ECCI

RESOLUTION OF THE ECCI PRESIDIUM ON THE OPPOSITION IN THE CPSU


23 November 1927


Inprekorr, vii, 117, p. 2633, 29 November 1927


EXTRACTS




1. The ideology of the opposition in the CPSU reflects a complex of views which is totally incompatible with bolshevism. On the most essential matters it coincides with the ideas of the social-democrats as a whole, and of the Russian mensheviks in particular. To characterize the proletarian State, the Soviet Union, as 'Thermidorean', i.e. counter-revolutionary, as a 'degenerating' or 'degenerated' State, the analogous characterization of the CPSU and the entire regime of the proletarian dictatorship and its economic agencies, the charge of Bonapartism levelled against the leading circles of the CPSU and the Soviet Government—this entire ideology, copied from that of Martov, Kautsky, and Dan, shows that the opposition has broken its links with bolshevism.

(. . .)

2. The opposition's menshevik theory is accompanied by corresponding tactics. It has methodically used the most despicable calumny to discredit leading comrades and leading bodies of the Comintern, the CPSU, and other Comintern sections. From fractional groups it has passed to the creation of a Trotskyist party, with an extensive network of committees, and to the establishment of a central committee.

(. . .)

It has passed from discussion within the party to appealing to the petty-bourgeois masses outside the party. By provoking and encouraging all the anti-Soviet counterrevolutionary forces, it is acting as pioneer of a bourgeois 'democratic' restoration.

That is precisely why the opposition is supported by the openly counterrevolutionary parties, in the first place the social-revolutionaries and mensheviks.


3. The opposition is violating Comintern discipline as openly as it violates the discipline of the CPSU. It is not content with supporting the fractional work of its agents in the Comintern. It is gathering around itself both the so-called ultra-left renegades as well as openly right-wing elements.

(. . .)

4. These activities are open treachery to the revolutionary international movement of the proletariat. They are particularly criminal at a time when the work of socialist construction requires the co-operation of all forces and when the greatest imperialist States are advancing to an attack on the Soviet Union.

(. . .)

5. The presidium of the ECCI notes with the greatest satisfaction that the Trotskyist party has suffered a shattering rejection by the party masses of the CPSU and the entire Soviet working class.

(. . .)

Notwithstanding the ultra-revolutionary phrases which it uses as concealment, the opposition has in fact joined the ranks of the social-democratic leaders against the social-democratic masses, who are becoming more radical, joined the ranks of all enemies of the Soviet State and the world proletarian revolution. This fact emphasizes its character as anti-revolutionary deserters, revealed in a situation when war threatens.

Consequently the ECCI presidium fully supports all the measures taken by the CC of the CPSU in fighting the Trotsky opposition and imposes on the CPSU the duty of taking further energetic steps to prevent any continuation of the criminal activities of the opposition disorganizers.

(. . .)

The ECCI presidium is firmly convinced that the forthcoming fifteenth congress of the CPSU will preserve the strictest discipline and the complete organizational and ideological unity of the CPSU.

(. . .)

It will cleanse the party of all those who, like Maslow, Korsch, and Co., have gone or are going over to the side of the class enemies of the proletariat. The ECCI presidium states with satisfaction that all sections of the Comintern have declared against the opposition, and instructs the leading bodies of all sections to carry out continuous and energetic educational work on the anti-communist character of the opposition.


 

Comintern

III. International