RESOLUTION OF THE SEVENTH ECCI PLENUM ON THE SITUATION IN THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF GERMANY
7 January 1927
Adopted by the presidium of the ECCI on 7 January 1927 on the instruction of the plenum.
Puti Mirovoi Revoliutsii, ii, p. 46
1. The unrelenting fractional struggle of the ultra-left leaders compelled the KPD in the last year to concentrate a great part of its attention and forces on defending party unity and a correct Leninist party line from encroachments of the ultra-left wing. In this internal struggle the German party, under the leadership of the present CC, has already had some success of a decisive character, to wit:
(a) The threat of a party split, which was the object of the hostile fractions, has been averted, and now the very idea of the formation of a new ultra-left party seems
(b) The worst disorganizers—such as Katz, Korsch, Schwarz, Ruth Fischer, Maslow, Scholem, etc., who tried to disrupt the party under cover of left phrases and by using openly anti-communist slanders—have been politically exposed, and after their expulsion from the party lost the confidence of all communist workers.
(c) The overwhelming majority of the party has grasped the correctness of the line of the CC and the ECCI. Many honest revolutionary left workers, who formerly believed in the ultra-left leaders, have now been vvon over to the side of the party and the Comintern.
During the discussion within the party a broad explanatory campaign was carried on among all the members down to the smallest organization and the most insignificant factory group, in which such problems as the proletarian dictatorship in the USSR and the basic questions of the German revolution and the most important tasks of the KPD in the present period were put more clearly and sharply than ever before in any preceding discussion within the KPD.
2. Thus the most difficult part of the task of defeating the ultra-left opposition has been accomplished by the KPD. The final results are clear. It is now obvious to everybody that the ultra-left opposition within the KPD will be completely liquidated in the near future. But at the present moment, despite the weakness and fragmentation of the ultra-left opposition, an ultra-left mood and false views are found among some of the party's working-class members, though they are few.
Although these workers have no confidence in the expelled fraction and have never wanted to break with the party, they have still not broken finally with some
wavering oppositional groups.
(. . .)
3. On the most important questions of principle the 'Wedding opposition' leaders are carrying on a fractional agitation which differs little in content from the anticommunist
agitation of the expelled enemies of the party. For example they spread the lie about the degeneration of the proletarian dictatorship in the USSR and its 'appeasement' of the kulaks and Nepmen. They spread the slander that the Comintern is pursuing a 'liquidationist' policy, that it has betrayed the English strike and even the international revolution.
Last summer and autumn, under the influence of the blindly fractional attacks of the Russian opposition and the conscienceless anti-communist campaign of such anti-party elements as Korsch, Schwarz, Ruth Fischer, and Maslow, they inclined to the idea that in the fraction's war against the leadership of their own party and the Comintern, any slander is good, any weapon permissible.
(. . .)
4. It is obvious however that the 'Wedding opposition' is different from the group of Fischer, Urbahns, Korsch, and Schwarz. The latter have simply become renegades and enemies of the party, deliberately aiming at the disruption of the KPD. The 'Wedding opposition' has recognized the limits of the party statutes and, at least in principle, observed a minimum of party discipline.
(. . .)
5. At the same time all comrades in the 'Wedding opposition' are obliged to take note that a continuation of their fractional struggle can objectively only do harm to the communist movement, for all enemies of the party, from the bourgeoisie and right-wing social-democrats to the expelled ultra-left leaders, are trying to use their fractional agitation to deal a blow at the KPD, just as the social-democratic leaders are trying to use the Trotskyist views of the Russian opposition (disseminated by the Wedding group too) as 'arguments' in their anti-Soviet and anti-communist campaign. The ultra-left 'expressions of solidarity' with Trotskyism can serve no one except the enemies of Soviet Russia and the Comintern
6. Therefore the primary communist duty of the 'Wedding opposition' is to cease its fractional work and to adhere loyally to the united militant front of the KPD.
Its leaders must break their connexions once and for all with elements expelled from the party and hostile to it.
(. . .)
If they do not break with these disorganizers and do not submit to the decisions of the KPD and the Comintern, they will bear the entire responsibility for the consequences of their conduct.