RESOLUTION OF THE THIRD ECCI PLENUM ON THE ANGLO-RUSSIAN CONFLICT
23 June 1923 Inprekorr, iii, 113, p. 988, 5 July 1923
In the course taken by the Russian-English conflict, and in the manner in which it has just been settled, the enlarged Executive sees proof of English imperialism's readiness to utilize every opportunity to proceed against the first workers' and peasants' State with threats of armed struggle and armed attack, in order to liquidate the most important achievements of the first wave of the world revolution, just as it succeeded in destroying, in England itself, the conquests made by the working class in 1919.
The expansion of Soviet Russia's power, the beginning of its economic consolidation, the reappearance of Russia on world markets as an exporter of food and raw materials, the strengthening of ties between the Soviet Government and all sections of the working population, the steadily growing power and influence of the communist party—all these destroy English imperialism's hopes of exploiting Russia's economic needs to overthrow the Soviet Government, of defeating it on the economic field, and bringing it into subjection to world capital. Since the strengthening of Soviet Russia is also bound to exercise an encouraging influence on the awakening peoples of the East, the English imperialist Government is trying to force Russia to its knees and so make of it an English vassal, or at the least to provoke it into fighting. English imperialism indulged the hope that the universal hatred of capitalist governments for the Russian revolution would induce other Powers to join in the struggle against the Soviet Government and so bring about general intervention. The enlarged Executive congratulates the Soviet Government on not allowing itself to be provoked by English imperialism, but instead, by a clear and decisive policy which involved certain sacrifices, on having avoided the rupture which England's ruling classes wished to precipitate. The enlarged Executive expresses its sincere pleasure at the firm and conscious resolution with which the Russian working masses rallied protectively behind the Soviet Government immediately the English ultimatum became known. It sees in this a pledge that, should the imperialist governments again one day unleash a new struggle against the Soviet Government, they would encounter not only the resistance of the international working class to such a criminal attack on the achievements of the Russian revolution, but would break their own teeth on the granite-hard will of the heroic revolutionary people of Russia.
The enlarged Executive notes that the Second International found it possible, while protesting at its Hamburg congress against Lord Curzon's assault on the Russian revolution and thus on the peace of the nations, to announce their solidarity with the Russian pace-makers of the Entente counter-revolution, the mensheviks and SRs. In denouncing this support given to world imperialism, the enlarged Executive calls on the workers of all countries to come out still more vigorously in defence of Soviet Russia. The English Government has rejected all the Soviet Government's proposals for an effective settlement of the questions in dispute. Any day may see the danger of a rupture of Anglo-Russian relations, even the danger of a new war. This sense of danger must be kept permanently alive among the proletarian masses of the entire world, so that they may be ready at any time to oppose the policy of attacks on the Russian revolution. The enlarged Executive calls on the working masses of the East to rally under the banner of Soviet Russia, which parries the blows aimed at the Eastern peoples fighting for their emancipation.