January 1930 Inprekorr, x, 7, p. 144, 21 January 1930

The persecution to which the Japanese Communist Party, the only party of the Japanese proletariat, has been subjected by the Government, bears witness to its truly revolutionary work; so does the fact that the reformist elements have left the party. At present the chief danger for the revolutionary movement are the liquidators of every brand, from Oyama & Co. To the opposition within the party.
All those who advocate the creation of a legal communist party in the conditions now prevailing in Japan are agents of the Japanese bourgeoisie within the working class; their object is to sow bourgeois reformist illusions among the working masses; they want to bring the movement into the confines of bourgeois-landlord reaction, of the existing social order. The more 'leftist' the positions of the advocates of a legal party, which in Japan today could be nothing but a means for subjecting the proletariat to the influences and interests of the bourgeoisie, the more dangerous are they as representatives of proletarian interests.
The least vacillation on this point within the Japanese CP is today exceptionally dangerous. What is necessary is a merciless struggle against liquidationism and against all hesitations on the question of liquidating the illegal CP, which shake confidence in the forces of the proletariat and the CP. It is necessary to wage an unyielding struggle against the attempt to organize a legal communist party for the whole of Japan, although the Japanese CP should not concentrate only on the struggle outside the existing legal local labour-party organizations, but should also work inside them.
The irreconcilable struggle against the legal political parties of the reformists and liquidators does not by any means imply the refusal to take advantage of all existing legal opportunities for the revolutionary education and organization of the worker and peasant masses, or to a weakening of this work. On the contrary, the members of the Japanese CP must show greater energy in putting into operation earlier decisions concerning the need to create and strengthen every possible organization of workers and peasants, legal or illegal, such as trade unions, factory committees, delegate meetings, peasant committees, women's organizations, etc.

(. . .)

The chief tasks for all members of the Japanese CP and all progressive workers are to strengthen the CP in the fight against liquidationism and legalism, to expand political agitation among the masses, particularly in the factories, to prepare the organization and operation of mass strikes and demonstrations. The prospect of economic and political crisis, capitalist rationalization, growing unemployment, etc. is creating conditions which will radicalize the worker and peasant masses and accelerate the growth of the revolutionary movement. Whether in these conditions the movement will win successes depends entirely on the capacity, energy, and resolution of the members of the Japanese CP.

(. . .)
It is necessary to organize mass strikes and protest demonstrations against the persecution of the CP, against the arrest and sentencing of communists, against bourgeois-landlord reaction, against the capitalist offensive, against the trade union law. This requires energetic and resourceful communist work in the factories to establish and strengthen party factory cells, to extend the initiative and activity of the cells in providing a revolutionary education for the worker masses in preparing and waging their struggle, particularly strikes, and it also requires strengthening the party central committee.



III. International