History of the CPSU [B]

- Short Course





History of the CPSU [B]

- Short Course


published by the Georgian Section of the Comintern (SH)

now in 22 languages




The 50th Anniversary of the CPSU (B)

1903 - 1953






List of Party Congresses






1-3 [14-16] Mar 1898

Minsk, Russian Empire

RDSLP founding conference2


17 [30] Jul - 10 [23] Aug 1903

Brussels, Belgium and London, UK

RDSLP splits into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks factions. First Program of Bolshevik Party (1st Party Program).


12-27 April [25 Apr - 10 May] 1905

London, UK

Bolsheviks only

4 ( "Unification")

10-25 April [23 Apr - 8 May] 1906

Stockholm, Sweden

Bolsheviks and Mensheviks re-unite in the same party, but keep their factions

5 “London")

30 April - 19 May [13 May - 1 June] 1907

London, UK

Bolsheviks and Mensheviks together


26 July - 3 August [8-16 August] 1917

Petrograd, Russian Republic

Held semi-legally in between revolutions, Bolsheviks merge with the Mezhraiontsy, final break with the Mensheviks

7 (Extraordinary)

6-8 March 1918

Moscow, Russian SFSR

Party becomes Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)


18-23 March 1919

Moscow, Russian SFSR

New (2nd) Party Program adopted by Congress.


29 March - 5 April 1920

Moscow, Russian SFSR


8-16 March 1921

Moscow, Russian SFSR

Internal party factions banned in a secret resolution


27 March - 2 April 1922

Moscow, Russian SFSR


17-25 April 1923

Moscow, USSR


23-31 May 1924

Moscow, USSR

First Congress since Lenin's death


18-31 December 1925

Moscow, USSR

Party becomes All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)


2-19 December 1927

Moscow, USSR

Stalin consolidated, Trotskyists expelled


26 June - 13 July 1930

Moscow, USSR


26 January - 10 February 1934

Moscow, USSR

"Congress of Victors."


10-21 March 1939

Moscow, USSR


5-14 October 1952

Moscow, USSR

Party becomes Communist Party of the Soviet Union - Stalin's last Congress










Outline of the history of the CPSU (B)





Outline of the history of the CPSU (B)


from the period of Brest-Litovsk Peace to the period of the Sixteenth Congress






The structure of the CPSU (B)








Program of 1919







45th anniversary of the Third Congress of the RSDLP

A. Grigorenko




6th to the 8th of March 1918

100 years

7th Congress of the CPR (B)

100 years ago, from the 6th to the 8th of March 1918, the 7th Party Congress of the CPR (B) took place, in which Stalin participated. J. Stalin was elected member of the Central Committee of the Party and member of the commission for the preparation of a draft of the party program. Stalin was also elected at the Fourth All-Russian Extraordinary Soviet Congress as a member of the All-Russian CEC.

We commemorate this meritorious activity of Stalin exactly one hundred years ago on the occasion of his 65th anniversary.

In his Short Course on the History of the CPSU (B) Stalin wrote the following about the 7th Party Congress: 

The recent trial of the Anti-Soviet "Bloc of Rights and Trotskyites" (beginning of 1938) has now revealed that Bukharin and the group of "Left Communists" headed by him, together with Trotsky and the "Left" Socialist-Revolutionaries, were at that time secretly conspiring against the Soviet Government. Now it is known that Bukharin, Trotsky and their fellow-conspirators had determined to wreck the Peace of Brest-Litovsk, arrest V. I. Lenin, J. V. Stalin and Y. M. Sverdlov, assassinate them, and form a new government consisting of Bukharinites, Trotskyites and "Left" Socialist-Revolutionaries.

    While hatching this clandestine counter-revolutionary plot, the group of "Left Communists," with the support of Trotsky, openly attacked the Bolshevik Party, trying to split it and to disintegrate its ranks. But at this grave juncture the Party rallied around Lenin, Stalin and Sverdlov and supported the Central Committee on the question of peace as on all other questions.

    The "Left Communist" group was isolated and defeated.

    In order that the Party might pronounce its final decision on the question of peace the Seventh Party Congress was summoned.

    The congress opened on March 6, 1918. This was the first congress held after our Party had taken power. It was attended by 46 delegates with vote and 58 delegates with voice but no vote, representing 145,000 Party members. Actually, the membership of the Party at that time was not less than 270,000. The discrepancy was due to the fact that, owing to the urgency with which the congress met, a large number of the organizations were unable to send delegates in time; and the organizations in the territories then occupied by the Germans were unable to send delegates at all.

    Reporting at this congress on the Brest-Litovsk Peace, Lenin said that ". . . the severe crisis which our Party is now experiencing, owing to the formation of a Left opposition within it, is one of the gravest crises the Russian revolution has experienced." (Lenin, Selected Works, Vol. VII, pp. 293-94.)

    The resolution submitted by Lenin on the subject of the Brest-Litovsk Peace was adopted by 30 votes against 12, with 4 abstentions.

    On the day following the adoption of this resolution, Lenin wrote an article entitled "A Distressful Peace," in which he said:

    "Intolerably severe are the terms of peace. Nevertheless, history will claim its own. . . . Let us set to work to organize, organize and organize. Despite all trials, the future is ours." (Lenin, Collected Works, Russ. ed., Vol. XXII, p. 288.)

    In its resolution, the congress declared that further military attacks by imperialist states on the Soviet Republic were inevitable, and that therefore the congress considered it the fundamental task of the Party to adopt the most energetic and resolute measures to strengthen the self-discipline and discipline of the workers and peasants, to prepare the masses for self-sacrificing defence of the Socialist country, to organize the Red Army, and to introduce universal military training.

    Endorsing Lenin's policy with regard to the Peace of Brest-Litovsk, the congress condemned the position of Trotsky and Bukharin and stigmatized the attempt of the defeated "Left Communists" to continue their splitting activities at the congress itself.

    The Peace of Brest-Litovsk gave the Party a respite in which to consolidate the Soviet power and to organize the economic life of the country.

    The peace made it possible to take advantage of the conflicts within the imperialist camp (the war of Austria and Germany with the Entente, which was still in progress) to disintegrate the forces of the enemy, to organize a Soviet economic system and to create a Red Army.

    The peace made it possible for the proletariat to retain the support of the peasantry and to accumulate strength for the defeat of the Whiteguard generals in the Civil War.

    In the period of the October Revolution Lenin taught the Bolshevik Party how to advance fearlessly and resolutely when conditions favoured an advance. In the period of the Brest-Litovsk Peace Lenin taught the Party how to retreat in good order when the forces of the enemy are obviously superior to our own, in order to prepare with the utmost energy for a new offensive.

    History has fully proved the correctness of Lenin's line.

    It was decided at the Seventh Congress to change the name of the Party and to alter the Party Program. The name of the Party was changed to the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) -- R.C.P.(B.). Lenin proposed to call our Party a Communist Party because this name precisely corresponded to the aim of the Party, namely, the achievement of Communism.

    A special commission, which included Lenin and Stalin, was elected to draw up a new Party program, Lenin's draft program having been accepted as a basis.

    Thus the Seventh Congress accomplished a task of profound historical importance: it defeated the enemy hidden within the Party's ranks -- the "Left Communists" and Trotskyites; it succeeded in withdrawing the country from the imperialist war; it secured peace and a respite; it enabled the Party to gain time for the organization of the Red Army; and it set the Party the task of introducing Socialist order in the national economy.

100 years ago, at the time of the Seventh Congress, the war between the imperialist robbers transformed into a war of the oppressed against the oppressors, for the liberation from the yoke of capitalism. This first congress under the new Soviet power ignited the torch of world socialist revolution. The Seventh Party Congress decided to forbid any interference by the imperialist states in Russia's internal affairs and to carry the revolution to all countries.

Today, Russia is not carrying the revolution but the counter-revolution to all countries. Today, Russia itself is one of the imperialist states that have already made it through their predatory wars to such an extent that the outbreak of the Third World War in 2018 is becoming increasingly probable.







Eighth Congress of the R.C.P.(B.)

March 18-23, 1919








Ninth Congress of the R.C.P.(B.)

March 29 - April 5, 1920




Eleventh Congress of the C.P.SU (B.)

March 27 - April 2, 1922




Fourteenth Congress of the C.P.SU (B.)

December 18 - December 31, 1925





Fourteenth Party Congress

Constitution of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

December 1925






2 - 19 December 1927

The Fifteenth Congress of the C.P.S.U.(B.)




The Eighteenth Congress of the C.P.S.U.(B.)






S. Tchernomordik


Bolsheviks under illegality










The Bolsheviks on trial

S. Tchernomordik










The Bolsheviks in the Tsarist Duma












CC - ВКП (б) - 1934


XVII Congress of the CPSU (B)

Resolutions and decisions, including party rules





XVII Congress of the CPSU (B)

Report on the organizational problems of party and soviet construction





Completion of the reconstruction of the entire national economy









Sergey Kirov






Michail Iwanowitsch Kalinin






The Bolsheviks and the World War






thanks to the Georgian Section:

History of the Communist Patry of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). Short course.
The concept of historical development of Russia stated in "Short course" and Bolshevik party has made deep impact on the Soviet society. This popular textbook not only defined from the end 1930 to the middle of 1950th years the maintenance of teaching and studying of history of CPSU(B), but also had direct influence as a whole on a historical science and historical propagation in the USSR at that time as its concept created under the direction of I.V.Stalin, left far for frameworks actually stories of party and became the standard at illumination of national history of the XIX-XX-th centuries.
In a basis of civil history of Russia the concept of history of party has laid down. The accurate periodization which basic elements were was established then are reproduced in all Soviet editions of 1960-1980th years: 1) time of ripening of preconditions of the October socialist revolution; 2) preparation and carrying out of October revolution; 3) the period of foreign intervention and civil war (1918—1920); 4) restoration of a national economy (1921—1925) and further.
This remarkable scientific work created by Central Committee of CPSU(B) at personal participation of comrade Stalin, is a treasury of a Marxist-Leninist science, the sharpest weapon of mastering by the Bolshevism. The short course of history CPSU(B) for workers of scientifically-historical front serves as the invaluable grant. It learns to how it is necessary to create historical works worthy a great Stalin epoch.
With 1938 for 1953 "Short course" was published 301 times in number of 42 816 thousand copies in 67 languages.


საკავშირო კომუნისტური პარტიის (ბოლშევიკთა) ისტორია. მოკლე კურსი. სხვადასხვა ენაზე.

  1. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1939. German. (Geschichte der Kommunistischen Partei der Sowjetunion (Bolschewiki). Kurzer Lehrgang.)
  2. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1940. Turkish. (Sovyetler birliği komünist (Bolşevik) partisinin tarihi. Kisa kurs.)
  3. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1945. Finnish. (Neuvostoliiton kommunistisen puolueen (Bolshevikkien) historia. Lyhyt oppikurssi.)
  4. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1947. Spanish. (Historia del partido comunista (Bolchevique) de la U.R.S.S. Compendio.)
  5. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1948. English. (History of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks): Short Course)
  6. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1948. Georgian. (საკავშირო კომუნისტური პარტიის (ბოლშევიკების) ისტორია. მოკლე კურსი.)
  7. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1948. Persian.
  8. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1950. Russian. (История всесоюзной коммунистической партии (Большевиков). Краткий курс.)
  9. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1954. Uyghur.
  10. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1956. French. (Histoire du parti communiste (Bolchevic) de L'U.R.S.S. )
  11. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1959. Tibetan.
  12. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1964. Chinese. (联共(布)党史简明教程)
  13. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1944. Romanian. (Istoria partidului comunist (Bolşevic) al Uniunii Sovietice.)
  14. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1946. Greek. (Συλλογικό-Ιστορία του Κομμουνιστικού Κόμματος της Σοβιετικής Ένωσης (Μπολσεβίκων))
  15. History of CPSU(b). Short Course. 1940. Oyrot [Southern Altai]. (Бастыра союзтын' коммунистический (Большевиктер) партиязынын' историязы)

1 — German
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5.65 Mb
2 — Turkish
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6.48 Mb
3 — Finnish
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6.35 Mb
4 —Spanish
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4.94 Mb
5 — English
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5.17 Mb
6 — Georgian
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6.26 Mb
7 — Persian
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6.90 Mb
8 — Russian
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8.91 Mb

9 — Uyghur
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10.80 Mb
10 — French
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4.64 Mb
11 — Tibetan
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8.61 Mb
12 — Chinese
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13.30 Mb
13 — Romanian
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6.99 Mb
14 — Greek
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5.88 Mb
15 — Oyrot
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8.36 Mb



ВКП (б)


Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevics)