OF THE SEVENTH ECCI PLENUM
ON THE EXPULSION OF MASLOW, RUTH FISCHER, URBAHNS, SCHOLEM, AND SCHWANN FROM THE GERMAN COMMUNIST PARTY
16 December 1926 Puti Mirovoi Revoliutsii, ii, p. 465
In connexion with the written protest of 16 November 1926 of Maslow, Ruth Fischer, Urbahns, Scholem, and Schwann against their expulsion from the KPD, the seventh enlarged plenum appointed a commission to investigate the case of these five persons. The commission, to whose sessions the KPD delegation were invited, consisted of the following comrades: Kuusinen (chairman), Humbert-Droz (secretary), Birch (America), Bell (England), Semard (France), Haken (Czechoslovakia), Furubotn (Norway), Piatnitsky (USSR), Prukhniak (Poland), Ercoli (Italy), Katayama (Japan), Stuchka (chairman of ICC). The commission took verbal evidence from the appellants, with the exception of Maslow, and reviewed the written material relating to their expulsion. After a thorough examination of the case the commission submits for ratification by the seventh plenum the following resolution:
1. The political group of appellants has been in conflict with the Communist International more than once. Not to mention earlier disputes, the present conflict was studied specially by an ECCI commission appointed in the autumn of 1925, and on its recommendation the ECCI sent an open letter to all members and organizations of the KPD. Representatives of the most important parties pointed out at the time that the Maslow-Ruth Fischer group had entered on the path of struggle against the Comintern. Even comrade Zinoviev at that time said of the leaders of this group that they were 'rabid elements, of whom some will tomorrow be found on the other side of the barricades'. The sixth enlarged plenum, meeting in March 1926,
said in its resolution on the German question that the Maslow-Ruth Fischer group 'is a reflection of the moods of a ruined and decaying petty bourgeoisie' and that it was 'politically, organizationally, and morally bankrupt'.
2. The development of this group since the last enlarged plenum and in particular its statements in the commission of the seventh enlarged plenum have completely confirmed these assertions. On no single point did the appellants depart from their anti-communist views and their anti-party actions. The commission came to the conclusion that the appellants attempted by systematic fractional work to disorganize the party, to hamper its revolutionary work, and undermine its
campaigns among the masses. ...
In their contacts, political and organizational, with the Korsch group their aim was to split the party. After their expulsion from the KPD they did not surrender their mandates as deputies, despite their undertaking, but usurped them from the communist party in order to join formally the parliamentary fraction of Korsch, Schwarz, and Katz under the false name of 'left communists'. Their speeches in the commission showed with the utmost clarity that they are not communists and not fighters in the workers' movement, but merely renegades of the proletarian revolution. . . .
They made the outrageous statement in the commission that Maslow could not come to the USSR since neither he nor they
had enough trust in the organs of the Soviet Government. Finally these renegades resorted in the commission of the enlarged plenum to insolent threats to compromise the KPD by means of certain 'revelations'.
3. The anti-communist development through which the Maslow-Ruth Fischer group has passed is far from being accidental, but is connected with the turn in the foreign policy of rising German imperialism and with the fact that since Germany's
entry into the League of Nations and its acceptance of the clauses providing for the passage of troops in the event of intervention, the policy of the German bourgeoisie has become more and more hostile to the Soviet Union. . . . Influenced by this bourgeois orientation, a basis was created among certain wavering strata of the proletariat for anti-Soviet and anti-Comintern groups, which—with the specific object of introducing confusion into the ranks of the revolutionary workers—are forced to cover their counterrevolutionary
struggle against the communist movement by 'left' pseudo-communist phrases. . . .
5. The debates in the commission of the seventh enlarged plenum again showed that the appellants are altogether lost to the revolutionary movement and the workers' movement as a whole. The commission . . .
unanimously concluded that the views and actions of the appellants are in conflict with the programme and principles
of the Communist International (hostile attitude to the KPD, the Comintern, and the Soviet Union). The commission further observed that the conduct of the appellants violates the statutes of the CI . . .
they did not deny that they have no intention of ceasing their fractional activity. They adhere to the view that a communist is not obliged to appear at the summons of the International Control Commission to answer grave accusations touching on his honour (of doing injury to the revolutionary movement—Maslow's unworthy conduct before a bourgeois court).
By their conduct the appellants have shown that the reasons which made the ECCI presidium endorse their expulsion from the party by the CC of the KPD were well founded.
6. On the basis of these facts the commission resolves to propose that the seventh enlarged plenum
(a) ratifies the expulsion of Maslow, Ruth Fischer, Urbahns, Scholem, and Schwann from the KPD and the Comintern;
(b) calls on all conscious members of the party devoted to the cause of communism to sever all political and organizational bonds with these agents of the class enemy and to fight them as relentlessly as all other social-traitors.