25 October 1926

Inprekorr, vi, 128, p. 2208, 26 October 1926

On 23 July 1926 a resolution of the CC and CCC of the CPSU removed Zinoviev from the politbureau, the opposition being charged with trying to establish an illegal fractional organization. 'The threads of all these fractional steps of the opposition lead to the ECCI apparatus, at the head of which is politbureau member Zinoviev.' The opposition formed international blocs with ultra-lefts like Korsch in Germany and ultra-rights like Souvarine in France, who had been expelled from the Comintern and were now attacking the CPSU. Through the ECCI apparatus the opposition was spreading views condemned by the CPSU among other parties and stirring them up against the CPSU.

The CPSU placed Urbahns, Scholem, and Weber (leaders of the 'ultra-left') in the same camp as the 'expelled renegades' Maslow and Fischer. The conference instructed the Russian representatives on the ECCI to continue the ideological struggle against deviations in the Comintern ; it condemned the 'fractional and anti-Leninist' work of the CPSU opposition in the CI, and approved the decision of the CC on Zinoviev.

On 11 October 1926 the CC of the CPSU put to the opposition an ultimatum requiring its unconditional acceptance of party decisions, admission of its errors and its violation of discipline, dissolution of its fraction, and severance of all relations with opposition elements in the Comintern sections. On 16 October the opposition leaders admitted that they had violated party discipline, and condemned fractionalism. On the 23rd they were again warned, at a joint meeting of the CC and CCC of the CPSU attended by representatives of a number of other parties, against violations of discipline, and a resolution was passed stating that: 'Since Zinoviev does not represent the line of the CPSU in the CI . . . the CC and CCG do not find it possible for Zinoviev to continue his work in the Communist International.' At the same time Trotsky was dismissed from the politbureau, and Kamenev from his position as candidate member of that body. One of the charges against Zinoviev was that he had carried the struggle in the CPSU into the parties and policies of the Comintern. The ECCI presidium resolution was promptly endorsed by the central committees of all the major Comintern parties.

The ECCI unanimously adopted the following resolution:

Taking into account the resolutions passed by the most important sections of the Comintern, the communist parties of the Soviet Union, Germany, France, England, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Italy, etc., as well as by the presidium of the ECCI, and having noted comrade Zinoviev's request of 21 November 1926, the plenum of the seventh enlarged Executive has decided to release comrade Zinoviev from his office as President of the ECCI and from his work in the Comintern.



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Considering the anti-Leninist line of the opposition bloc in the CPSU, considering the leading part which comrade Zinoviev, as President of the Comintern, played in carrying out this incorrect line, considering the opposition bloc's disruptive fraction work, unprecedented in the history of the bolshevik party, and considering the transference of these fractional machinations by comrade Zinoviev into the ranks of the Communist International, the ECCI delegation attending the joint plenum of the CC and the CCC of the CPSU, in accordance with the decisions of the most important sections of the Comintern, considers it impossible for comrade Zinoviev to remain and to continue to work at the head of the Comintern.



III. International