ON THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE CHINESE COMMUNIST
PARTY AND THE KUOMINTANG
12 January 1923
Strategiya i Taktika Kominterna, p. 112
The only serious national-revolutionary group in China is the Kuomintang, which is based partly on the liberal-democratic bourgeoisie and petty bourgeoisie, partly on the intelligentsia and workers.
Since the independent workers' movement in the country is still weak, and since the central task for China is the national revolution against the imperialists and their feudal agents within the country, and since, moreover, the working class is
directly interested in the solution of this national-revolutionary problem, while still being insufficiently differentiated as a wholly independent social force, the ECCI considers it necessary that action between the Kuomintang and the young CCP should be co-ordinated.
Consequently in present conditions it is expedient for members of the CCP to remain in the Kuomintang.
But this should not be at the cost of obliterating the specific political features of the CCP. The party must maintain its independent organization with a strictly centralized apparatus. The most important specific tasks of the CCP are to organize
and educate the working masses, to build trade unions and thus establish a basis for a powerful mass communist party. In this work the CCP should appear under its own colours, distinct from any other political group, while avoiding any conflict
with the national-revolutionary movement.
In regard to foreign policy the CCP should oppose any overtures of the Kuomintang to the capitalist Powers and their agents, the Chinese warlords, and those hostile to proletarian Russia.
On the other hand the CCP should try to persuade the Kuomintang to unite its forces with those of Soviet Russia for a common struggle against European, American, and Japanese imperialism.
While supporting the Kuomintang in all campaigns on the nationalrevolutionary front, to the extent that it conducts an objectively correct policy, the CCP should not merge with it and should not during these campaigns haul down its own flag.