15 December 1926 Protokoll, VII Plenum, p. 837

The discussion on the CPSU was opened by Stalin in a three-hour speech. Disagreements in the party originated in the pressure of the bourgeoisie and bourgeois ideology on the proletariat, and the existence of various strata in the working class which provided the soil for opportunism. The various opposition trends in the CPSU were now united in one bloc because they were too weak to fight alone. The Trotskyist trend was in command because it was 'the most consummate opportunist trend of all' and was most successful in using left phrases to disguise its opportunism. After dealing with the disagreements on internal affairs, Stalin turned to the opposition in the Comintern. In the KPD and the French CP the anti-Soviet renegades based their arguments on the charges made by the CPSU opposition.

Having examined the question of the opposition bloc in the CPSU, the seventh enlarged plenum of the ECCI resolves:


The opposition in the CPSU, in its ideological content, is essentially a rightwing danger to the party, frequently concealed behind left phrases.


The characteristic feature of the opposition is an underestimate of the internal forces of development in the Soviet Union, expressed in the denial of the possibility of socialist construction in the Soviet Union. The enlarged plenum believes that the land of the Soviets . .. has demonstrated its internationalism in deeds and has given most magnificent examples of its internationalism.

The enlarged plenum regards the accusation of national narrowness against the CPSU as a calumny. While orienting itself in all its work on the international revolution, while declaring that the final victory of socialism is possible only as the victory of the world revolution, and that only this revolution can guarantee the Soviet Union against war and intervention and still further accelerate the tempo of the Soviet Union's economic development, the CPSU is carrying through its policy of socialist construction quite correctly, in the firm conviction that the Soviet Union disposes within the country of everything that is 'necessary and sufficient for the construction of a completely socialist society. The denial of this possibility by the opposition is nothing but a denial of the prerequisites for the socialist revolution in Russia, i.e. a social-democratic deviation.


From this denial follow . . . a false appraisal of the character of the State power ('far from a proletarian State'—comrade Trotsky, comrade Kamenev's statements, etc.), and finally utterances about the degeneration of the proletarian dictatorship in the CPSU into a Thermidor, which are outrageous and verge on counter-revolution.

By these wholly false and downright slanderous assertions the opposition in the CPSU is objectively supporting the enemies of the proletarian dictatorship and the

renegades from communism (Korsch, Maslow, Ruth Fischer, Souvarine, the mensheviks and Social-Revolutionaries, as well as international social-democracy) in their efforts to create disbelief among the proletariat in regard to the proletarian revolution and the possibility of building socialism.


The enlarged plenum notes that in practice the attitude of a number of important opposition leaders concerning the most important questions of socialist construction would undermine the dictatorship and give effective support for the bourgeois elements in the country.

. . .



By taking up the struggle against the party, thereby violating the most elementary norms of party behaviour, the opposition shows that in its anti-party struggle it rejects the Leninist teaching on questions of organization, both in theory and in practice, as demonstrated by the attempt after [its utter defeat in the CPSU and even after its [The words in brackets do not appear in the version from which this translation was made, but are to be found in the resolution as published in Inprekorr (vi, 157, p. 2849, 23 December 1926.] capitulation (see the declaration of 16 October) to carry the struggle into other communist parties, and by the construction of a platform for all oppositional elements in the CI and even outside its ranks, thus doing a service to the enemies of communism.


For these reasons the enlarged plenum of the ECCI summons all sections of the CI to wage a resolute struggle against all attempts of the opposition in the CPSU and its adherents in other communist parties to destroy the ideological and organizational unity of the Communist International.

. . .

This struggle against the opposition is particularly necessary at the present moment when the imperialist States are trying to encircle the Soviet Union, when the social democrats are supporting this movement under a cloak of pacifism, and the renegades from communism (Korsch, Schwann, and others) openly proclaim the harmfulness of

defending the Soviet Union against the imperialist States.

. . .


The enlarged plenum endorses the resolution of the fifteenth conference of the CPSU on the opposition bloc which condemned the platform and activities of the bloc as the expression of a social-democratic deviation and as endangering the unity of the CPSU.



III. International