THE RULES ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

OF COMMUNIST PARTIES

APPROVED BY THE ORGBUREAU OF THE ECCI

[EXTRACTS]

4 May 1925 Inprekorr, v, 83, p. 1132, 15 May 1925


 

THE IMPORTANCE OF PARTY ORGANIZATION

 

 

Correct party organization has an important part to play. The party can accomplish its mission only if its policy is communist, that is, a class policy. But however excellent the policy, it can only be realized if the party organization is so constructed that the policy can really be carried out among the broad strata of the working class. . . .

 

The party organization and its leadership must organize communist fractions in all mass organizations of workers and peasants. These fractions are the agents of the party in those organizations. Party campaigns should be so organized that all party bodies, wherever they are operating, act on uniform lines and with complete unanimity. It is therefore necessary for the party leadership to issue clear directions and precise instructions about the campaigns. . . .

 

Only an organization with such a structure is in a position to strengthen the influence of the communist party on the working masses. . . .

 

 

DEMOCRATIC CENTRALISM AND PARTY DISCIPLINE

 

 

. . . The communist party is a living party of action. Consequently differences of opinion are bound to arise among the members in discussions of programme and tactics; frequently a majority and minority opinion is to be found. In these cases the minority must obey the majority, and conscientiously carry out all decisions. . . .

 

 

THE FACTORY CELL

 

 

The basis of the communist party is the working class. The communist party is only the most class-conscious, most active, and most revolutionary part of the working class. To exert influence over the working class ...

 

to lead it in the struggle, is possible only where the workers are gathered together, that is, at their place of work.

In the factory communists must . . . intervene actively in all disputes between workers and employers, formulate the workers' demands, and show how the struggle is to be conducted. Economic struggles must be linked up with the party's political demands. The factory cell has the opportunity of drawing the best elements in the factory or other place of work into the factory cell. . . .

 

 

LOCAL PARTY ORGANIZATION

 

 

1. All members of factory, street, and other cells hold regular aggregate meetings to discuss and decide on all party questions; after these have been dealt with in all cells and the cells have agreed about their attitude, they elect representatives to the district conference and elect the local committee. . . .

 

2. The local committee guides the entire party work of the locality, issues directives to the cells, organizes and leads all party campaigns. It organizes cells in factories, workshops, etc., where they do not exist, and may direct party members to

such factories, etc. in order to carry out this work there. It organizes all communists in trade unions, municipal councils, co-operatives . . . and all other organizations into communist fractions, instructs them and guides their work. . . .

 

 

THE DISTRICT

 

 

3. The district conference discusses all party questions, receives reports from the party centre and the district committee, elects delegates to the party congress, and elects the district committee. . . .

 

5. The district committee elects a presidium and a secretary, who is a full-time party worker, and sets up various bodies for party work in the district, such as organization, agitprop, and trade union departments, which maintain contact with

the corresponding party organizations at a lower level exclusively through the district secretary. . . .

 

 

THE CENTRE

 

 

1. The central committee of the larger legal parties may consist of twenty-five or more members, and a few candidates. . . .

 

2. The central committee of the larger parties elects a politbureau and an orgbureau. . . .

 

3. The central committee meets in plenary session at least once a month. . . .

 

5. The politbureau and orgbureau deal with all current work at the centre.

 

6. The politbureau consists of three to seven members of the central committee and meets at least once a week. ... its decisions can be revoked only by a plenary meeting of the central committee.

 

7. The orgbureau consists of three to seven members. . . .

 

Appeals against decisions of the orgbureau can be made to the politbureau, which can reverse these decisions.

 

8. The plenary meeting of the central committee appoints a secretariat of two or three comrades (who must be central-committee members), who carry out decisions of the plenum, the politbureau, and the orgbureau, and prepare material for the meetings of these three bodies. . . .

 

10. At least one of the secretaries must be a member of the politbureau, and all are members of the orgbureau. . . .

 

 

COMMUNIST FRACTIONS

 

 

To exert influence on the broad working and peasant masses outside the party, the communist party must have agencies pursuing a communist policy in noncommunist surroundings. Among these agencies are the communist fractions. . . .

 

2. As soon as a fraction is formed, it elects a leader or, if the fraction is large enough, a presidium.

 

3. Fractions are subordinate to the local, district, or central committee of the party, according to the scope of the organization in which they are working. . . .

 

4. The leader or presidium must be endorsed by the relevant party committee, as well as the fraction's choice of candidates for election in the trade union, cooperative, etc. For parliamentary and local elections the party committee or

conference decides in advance on the choice of party members as candidates...

 

7. The centre maintains contact with all fractions operating on a national scale.. .

.

9. Communist fractions in the national committees of trade unions maintain direct contact with the communist fraction in the central body of the trade union federation and work according to its instructions. . . .

 

13. Where there is no communist fraction in the central body of the trade union federation, the trade union department of the party centre must set up a body to take the place of such a fraction, consisting of representatives of the fractions in the

national committees of the individual trade unions.


 

 

Comintern

III. International