8 June 1925 Inprekorr,v, 93, p. 1260, 12 June 1925



World imperialism, which oppresses and exploits the Chinese workers and peasants, and grows ever more insolent, has with a savage cynicism worthy of the Russian tsars allowed fire to be opened on a peaceful crowd of striking textile workers in Tsingtao, whose only fault was that they dared to raise their voice for an alleviation of their bitter lot.

. . .

For a long time the Chinese working class endured in silence this prison of international capitalist oppression; now their patience is at an end. In March the Chinese workers in the Japanese cotton mills of Shanghai decided to put an end to

their unbearable sufferings and went on strike for an improvement of their economic position. In April the strike was supported by the Chinese workers in the Japanese factories of Tsingtao in the province of Shantung.

. . .

The Japanese industrialists were forced to yield to the pressure of the working masses. This struggle ended on 9 May with victory for the workers.

Meanwhile orders came from Japan to withdraw the concessions made.

Encouraged by this support, the Japanese exploiters in Tsingtao, taking advantage of the weakness of the Chinese Government, sent their gendarmes and spies into the factories on strike. The Chinese workers did everything to preserve the peaceful character of their movement.

. . .

But on 29 May the warlike clique of Japanese

militarists organized a bloodbath among the workers of Tsingtao . . . . which shook

the millions of Chinese workers and awakened the slumbering but mighty revolutionary forces of this people to action.

A mighty wave of indignation swept over China. On the very next day, on 30 May, many thousands of people, including the revolutionary students, led by the communist party and the Kuomintang party, demonstrated their indignation and uttered a flaming protest against the insolence of the imperialists.

. . .

As though by agreement the English and American police in Shanghai, while the Japanese gendarmerie were shooting unarmed workers in Tsingtao, took over the job of shooting demonstrators who expressed their sympathy with the Tsingtao workers and protested against Japanese militarism.

. . .

These acts of atrocious violence were the foreign capitalists' revenge for their recent defeat; the blood of workers and students compensated them for their unsuccessful attempt to break the resistance of the trade unions and destroy the trade

union movement.

. . .

A detachment of 2,000 English, American, and Italian soldiers has been landed in Shanghai. . . . Warships are being concentrated in the harbour and further troop disembarkations prepared. This means the beginning of a new war, open armed

intervention. While French imperialism wages war in Morocco the English, American, and Italian imperialists are beginning war with China.

. . .

This united front of aggressive imperialism must be opposed by the unbreakable iron front of the European and American workers and peasants with the oppressed workers of the East.

The recent events in China bear eloquent witness to the uninterrupted growth of the national emancipation movement and the dominating role of the working class in this movement. . . .

The greater the pressure exercised by the workers in the West on world capital, the better the prospects for the movement of the oppressed millions of the East, who from their end are undermining the rule of capitalism, which with equal ruth-lessness oppresses the working masses of East and West.



III. International