Third Congress

June 22-July 12 1921






29 June 1921

The congress takes cognizance with satisfaction of the report of the Executive and states that the policy and activity of the Executive over the past year were aimed at carrying out the decisions of the second congress. The congress approves in particular the application by the Executive of the 21 conditions drawn up by the second congress to the various countries; likewise it approves the actions of the Executive directed to the formation of large communist mass parties and to the relentless combating of the opportunist tendencies manifested in these parties.

1. In Italy the attitude of the Serrati group of leaders showed, directly after the second congress, that they were not seriously concerned with the decisions of the world congress and the Communist International. Above all, the part played by this group in the September struggles, their attitude at Leghorn, and even more their subsequent policy, proved clearly that they want to use communism only as a sham facade for their opportunist policy. In these circumstances the split was unavoidable. The congress welcomes the firm and resolute action of the Executive in this matter, which is of fundamental importance. It approves the decision of the EC, which recognized the Communist Party of Italy as the only communist section in that country.

After the communists had left the Leghorn congress, it passed the following resolution. . . .

'In once again fully confirming its adherence to the Communist International, the congress submits the conflict to the forthcoming congress of the Communist International, and in doing so undertakes to abide by and to carry out its decision.'

The third congress of the Communist International is convinced that this decision of the Serrati group of leaders was forced on them by the pressure of the revolutionary workers. The congress expects that these revolutionary elements in the working class will do everything in their power, now that the third world congress has made its decisions, to put them into effect.

In reply to the address of the Leghorn congress to the third world congress, the third world congress declares, by way of ultimatum:

So long as the Socialist Party of Italy does not expel those who took part in the reformist conference in RECCIo Emilia and their followers, the SPI cannot belong to the CI.

If this condition should be fulfilled, the third world congress instructs the Executive to see that the necessary steps are taken to amalgamate the SPI, purged of its reformist and centrist elements, with the CPI into a unified section of the Communist International.

2. In Germany the congress of the USPD in Halle, held as a result of the decisions of the second world congress, took stock of the development of the workers' movement. The attitude of the Executive was designed to promote the formation of a strong CP in Germany, and experience has shown that this policy was correct.

The congress also fully approves the attitude of the Executive to the subsequent events within the VKPD. The congress trusts that in the future too the Executive will strictly apply the principles of international revolutionary discipline.

3. The admission of the KAPD to the CI as a sympathizing party was intended to test whether the KAPD would develop in the direction of the CI. The waiting period has been long enough. Now the KAPD must be asked for its hitherto delayed adherence to the VKPD; otherwise it will be expelled as a sympathizing party from the CI.

The congress welcomes the manner in which the Executive applied the 21 conditions to the French party, which detached large masses of workers, who are on the road to communism, from the influence of Longuet, the opportunists and centrists, and accelerated their development. The congress trusts that in future too the Executive will actively promote the development of the French party into a militant and clear-principled party. . . .

In approving the work of the Executive in the Near and Far East, the congress welcomes the broadly conceived agitation carried on there, and thinks it essential that organizational work shall now be undertaken in these countries.

Finally, the congress rejects the objections to a strict international centralization of the communist movement raised by open and concealed enemies of communism. Rather it expresses its conviction that the parties must place their best forces at the disposal of the Executive in order to obtain an even more militant central political leadership of communist parties held together in one unbreakable union. The lack of central leadership has been shown, for example, in the questions of the unemployed and of reparations, where the Executive did not act quickly and effectively enough.

The congress trusts that the Executive, with the greater co-operation of the member parties, will work out an improved machinery for maintaining contact and will, with greater participation by the parties in the Executive, be in the position to carry out its constantly growing tasks to an even greater extent than formerly.




III. International