Communist International

95th Anniversary of the Second World Congress of the Comintern

held in Petrograd and Moscow from July 19 to August 7, 1920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19th of July 2015

Long live the 95th anniversary of the Second World Congress of the Comintern !

19. 7. - 7. 8. 1920  

 

Messages of Solidarity

 

Message of the Comintern (SH)

on occasion of the 95th anniversary of the

Second World Congress of the Comintern

July 19, 2015

 

Dear Comrades !

Today we celebrate the 95th anniversary of the Second World Congress of the Comintern. This World Congress was marked by the greatest leader of the world proletariat - Comrade Lenin. Lenin's contributions to the Second World Congress will be always invaluable for the socialist world revolution and for the entire history of the communist world movement.

The II. Congress of the Communist International was opened on 19 July 1920 in Petrograd, and its sequel took place from 23 July to 7 August in Moscow.

The Second Congress took place only one year after the founding congress at which the banner of world communism was raised.

In that one year, the Comintern achieved tremendous victories. The Comintern's influence reached a sheer enormity within the rapidly growing communist movement. In its very first year of existence the Comintern enjoyed already great sympathy and authority among the most advanced parts of the entire world proletariat.

In his assessment of the importance of the 2nd World Congress Lenin emphasized:

"At the Congress which ended on August 7, it was not only the heralds of the proletarian revolution who joined forces, but delegates from strong and powerful organisations linked with the proletarian masses. A world army of the revolutionary proletariat-that is what now stands for communism, and, at the Congress just ended, received organisational form and a clear, precise and detailed programme of action.

The revolution of the proletariat, the overthrow of the yoke of capitalism, .is on the march and shall come about in every country in the world."(Lenin:.. The II. Congress of the Comintern, August / September 1920)

With 218 delegates from 67 organizations, including 27 communist parties, the Second Congress in literally was a World Congress. However, it must be noted that the Bolshevism of the Comintern was still in its infancy and many anti-Leninist currents at the Second Congress were represented. About half of all delegates had betrayed the Comintern, sooner or later, and changed allegiance as lackeys of the counterrevolution.

At the first session Lenin reported on the international situation and defined the most important tasks of the Communist International. Lenin presented the prominent role of the Comintern that is the mobilization of the working masses in the struggle against capitalism. Lenin emphasized the world-historical significance of the proletarian revolution in Russia.

Lenin said that the proletariat can not conquer power without defeating opportunism. "Opportunism", - he said -.., ". Is our main enemy" The opportunists are better defenders of the bourgeoisie than the bourgeois themselves Without the opportunists, the bourgeoisie can not retain their power to opportunists counted Lenin and the "leftists" and established the need to combat it.

On the basis of Leninist principles, the Second Congress decided the main tasks of the Communist International. The armed struggle for the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat was defined as the most important task .

The purpose of Lenin's 21 guiding principles is thus to protect the Comintern against the infiltration of anti-proletarian elements whose aim it is to decompose the Comintern from the inside, to divert us from the path of the socialist world revolution, to adapt us to the bourgeois ideology, the transformation into a bourgeois International and thus to incapacitate this most important fighting instrument of the world proletariat..

Lenin's 21 guiding principles of conditions for the membership were in power until the VII World Congress. They were jettisoned by Dimitrov and the VII. World Congress by merging with the Social Democrats and thus "peaceful coexistence" with opportunism in the struggle against fascism.

It should not be forgotten that Lenin struggled relentlessly already on the Second World Congress against those who were against the 21 terms of sdmission, namely both the Right opportunists (Serrati, Crispin and Dittmann, etc.) and the "Left" opportunists (Bordiga Wijnkoop etc .). Basically the whole history of the Comintern is marked by confrontations with the most diverse currents of opportunism. The struggle against opportunism was a fight to the death, that was painfully confirmed by the liquidation of the Communist International in 1943.

On occasion of the 95th anniversary, the Comintern (SH) modified Lenin's 21 terms of admission according to today's conditions, and presents a draft for discussion:

[ "21 conditions of admission to the Communist International (Stalinist-Hoxhaists) - on July 19, 2015]

 

An important step towards institutionalizing a world center of the communist movement was the adoption of the Statute of the Communist International.

The Statute, which was adopted without a long discussion, it says:

"The Communist International is dedicated to providing:

by all means, even with arms in hand, to fight for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to full destruction of the State. The Communist International considers the dictatorship of the proletariat for the only way that gives the opportunity to free humanity from the horrors of capitalism. And the Communist International considers the Soviet power for the historically given form of dictatorship of the proletariat. "(Statutes of the Communist International, adopted at the Second Congress of the Comintern on August 4, 1920 in Moscow)

On the Second Congress Lenin devoted attention to the problem of the allies of the proletariat in the proletarian revolution and explained the most important aspects of the strategy and tactics of the Communist Parties in the agricultural and national and colonial question.

For this purpose, Lenin drafted the theses on the agrarian question, containing a deep analysis of the agricultural situation in capitalism and also a precise class analysis of the social composition of the peasantry. In the struggle for the conquest of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the peasants and poor small farmers have gained as an ally of the proletariat, whereas the middle peasants should be neutralized, and the rich peasants and landowners have to be combated.

The discussion on the national and colonial question had set the goal of the correct tactics of the anti-imperialist struggle for many millions of the toiling masses in the colonies and semi-colonies. Concerning the assistance of bourgeois-democratic national movements there was performed a controversial debates. For the proletariat, it is sometimes unavoidable to meet interim agreements and alliances with bourgeois-democratic forces in the colonies, where the revolutionary proletariat retains its political and organizational independence. Thus, although class antagonisms between proletariat and bourgeoisie can not be eliminated by solving this question, the anti-imperialist front will be strengthened in the colonial countries. The Second Congress decided further to struggle determined against the ideology of Pan-Islamism, Pan-Asianism and other reactionary nationalist theories.

Of great importance was also Lenin's theory of the transition of those countries to socialism, which can base themselves on the victorious proletariat of the advanced countries, bypassing the stage of capitalism.

The theses of the Second Congress on the national and colonial question were a valuable guide to action for the communist parties and have played an important role in the liberation struggle of the peoples of colonial and dependent countries.

Other items on the agenda of the Second Congress of the Comintern were important questions, such as the attitude of the Communist parties towards the trade unions and the parliamentary system.

In particular, the Congress rejected the sectarian refusal to work as communists in the reformist trade unions for the purpose to win the majority of union members for the Revolution.

In the theses on parliamentarism, it was also about the indispensability of active communist involvement in the election campaigns and the use of Parliament as a tribune of the proletarian class struggle. The "left" radical denial of parliamentary work (Bordiga) was condemned and rejected by the Second World Congress. However, it was also decided that the Communist faction in parliament must be completely subordinated to the Communist Party.

In addition, important decisions were taken on other important issues at the Second World Congress:
The role of the Communist Party in the proletarian revolution, the establishment of Soviet power, etc.

Finally, the Congress passed a manifesto in which the international situation, the class struggle in the capitalist countries, the situation in the Soviet Union and the tasks of the Communist International were outlined.

The manifesto called on the workers to commit themselves to unite under the banner of the Communist International. The call "Hands off Russia!" found broad support among the workers in many countries, who implemented the slogan of the defense of the first Soviet state into action.

At the First Congress the ideas of world communism were announced. This was the first step.

The institutionalization of the Communist International and the establishment of terms of admission followed as a second step. Drawing the demarcation line against centrism and the fight against the direct and indirect agents of the bourgeoisie within the workers' movement, this was one of the most important results of the Second Congress.

The importance of the Second World Congress is that it laid the foundations of the Communist International for her development as the highest form of class organization of the world proletariat and as the organizational, political and ideological leader of the communist world movement.

The Comintern of Lenin and Stalin deserves a place of honor in the history of world communism. The Comintern (SH) holds high the banner of the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin and will lead the struggle of the Communist International victoriously to the end, namely to serve always world socialism and world communism.

 

Long live the 95th anniversary of the Second Congress of the Comintern !

Long live the Comintern of Lenin and Stalin !

Long live the Comintern (SH), the only genuine successor of the Comintern !

Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha !

Long live the socialist world revolution and the dictatorship of the world proletariat !

Long live world socialism and world communism !

Working men and women!

On this earth there is only one banner under which it is worth fighting and dying:

it is the banner of the Communist International (Stalinist-Hoxhaists) !

 

Wolfgang Eggers

on behalf of the Comintern (SH)

19. 7. 2015

 

 

 

21

Conditions of Admission to the Communist International (Stalinist-Hoxhaists)

July 19, 2015

(Draft for Discussion)

written by Wolfgang Eggers

 

On occasion of the 95th anniversary of Lenin's

21 Conditions of Admission to the Comintern,

adopted by the Second World Congress of the Comintern

on August 6, 1920

 

also available in German language

 

 

 

Working men and women!

On this earth there is only one banner under which it is worth fighting and dying:

it is the banner of the Communist International.

 

 

 

 

 

We publish documents

of the Second World Congress

in different languages

 

IN ENGLISH

 

Second World Congress

July-August 1920

 

 

(NEW)

Minutes of the
Second Congress of the
Communist International
Petrograd, July 19 – August 7 1920

Publishing House of the Communist International, 1921

Second Congress of the Communist International. Minutes of the Proceedings. Volume One and Two

 

 

The Statutes

of the Communist International

adopted by the Second World Congress

on August 4, 1920

 

[ THESES IN PDF-format ] 

 

 

V. I. LENIN

Theses on the Fundamental Tasks

Of the Second Congress Of The Communist International

July 4, 1920 

 

 

 

 

Lenin

Terms of Admission into Comintern

August 6, 1920

 

 

Lenin

Report On The International Situation
And The Fundamental Tasks Of
The Communist International
July 19, 1920

 

 

THESES

ON THE BASIC TASKS OF THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL

ADOPTED BY THE SECOND COMINTERN CONGRESS

19 July 1920 

 

 

THESES

ON THE ROLE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY

IN THE PROLETARIAN REVOLUTION

ADOPTED BY THE SECOND COMINTERN

CONGRESS

24 July 1920  

 

 

THESES

ON THE TRADE UNION MOVEMENT,

FACTORY COUNCILS, AND THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL

July 1920  

 

 

 

THESES

ON THE NATIONAL AND COLONIAL QUESTION

ADOPTED BY THE SECOND COMINTERN CONGRESS

28 July 1920

inclusively:

Lenin's Draft

and Supplementary Theses of Roy (Mexico)

(adopted by the 2nd Congress - after being revised by Lenin personally) 

 

 

Manifesto

August 1920 

 

 

Lenin

The Second Congress Of

The Communist International

Written: August 1920 
First Published: Kommunishia No. 3-4, August-September 1920;
Lenin’s Collected Works, Volume 31, pages 270-272 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IN GERMAN

 

Zweiter Kongress

19. Juli - 7. August 1920 

 

 

Verzeichnis

der auf dem II. Kongress

vertretenen Parteien und Organsationen

 

 

BEDINGUNGEN DER AUFNAHME IN DIE

KOMMUNISTISCHE INTERNATIONALE

Moskau, Juli/August 1920

 

 

Lenin

Referat über die internationale Lage und die Hauptaufgaben der Kommunistischen Internationale

gehalten auf dem II. Kongress der Komintern

am 19. Juli 1920

 

 

W. I. Lenin

Rede über die Rolle der Kommunistischen Partei

gehalten auf dem II. Kongress der Kommunistischen Internationale am 23. Juli 1920

 

 

Ursprünglicher Entwurf der

Thesen

zur nationalen und kolonialen Frage

(Für den Zweiten Kongreß der Kommunistischen Internationale)

14. Juni 1920

 

 

AN DAS

EXEKUTIVKOMITEE DER KOMINTERN

(Brief)

vor 19. Juli 1920

 

 

Der II. Kongress der

Kommunistischen Internationale

August – September 1920 „Kommunistka“ (Die Kommunistin) Nr. 3 / 4) 

 

 

 

 

 

LEITSÄTZE ÜBER DIE ROLLE DER KOMMUNISTISCHEN PARTEIEN IN DER PROLETARISCHEN REVOLUTION

beschlossen vom II. Weltkongress

Moskau, Juli/August 1920 

 

 

 

LEITSÄTZE ÜBER DIE GRUNDAUFGABEN DER KOMMUNISTISCHEN INTERNATIONALE

angenommen auf dem II. Weltkongress

Moskau, am 6. August 1920 

 

 

 

Statuten

der Kommunistischen Internationale

angenommen auf dem 2. Kongress der Komintern am 4. August 1920

 

 

 

Leitsätze über die Bedingungen, unter welchen Arbeitersowjets geschaffen werden dürfen

angenommen auf dem 2. Kingress der Komintern

am 5. August 1920 

 

 

 

Leitsätze über die Gewerkschaftsbewegung, die Betriebsräte und die Kommunistische Internationale

angenommen auf dem 2. Kongress der Kommunistischen Internationale

am 5. August 1920 

 

 

 

 

 

IN RUSSIAN

 

Второй конгресс
19. Июль - 7Август 1920

 

 

 

Второй конгресс Коминтерна.

Июль-Август 1920 г.

 

КРАТКОЕ СОДЕРЖАНИЕ:
От редакции III-XIV
Предисловие к изданию 1921 г.
ПРОТОКОЛЫ КОНГРЕССА
Заседание первое - 19 июля (5-41).
Заседание второе - 23 июля (42-77).
Заседание третье - 24 июля (78-97).
Заседание четвертое - 26 июля (98-117).
Заседание пятое - 28 июля (118-161).
Заседание шестое - 29 июля (162-200).
Заседание седьмое - 29 июля (201-233).
Заседание восьмое - 30 июля (234-282).
Заседание девятое - 2 августа (283-312).
Заседание десятое - 2 августа (313-331).
Заседание одиннадцатое - 3 августа (332-353).
Заседание двенадцатое - 3 августа (354-365).
Заседание тринадцатое - 4 августа (366-388).
Заседание четырнадцатое - 4 августа (389-410).
Заседание пятнадцатое - 5 августа (411-435).
Заседание шестнадцатое - 6 августа (436-457).
Заключительная речь Зиновьева на торжественном объединенном заседании II конгресса Коммунистического Интернационала, ВЦИК, Моссовета, МК и райкомов РКП(б), ВЦСПС, фабзавкомов и МГСПС в Большом театре 7 августа 1920 г. (457-465).
Материалы конгресса (466-628).
Приложения (629-718).
Указатели (719-746).
ИЛЛЮСТРАЦИИ
Обложка книги: «2-ой конгресс Коммунистического Интернационала». Стенографический отчет 1921 г. (XV).
В.И.Ленин произносит речь с трибуны на площади Урицкого во время торжеств в честь II конгресса Коминтерна. Петроград, 19 июля 1920 г. между (5-6).
Страница исправленной В.И.Лениным стенограммы его доклада о международном положении на II конгрессе Коминтерна между (26-27).
В.И.Ленин в одной из комиссий II конгресса между (98-99).

 

 

 

УСЛОВИЯ ПРИЕМА В КОММУНИСТИЧЕСКИЙ ИНТЕРНАЦИОНАЛ

 

Принято 6 августа 1920 г . 

 

 

 

 

IN TURKISH

 

  İkinci Kongre

Temmuz - Ağustos 1920

 

Komintern’e Katılmanın “21 Koşul”u

Temmuz 1920

 

 

Proleter Devrimde Komünist Partinin Rolü Üzerine Tezler

24 Temmuz 1920.

 

 

Tezler

Sendikal hareketin, fabrika komiteleri ve bitkiler

Temmuz 1920

 

 

 

 

 

IN CHINESE

 

第二次代表大会

1

2

 

 

IN PORTUGUESE

2º Congresso

da Internacional Comunista

 

 

As 21 condições de admissão dos Partidos na Internacional Comunista

(1920)  

 

 

Projecto de Teses Preliminares

As Questões Coloniais e Nacional

 

Para o II Congresso da Internacional Comunista


05 de Junho de 1920

 

 

 

Teses

Sobre a questão nacional e colonial

 

28 de Julho de 1920

Projecto de Lenine e teses suplementares de Roy (Índia/México) – adoptados pelo 2º Congresso após terem sido pessoalmente revistas por Lenine

 

 

 

Tese

Sobre a Questão Agrária

2º Congresso da Internacional Comunista

Agosto de 1920

 

 

 

 

 

IN FINNISH

 

 

Toinen Kominternin kongressissa

19 Heinäkuuta ja 7 Elokuu 1920

 

 

LENIN

KOMMUNISTISEEN INTERNATIONAALIIN

2. Kongressia varten laaditut teesit

 

* * *

Kommunistiseen Internatiionaaliin hyväksyminen ehdot

20. heinäkuuta 1920

 

 

Asiakirjoja toisen maailmankongressin Kommunistisen internationaalin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IN SWEDISH

 

andra kongress

Den 19 juli - 7 augusti 1920

 

 

 

Manifest och teser fran II kongress

 

 

 

 

V.I. Lenin

Tal den 19 juli om det internationella läget och kommunistiska internationalens huvuduppgifter

 

 

 

V.I. Lenin

Om det kommunistiska partiets roll

Tal den 23 juli 

 

  

 

 

V. I. Lenin

Rapport av kommissionen i den

nationella och den koloniala frågan

Tal den 26 juli

 

 

 

 

V. I. Lenin

Om villkoren för inträde i Kommunistiska internationalen

Tal den 30 juli

 

  

 

 

V. I. Lenin

Tal om parlamentarismen

Tal den 2 augusti 1920

 

  

 

 

[ Lenins tal för PDF-download ]

 

 

 

 

IN ITALIAN

 

 

II Congresso dell'Internazionale Comunista

Luglio-Agosto 1920

 

STATUTO

DELL’INTERNAZIONALE COMUNISTA

APPROVATO DAL II CONGRESSO

(4 agosto 1920) 

  

 

 

Tesi

sulle condizioni per la creazione dei consigli operai

(5 agosto 1920) 

 

 

 

Tesi

sulle condizioni d’ammissione all’Internazionale comunista

(6 agosto 1920)

 

  

 

 

Tesi

sulla questione nazionale e coloniale

votate al II Congresso dell'Internazionale Comunista 

 

  

 

 

Tesi

sull’Internazionale comunista e l’Internazionale dei sindacati rossi

(Sulla lotta contro l’Internazionale sindacale gialla di Amsterdam).

(12 giugno 1921)

 

 

IN SPANISH

 

Segundo Congreso

19 Julio - 7 08 1920

 

Discursos pronunciados en el II Congreso de la III Internacional

Realizado en el Palacio Taurichesky, Moscú
19 de julio al 7 de agosto de 1920

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condiciones para la admisión a la Internacional Comunista

1920

 

 

 

 

ESTATUTOS DE LA INTERNACIONAL COMUNISTA

Votadas en el II Congreso (1920)

 

 

 

 

 

PRIMER ESBOZO DE LAS TESIS SOBRE LOS PROBLEMAS NACIONAL Y COLONIAL

5 de junio de 1920.

 

 

 

TESIS SOBRE LA FUNCIÓN DEL PARTIDO COMUNISTA EN LA REVOLUCIÓN PROLETARIA la Internacional Comunista

24. Julio 1920


 

 

 

 

IN FRENCH

 

le deuxième congrès

 

 

Le II ° congrés de l´ Internationale Communiste (1920)

 

 

 

 

 

IN INDONESIAN

 

Tesis

Mengenai Persoalan Kebangsaan dan Kolonial

Diadopsi oleh Kongres Kedua, Internasional Ketiga,

28 Jul 1920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PICTURES