RESOLUTION OF THE FIFTH COMINTERN CONGRESS ON THE RUSSIAN QUESTION
July 1924 Inprekorr, iv, 125, p. 1665, 25 September 1924
The RCP was the essential force in the foundation of the Comintern, and still remains one of the chief factors determining the success of the international communist movement. The successes of the RCP, as well as its failures, and even more the formation in its midst of fractions and groups, are therefore of the most serious consequence for the revolutionary movement in other countries.
. . .
The debate in the RCP in the autumn of last year and the formation in its ranks of an opposition to the majority of the central committee made it necessary for the congress to study this question attentively, although the RCP itself at its thirteenth congress unanimously condemned the opposition as the outgrowth of pettybourgeois influences, and emerged from the discussion stronger and firmer.
Although the Communist International asked the representatives of the RCP opposition to put their point of view to the congress, and although the RCP delegation gave their consent, they declined on a formal pretext to appear.
On the other hand the congress has seen no evidence that the opposition has understood its errors and has fully adopted the views of the thirteenth RCP congress. In these circumstances there is a danger that the discussion in the RCP will be revived. The congress also observes that the opposition in the RCP was supported by groups in other parties, in the Polish, German, and French parties, etc.; this, like the RCP opposition, is a manifestation of a right (opportunist) deviation in these parties and was condemned as such by the fifth congress of the Communist International.
Having heard a special report on the situation in the Soviet Union and in the RCP, and having examined the material relating to these questions, the congress resolves ... to endorse the resolutions of the thirteenth conference and the thirteenth congress of the RCP, which condemned the platform of the opposition as pettybourgeois, and its conduct as a threat to the unity of the party and consequently to the proletarian dictatorship in the Soviet Union.