INSTRUCTIONS TO THE THIRD CONGRESS OF
THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY
[ EXTRACTS ]
May 1923 Strategiya i Taktika Kominterna, p. 114
The national revolution in China and the creation of an anti-imperialist front will necessarily coincide with the agrarian revolution of the peasantry against the survivals of feudalism. The revolution will be successful only if the movement manages to attract the basic element in the Chinese population, the peasantry.
Thus the central question of all policy is the peasant question. To ignore this fundamental matter, on whatever pretext, implies a failure to understand the importance of the socio-economic foundations on which alone a victorious struggle can be waged against foreign imperialism and for the thorough extermination of feudalism in China.
Therefore the communist party, as the party of the working class, must attempt to establish a union of workers and peasants. This can be done only by unremitting propaganda and by realizing in fact the slogans of the agrarian revolution. . . .
Proceeding from these basic demands, it is essential to persuade the entire mass of poor peasants of the necessity of the fight against foreign imperialism, using as arguments the control by foreign capital of the customs, the salt monopoly, part of the finances, etc...
It goes without saying that leadership must belong to the party of the working class. The latest events in the labour movement (the huge strikes) have clearly demonstrated the great importance of the workers' movement in China. To strengthen the CP, making it a mass party of the proletariat, to assemble the forces of the working class in unions—this is the overriding obligation of communists. . . .
The CP must steadily push the Kuomintang on to the side of agrarian revolution. In the areas occupied by Sun Yat-sen's forces it is essential to get put through the confiscation of the land in favour of the poor peasantry, and a whole series of other revolutionary measures. .. .
On the other hand, we must fight by all means within the Kuomintang against any military agreement between Sun Yat-sen and the warlords, who are the agents of foreign capital and hostile to Soviet Russia, which is the ally both of the West European proletariat and of the oppressed peoples of the East. . . .
The boycott movement against Japan which is again beginning in China . . .
... must be fully exploited by the party. Our party must try to extend it into a general anti-imperialist movement of the Chinese democracy, aiming at the abrogation of treaties and obligations forced on China not only by England and America but also by other imperialist countries (extraterritoriality, the Boxer indemnity, etc.).