军内蒙古军区。

194951日,中共中央东北局决定,将原属热河省的昭乌达盟、辽北省的哲里木盟划归内蒙古自治区。

194951日,合江省建制撤销并入松江省,鸡宁县划归松江省管辖。

194951日,中国人民政府规定194951日成为新中国首次纪念五一国际劳动节

194951日,中共中央情报部通电嘉奖了吴克坚领导下的情报系统工作人员,其中包括沈安娜和华明之。

194951日,经中共中央的批准,中共南京市委成立,刘伯承任市委书记,宋任穷任市委副书记,刘伯承还以军管会主任的身份兼任南京市市长,柯庆施是副市长,彭涛则担任市委委员、市委办公厅主任。



On May 1, 1949, the Central Military Commission ordered the Inner Mongolia People's Liberation Army to be changed into the Inner Mongolia Military Region of the Chinese people's Liberation Army.

On May 1, 1949, the Northeast Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to classify the Zhaowuda League of Rehe province and the Zhelimu League of Liaobei province into Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

On May 1, 1949, the establishment of Hejiang province was abolished and incorporated into Songjiang Province, and Jining county was under the jurisdiction of Songjiang province.

On May 1, 1949, the Chinese people's government stipulated that may 1, 1949 would be the first time for new China to commemorate May 1 International Labor Day.

On May 1, 1949, the Intelligence Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China awarded the intelligence system staff under the leadership of Wu Kejian, including Shen Anna and Hua Mingzhi.

On May 1, 1949, with the approval of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Nanjing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China was established, Liu Bocheng was the Secretary of the Municipal Committee, song renqiong was the Deputy Secretary of the Municipal Committee, Liu Bocheng was also the mayor of Nanjing as the director of the military control commission, Ke Qingshi was the deputy mayor, and Peng Tao was the member of the Municipal Committee and the director of the municipal office.



(图)194951日 南京 街头警戒的解放军骑兵

(photo) PLA cavalry on the streets of Nanjing on May 1, 1949

194951日,南京市军管会接管外交部。

194951日,中共中央电贺南京解放。 

194951日,中共中央华东局、第二野战军、第三野战军领导人邓小平、刘伯承、陈毅饶漱石等与与南京的地下党员在人民大会堂举行了会师大典。

194951日,中国人民解放军华东军区海军司令部在江苏省泰州白马庙正式宣布成立。

194951日,奉中原前委命令,中国人民解放军第二野战军第19军成立,军长刘金轩,政委汪锋。

194951日,辽宁省营口市民主政府改称为营口市人民政府。

194951日,贵池县人民政府成立。

194951日,沈阳特别市改为沈阳市,沈阳特别市政府改为沈阳市人民政府,沈阳特别市人民法院改为沈阳市人民法院。

194951日,中国共产党池州地方工作委员会、池州地区专员公署、池州军分区司令部成立,

195051日,无锡市总工会成立。

194951日,洛阳市总工会成立,并召开洛阳市第一次职工代表大会。

194951日,哈尔滨市政府下发《关于实行劳动保险有关问题的决定的通知》规定。

194951日,浙江省金华地区联络站站长王晋侃召开联络组会议,布置迎接解放任务。

194951日—10日,东北铁路首届职工代表及劳动英雄、模范大会在哈尔滨举行。

194951日,上海解放在即,国民党行政院第57次政务会议决议准吴国桢辞上海市长职,任陈良为上海市长(41日起已奉命代行)。

194951日,国民党对晋江沿海进行“清乡”,与中共地下党在此发生激烈战斗。

194951日,国民党航海官陈万邦等组织“永兴舰”起义时,在舰上顽固分子的煽动和反扑下,起义官兵全部殉难。

194951日至3日,国民党新乡守军出城,接受解放军四十七军改编。


On May 1, 1949, the Nanjing Military Control Commission took over the Ministry of foreign affairs.

On May 1, 1949, the CPC Central Committee telegraphed congratulations on the liberation of Nanjing.

On May 1, 1949, leaders of the East China Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, the second field army and the third field army Deng Xiaoping, Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi, Rao shuoshi and other underground party members from Nanjing held a grand ceremony with them in the Great Hall of the people.

On May 1, 1949, the naval headquarters of the East China Military Region of the Chinese people's Liberation Army officially announced its establishment in Baimamiao, Taizhou, Jiangsu Province.

On May 1, 1949, according to the order of the Central Plains Front Committee, the 19th army of the second field army of the Chinese people's Liberation Army was established, with its commander Liu Jinxuan and political commissar Wang Feng.

On May 1, 1949, Yingkou democratic government of Liaoning Province was renamed Yingkou people's government.

On May 1, 1949, the people's Government of Guichi county was established.

On May 1, 1949, Shenyang special city was changed to Shenyang City, Shenyang special city government to Shenyang people's government, and Shenyang special city people's court to Shenyang people's court.

On May 1, 1949, the Chizhou local working committee of the Communist Party of China, the Chizhou District Commissioner's office and the Chizhou military regional headquarters were established,

On May 1, 1950, Wuxi Federation of trade unions was established.

On May 1, 1949, Luoyang Federation of trade unions was established and the first workers' Congress was held.

On May 1, 1949, Harbin municipal government issued the notice on the decision on the implementation of labor insurance.

On May 1, 1949, Wang jinkan, the head of Jinhua District Liaison Station in Zhejiang Province, held a liaison group meeting to arrange the task of liberation.

From May 1 to 10, 1949, the first Northeast Railway Workers' representative, labor hero and model conference was held in Harbin.

On May 1, 1949, the liberation of Shanghai was imminent. The 57th executive meeting of the Kuomintang Executive Yuan decided to allow Wu Guozhen to resign as mayor of Shanghai and appoint Chen Liang as mayor of Shanghai (appointed to act on his behalf since April 1).

On May 1, 1949, the Kuomintang carried out "Qingxiang" against the coastal area of Jinjiang, where it had a fierce fight with the underground Party of the Communist Party of China.

On May 1, 1949, when the "Yongxing ship" uprising was organized by Chen Wanbang, a navigation officer of the Kuomintang, and other organizations, all the officers and soldiers of the uprising died under the instigation and counter attack of the die hards on the ship.

From May 1 to 3, 1949, the Kuomintang new town garrison left the city and was adapted by the 47th army of the PLA.




解放


liberate


(图)解放前的大同路

Datong Road before liberation


194951日,山西省大同市和平解放,析大同城、郊置大同市,隶属察哈尔省,全市分5个区。

194951日,中国人民解放军第二十一军六十一师一八一团三营解放浙江省孝丰县。

194951日,江西省婺源县解放。

194951日,浙江省宁波市解放。

194951日,中国人民解放军解放湖北省黄石市石黄镇。

On May 1, 1949, Datong City of Shanxi Province was peacefully liberated. Based on the analysis of Datong City and its suburbs, Datong City was subordinate to Chahar province and divided into five districts.

On May 1, 1949, the Third Battalion of the 181st regiment of the 61st division of the 21st army of the Chinese people's Liberation Army liberated Xiaofeng County, Zhejiang Province.

On May 1, 1949, Wuyuan County of Jiangxi Province was liberated.

On May 1, 1949, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province was liberated.

On May 1, 1949, the Chinese people's Liberation Army liberated Shihuang Town, Huangshi City, Hubei Province.




文化记事

Cultural record



194951日,东北电影制片厂完成新中国第一部故事片《桥》的摄制。

194951日,关东邮电总局更名为旅大邮电管理局,并在当天发行了一套纪念“五一”邮票,邮票上的文字为“纪念国际五一劳动节”。

194951日,北平市职工群众集会,热烈庆祝解放后第一个“五一”节,当时的中共北平市委书记彭真,市长叶剑英到会讲话,号召大家为恢复与发展生产而奋斗。

194951日,热河省农林厅将原国民政府的气象台改建为承德气象台。

194951日,东北新华广播电台改名为沈阳新华广播电台(东北区台),承担着原东北总台一切职能。

194951日,西安理工大学建校。

194951日,东北育才学校创立。

194951日,锦州市群众艺术馆成立。

194951日,漯河卷烟厂成立。

194951日,北京市自来水集团正式投产供水。

194951日,韦国清签发了军管会()字第一号布告,宣布国民党政府发行的金元券立即作废,苏州开始使用人民币。

194951日,中国共产党中央委员会电贺太原解放的电文刊登在《人民日报》头版。

194951日,毛泽东主席在北京益寿堂会见柳亚子

194951日,杜月笙离开上海,在香港终了一生。

194951日,渡江作战的胜利,令张云龙将军豪情满怀,在战地赋《渡江》诗一首:

自古吴人依大江, 天险难越可三分。

公瑾难救蒋贼命, 残兵蜗居石头城。

今日我军借东风, 亿万军民一条心。

千刃齐发万炮鸣, 一夜渡江定乾坤。


On May 1, 1949, northeast film studio completed the production of the first feature film "bridge" in New China.

On May 1, 1949, the General Administration of Posts and Telecommunications of Guandong changed its name to the administration of Posts and Telecommunications of LvDa, and issued a set of stamps commemorating "May 1" on that day, with the words "commemorating international May 1 Labor Day".

On May 1, 1949, the workers and staff of Beiping city gathered to celebrate the first "May 1" Festival after liberation. Peng Zhen, then Secretary of the CPC Beiping Municipal Committee, and Ye Jianying, mayor of Beiping City, attended the meeting and made a speech, calling on everyone to strive for the recovery and development of production.

On May 1, 1949, the agriculture and Forestry Department of Rehe province transformed the meteorological station of the former national government into Chengde meteorological station.

On May 1, 1949, the name of northeast Xinhua radio station was changed to Shenyang Xinhua radio station (northeast radio station), which assumed all the functions of the former northeast radio station.

On May 1, 1949, Xi'an University of technology was founded.

On May 1, 1949, the Northeast Yucai School was founded.

On May 1, 1949, Jinzhou mass art museum was established.

On May 1, 1949, Luohe cigarette factory was established.

On May 1, 1949, Beijing Waterworks Group officially put into operation water supply.

On May 1, 1949, Wei Guoqing issued the No. 1 notice of the Military Control Council (Jing) Zi, declaring that the gold dollar coupons issued by the Kuomintang government were immediately invalid, and Suzhou began to use RMB.

On May 1, 1949, a telegram from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China congratulating the liberation of Taiyuan was published on the front page of the people's daily.

On May 1, 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong met with Liu Yazi in yishoutang, Beijing.

On May 1, 1949, Du Yuesheng left Shanghai and ended his life in Hong Kong.

On May 1, 1949, the victory of crossing the river made general Zhang Yunlong full of pride. He wrote a poem "crossing the river" on the battlefield

Since ancient times, when people in Wu lived along the river, the more dangerous it was, the more it could be divided into three parts.

Gongjin can't save Jiang's life. The remnant soldiers live in stone city.

Today, with the help of the east wind, hundreds of millions of our army and people are united.

Thousands of blades set off thousands of cannons, crossing the river overnight to set heaven and earth.



报纸创立


Newspaper creation


(图)《陕南日报》创刊时的报头

(photo) the head of Shannan daily when it was first published



194951日,进入唐山市的《冀东日报》与《新唐山日报》合并,仍沿用《冀东日报》之名。

194951日,中共陕南区委在湖北省十堰市创办了《汉中日报》的前身——《陕南日报》,成为西北五省创刊最早的地市级报纸。

194951日,《人民铁道》报创办,是铁道部主管,人民铁道报社主办的报纸,是中国第一家国内外公开发行的产业经济类日报。

194951日,《晋绥日报》停刊。 

194951日,《人民日报》在北平市创办了《人民晚报》。


On May 1, 1949, the Jidong daily and the new Tangshan daily, which entered Tangshan City, were merged, still under the name of Jidong daily.

On May 1, 1949, the southern Shaanxi District Committee of the Communist Party of China established the predecessor of Hanzhong daily, Shannan daily, in Shiyan City, Hubei Province, which became the earliest prefecture level newspaper in five northwest provinces.

On May 1, 1949, the people's railway newspaper was founded. It is a newspaper in charge of the Ministry of Railways and sponsored by the people's railway newspaper. It is the first industrial economy daily published in China at home and abroad.

On May 1, 1949, the Journal of Jinsui daily was suspended.

On May 1, 1949, people's daily founded people's evening news in Beiping city.

 

 

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