FROM THE ORGANIZATION DEPARTMENT OF THE ECCI
TO THE ORGANIZATION BUREAU OF THE CC OF THE CPGB
22 April 1925 Cmd. 2682, p. 5
The Party Congress of the C.P. of Great Britain, which is to be held in a few weeks time, will no doubt turn its attention to a number of organisational questions which are awaiting solution. The thesis elaborated by the C.C. of the C.P. of Great Britain deals with several important points, namely:—
(1) Utilisation of the experiences of the reorganisation of the Party on a factory nucleus basis.
(2) Strengthening and consolidation of the local leading Party organs.
(3) Recruiting of new members.
(4) The work of the fractions.
The question of making secure by organisational measures the great amount of sympathy which the C.P.G.B. has gained, has assumed enormous importance.
Therefore, the Party should pay special attention to making its position secure among the masses, in order to make the fullest possible use of the present favourable veering to the left of the masses. If the C.P.G.B. is to gain political influence over the proletariat it must concentrate on the question of reorganisation. Therefore, the Party should not only make the most of the experiences of the already existing nuclei, but must also take the necessary measures to break down the resistance which still exists with respect to the formation of factory nuclei. The main obstacle in the way of the formation of factory nuclei is the workers' fear of dismissals. To remove this obstacle a systematic ideological campaign is essential. In this campaign it should be made perfectly clear that the nuclei are not to work openly. As to the factory nuclei themselves, we would like to point out that the unemployed too should be given an opportunity to join them. Wherever no factory nuclei exist, the unemployed connected with the factories should endeavour to form nuclei from outside.
Party officials (trade union officials), including members of the Central Committee, must also join factory nuclei. Party organs, and above all, local committees, should do their utmost not only to form more nuclei, but also to develop the already existing factory nuclei. The decision of the C.C. concerning the appointment of an instructor is most welcome. Of course the appointment of an instructor is not everything. We would like to propose to the C.P.G.B. to introduce the system of instructors in general. This system has been tried with great success in other parties of the C.I. These instructors (of the C.C, the districts, etc.) need not become Party officials.
The reorganisation of the Party is not a mechanical measure, but should always be connected with the campaigns of the Party. With respect to this, recruiting campaigns are of particular importance. We draw the particular attention of the C.P.G.B. to the importance of recruiting Party members in the nuclei and in the factories. This does not of course mean that we are against the other forms of recruiting (through the Minority Movement, Trade Union fractions, etc.). . . .
The question of factory newspapers is closely connected with the factory nuclei.
We have hitherto received four copies of your factory newspapers. We must say that one cannot see by their outward appearance that they are organs of Communist Party
nuclei. This must be remedied in future, for our aim is that the factory nuclei should use factory newspapers as one of the means by which they will be able to control the
masses. Moreover, another object of factory newspapers is the activisation of the nucleus itself. We must, therefore, reiterate that factory newspapers must be produced at the cost of the nucleus and must be written and made up by the nucleus itself. At the same time the corresponding party committee must exercise its control over the factory paper.
. . .
But we must draw your attention to the following point: factory newspapers should also have in view the connection of the factory with the main Party organ and should look upon themselves as a means to arouse the interest of the indifferent masses in our Party newspaper.
Another important Org. question is that of the Party apparatus. The further development of the C.P.G.B. makes it incumbent on the latter to consider the question of the formation of new Party organs. Hitherto, there was a direct connection between the different local[s] of the same town and the district Party organisations. In such towns the various local branches were only loosely connected through a co-ordination committee. Such a state of affairs impedes the activity of the Party, and therefore the question of the formation of town committees endowed with all the rights of a leading Party organ, has become very acute.
. . .
The question of the apparatus is also closely connected with the question of the Central Committee. Closer collaboration between the Pol. and the Org. Bureaux should be established. With respect to this we would like to suggest that two members of the Pol. Bureau be also members of the Org. Bureau. The departments of the C.C. which functioned hitherto as departments of the Pol. and Org. Bureaux should be converted into departments of the C.C. as a whole and co-ordinated through the Secretariat. The Pol. and Org. Bureaux should carry out their decisions through the Secretariat. Concerning the construction of the Party apparatus there are also special decisions of the Org. Conference to go upon. As Org. questions grow in importance it will become necessary to form a special Org. Department in the Central Committee. We want to draw your special attention to this point.
The development of the Minority Movement and the campaign which is already proceeding for the formation of factory committees makes it incumbent upon the Party to form strongly welded together fractions, which should be entirely under the control of the Party. Otherwise, there would be the risk of the strongly developed Minority Movement slipping out of our hands.
. . .
The reorganisation of the Party on factory nuclei basis and the other alterations in the structure of the Party, made it incumbent on the Central Committee to elaborate new Party statutes and to place them before the Party Congress (or it should obtain from the Party Congress a mandate for their elaboration). The model statutes elaborated by the Org. Conference should be used as a basis for the new statutes.