OF THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL
ADOPTED AT ITS FIFTH CONGRESS
July 1924 Inprekorr, iv, 119, p. 1569, 16 September 1924
The statutes were adopted unanimously.
The new international association of workers is a union of the communist parties of the various countries in a world party, which fights as the leader and organizer of the revolutionary movement of the proletariat of all countries to win the majority of the working class and broad strata of poor peasants for the principles and aims of communism, for the establishment of the proletarian dictatorship, for the foundation of a world union of Socialist Soviet Republics, and for the complete abolition of classes and the realization of socialism, the first stage of communist society.
The new international association of workers is called the Communist International.
All parties belonging to the Communist International bear the name Communist Party of such and such a country (section of the CI)'. In each country there shall be only one communist party belonging to the CI.
Whoever acknowledges the programme and statutes of the CP of the country in which he lives, and of the CI, may be a member of the CP and the CI. Members of a primary party organization are those who take an active part in its work, obey all decisions of the party and the CI, and pay their dues regularly.
The basis of party organization, its foundation, is the factory cell (in factory, mine, workshop, office, shop, farm, etc.), to which all party members working in that place must belong.
The CI and the communist parties are built up on the basis of democratic centralism. Its fundamental principles are:
(a) the election of both lower and upper party bodies at aggregate meetings of the party membership, at conferences and congresses;
(b) periodical reporting by the elected bodies to their electors;
(c) obligatory recognition of the decisions of superior party bodies by the lower bodies, strict party discipline, and prompt and precise execution of decisions of the ECCI and leading party organs. Party questions may be discussed by party members and organizations only until they have been decided by the relevant party organ. Once a decision has been reached at a CI congress, a party congress, or by the leading party body, it must be carried out unconditionally, even if part of the membership or some of the local organizations do not agree with the decision.
In conditions of illegality it is permissible for the lower party bodies to be constituted by higher ones, and for members to be co-opted if approved by the
THE WORLD CONGRESS OF THE CI
The supreme organ of the CI is the world congress of all the parties (sections) and organizations affiliated to it.
The world congress discusses and decides the most important programmatic, tactical, and organizational questions connected with the activity of the CI as a whole as well as of its individual sections. The world congress alone has the right to change the programme and statutes of the CI.
Ordinary world congresses of the CI shall be held at least once in two years. The date of meeting shall be determined by the ECCI. All sections send delegates, whosenumber is determined by the ECCI.
The number of votes accorded each section shall be determined each time by a separate congress decision, which shall take account of the size of the membership of the party and the political importance of the country in which it operates. Binding mandates are not allowed and shall be declared invalid in advance.
An extraordinary world congress of the CI may be convened at the request of the parties which, at the preceding CI congress, together accounted for at least onehalf of the total voting strength.
The world congress elects the President of the CI, the Executive Committee of the CI, and the International Control Commission (ICC).
The seat of the ECCI is determined by each world congress.
THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AND ITS APPARATUS
The ECCI is the leading organ of the CI in the period between world congresses. It issues binding directives to all parties and organizations affiliated to the CI and supervises their activities.
The ECCI publishes the central organ of the CI in not fewer than four languages.
Decisions of the ECCI are binding on all sections and must be carried out by them without delay. Sections are entitled to submit appeals against ECCI decisions to the congress. But until such decisions are repealed by the congress, sections are not freed from the obligation to carry them out.
The central organs of the sections affiliated to the CI are responsible to their congresses and to the ECCI. The ECCI has the right to annul or to amend decisions of both the central organs and the congresses of the sections, and to take decisions which the central organs are obliged to carry out (see para. 12).
The ECCI has the right to expel from the CI parties, groups, or individual members who act contrary to the programme, the statutes, the decisions of the world congress, or the ECCI. Such parties and individuals have the right to appeal to the world congress and to the enlarged Executive.
The ECCI ratifies the programme of every section of the CI. Should it not ratify the programme, the section has the right of appeal to the world congress.
It is advisable to publish decisions and official documents of the ECCI in all party newspapers of the CI sections; publication in the central organ is obligatory.
The ECCI is entitled to admit to the CI, with consultative voice, organizations and parties which sympathize with communism or stand close to the CI.
The ECCI elects from among its members a presidium, which is a permanently functioning body, conducting the entire work in the periods between meetings of the ECCI. The presidium reports on its activities to the ECCI. The President of the Communist International is President of the ECCI and of the presidium.
The ECCI elects an orgbureau, which shall discuss and decide all organizational and financial questions of the ECCI. Appeals against decisions of the orgbureau may be made to the presidium, but such decisions remain in force until annulled or amended by the presidium. The ECCI determines the composition of the orgbureau. The secretariat of the ECCI is attached to the orgbureau.
The ECCI elects a secretariat, which acts as the executive body of the ECCI, the presidium, and the orgbureau.
The ECCI elects an editorial board for the monthly organ of the CI, as well as the editors of other CI publications.
The ECCI appoints an international secretariat for the communist women's movement, and in collaboration with it takes all decisions, whether political or organizational in nature, necessary for the international women's movement.
The ECCI organizes departments for information and statistics, for agitation, propaganda, and for organization, and an Eastern department. The ECCI is entitled if necessary to set up other departments, and in general to shape the working machinery as expedient.
The ECCI and the presidium of the ECCI are entitled to send plenipotentiary delegates to the individual sections. The delegates receive instructions from the ECCI and are responsible to it for their actions. These delegates must be admitted to all meetings and sessions of the central organs and the local organizations of the sections to which they are sent by the ECCI. The ECCI delegates carry out their mission in closest contact with the central committee of the section concerned.
Nevertheless they may, in the interests of the consistent execution of ECCI directives, put forward opinions differing from those of the central committee of the section concerned at congresses, conferences, or meetings called by the committee.
It is the special duty of the ECCI delegates to supervise the execution by the sections of the decisions of the ECCI and the CI congresses.
The ECCI shall meet at least once a month. One-half of the membership of the ECCI constitutes a quorum.
THE ENLARGED EXECUTIVE
To deal with particularly important questions which do not need to be settled immediately, the ECCI shall convene, at least twice a year, in the period between world congresses, a session of the enlarged Executive.
In addition to the members of the ECCI, the attendance at the enlarged Executive shall include representatives of all sections of the CI. The number of such representatives from each section is determined by the CI congress.
There shall be a meeting of the enlarged Executive immediately before the world congress.
THE INTERNATIONAL CONTROL COMMISSION
The tasks of the International Control Commission elected at the world congress are:
(a) To examine complaints by individual members or entire organizations against disciplinary measures taken against them by their sections, and to make proposals thereon to the ECCI, which shall then reach a decision.
(b) To audit the finances of the ECCI.
(c) To audit the finances of the individual sections if requested to do so by the ECCI, the presidium, or the orgbureau.
The Control Commission does not intervene in political and organizational conflicts within the sections of the CI.
The seat of the ICC is agreed upon between the ECCI and ICC.
RELATIONS BETWEEN THE CI SECTIONS AND THE ECCI
The central committees of all sections of the CI and of all organizations admitted to the CI as sympathizing organizations are obliged to send the ECCI minutes of their meetings and reports on their activities.
Resignation from office, whether by individual members of the central committee of any of the sections, or by groups, shall be regarded as an act disorganizing the communist movement. Every leading post in a communist party belongs to the CI and not to the holder of the office. The members of the central committee of each section may resign office only with the consent of the ECCI.
Resignations endorsed by the central committee of the party without the agreement of the ECCI are invalid.
Sections of the CI, particularly sections in neighbouring countries, should establish the closest connexions with each other in matters concerning organization and information. These connexions may take the form of reciprocal representation at conferences and congresses, as well as of the exchange of leading personnel, if agreed by the CI.
Copies of reports made by these representatives to their sections are to be sent to the CI.
Two or more sections of the CI which (as in the Balkans or Scandinavia) are in special relations with each other because of the political similarities in their struggle may, with the agreement of the ECCI, form a federation in order to co-ordinate their action; such federations are under the control and direction of the ECCI.
Sections of the CI must pay regular contributions to the ECCI, the amount to be determined by the ECCI.
All national congresses, ordinary and extraordinary, may be convened by the sections of the Comintern only with the consent of the ECCI.
If no congress has been held before the world congress, the section must (before the selection of delegates to the world congress) convene a party conference or plenary session of the central committee to deal with questions concerning the world congress.
The Young Communist International is a full member of the CI and subordinate to the ECCI.
Communist parties must be prepared to carry on their work illegally. The ECCI is obliged to support them in their preparations for illegal work and to see that the work is carried out.
Members of the CI may move from one country to another only with the consent of the central committee of the section concerned. Communists who have changed their domicile are obliged to join the section of the country in which they reside. Communists who move to another country without the consent of the CC of their section may not be accepted as members of another section of the CI.