AFRICA

GHANA

 

 

 

 

GHANA

population 25,241,998 people

 

2018

 

African Liberation Day

 

 

55th anniversary

 

     

     

 

Messages of Solidarity

 

MESSAGE OF THE COMINTERN (SH) ON OCCASION OF

AFRICAN LIBERATION DAY


MAY 25, 1963 - MAY 25, 2018

Today, we celebrate the 55 th anniversary of the African Liberation Day. This is an occasion to greet all exploited and oppressed peoples who struggle for their liberation from imperialist-capitalist enslavement not only in Africa but all over the world.

    Enver Hoxha wrote:

    "There can be no talk of genuine freedom and independence, since most of them are still in a colonial or neo-colonial state. (…) The imperialists are ruling most of the African countries again through their concerns, their capital invested in industry, banks, etc. The overwhelming bulk of the wealth of these countries continues to flow to the metropolises. (…) The policy pursued by the big landowners, the reactionary bourgeoisie, the imperialists and the neo-colonialists is intended to keep the African peoples in permanent bondage, in ignorance, to hinder their social, political and ideological development, and to obstruct their struggle to gain these rights.” (Enver Hoxha, Imperialism and the Revolution, Tirana, 1979, edition in English)

A truly free Africa can only be a socialist Africa in a socialist world. The Comintern (SH) is fighting for the goal of establishing the dictatorship of the proletariat throughout Africa.

Africa is free when not only the world bourgeoisie as a whole is defeated, but also all national bourgeoisies on the entire African continent have disappeared!

Without a revolutionary organization guided by the teachings of the 5 classics of Marxism-Leninism, there will be no communism in Africa. It is therefore time for the African proletariat to complete what it has begun, its liberation from wage slavery. This requires building the sections of the Comintern (SH) in all African countries, based on the invincible teachings of the 5 classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha.

Only in this way will the African proletariat ill become an inseparable detachment of the glorious red proletarian world army, which will forever defeat world imperialism and march towards world socialism and world communism.

Imperialism means war

- even on the African continent.

Smash world imperialism in Africa!

As a result of the global economic crisis this year, the exploitation of the world imperialist powers has reached its peak. That also affects Africa. The redistribution of imperialist spheres of influence on the entire African continent is imminent. This means war on African soil by the imperialist US, by imperialist Europe (eg France, England, Germany), by imperialist China, and by other imperialist states such as Russia, Brazil, India etc. But also African imperialists themselves, like those in South Africa, will be involved in predatory war for the new redistribution of rulership. Every imperialist world power is fighting for absolute supremacy over Africa - in last consequence by means of the war. That is according the predatory law of world imperialism.

Looking at the current military activities of world imperialism, there are some indications that Africa will in future be divided into four main imperialist spheres of influence:

In North Africa, European imperialism will prevail, but it will have to defend bitterly its hegemony there, especially against the US and China.

In West Africa, American imperialism will prevail and from there seek to extend its super power throughout Africa.

In East Africa, Chinese imperialism will prevail. The superpower China, however, will not settle for East Africa. It is preparing the takeover of the entire African continent.

In South Africa, South African imperialism will continue to rule and expand to the north, but at the same time it will remain dependent, for a while, on various world imperialist powers operating there.

If this possible scenario is not prevented by the unified armed, anti-imperialist war of liberation of the peoples of Africa, then this war for the redivision of Africa will inevitably provoke a civil war that spreads throughout the African continent. The African civil war is part of the world civil war between the world bourgeoisie and the world proletariat, between the forces of world imperialism and the forces of world socialism. The victory or defeat of the world socialist revolution will determine the future of humanity, namely finally where it originated - in Africa.

 

Smash capitalism in Africa !
Long live socialist Africa !

Africa is being exploited and oppressed not only by foreign imperialist powers, but also by the indigenous bourgeoisie, more or less serving the world imperialist powers.
Today, capitalism prevails throughout Africa. In Africa, the capitalist class society exists with exploiting and exploited classes.
The contradiction between capital and labor, between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, has long since become the chief contradiction in Africa and dominates the class struggles in Africa.
As in any capitalist country, the class struggle in African countries will inevitably lead to the power of the working class, which, with the victory of the socialist revolution, will establish the dictatorship of the proletariat and build socialism.
Africa is the continent with the most extreme class contradictions in the world.

Colonialism did not prevent the emergence of capitalism in Africa, but only delayed it. Nowhere is capitalism developing at a faster pace than on the African continent of today. The world imperialists noticed that a capitalist Africa is much more profitable than an old style colonialism. African capitalism produced a strong African working class - one of the new grave diggers of world imperialism. The African workers' movement is still young, but it will learn faster than the workers' movements on the other continents. They will play a more and more important role in the world socialist revolution.

 

Africa is the continent with the sharpest class contradictions in the world.

The situation of the working class is catastrophic. Every strike movement is oppressed and violently persecuted by the alliance between the bourgeois state, the capitalists and the bourgeois trade union leaders. A current example is the anti-strike law in South Africa. The new pact of this trio provides that in case of "violence or damages" on the part of the workers, in strikes, everything has to be done to end the strike as soon as possible, if necessary by force. Wild strikes are condemned by the state in the future as "strike breaking" (as a violation of the strike law). By order of the Labor Court, pickets are arrested by police and convicted by the court.

On April 25, the unions in South Africa had called for a general strike against the Minimum Wage Law, which is nothing other than the legalization of slave wages. The working class has defeated apartheid and will also defeat capitalist exploitation and oppression.

Miners demonstrated on May 10 in front of the mine chamber in Johannesburg against the death of 33 miners this year. In 2017, 76 miners died, compared to 73 in 2016.
In 2012, former mine union leader Cyril Ramaphosa (today's President of South Africa !!!) was responsible for the death of 34 striking miners at Marikana , who were shot dead by the police[the Comintern-SH reported on this]. The multi-billion dollar investor Ramaphosa prompted the African National Congress government to send in armed police to break the strike.

At the moment, in South Africa, wage negotiations for bus drivers are delayed by the capitalists, which is why a nationwide 4-week bus driver strike was called. Further wage strikes are planned this year for the civil service.

In South Africa, militant protests have been increasingly taking place in working-class cities, including those in greater Cape Town and Johannesburg. The workers struggle against catastrophic living conditions because the communities are not able to provide basic services to them.

In Ghana, the largest union of miners is planning protests and strikes in all factories in the country, if the government gives green light to the company "Gold Fields Ltd." to fire more than 2000 miners.

 

In Africa, healthcare is collapsing.

Now it is to be "rescued" by means of privatizations by foreign investors.

Healthcare strikes are spreading across the continent:

In Algeria, the police made witch hunts on the protesting doctors. Strikes have been banned since 2001. The doctors were treated like criminals. Security forces prevent Algerian doctors from attending a sit-in. Police officers indiscriminately arrest passers-by on bus or subway stations just because they are employed in health care. Outside the capital, they were released.
Declining oil and gas revenues, cuts in food and fuel subsidies and rising inflation continue to weigh on Algerians as they face an economic crisis that is now in its fourth year. As social tensions increase, workers' demonstrations, strikes and sit-ins have massively increased in recent months, peaking on 14 February 2018 in a nationwide general strike in public schools and hospitals.
Before the general strike, many demonstrators reported that they had been temporarily arrested or arbitrarily detained in several provinces and cities by security forces and plainclothes police. In addition to the civil unrest in the health and education sectors, airline flight attendants Air Algérie staged a surprise strike in late January 2018 that paralyzed local and international flights for days. Their demands for better wage were condemned by companies and government officials. Air Algérie imposed disciplinary action. Two days after the general strike, Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia threatened he would "not tolerate the continued existence of this anarchy" and promised to put an end to it. The workers' answer is clear: the Algerian working class will promise to put an end to capitalism in Algeria and to replace the bourgeois dictatorship through the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Algeria is not an isolated case.
Medical strikes in Sudan, in Togo and Mauritania.
In Zimbabwe the nurses striked. The strikers were dismissed and their pension rights were canceled. Above all, it was the 15,000 nurses who contributed to the fact that in 2016 fascist President Robert Mugabe had to abdicate. His former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa is now president (!). Of course, he is afraid of the same fate Mugabe suffered.

In Nigeria, hospitals have extended their strike nationally after the government occupied the medical facilities by means of the army. The government blackmailed the strikers with the threat: "Ebola epidemics from the Democratic Republic of the Congo could spread in Nigeria because of the strikes".

In Zimbabwe teachers are striking, namely despite strikebreaking of yellow union leaders, who want to negotiate a rotten compromise with the government. The teachers reject this lazy compromise. As a result, the government has threatened to dismiss striking teachers and to cancel their pension.

One by one, the old corrupt elites of national independence movements are under pressure from the public's protest. Under the rule of the African bourgeoisie, African democracy, which was still young 55 years ago, has long since become open fascism and social fascism. Even the social fascist Jacob Zuma, South Africa's president from the former anti-apartheid movement, had to abdicate. In TOGO, the opposition has been protesting almost weekly since August 2017. The scale of the protests is enormous: 800,000 demonstrators in a country of 6.6 million. The protests have already claimed 16 lives and the government has blocked the Internet nationwide to stop the protests.

The governments and "parliaments" in Africa are so corrupt that they will sooner or later fall one after the other. The way out is not the election of new corrupt governments, but overthrow of the bourgeois class, the abolition of capitalist parliamentarism and the establishment of socialist council power under the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Growing protest movement in Africa

In 2018, the protest movement in Africa has continued to increase. It is our task as Stalinist-Hoxhaists to strengthen its militant character and to direct this protest movement towards the socialist revolution. We rely in particular on the protest movement of the youth.

Noteworthy is the hunger strike of the brave revolutionary students in Morocco.

The African Youth is the brightest flame of the African Revolution. This manifests on all streets in Africa. Africa offers no prospects for its young people. Most young people do not find work and have to fight for their existence on the ground or leave their homelands as refugees. We just cite one example of the growing African refugee waves: the conflict between Oromia and Somali, which has forced nearly 1 million people to flee.

In 2018 many protested Africans were killed or injured in the streets. Because they fight for their rights, they are imprisoned and fall victim to state terrorism, which prevails in all African countries.

The state terror in Africa is directed in first line against the protest movement, which is defamed as a "terrorist movement". For example, in Ethiopia hundreds of protesting people were killed on the streets.

We report on the unrest in Tunisia.
Protesters have taken to the streets in a number of Tunisian cities and demanded that the government delete new austerity measures involving an increase in fuel prices and taxes on goods.
At least one demonstrator died in the town of Tebourba, near the capital, Tunis.
The Tunisian Interior Ministry denied reports that the dead man was run over by a police car.
The police arrested 328 protesters. 2100 soldiers were deployed to protect vital facilities such as "banks, post offices and other government buildings in major cities in the country".
The new youth movement in Tunisia is protesting in the streets to put pressure on the government and overturn austerity measures.
What are the protests against?
These are above all the price increases. The Tunisian government has increased taxes under the Finance Act 2018. The new budget increased VAT on cars, alcohol, phone calls, the Internet, hotel accommodation and other items. The important tourism sector has not recovered yet after the deadly terrorist attacks in Sousse and Tunis in 2015. Tunisia's inflation is currently around 6% a year, which reduces people's incomes, and tax hikes hit the poorest of the poor - not the rich.
Who is behind the protests?
The protests seem to have spontaneously erupted among people at the local level.
A new, informal youth movement called Fech-Neustan - or "What are we waiting for?" - Created at the beginning of the year, now uses social media to resist price increases.
The group, which uses an alarm clock as a logo to symbolize the need for the population to wake up and act, estimates its own members at around 6,000 across the country, with hundreds of members in Tunis. Representatives say it is a loosely organized grassroots movement without a leader. Some of its members belong to opposition parties - such as the "Popular Front" neo-revisionists of the ICMLPO (Hamma Hammami). These leaders are trying to strangle the Tunisian revolution and turn it to a wrong (petty bourgeois) track instead of leading the Tunisian working class to the socialist revolution.

In Morocco, the protests over economic marginalization have continued since the end of December 2017 in the former mining town of Jerada (Oriental region). The miners demand better safety regulations in the mines. Tensions increased as the government arrested two key leaders of the protest movement and subsequently banned all protests. The residents of Jerada opposed the ban and went to the barricades.

In Guinea, the students protested in Conakry when the strikes - especially the teachers' strike - went into the third week. Since the elections on 4 February 2018, there have been continuing waves of protests in Guinea. 14 protesters died in the clashes.

Cameroon is still facing an escalating uprising in its south.

An increase in revolutionary violence has also been reported in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Mali.

In Madagascar, the students clashed with other protesters who called for the resignation of the president in recent weeks and aggravated the country's political crisis.
In Senegal, clashes erupted between students and the police in Saint Louis on May 15, resulting in the death of one student, and leading to further student protests the next day.

African farmers are protesting against the flooding of Africa with foreign agricultural goods. The domestic agricultural market is destroyed and thus the livelihood of the farmers. Responsible are not only the agricultural capitalists from Europe, but also increasingly from China.

 

Escalating fight for resources in Africa

 

The fight over water has got the character of class struggle in Africa. It is a struggle between the poor and the rich, a struggle to abolish private ownership of African water resources. The war over the water, the war over oil and other mineral resources will increase to the same extent as their scarcity.
Mining raw material extraction (including oil, diamonds, copper and cobalt) has tremendous economic potential for bourgeois governments in Africa. It is also a source of political power within the class society. It is both an economic source for the revolution and the counter revolution.
Corruption is the order of the day. Those who win the raw materials, the workers, remain poor. The profit goes into the pockets of the indigenous bourgeoisie, the labour aristocracy and the multinational corporations. This unequal distribution leads more and more to social conflicts. Rebel groups are using profits from conflict diamonds to fund civil wars in Angola, DR Congo and Sierra Leone. Oil workers are kidnapped and taken hostage. The incidence of conflicts is five times higher than it was ten years ago. While such riots and protests are occurring throughout Africa, resource-related struggles and cases of violence against workers are particularly evident in only a few countries: Nigeria, Sudan, South Sudan, DRC and Somalia. Nigeria consistently has a high direct conflict with resources. As the 12th largest oil producer in the world and the eighth largest exporter, the resource-related conflict in Nigeria revolves around oil. About 5% of violent conflicts in South Sudan since 2011 are explicitly resource related. The vast majority of this kind of conflict, which is being observed in South Sudan, consists of battles, primarily between government forces and rebel groups. Resource conflicts in South Sudan are also associated with oil. Sudan has also experienced a large number of these oil conflicts.
While oil creates resource-related conflicts in Nigeria, Sudan and South Sudan, the commodity-related conflict in DR Congo is fueled mainly by mining (eg diamonds, cobalt). It is estimated that DR Congo has approximately $ 24 trillion of unexploited crude mineral ore, including the world's largest cobalt reserves. Most of this type of conflict in the DR Congo takes place primarily between government forces and rebel groups. It's about control of the mines.
Somalia sees a high number of conflicts directly with resources, mainly caused by clan clashes over access to and control of land and water resources. In a region with year-round high temperatures and limited / irregular rainfall, these natural resources become even more valuable.
Riots and protests related to resources have increased in recent years. Nigeria and, most recently, Libya account for the largest share of these events. With Nigeria the largest oil producer on the continent and Libya home to Africa's largest oil reserves, food riots and protests in these countries are primarily targeted at the oil industry. For example, these riots and protests include the closure of the offices of local oil companies: emands for more transparency, higher wages and better working conditions.
Given the low enforcement of mining industries in Africa, corruption in these industries is high. Although the region has a number of extremely resource-rich countries, many are still extremely poor and underdeveloped.

Our answer is clear:

Fight the plundering of Africa's resources by the world imperialists!

Everything belongs in the hands of the African working class! Expropriation of the capitalists! Abolition of private ownership of resources! Resources in the hands of the working people!

Abolition of capitalism! Establishment of socialism!

Today's crises of world capitalism have devastating consequences for the impoverished population of Africa. The world crisis is being misused by the world imperialists to extract more wealth from Africa. This corresponds to the parasitic nature of world imperialism (the concentration and centralization of exploitation, the monopolization of financial and industrial capital, the business of hunger, water, resources, wage slavery, refugees, proxy wars, etc.) The blood of the African peoples continues to flow for the maximum profit of imperialists around the world.

The heroic history of the anti-imperialist wars and liberation struggles of Africans will one day be rewarded with the victory of the socialist revolution throughout Africa. In Africa, one day, the dictatorship of the proletariat will be established and an African Union of Socialist Republics founded, modeled on the Soviet Union of Lenin and Stalin, and on the model of socialism in Albania of comrade Enver Hoxha.

The African Liberation Day represents a socialist Africa in a socialist world!

Stalinism-Hoxhaism is

the teaching of the preparation, recruitment, centralized organization and mobilization of the international proletarian army, in general, and the transformation of the reserves of the imperialist hinterland into new proletarian detachments of the world socialist revolution, in particular.

The weakening of the chain of world imperialism requieres the strengthening of the anti-imperialist chain in Africa.

With the development of capitalism in the colonies, the global development of world imperialism is nearly mature and complete - thus ready for the transformation into world socialism - also in Africa.

The expansion of imperialism in Africa - coupled with so much misery and blood - prepares its own decline and consequently its replacement by socialism. Unavoidably, that will be a new kind of socialism with global features - in the course of the globalization on the African continent and the socialist world revolution.

Africa is on the road back to its roots - to the classless society - and thus on the road towards communism in a classless world !

 

Long live the 55th anniversary of the African Liberation Day!

Comrades of the African continent !

Build up your strong "African Section" of the Comintern (SH) !

Without a revolutionary organization, which is guided by the teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism, there will be no communism in Africa !

The conscious and active transformation of the interests of the revolution in Africa into the service of the interests of the socialist world revolution - only this is genuine internationalism of the African working class.

For a socialist Africa in a socialist world !

Establish the proletarian dictatorship in every African country !"

 

Long live the struggle of African and world workers for their liberation from exploitation and oppression!

Long live Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism!

Long live world socialist revolution and violent proletarian dictatorship!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the African Sections of the Comintern (SH)!

Long live the Comintern (SH) – the only true Bolshevist world party! 

 

Comintern (SH)

25th of May, 2018

 

2017

 

Long live

African Liberation Day

May 25, 1963

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Messages of Solidarity

 

MESSAGE OF THE COMINTERN (SH) ON OCCASION OF

AFRICAN LIBERATION DAY


MAY 25, 1963 - MAY 25, 2017

Today, we celebrate the 54th anniversary of the African Liberation Day. This is an occasion to greet all exploited and oppressed peoples who struggle for their liberation from imperialist-capitalist enslavement not only in African but all over the world.

The history of African class society is the story of his heroic class struggle against slavery, subjugation and plundering, the history of defeats and victories of his liberation. The peoples of Africa are rich in experience from which they can draw lessons for their total liberation and emancipation. And also the African proletariat is capable to draw lessons from the recent history of the workers movement in Africa. And that goes also for the lessons of the communist movement and, especially for the anti-revisionist struggle in Africa. 

African neo-revisionism is the restoration of African revisionism, is reconciliation with revisionism in general, and with Maoism, in particular. The socialist revolution will fail if the communist movement in Africa is not purified from neo-revisionism, as long as neo-revisionist influence is not defeated.

We appeal to those African revolutionaries who are militant fighters against revisionism, neo-revisionism, and especially against Maoism. Today, an African communist is characterized by the ideological demarcation-line between Stalinism-Hoxhaism and Neo-Revisionism. We need African comrades who are implacably against revisionism and social-fascism, and absolutely determined to fight against every revisionist influence among the revolutionary communist- and workers movement in Africa.

It is the core issue of the communist movement in Africa , not to unite with the reformist, revisionist or neo-revisionist elements in the struggle against imperialism, but to fight imperialism and its lackeys by the socialist revolution on the basis of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism.

The one colonial power replaced the other - but the colonies still remained. The history of imperialist wars in the period of the redivision of Africa is the heroic story of its anti-imperialist wars and liberation struggles of the Africans. Exploiting ruthlessly the world crisis for the purpose to extract ten times more riches from Africa - that is the essence of imperialist parasitism ( the business with starvation, with water, with resources, with weapons, with labor, etc).

Neo-colonialism is the highest stage of colonialism.

Neo-colonialism is a "molted" colonialism, is "decolonialization" in words and re-colonialization in deeds. Neo-colonialism is the highest stage of colonialism - is parasitic, decaying, dying colonialism. Imperialism, itself, destroys its own hinterland. And without its hinterland imperialism is doomed to die.

Stalinism-Hoxhaism is the teaching of the preparation, recruitment, centralized organization and mobilization of the international proletarian army, in general, and the transformation of the reserves of the imperialist hinterland into new proletarian detachments of the world socialist revolution, in particular.

The October Revolution - exactly 100 years ago - was the first step towards the socialist world revolution. There will be no socialist Africa without applying to the experiences and teachings of the October Revolution. The October Revolution heralded the unification of anti-imperialist war of the world proletariat and the war of liberation of the oppressed peoples. The continuation of the October Revolution and the world socialist revolution is the only way to liberate Africa from imperialist exploitation and oppression.

The weakening of the chain of world imperialism requieres the strengthening of the anti-imperialist chain in Africa.

With the development of capitalism in the colonies, the global development of world imperialism is nearly mature and complete - thus ready for the transformation into world socialism - also in Africa.

The expansion of imperialism in Africa - coupled with so much misery and blood - prepares its own decline and consequently its replacement by socialism. Unavoidably, that will be a new kind of socialism with global features - in the course of the globalization on the African continent and the socialist world revolution.

Africa is on the road back to its roots - to the classless society - and thus on the road towards communism in a classless world !

 

Long live the 54th anniversary of the African Liberation Day!

Comrades of the African continent !

Build up your strong "African Section" of the Comintern (SH) !

Without a revolutionary organization, which is guided by the teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism, there will be no communism in Africa !

The conscious and active transformation of the interests of the revolution in Africa into the service of the interests of the socialist world revolution - only this is genuine internationalism of the African working class.

For a socialist Africa in a socialist world !

Establish the proletarian dictatorship in every African country !"

Long live the struggle of African and world workers for their liberation from exploitation and oppression!

Long live Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism!

Long live world socialist revolution and violent proletarian dictatorship!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the African Sections of the Comintern (SH)!

Long live the Comintern (SH) – the only true Bolshevist world party! 

Comintern (SH)

25th of May, 2017

 

 

 

2015

 

 

 

 

Comintern (SH)

Programmatic Declaration

on

the question of migrants and refugees


- and its world-revolutionary solution -

Ghana - Liberian Refugees 

 

 

 

 

 

May 25, 1963 - May 25, 2015

 

52th African Liberation Day...

 

Messages of Solidarity

 

MESSAGE OF THE COMINTERN (SH) ON OCCASION OF AFRICAN LIBERATION DAY


MAY 25, 1963 - MAY 25, 2015


Today, we celebrate the 52nd anniversary of the African Liberation Day. This is an occasion to greet all exploited and oppressed peoples who struggle for their liberation from imperialist-capitalist enslavement not only in African but all over the world.

However, we must pay particular tribute to the enormous combats waged by African workers against colonialism and neo-colonialism since several centuries ago. They put forward this anti-colonialist fight during the former times of European (British, French, German, Portuguese, Belgian, etc.) imperialism and posteriorly, when world bourgeois class understood that neo-colonialism could better serve its interests, also against American, Soviet and more recent Chinese imperialism.

Unfortunately, the struggle of African peoples could never accomplish complete emancipation, it could never be concluded through genuine socialist revolution and proletarian dictatorship under the vanguard leadership of authentic Bolshevist parties of Leninist-Stalinist type. In 1979, comrade Enver Hoxha made an affirmation that is still entirely suitable nowadays:

Africa is a mosaic of peoples with an ancient culture. Each African people has its own culture, customs, way of life, which, with some variations, are at a very backward stage, for well-known reasons. The awakening of the bulk of these peoples has only recently begun. De jure, the African peoples, in general, have won their freedom and independence. But there can be no talk of genuine freedom and independence, since most of them are still in a colonial or neo-colonial state. (…) The imperialists are ruling most of the African countries again through their concerns, their capital invested in industry, banks, etc. The overwhelming bulk of the wealth of these countries continues to flow to the metropolises. (…) The African population remained culturally and economically undeveloped (…)The policy pursued by the big landowners, the reactionary bourgeoisie, the imperialists and the neo-colonialists is intended to keep the African peoples in permanent bondage, in ignorance, to hinder their social, political and ideological development, and to obstruct their struggle to gain these rights.” (Enver Hoxha, Imperialism and the Revolution, Tirana, 1979, edition in English)

Thus, world bourgeois class continued to put its colonialist and neo-colonialist claws over Africa and its resources and workforce. We also take this opportunity to recall the indispensable role played by all kinds of bourgeois-reformist and revisionist movements to ensure that capitalist-imperialist system could keep African toilers under its dominance. From the Krushchevist, Maoist, etc. revisionisms to the so-called “African ways to socialism” and “Pan-African / Pan-Arabian” and “non-aligned” movements - all of them contributed to that.

But now, it is time for African proletariat to finish what it was left half-way through constructing a Section of the Comintern (SH) in each African country and through faithfully applying the invincible teachings of the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism: Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver Hoxha.

Only in this manner will they manage to be part of the glorious global red proletarian army that will defeat world capitalism-imperialism once for all towards world socialism and world communism.


Long live the 52nd anniversary of the African Liberation Day!

Long live the struggle of African and world workers for their liberation from exploitation and oppression!

Long live Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism-Hoxhaism!

Long live world socialist revolution and violent proletarian dictatorship!

Long live world socialism and world communism!

Long live the African Sections of the Comintern (SH)!

Long live the Comintern (SH) – the only true Bolshevist world party!

 

Theory and tactics of the

socialist world revolution

in Africa

"Africa-Platform"

adopted by the Comintern (SH) - October 10, 2012

PROLETARIAN DEMOCRACY IS GENUINE DEMOCRACY

Enver Hoxha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railway dwellers near the end of the line in Accra.

Accra residents protest forced evictions that will accompany the construction of a new railway line . Their homes and workplaces will be razed for a new rail system.they must leave — and soon — to pave the way for a new, high-speed rail system. The problem is many say they have nowhere to go.

This project is worth about $900-million US, and will connect Accra to nearby cities by train. The China National Machinery & Equipment Import & Export Corporation (CMEC) is responsible for building it. 50,000 people live in slums in Accra

 

 

 

Ghana’s Gold Sparks Conflict With Illegal Chinese Miners

 

Ghana has a fast-growing Chinese population, with Chinese shops and restaurants cropping up in the Ashanti Kumasi. Bilateral trade between the two countries jumped to $3.47 billion last year from $2 billion in 2010.

As global gold prices climb amid economic uncertainty in Europe, Ghana is facing an influx of illegal small-scale miners from China using machinery villagers say they can’t afford. The operations are raising concern over environmental damage in Africa’s second-biggest gold producer and sparking anger among Ghanaians who say they sold their farmland without knowing Chinese gold miners would move into camps nearby.

“The Chinese destroyed our land and our river, they are sitting there with pick-ups and guns, plenty of guns.”

The Chinese leave the land devastated, sometimes they do not even consult the people before they go there.  The people also feel that they own the resource.  They own the land and Chinese have come to take the gold away,

the coming of the Chinese has raised rent prices for guest houses and hostels in some mining towns, such as Dunkwa-On-Offin in Ghana's Central region. Access to such accomodations is becoming difficult for Ghanians because most Chinese miners pay up front for months on end. Isaac Abraham is a Ghanaian worker. He said farmlands are destroyed and water bodies are polluted as a result of illegal mining. “Sometimes they dig the place and when they find no mineral they just move to another place just like that.Ghanaians sublet their licenses to Chinese miners. “Behind every illegal Chinese operator, we are looking at an opinion leader, a chief, a farmer, a land owner or somebody who then sublets it to the Chinese for these illegal activities.

 

in German language

 

Arbeiter in Ghanas Bergwerken beschuldigen die chinesischen Unternehmen, sie würden ihre Anteile des örtlichen Profits steigern. „Die Chinesen bringen ihre Ausrüstung, was die Arbeit für dich einfach macht, und sie kennen die Arbeit auch, aber wenn du krank bist, zahlen sie deine Krankenhausrechnungen nicht, da musst du dein eigenes Geld nehmen.“

Ben sagt, er arbeitete in einer chinesisch-geführten Mine und erhielt dafür 80 Ghana Cedi, etwa 36 Euro, im Monat. Jetzt bekommt er doppelt soviel – in einer Mine, die Ghanaer besitzen.

Letzten Monat verhaftete die Polizei 25 chinesische Bergarbeiter, Begründung: illegal nahe der Dörfer von Wasa gearbeitet.

Der Verband für Bergbau betroffener Gemeinden sagt, chinesische Unternehmen hätten Netzwerke mit lokalen Einwohnern gebildet. Darunter Bergarbeiter, örtliche Leiter und Sicherheitsangestellte; damit diese ihnen für den illegalen Bergbau Rückendeckung geben. Laut Ghanas Gesetzen dürfen ausländische Firmen nur in großen Tagebaubetrieben arbeiten. Aber Mitstreiter sagen, hinter den Kulissen betreiben chinesische Unternehmen illegal auch kleinere Betriebe - meist durch Mittelsmänner vor Ort.

 

 

    The Rise of Colonialism in Ghana

    (Gold Coast)

    By Abayomi Azikiwe

     

    The Atlantic slave trade paved the way for the rise of colonialism in Africa. The social dislocation caused by the trade in human cargo underdeveloped Africa to the point where it was unable to adquately defend itself against the onset of European imperialism.
    However, the African peoples resisted the onslaught of European rule by force. Africans fought fiercely against the political domination of the European imperialist countries that were seeking to exploit Africa.

    "For four centuries the African in Africa had to suffer from the raids of the slave dealers and the dislocation of African civilization which had been caused thereby. America continued with the slave trade until the end of the Civil War, but whereas in 1789 San Domingo alone was taking forty thousand slaves a year, between 1808 and 1860 the southern states of North America took only two hundred thousand. Other nations of Europe and the Arabs on the east coast continued the trade. Actual colonies, however, were comparatively few in Africa. There was, of course, Cape Colony and the districts beyond, and colonies in West Africa which were on the whole, little more than trading stations. In the middle of the nineteenth century, Disraeli referred to colonies as damned milestones around the necks of the British people. As we have said, it is unlikely that more than one-tenth of Africa was in European hands. But in the 1880s began the intensive rivalry of European imperialisms for colonies as the sources of raw materials , for markets and spheres of influence. By the end of the nineteenth century, less than one tenth of Africa remained in the hands of the Africans themselves. This rapid change could not fail to produce a series of revolts, which have never ceased.

    The first European country to reach the area which became known as the Gold Coast was Portugal. The Portuguese navigators were the initial contact group which began to engage in trade along the west coast of Africa in the latter part of the 15th century.

    Two famous Portuguese navigators, Jao de Santarem and Pero de Escobar landed on the coast of Ghana (Gold Coast) in 1471. These two navigators had been commissioned by a Portuguese merchant to explore the West African coast for gold in order that they could bypass the Arab gold traders who controlled the supply of the valuable mineral to Portugal.

    In 1481, the Portuguese decided to build a large port on the Atlantic Coast. The Portuguese eventually built more forts as increasing numbers traders and navigators came to settle along the Gold Coast. The environmental conditions in West Africa were so radically different from that of Europe that the Portuguese died by the dozens of yellow fever and malaria. It was only with the introduction of quinine that the European deaths began to decline.

    Despite the massive deaths of Europeans in the Gold Coast, they still came to engage in the trade in gold. However, the Portuguese were unable to maintain a monopoly on the trade in gold in West Africa. In 1598, the Dutch arrived and began building forts; by 1642 the Dutch had taken control of all the Portuguese forts along the coasts. In later years, the demand for African labour intensified as a result of the European conquest of large territories in the Caribbean, South America and North America.

    Initially there was an attempt by the European colonizers in the western hemisphere to enslave the indigenous people of the region. However, this did not work because of the nature of European intervention. The wars waged against the indigenous people of the western hemisphere brought about large scale death as a result of warfare and also disease. In addition, the indigenous people of the western hemisphere were better acquainted with the terrain and therefore they were able to escape the plantation set up by the European invaders.

    Africa contained a large source of potential untapped labour for the European imperialists, therefore, the slave trade was the primary incentive behind the intervention in Africa during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. By the middle of the 18th century there were thirty major forts along the West African coast.

    The spread of slavery increased the level of warfare in Africa among the various ethnic groups and also between the African nations and the European imperialist nations. This placed a serious strain on African societal development , consequently weakening the African societies as a whole. By the early 19th century, many countries in Europe began to outlaw the trade in slaves. This phenomena was caused by the emergence of industrialization and the need for raw materials and expanded markets for the dumping of European produced commodities.

    Also durng this period, the introduction of European Christian missionaries played a significant role in spreading their values on the continent of Africa. This, also, represented another religious force in the African societal context, which served as a partner of the European colonial administrations that were set up in Africa beginning largely in the latter 19th century.

    There was fierce rivalry among the various European countries: the Dutch, Danish, Portuguese and the British, over the control of the area that became known as the Gold Coast. However, by 1872, the Dutch, Portuguese and the Danish had removed themselves from the territory leaving the British. The British attacked the Ashanti nation in 1874 and declared it a colonial territory. They were not able at that time to control the entire area that is now known as Ghana, but the area of the Ashanti region within Ghana was attacked by the British. The British began at that time (1874) to make drastic social infrastructural changes in the Ashanti society.

    By the 1890s more areas around the Ashanti region were taken over by the British colonialists. However, this entrenchment of British imperialism in the Ashanti region met fierce resistance from within the Ashanti nation. Several protracted wars were fought between the Ashantis and the British.

    The British-Ashanti Wars

    Beginning in the early part of the 19th century, the Ashanti nation encompassed approximately 125,000 to 150,000 square miles of territory with a figure of about 3,000,000 to 5,000,000 inhabitants. The area had been developing as a nation since the early part of the eighteenth century with a high degree of trade, educational facilities, religious temples, a highly centralized governmental state and a ruling elite headed by the king (Asantehene). The nation conducted lucrative trade with the neighbouring territories of Hausaland, the western Sudan and later with the Danish, Portuguese, British, French and the Dutch.

    When the British began their attempt to take control of trade routes and dominate the Ashanti political system, war broke out between the British and the Ashantis. Several battles were fought beginning in 1806. There were six other major battles between the Ashantis and the British after the initial battle of 1806. These latter military conflicts took place in 1811, 1814-1815, 1823-1826, 1863, 1873-1874 and 1895.

    It was the wars fought between 1873-1874 that actually led to the firm entrenchment of British interests within the area. After this time Cape Colony was estabilshed in 1874. British troops attacked the capital of the Ashanti nation, Kumasi, in 1874, and burned the city, including the palace of the Asantehene. After this episode, the British developed the Fomena treaty which brought about several conditions which were detrimental to Ashanti society. These conditions included: an indemnity of 50,000 ounces of gold, renunciation of the Ashanti claims over Denkera, Akim, Elmina, and other territories, plus the assurance on the part of the Ashanti to keep the trade routes open to European-British domination and control.

    Despite the British predominance over the area beginning in 1874, the Ashantis continued the resistance movements against British intervention. In 1893 another new Asantehene, Prempeh I, came to power and began to push for Ashanti independence from British rule. By 1895 the British felt that it was necessary for them to engage in another military intervention campaign in the Ashanti region. They charged the Ashanti rulers with refusing to abide by the conditions laid down in the Fomena Treaty and demanded that the Ashantis accept a British Protectorate. The Ashanti leader Prempeh I refused to abide fully by the new British demands for accepting the protectorate. Eventually, in 1896, the British sent troops to enforce the placement of a British Protectorate government in the Ashanti region. The Asantehene, Premph I, and his family, were deported out of Ashanti after 1896 by the British colonialist.

    In 1900, the British demanded that the Ashantis turned over the sacred golden stool of the Ashanti nation, which represented the "soul" of the people and their system of governance. This caused a revolt within the Ashanti region which prompted another British military invasion in 1901 that led to the total colonization of Ashanti. After nearly a century of long struggle for predominance, the British won out over the Ashantis for political and economic control.

    The British domination in this area of West Africa brought about tremendous economic benefits for England. The establishment of a one-cash crop economy (cocoa) in the Gold Coast provided the British with an effective means of exploiting the African territory of what is now known as Ghana. In addition, the mining of gold provided an impulse for the development of the first railway in the territory. This railway line extended from the gold-mining district of Tarkwa to Sekondi by 1901. After the construction of the railway line in the Gold Coast, the rate of profits accrued from the trade in gold accelerated.

    In 1897 the value of gold exports from the Gold Coast region was 22,000 (pound sterling), however, by 1902 the value had increased to 97,000 (pound sterling). After 1902 the value had increased to 255,000 and by 1907 the value of the trade in gold was 1,165,000. By 1914 the value of the gold exported from this area had reached 1,687,000 (pound sterling).

    The railway extended to Kumasi in 1903 in order to ensure the political and military dominance of the Ashanti nation. This factor led to the penetration of the forest areas where the process of rubber-tapping began to be carried out by the British. In addition to rubber-tapping, the expansion of cocoa farming brought about another round of windfall profits for the British colonialists.

    In 1901, the value of cocoa exported from the colony was 43,000 (pound sterling); it was 95,000 in 1902, 515,000 in 1907 and 2,194,000 in 1914. By that year cocoa amounted to 49 percent of all exports, and cocoa alone was already paying for all the Gold Coast's imports. The exportation of timber, worth 169,000 (pound sterling) in 1907, also resulted from the building of the railway. Cocoa, gold and timber made the Gold Coast, by 1914, the most prosperous of all the African colonies.

    The Rise of African Nationalism

    The colonial intrusion into the Gold Coast and other areas on the African continent met fierce resistance on the part of the African nations. Several organizations arose which sought to protect the rights of the African population from the colonial intrusion into the territories. In the Gold Coast this phenomena of British intervention brought about the rise of the Fanti Confederation beginning in 1868. The confederation consisted of Fanti chiefs who sought to protect themselves from the strong political kingdom of the Ashantis and the encroachment of British colonial interests. The Ashanti and Fanti nations had been been long rivals in the Gold Coast area. The British sought to exploit this rivalry by siding with the Fanti chiefs against the monopoly of trade in the area that was carried out by the Ashanti chiefs.

    The Fanti Confederation proposed a constitution which would have required an alliance with the British government in order to bring about the introduction of western technology and education. The constitution consisted of forty-seven articles, many of them sub-divided into various sections. Some of the principle articles read as follows:

    "Article 8. That it will be the object of the confederation
    1. To promote friendly intercourse between all the kings and chiefs of Fanti, and to unite them for offensive and defensive purposes against the common enemy.
    2. To direct the labours of the confederation towards the improvement of the country at large.
    3. To make good and substantial roads throughout all the interior districts included in the confederation.
    4. To erect school houses and establish schools for the education of all children within the confederation and to obtain the service of schoolmasters.
    5. To promote agricultural and industrial pursuits, and to endeavor to introduce such new plants as many hereafter become sources of profitable commerce to the country.
    6. To develop and facilitate the working of the mineral and other resources of the country.
    Article 12. That the Representative Assembly shall have the power of preparing laws, ordinances, bills, etc., of using proper means for effectually carrying out the resolutions, etc., of the government of examining any questions laid before it by the ministry, and by any of the kings and chiefs, and in fact, of exercising all the functions of a legislative body.
    Article 21 to 25 deal with education.
    Article 26. That main roads be made connecting various provinces or districts with one another and with the sea coast...
    Article 37. That in each province or district provincial courts be established, to be presided over by the provincial assesors.
    Article 43. That the officers of the confederation shall render assistance as directed by the executive in carrying out the wishes of the British government.
    Article 44. That it be compotent to the Representative Assembly, for the purpose of carrying on the administration of the government, to pass laws, etc., for the levying of such taxes as it may seem necessary."

    This was the Fanti Confederation's programme which was proposed to the British colonial government in 1871. The response of the British government to these demands was the jailing of the leadership of the confederation who were tried and convicted of treason.

    Beginning in the 1890s, another organization arose in the Gold Coast called the Aborigines Rights Protection Society. This organization sought to protect the interests of the indigenous Africans against the depradation of the British colonialists. The organization was founded by men who were from the chieftain class in the Gold Coast society, its most vocal and prominent leaders were people like Mensah-Sarbah, Atta Ahuma, Sey and Wood.

    The establishment of a British controlled legislative council in the 1890s served as a political mechanism for the maintenance of colonial rule in the Gold Coast. The demands of the Aborigines Rights Protection Society centered around the composition of the legislative council. However, the British colonialist had no intentions of sharing power with the African people, therefore, the effectiveness of the Aborigines Rights Protection Society was limited.

    Beginning in 1919 the Gold Coast lawyer Joseph Casley-Hayford laid the foundation for the establishment of a National Congress of British West Africa. The organization's founding conference was held in 1920 in London, England. The purpose of this organization was to forge links between the various African nations subjected to British colonial rule in the region. The congress attracted delegates from Sierra Leone, Gambia, Nigeria and Ghana; resolutions were passed calling for the right of suffrage, increasing educational facilities and equal opportunities in employment.

    Hayford led a delegation to London consisting of two representatives from each of the British colonial territories. They presented a memorandum of protest to the Secretary of State for the colonies Lord Milner, requesting increased representation in the colonial legislative assemblies, the establishment of a West African court of appeals, and a West African university. This effort on the part of the National Congress of British West Africa gained very limited results from the United Kingdom government. The British did extend the limited franchise in several West African cities and created Achimota College in the Ashanti region of the Gold Coast.

    The limited demands of the early phase of the African nationalist movement in the Gold Coast was reflective of the level of aggression which characterized the British colonial system. After the Anglo-Ashanti wars, the British were effectively able to crush the significant opposition forces through military might and deportation. Therefore, it is easy to understand the limited nature of the nationalist movement in its early phase in the first part of the 20 century.

    The Pan-African Congresses

    After World War I the movement of the African peoples for freedom and independence gained new momentum. Even before WWI there arose a movement in the western hemisphere which was aimed at solving the collective problems of African peoples on a global scale. In 1900, a barrister named Henry Sylvester Williams, convened the first Pan-African Conference in London. Williams was born in the West Indies (Trinidad) and most of the participants in the first Pan-African Conference were Africans born outside of the African continent in North America and the Caribbean. The Pan-African Conference was reflective of the growing awareness among Africans that their oppression resulted from the fact that Africa was totally dominated by European imperialism and that the labour of African peoples scattered throughout the western hemisphere was viciously expolited by the western capitalist economic system.

    The purpose of the first Pan-African Conference in July of 1900 was limited, but this gathering did represent the growing awareness among African peoples in regard to their common historical heritage and a common political and economic subjugation by European imperialism.

    The purpose of the Conference was outlined in four aims drawn by the participants:
    "I. To act as a forum of protest against the aggression of white colonizers;
    II. To appeal to the missionary and abolitionists tradition of the British people to protect Africans from the depredations of empire builders;
    III. To bring people of African descent throughout the world into closer touch with each other and to establish more friendly relations between the Caucasion and African races;
    IV. To start a movement looking forward to the securing of all African races living in civilized countries their full rights and to promote their business interests."

    After WWI the Pan-African movement gained new momentum when two new phenomenas arose in the western hemisphere: the arrival of Marcus Garvey in the United States and the convening of a series of Pan-African Congresses in America and Europe under the direction of WEB DuBois. The founding of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) by the Jamaican born Marcus Garvey in 1914 began a political movement which had tremendous impact on the collective consciousness of African peoples world-wide. Garvey's organization grew by leaps and bounds after WWI in the early 1920s. Garvey's aim was to build an international organization of people of African descent in order to drive colonialism out of Africa and to establish a free and independent united Africa.

    DuBois' Pan-African Congresses beginning in 1919 in Paris, brought together Africans from America, the Caribbean and a few Africans from the continent. This Congress organized by an African born in America played a large part in the convening of the National Congress of British West Africa in 1920. The demands that came out of the 1919 Pan-African Congress were largely reformist, nonetheless, this phenomena of reformism was only reflective of the oppressive nature of the western imperialist system which was predominant in world politics after WWI. The colonial powers had convened at the Berlin Conference in 1884-85 in order to partition the African continent. WWI had been the result of the increased competition between the European powers for predominance in Europe, Africa, Asia and the world.

    The African intelligentsia had begun to grapple with the immense problems posed by the advent of European imperialism. As time progressed, programs for the alleviation of the oppression suffered by the African peoples gained analytical strength.

    The Garvey movement also made a long lasting impact on the African struggle for freedom and independence. Garvey's organization, the UNIA, had chapters throughout the US, the Caribbean and eventually on the continent of Africa. The UNIA newspaper, called the "Negro World," printed in three different languages: French, English and Spanish. This newspaper was widely circulated and read in many parts of Africa, including Liberia, Nigeria, Kenya and Sierra Leone.

    Garvey's movement proved to be a threat to western interests and therefore it was attacked by the United States government. Garvey was framed and convicted on a bogus charge of using the mail service to defraud the public and deported from the US in 1927. However, the impact of the UNIA had made its mark on the consciousness of Africans throughout the world.

    The events of the 1920s served to bring about the closer links between the African struggle for independence in the west and on the continent.

     

     

    The significance of the 1948 riots lies in the fact that it came about without the involvement of the so-called "big six". It is a sign of mass mobilisation of the people through unexpected heroism of individuals such as Nii Kwebena Bonne III, the chief of Osu Alata, a suburb of Accra.

     

     

     

    Nana Yaa Asantewa was a great African queen who led a rebellion against British imperialism in Ghana during 1900. The Africans in the region fought decades to reverse the rise of colonialism.

     

     

     

     

    Kwame Nkrumah and five of his "Verandah Boys"

     

    on Ghana's Independence Eve, 5th March, 1957.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

crimes of the colonialists of Ghana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Long live the liberation

    struggle in

    GHANA !

     

     

    GHANA

    is ripe for a

    Socialist revolution !

     

     

    Create a strong Section

    of the Communist International

    (Stalinist-Hoxhaists)

    in GHANA !

     

    Long live the Stalinist-Hoxhaist World Movement !

     

     

     

     

    Long live the 5 Classics of Marxism-Leninism !

     

     

 

 

    The voice of proletarian

    internationalism

    which came from

    socialist ALBANIA:

     

     

     

in German language

Radio Tirana vom 26. 7. 1976


Die Einheit der Entwicklungsländer gegen die Plünderung
durch die imperialistischen Mächte wird betont


Vom 20. bis 23. Juli fand in Accra die erste Konferenz des Ministerrats der Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft der Staaten Westafrikas ECOWAS statt. Der Präsident Ghanas, Akyeampong, der auf dieser Konferenz das Wort ergriff, verurteilte die brutale Ausplünderung der Entwicklungsländer durch die Industrieländer und betonte dazu, daß die afrikanischen Länder Opfer des Systems des hauptsächlich
von den multinationalen Gesellschaften kontrollierten Handels waren.
Er sagte, daß diese Gesellschaften die Preise der Waren kontrollieren, die sie den Entwicklungsländern verkaufen und gleichzeitig die Preise der Waren festsetzen, die sie aus Rohstoffen der Entwicklungsländer verarbeiten. Der Präsident
Ghanas betonte die Notwendigkeit, die Einheit der Entwicklungsländer im Kampf zur Herstellung gerechter internationaler Wirtschaftsbeziehungen zu verstärken.

"Unsere Kapazität zur Entwicklung", fügte er hinzu, "muß gestützt auf die eigenen Kräfte mit allen Mitteln verstärkt werden." Zum Abschluß der Konferenz von Accra wurde ein Kommunique veröffentlicht, das bekräftigt, daß das Treffen der ECOWAS der Vorbereitung der ersten Gipfelkonferenz der Mitgliedsländer dieser Organisation diente. Auf dieser Konferenz wurde eine Reihe Protokolle über die Fonds zur Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung der Mitgliedsstaaten und anderes gebilligt.