History of the CPSU [B]

- Short Course





History of the CPSU [B]

- Short Course


published by the Georgian Section of the Comintern (SH)

now in 22 languages




The 50th Anniversary of the CPSU (B)

1903 - 1953






List of Party Congresses






1-3 [14-16] Mar 1898

Minsk, Russian Empire

RDSLP founding conference2


17 [30] Jul - 10 [23] Aug 1903

Brussels, Belgium and London, UK

RDSLP splits into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks factions. First Program of Bolshevik Party (1st Party Program).


12-27 April [25 Apr - 10 May] 1905

London, UK

Bolsheviks only

4 ( "Unification")

10-25 April [23 Apr - 8 May] 1906

Stockholm, Sweden

Bolsheviks and Mensheviks re-unite in the same party, but keep their factions

5 “London")

30 April - 19 May [13 May - 1 June] 1907

London, UK

Bolsheviks and Mensheviks together


26 July - 3 August [8-16 August] 1917

Petrograd, Russian Republic

Held semi-legally in between revolutions, Bolsheviks merge with the Mezhraiontsy, final break with the Mensheviks

7 (Extraordinary)

6-8 March 1918

Moscow, Russian SFSR

Party becomes Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)


18-23 March 1919

Moscow, Russian SFSR

New (2nd) Party Program adopted by Congress.


29 March - 5 April 1920

Moscow, Russian SFSR


8-16 March 1921

Moscow, Russian SFSR

Internal party factions banned in a secret resolution


27 March - 2 April 1922

Moscow, Russian SFSR


17-25 April 1923

Moscow, USSR


23-31 May 1924

Moscow, USSR

First Congress since Lenin's death


18-31 December 1925

Moscow, USSR

Party becomes All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)


2-19 December 1927

Moscow, USSR

Stalin consolidated, Trotskyists expelled


26 June - 13 July 1930

Moscow, USSR


26 January - 10 February 1934

Moscow, USSR

"Congress of Victors."


10-21 March 1939

Moscow, USSR


5-14 October 1952

Moscow, USSR

Party becomes Communist Party of the Soviet Union - Stalin's last Congress










Outline of the history of the CPSU (B)





Outline of the history of the CPSU (B)


from the period of Brest-Litovsk Peace to the period of the Sixteenth Congress






The structure of the CPSU (B)








Program of 1919







45th anniversary of the Third Congress of the RSDLP

A. Grigorenko





Ninth Congress of the R.C.P.(B.)

March 29 - April 5, 1920




Eleventh Congress of the C.P.SU (B.)

March 27 - April 2, 1922




Fourteenth Congress of the C.P.SU (B.)

December 18 - December 31, 1925





Fourteenth Party Congress

Constitution of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

December 1925






2 - 19 December 1927

The Fifteenth Congress of the C.P.S.U.(B.)








S. Tchernomordik


Bolsheviks under illegality










The Bolsheviks on trial

S. Tchernomordik










The Bolsheviks in the Tsarist Duma












CC - ВКП (б) - 1934


XVII Congress of the CPSU (B)

Resolutions and decisions, including party rules





XVII Congress of the CPSU (B)

Report on the organizational problems of party and soviet construction





Completion of the reconstruction of the entire national economy









Sergey Kirov






Michail Iwanowitsch Kalinin






The Bolsheviks and the World War






thanks to the Georgian Section:

History of the Communist Patry of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). Short course.
The concept of historical development of Russia stated in "Short course" and Bolshevik party has made deep impact on the Soviet society. This popular textbook not only defined from the end 1930 to the middle of 1950th years the maintenance of teaching and studying of history of CPSU(B), but also had direct influence as a whole on a historical science and historical propagation in the USSR at that time as its concept created under the direction of I.V.Stalin, left far for frameworks actually stories of party and became the standard at illumination of national history of the XIX-XX-th centuries.
In a basis of civil history of Russia the concept of history of party has laid down. The accurate periodization which basic elements were was established then are reproduced in all Soviet editions of 1960-1980th years: 1) time of ripening of preconditions of the October socialist revolution; 2) preparation and carrying out of October revolution; 3) the period of foreign intervention and civil war (1918—1920); 4) restoration of a national economy (1921—1925) and further.
This remarkable scientific work created by Central Committee of CPSU(B) at personal participation of comrade Stalin, is a treasury of a Marxist-Leninist science, the sharpest weapon of mastering by the Bolshevism. The short course of history CPSU(B) for workers of scientifically-historical front serves as the invaluable grant. It learns to how it is necessary to create historical works worthy a great Stalin epoch.
With 1938 for 1953 "Short course" was published 301 times in number of 42 816 thousand copies in 67 languages.


საკავშირო კომუნისტური პარტიის (ბოლშევიკთა) ისტორია. მოკლე კურსი. სხვადასხვა ენაზე.

  1. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1939. German. (Geschichte der Kommunistischen Partei der Sowjetunion (Bolschewiki). Kurzer Lehrgang.)
  2. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1940. Turkish. (Sovyetler birliği komünist (Bolşevik) partisinin tarihi. Kisa kurs.)
  3. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1945. Finnish. (Neuvostoliiton kommunistisen puolueen (Bolshevikkien) historia. Lyhyt oppikurssi.)
  4. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1947. Spanish. (Historia del partido comunista (Bolchevique) de la U.R.S.S. Compendio.)
  5. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1948. English. (History of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks): Short Course)
  6. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1948. Georgian. (საკავშირო კომუნისტური პარტიის (ბოლშევიკების) ისტორია. მოკლე კურსი.)
  7. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1948. Persian.
  8. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1950. Russian. (История всесоюзной коммунистической партии (Большевиков). Краткий курс.)
  9. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1954. Uyghur.
  10. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1956. French. (Histoire du parti communiste (Bolchevic) de L'U.R.S.S. )
  11. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1959. Tibetan.
  12. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1964. Chinese. (联共(布)党史简明教程)
  13. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1944. Romanian. (Istoria partidului comunist (Bolşevic) al Uniunii Sovietice.)
  14. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1946. Greek. (Συλλογικό-Ιστορία του Κομμουνιστικού Κόμματος της Σοβιετικής Ένωσης (Μπολσεβίκων))
  15. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1940. Oyrot [Southern Altai]. (Бастыра союзтын' коммунистический (Большевиктер) партиязынын' историязы)

1 — German
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5.65 Mb
2 — Turkish
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6.48 Mb
3 — Finnish
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6.35 Mb
4 —Spanish
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4.94 Mb
5 — English
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5.17 Mb
6 — Georgian
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6.26 Mb
7 — Persian
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6.90 Mb
8 — Russian
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8.91 Mb

9 — Uyghur
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10.80 Mb
10 — French
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4.64 Mb
11 — Tibetan
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8.61 Mb
12 — Chinese
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13.30 Mb
13 — Romanian
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6.99 Mb
14 — Greek
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5.88 Mb
15 — Oyrot
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8.36 Mb



ВКП (б)


Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevics)