MANIFESTO OF THE ECCI AGAINST INTERVENTION IN CHINA AND THE SOVIET UNION
13 September 1926 Inprekorr, vi, 116, p. 1967, 17 September 1926
The struggle of the Chinese people against the imperialist oppressors and their Chinese henchmen is developing at a gigantic pace. The advance of the army of the Canton Government, which represents the democratic, anti-imperialist interests of the peasants, workers, intellectuals, and merchants of the southern provinces, has dealt a severe blow to the militarists and their backers, the imperialist Great Powers.
The enemies of Chinese freedom understand the scope of the defeat threatening them, and are preparing to meet it.
The danger of further armed imperialist intervention in China has become enormous.
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Negotiations are already taking place in Tokyo between representatives of the English and Japanese Governments to coordinate their intervention plans. The other Great Powers will try to secure their share of the booty.
English forces on the Yangtse and in Canton have already been in action, and reinforcements are on the way. Intervention is perhaps a matter only of days.
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Violating all treaties, the military overlord of the northern provinces, Chang Tsolin, has committed a hostile act against the Soviet Union by seizing part of the property of the Chinese Eastern Railway, which ... is the joint property of the Soviet Union and the Chinese Government. This is outright provocation, designed to involve the Soviet Union in military entanglements. There is no doubt that British imperialism is behind this action of Chang Tso-lin. The intervention plans elaborated under English leadership are thus directed not only against the Chinese people, but against the Soviet Union too.
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The Communist International directs the attention of the revolutionary workers and peasants of all countries to the great danger threatening the cause of world emancipation from these new Great Power machinations.
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It calls on the workers and peasants and on all strata of the population of capitalist countries which sympathize with the Chinese people's struggle for freedom and with the Soviet Union's socialist construction to do all in their power to prevent this new intervention.