EXTRACTS FROM THE
RESOLUTION OF THE TENTH ECCI PLENUM ON THE
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF STRUGGLE AGAINST
July 1929 Xe Session du Comite Executif, p. 882
In fulfilment of the decision of the sixth world congress to organize an international day against imperialist war, the plenary session of the ECCI confirms the decision of the Brussels conference of thirteen communist parties to fix 1 August as that day, and approves in full the instructions of the political secretariat to the CI sections on this question.
The militant character of the May Day demonstrations this year,
particularly the heroic struggle of the Berlin proletariat on the barricades... gives to the action on 1 August greater significance than attaches to an ordinary demonstration of the working class against imperialist war.
The action on 1 August should be closely linked with the economic and political struggle of the working class as a whole, with its revolutionary struggle against capital, fascism, fascist social-democracy, including the MacDonald Government, which is a government of war and capitalist rationalization. . . .
Given the enormous importance of 1 August in the struggle against imperialist war and for the defence of the Soviet Union, the plenary session of the ECCI proposes to all Comintern
1. To take all the necessary preparatory steps to give 1 August the character of areview of the fighting revolutionary forces of the proletariat. . . .
2. For this purpose, to intensify their work of mobilizing the broadest workingmasses by employing the new form of the tactics of the united workers front from below. . . .
3. The Comintern sections must carry on the struggle to win freedom for workers' street demonstrations. . . .
4. To develop a broad mass struggle against the attempts of the bourgeoisie to isolate the communist party from the working masses by repression and terror. . . .
5. The Comintern sections must take steps to draw the agricultural labourers and peasant masses into the 1 August action. . . .
6. To unmask social-democracy and its part in preparing war in the most implacable fashion, particularly 'left' social-democracy, which is the most dangerous variety of social imperialism, because it conceals its support for the military
preparations of the capitalist countries behind pacifist phrases designed to put the proletarian masses off their guard. With this in mind, it is particularly important to organize the active participation of communist groups at the social-democratic
meetings on 4 August.
7. To combat most energetically pacifist illusions, particularly now that the MacDonald Government is in power in England, explaining to the masses that MacDonald in power is a means to conceal direct preparations for a new imperialist war.
8. . . . Wherever possible, mass political strikes should be carried out. Despite police prohibition, mass meetings and mass street demonstrations must be held, to which soldiers, sailors, women and young workers, ex-soldiers and the war-disabled should be drawn in. In present conditions of growing reaction, and above all in view of the possibility of police and fascist provocation, all communist parties should take steps at once to reinforce or establish, in the first place in the factories, organizations for proletarian self-defence.
9. To continue the campaign against imperialist war and reaction, and for the defence of the Soviet Union, after 1 August. . . .
10. The plenary session of the ECCI calls on the workers of the colonies and semi-colonies to show vigorous support for the action of the international proletariat against imperialist war, and makes it obligatory for all Comintern sections to
reinforce their revolutionary work among the workers of the colonies and semicolonies, and to intensify their anti-military work among the imperialist armies of occupation.
In drawing attention to the inadequate energy displayed by some Comintern sections in preparing for 1 August, the plenary session of the ECCI observes that the passivity shown in this respect by certain strata in the communist parties is only one expression of the general opportunist tendencies connected with an underestimation of the war danger, a fatalist attitude towards war, an underestimation of proletarian strength and of the role of the communist parties in the class struggles of the