27 January 1928 Inprekorr, viii, 13, p. 260, 10 February 1928


The long-standing frontier dispute between Poland and Lithuania was aggravated in the autumn of 1927 . The sixth Comintern congress, on 19 August 1928, adopted a manifesto 'against the occupation of Lithuania by the Polish imperialists'. Pilsudski intended to march on Kovno, with the open or tacit approval of the Powers particularly Britain. The offensive might start at any moment. He was assured of the support of the Socialist International and the socialist traitors in Poland and Lithuania, who regarded Pilsudski's plans as a step towards intervention in the USSR.


The Polish-Lithuanian conflict has not become less acute. On the contrary, the danger that Poland will annex Lithuania has become still greater as a result of the League of Nations' hypocritical decision and the efforts of the Second International to lull the vigilance of the masses. The League of Nations resolution has not solved the Lithuanian question, but only postponed for a time the realization of Pilsudski's plans to annex Lithuania. It avoids the root of the question and does not eliminate the danger to Lithuania's independence. Lithuania gets a respite, to give it time to reach a peaceful understanding with Poland. That means it should submit 'voluntarily' to Poland and become its semi-colony. If Lithuania does not do this voluntarily, it will be forced to do so.

This is demanded by the interests of imperialist Britain and France, who are trying to build a united front against the Soviet Union from the Baltic to the Black Sea. It is demanded also by the interests of imperialist Poland.

(. . .)


Lithuania's fascist Government, which represents the interests of the Lithuanian kulaks, landlords, and urban bourgeoisie, and sees its most dangerous enemy in the proletarian revolution, in the Soviet Union, is inclined, under imperialist pressure, to reach agreement with Poland. In order to deceive the vigilant masses, it greets the decision of the League of Nations as a great victory for Lithuania.

(. . .) The prospects for the masses being successful in obstructing a Polish- Lithuanian agreement are this time much smaller than before, for the pressure of imperialist Britain, France, and Poland will certainly be stronger than before.

On the Lithuanian question all the bourgeois and petty-bourgeois parties in Poland are rallying round Pilsudski. Union between Lithuania and Poland is a very popular slogan among the bourgeois and even the petty-bourgeois Polish masses, and this makes Pilsudski's desire for annexation even greater. If he has not yet carried out his plans, it is only because the Soviet Union, which is always opposed to any annexation and enslavement of small nations, and Germany, which is interested in the maintenance of Lithuanian independence, have come out decisively against them.


It should be specially noted that the social-democratic leaders of all countries, who have long since turned themselves into despicable agents of imperialism, are zealously supporting Pilsudski's annexation plans. (. . .)


The ECCI calls on all CI sections, and on all those who are genuine opponents of imperialism and war, to display the utmost energy and initiative in exposing the plans of the imperialist robbers, Pilsudski's annexation projects, and the shameful part being played by the social-democratic leaders.

(. . .)

The annexation of Lithuania is only the first step on the road of aggression by the imperialist robbers against the Soviet Union.




III. International