27 April 1925 Inprekorr, v, 72, p. 961, 1 May 1925


The 'peaceful, democratic, bloodless tactics of evolution' have set Hindenburg on the throne. Noske and Ebert bring forth Hindenburg, predecessor of the new Hohenzollerns. . . .

Among those responsible for the belief in Hindenburg as national hero among the more backward sections of the population the SPD is not the last.

The Entente imperialists contributed in no small degree to this result. Fourteenand-a-half million votes were given for Hindenburg. A part of these votes was not so much for Hindenburg as against the Entente, for the idea of revenge on those who made the Versailles peace. In the hands of the Hindenburg clique these votes will become instruments of social reaction, of white terror, of monarchism.

There are two ways of struggle against monarchy. The first was taken by the Russian workers in 1917 and 1918. The other road, the evolutionary democratic road, is the one the Second International, embodied in German social-democracy, wanted to demonstrate. The social-democrats did not want to overthrow Wilhelm, but they were the first to come out for the overthrow of the German Soviets. They beheaded the Soviets in 1918. 'Noske is for democracy against any dictatorship', the German social democrats maintained. Now even the blind can see that Noske and the SPD are not against all dictatorships but against the proletarian dictatorship and in favour of the bourgeois dictatorship.

. . .

The Communist International suggested that the KPD support the socialdemocratic candidate in the second round if the SPD put its candidate forward again. But, faithful watch-dogs of the bourgeoisie that they are, the social-democrats withdrew their candidate in favour of the bourgeois candidate Marx.

. . .

Once more the SPD leaders showed the world that they are as dubious republicans as they are bad socialists. There is not the slightest doubt that the SPD leaders and the Second International will try to place responsibility on the German communists. They will throw sand in the eyes of the masses. Once again they will take up the campaign

against the vanguard of the German proletariat.

. . .

The class-conscious workers of Germany and the whole world must reflect on the political significance of Hindenburg's election. The workers who still sympathize with social-democracy must realize clearly that social-democratic tactics lead inevitably to the triumph of bourgeois reaction.

There is a monarchist danger in Germany. The workers and the communists must see this clearly. Communists cannot take up the position that the choice between monarchy and bourgeois republic is a matter of indifference.

. . .

They again propose a united front with social-democratic workers for the revolutionary struggle against the monarchist danger.

The black shade of reaction is covering more and more of the political map of Europe. In a number of countries reaction is growing stronger. Throughout the world the communists lead the struggle for trade union unity. The Second International is making wild attacks against unity, and again demonstrating that it is the most faithful pillar of the bourgeoisie; the same social-democrats who are responsible for Hindenburg's victory are the most deadly enemy, among all parties of the Second International, of trade union unity.

. . .

The Communist International summons you to close your ranks, to establish the unity of workers of all countries, under the banner of class struggle, for the common fight against the monarchist danger. Remember that Hindenburg's election does not improve the prospects for peace, but conjures up the danger of new wars. Bear in mind that only the iron unity of the international proletariat can ward off this danger.

. . .

If the working masses do not turn away from the socialdemocratic leaders they will themselves be preparing new imperialist blood-baths.

. . .

The 15 million German proletarians could free their country from the capitalist yoke and establish a soviet republic if they were not split, if they would recognize and reject the counter-revolutionary tactics of the SPD.



III. International